VosgesVosges Coat of arms of the Vosges department Location AdministrationDepartment number: 88 Region: LorrainePrefecture: ÉpinalSubprefectures: Neufchâteau
Saint-Dié-des-VosgesArrondissements: 3Cantons: 31Communes: 515President of the General Council: Christian Poncelet
Statistics PopulationRanked 60th -1999 380,952 Population density: 65/km² Land area¹: 5874 km²¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Culture
- 6 Miscellaneous topics
- 7 See also
- 8 External links
The Vosges department is one of the original 83 departments of France, created on March 4, 1790 during the French Revolution. It was made of territories formerly part of the province of Lorraine. In German it is referred to as Vogesen and in Italian as Vosgi.
In 1793 the independent principality of Salm (town of Senones and its surroundings), enclosed inside the Vosges department, was annexed to France and incorporated into Vosges. In 1795 the area of Schirmeck was detached from the Bas-Rhin department and incorporated into the Vosges department. The Vosges department had now an area of 6,127 km² (2,366 sq. miles) which it kept until 1871.
In 1794 the Vosges was the site of a sizeable battle between the forces of Revolutionary France and the Allied Coalition. See Battle of the Vosges.
After the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, 4% of the Vosges department in the extreme northeast of the department were annexed to the German Empire by the Treaty of Frankfurt on the ground that the people there spoke Germanic dialects. The area annexed on May 18, 1871 corresponded to the canton of Schirmeck and the northern half of the canton of Saales. Schirmeck and Saales had been historically part of Alsace. These territories, along with the rest of Alsace and the annexed territories of Lorraine, became part of the Reichsland of Elsaß-Lothringen. The area of the Vosges department was thus reduced to its current 5,874 km² (2,268 sq. miles).
In 1919, with the French victory in the First World War, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France by Germany at the Treaty of Versailles. However, Schirmeck and Saales were not returned to the Vosges department, but instead were incorporated into the recreated Bas-Rhin department.
While the west part of the Vosges is flat sedimentary land (great for mineral waters), the east is closed by an old granite mountain (top is Grand Ballon, 1424m).
EconomyPlease help improve this sectionby expanding it.
Further information might be found on the talk pageor at requests for expansion.
- Cantons of the Vosges department
- Communes of the Vosges department
- Arrondissements of the Vosges department
- Vosges dot com All economic informations about the Vosges
- Climbbybike.com: All information on and profiles of the climbs and cols of the Vosges
- Information on paragliding/parapente in Vosges: airspace areas and for paragliding/parapente take-off of Vosges description
- (French) General Council website
- (French) Prefecture website
- (English) Vosges Tourism Guide
- (French) Vosges Chambres D'Hotes
- (French) Vosges
- (English) Information - Vosges.us
- Illustrated Article on the Vosges Battlefields in Winter at 'Battlefields Europe'
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