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Women in the United States House of Representatives

Sometimes called the "Lady of the House," Jeanette Rankin entered the House in 1917 as the first woman in Congress.

Throughout the history of the United States House of Representatives, there have been 217 women serving in that body. In 1917 Jeanette Rankin, a pacifist Republican from Montana, became the first woman in the United States Congress upon being elected to the House.

Jackie Speier is the most recently elected woman to the House, elected in 2008. Nancy Pelosi is the current Speaker of the House; the first — and so far only — woman in that position. United States

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Widow's succession

Mae Ella Nolan was the first woman elected to her husband's seat in Congress, which is sometimes known as the "widow's succession". In the early years of women in Congress, the seat was held only until the next election and the women retired after that single Congress. She thereby became a placeholder merely finishing out her late husband's elected term.

As the years progressed, however, more and more of these widow successors sought re-election. These women began to win their own elections. Many of them also went on to successful Senate careers.

As of 2004, 36 widows have won their husbands' seats in the House, and 8 in the Senate. Current examples are Representatives Mary Bono (widow of Sonny Bono) and Lois Capps and Doris Matsui, all of California, and Jo Ann Emerson of Missouri. The most successful example is Margaret Chase Smith of Maine, who served a total of 32 years in both houses and became the first woman elected to both the House and the Senate. The third woman elected to Congress, Winnifred Huck, was similarly elected to her father's seat.

List of women members

This is a complete list of women who have served as members of the United States House of Representatives, ordered by seniority. This list includes women who served in the past and who continue to serve in the present.

