WD Austerity 2-8-0WD Austerity 2-8-0
90733 at Haworth, 15 July2007. Power type Steam Designer R.A. RiddlesBuilder North British and Vulcan Foundry Build date 1943 Total production 935 Configuration2-8-0 Gauge4' 8½" Driver size 4' 8½" Locomotive weight 70 tons 5 cwt Fuel type coal Boiler pressure 225 psi Cylinders2 Cylinder size 19" x 28" Tractive effort34,215 lbf Class8F
The Austerity 2-8-0 was based on the LMS Class 8F, which until that point had been the government's standard design. Various modifications were made to the 8F design by R.A. Riddles including a boiler of simpler construction which was parallel rather than tapered and a round-topped firebox rather than a Belpaire firebox. The firebox was made of steel rather than the rarer and more expensive copper.
With the creation of British Railways, the 733 locomotives were renumbered into the 90000-90732 series. Only one of these, No. 90732, was named, becoming Vulcan after the Vulcan Foundry where many of the locomotives were built.
Two locomotives saw service with the Longmoor Military Railway in Hampshire, where they received the numbers and names 400 Sir Guy Williams (North British Works No. 25205) and 401 Major General McMullen. In 1946, 12 were exported to the British colony of Hong Kong to work the Kowloon-Canton Railway. Six were scrapped in 1956, but the final two survived until September 1962.
The other 188 locomotives remained in mainland Europe, mostly working in and around the Netherland for Nederlandse Spoorwegen.
One WD 2-8-0 has survived. Vulcan Foundry works No. 5200 was repatriated from Sweden to the Keighley and Worth Valley Railway. It was SJ number 1931. It was overhauled to its original condition, finished in 2007, which involved building a new cab and tender, become BR "No. 90733". After test runs, 90733 ran its first passenger train on Monday 23rd July 2007.
90418 at Langwith, 1964.
77509 being unloaded at Hong Kong