  • Some parties, states, and dates are not complete.
  • The notation "w" indicates "Widow's succession."
  1. Jeannette Rankin (R-MT 1917-1919, 1941-1943), first woman
  2. Alice Mary Robertson (R-OK 1921-1923)
  3. Winnifred Sprague Mason Huck (R-IL 1922-1923)
  4. Mae Ella Nolan (R-CA 1923-1925, w)
  5. Florence Prag Kahn (R-CA 1925-1937, w)
  6. Mary Teresa Norton (D-NJ 1925-1951), first Democratic woman
  7. Edith Nourse Rogers (R-MA 1925-1960, w)
  8. Katherine G. Langley (R-KY 1927-1931, w)
  9. Pearl Peden Oldfield (D-AR 1929-1931, w)
  10. Ruth Hanna McCormick (R-IL 1929-1931)
  11. Ruth Bryan Owen (D-FL 1929-1933)
  12. Ruth Baker Pratt (R-NY 1929-1933)
  13. Effiegene Locke Wingo (D-AR 1930-1933, w)
  14. Willa McCord Blake Eslick (D-TN 1932-1933, w)
  15. Kathryn O'Loughlin McCarthy (D-KS 1933-1935)
  16. Virginia E. Jenckes (D-IN 1933-1939)
  17. Isabella Greenway (D-AZ 1933-1937)
  18. Marian W. Clarke (R-NY 1933-1935, w)
  19. Caroline Love Goodwin O'Day (D-NY 1935-1943)
  20. Nan Wood Honeyman (D-OR 1937-1939)
  21. Elizabeth Hawley Gasque (SC 1938-1939, w)
  22. Jessie Sumner (R-IL 1939-1947)
  23. Clara G. McMillan (D-SC 1939-1941, w)
  24. Frances P. Bolton (R-OH 1940-1969, w)
  25. Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME 1940-1949, w)
  26. Florence Reville Gibbs (D-GA 1940-1941, w)
  27. Katharine Byron (D-MD 1941-1943, w)
  28. Veronica Grace Boland (D-PA 1942-1943, w)
  29. Clare Boothe Luce (R-CT 1943-1947)
  30. Winifred C. Stanley (R-NY 1943-1945)
  31. Willa L. Fulmer (D-SC 1944-1945, w)
  32. Emily Taft Douglas (D-IL 1945-1947)
  33. Helen Gahagan Douglas (D-CA 1945-1951)
  34. Chase G. Woodhouse (D-CT 1945-1947, 1949-1951)
  35. Helen Douglas Mankin (D-GA 1946-1947)
  36. Eliza Jane Pratt (D-NC 1946-1947)
  37. Georgia Lee Lusk (R-NM 1947-1949)
  38. Katharine St. George (R-NY 1947-1965)
  39. Reva Zilpha Beck Bosone (D-UT 1949-1953)
  40. Cecil Murray Harden (R-IN 1949-1959)
  41. Edna Flannery Kelly (D-NY 1949-1969)
  42. Marguerite S. Church (R-IL 1951-1963, w)
  43. Ruth Thompson (R-MI 1951-1957)
  44. Maude Elizabeth Kee (D-WV 1951-1965)
  45. Vera Daerr Buchanan (D-PA 1951-1955)
  46. Gracie Bowers Pfost (D-ID 1953-1963)
  47. Leonor Kretzer Sullivan (D-MO 1953-1977)
  48. Mary Elizabeth Pruett Farrington ( HI 1954-1957)
  49. Iris Blitch (D-GA 1955-1963)
  50. Edith Starrett Green (D-OR 1955-1974)
  51. Martha Griffiths (D-MI 1955-1974)
  52. Coya Knutson (D-MN 1955-1959)
  53. Kathryn E. Granahan (D-PA 1956-1963, w)
  54. Florence P. Dwyer (R-NJ 1957-1973)
  55. Catherine Dean May (R-WA 1959-1971)
  56. Edna Oakes Simpson (R-IL 1959-1961)
  57. Jessica M. Weis (R-NY 1959-1963)
  58. Julia Butler Hansen (D-WA 1960-1974)
  59. Catherine Dorris Norrell (D-AR 1961-1963, w)
  60. Louise Goff Reece (R-TN 1961-1963, w)
  61. Corinne Boyd Riley (D-SC 1962-1963, w)
  62. Charlotte Thompson Reid (R-IL 1963-1971)
  63. Irene Baker (R-TN 1964-1965, w)
  64. Patsy Mink (D-HI 1965-1977, 1990-2002), first non-white woman, as well as the first Asian Pacific Islander
  65. Lera Millard Thomas (D-TX 1966-1967, w)
  66. Margaret M. Heckler (R-MA 1967-1983)
  67. Shirley Chisholm (D-NY 1969-1983), first African-American woman
  68. Bella Abzug
  69. Ella Tambussi Grasso
  70. Louise Day Hicks
  71. Elizabeth Bullock Andrews
  72. Yvonne Brathwaite Burke
  73. Marjorie Sewell Holt
  74. Elizabeth Holtzman
  75. Barbara Charline Jordan
  76. Patricia Nell Scott Schroeder (CO)
  77. Corinne Boggs (D-LA, 1973-1991, w)
  78. Cardiss Collins
  79. Millicent Fenwick (R-NJ 1975-1983)
  80. Martha Elizabeth Keys
  81. Marilyn Lloyd
  82. Helen Stevenson Meyner
  83. Virginia Dodd Smith
  84. Gladys Noon Spellman (D-MD 1975-1981)
  85. Shirley Neil Pettis
  86. Barbara Ann Mikulski (D-MD 1977-1987)
  87. Mary Rose Oakar
  88. Beverly Byron
  89. Geraldine Ferraro (D-NY 1979-1985)
  90. Olympia Snowe (R-ME 1979-1995)
  91. Bobbi Fiedler
  92. Lynn Morley Martin
  93. Margaret Roukema
  94. Claudine Schneider
  95. Barbara Kennelly
  96. Jean Ashbrook
  97. Katie Beatrice Hall
  98. Barbara Boxer (D-CA 1983-1993)
  99. Nancy Lee Johnson
  100. Marcia Kaptur
  101. Barbara Farrell Vucanovich
  102. Sala Burton (D-CA 1983-1987)
  103. Helen Delich Bentley
  104. Jan Meyers
  105. Catherine S. Long
  106. Constance A. Morella (R-MD 1987-2003)
  107. Elizabeth J. Patterson
  108. Patricia Fukuda Saiki
  109. Louise M. Slaughter
  110. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA 1987-present), currently Speaker of the House, the first woman Speaker
  111. Nita M. Lowey
  112. Jolene Unsoeld
  113. Jill Long
  114. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL 1989- present), first Cuban American woman
  115. Susan Molinari
  116. Barbara-Rose Collins
  117. Rosa L. DeLauro
  118. Joan Kelly Horn
  119. Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC delegate 1991-present)
  120. Maxine Waters
  121. Eva Clayton
  122. Corinne Brown
  123. Leslie Byrne
  124. Maria Cantwell
  125. Pat Danner
  126. Jennifer Dunn
  127. Karan English
  128. Anna G. Eshoo
  129. Tillie Fowler
  130. Elizabeth Furse
  131. Jane Harman
  132. Eddie Bernice Johnson
  133. Blanche Lincoln (AR)
  134. Carolyn B. Maloney
  135. Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky (D-PA 1993-1995)
  136. Cynthia McKinney (D-GA 1993-2003, 2005-2007)
  137. Carrie P. Meek
  138. Deborah Pryce
  139. Lucille Roybal-Allard
  140. Lynn Schenk
  141. Karen Shepherd
  142. Karen Thurman
  143. Nydia M. Velázquez (D-NY 1993-present)
  144. Lynn Woolsey
  145. Helen Chenoweth-Hage
  146. Barbara Cubin
  147. Sheila Jackson-Lee
  148. Sue Kelly
  149. Zoe Lofgren
  150. Karen McCarthy
  151. Sue Myrick
  152. Lynn Rivers
  153. Andrea Seastrand
  154. Linda Smith
  155. Enid Greene Waldholtz
  156. Juanita Millender-McDonald
  157. Jo Ann Emerson
  158. Julia Carson
  159. Donna M.C. Christensen
  160. Diana DeGette
  161. Kay Granger
  162. Darlene Hooley
  163. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick
  164. Carolyn McCarthy (D-NY 1997-present)
  165. Anne Northup
  166. Loretta Sanchez
  167. Debbie Stabenow
  168. Ellen Tauscher
  169. Mary Bono (R-CA 1998-present, w)
  170. Lois Capps (D-CA 1998-present, w)
  171. Barbara Lee
  172. Heather Wilson
  173. Tammy Baldwin (D-WI 1999-present), first openly gay person when initially elected
  174. Shelley Berkley
  175. Judith Borg Biggert
  176. Stephanie Tubbs Jones
  177. Grace Napolitano
  178. Janice Schakowsky
  179. Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV 2001-present)
  180. Jo Ann Davis
  181. Susan A. Davis
  182. Melissa Hart
  183. Betty McCollum
  184. Hilda Solis
  185. Diane Watson
  186. Marsha Blackburn
  187. Madeleine Bordallo (GU delegate)
  188. Ginny Brown-Waite
  189. Katherine Harris (R-FL 2003-2007)
  190. Denise Majette
  191. Candice Miller
  192. Marilyn Musgrave
  193. Linda Sanchez
  194. Stephanie Herseth
  195. Melissa Bean
  196. Thelma Drake
  197. Virginia Foxx
  198. Cathy McMorris
  199. Gwen Moore
  200. Allyson Schwartz
  201. Debbie Wasserman-Schultz
  202. Doris Matsui (D-CA 2005-present, w)
  203. Jean Schmidt (R-OH 2005-present)
  204. Shelley Sekula-Gibbs (R-TX 2006-2007)
  205. Michele Bachmann (R-MN 2007-present)
  206. Nancy Boyda (D-KS 2007-present)
  207. Kathy Castor (D-FL 2007-present)
  208. Yvette Clarke (D-NY 2007-present)
  209. Mary Fallin (R-OK 2007-present)
  210. Gabrielle Giffords (D-AZ 2007-present)
  211. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY 2007-present)
  212. Mazie K. Hirono (D-HI 2007-present)
  213. Carol Shea-Porter (D-NH 2007-present)
  214. Betty Sutton (D-OH 2007-present)
  215. Laura Richardson (D-CA 2007-present)
  216. Niki Tsongas (D-MA 2007-present)
  217. Jackie Speier (D-CA 2008-present)

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See also

v • d • eUnited States Congress
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