United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary
The United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary (informally Senate Judiciary Committee) is a standing committee of the United States Senate, the upper house of the United States Congress. The Judiciary Committee is charged with conducting hearings prior to the Congressional confirmation of U.S. Supreme Court justices, court of appeals judges, and district court judges. In recent years, this role has made the committee increasingly a point of contention, with numerous party-line votes and standoffs over which judges should be approved. The committee also has a broad jurisdiction over matters relating to federal criminal law.
Members, 110th CongressPatrick Leahy, Chairman Vermont Edward KennedyMassachusetts Joseph R. Biden, Jr.Delaware Herb KohlWisconsin Dianne FeinsteinCalifornia Russ FeingoldWisconsin Chuck SchumerNew York Richard DurbinIllinois Benjamin CardinMaryland Sheldon WhitehouseRhode IslandMinority Member State Arlen Specter, Ranking Member Pennsylvania Orrin HatchUtah Chuck GrassleyIowa Jon KylArizona Jeff SessionsAlabama Lindsey GrahamSouth Carolina John CornynTexas Sam BrownbackKansas Tom CoburnOklahoma
SubcommitteesSubcommittee Chair Ranking member Administrative Oversight and the CourtsChuck Schumer(D-NY) Jeff Sessions(R-AL) Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer RightsHerbert Kohl(D-WI) Orrin Hatch(R-UT) The Constitution, Civil Rights and Property RightsRuss Feingold(D-WI) Sam Brownback(R-KS) Human Rights and the LawRichard Durbin(D-IL) Tom Coburn(R-OK) Crime and DrugsJoe Biden(D-DE) Lindsey Graham(R-SC) Immigration, Border Security and CitizenshipTed Kennedy(D-MA) John Cornyn(R-TX) Terrorism, Technology and Homeland SecurityDianne Feinstein(D-CA) Jon Kyl(R-AZ)
Chairmen since 1816Chairman Party State Years Dudley ChaseDemocratic-RepublicanVermont1816–1817 John J. CrittendenDemocratic-RepublicanKentucky1817–1818 James Burrill, Jr.FederalistRhode Island1818–1819 William SmithDemocratic-RepublicanSouth Carolina1819–1823 Martin Van BurenDemocratic-RepublicanNew York1823–1828 John M. BerrienJacksonianGeorgia1828–1829 John RowanDemocratic-RepublicanKentucky1829–1831 William L. MarcyJacksonianNew York1831–1832 William WilkinsDemocraticPennsylvania1832-1833 John M. ClaytonWhigDelaware1833–1836 Felix GrundyJacksonianTennessee1836-1838 Garret D. WallDemocraticNew Jersey1838–1841 John M. BerrienWhigGeorgia1841–1845 Chester AshleyDemocraticArkansas1845–1847 Andrew P. ButlerDemocraticSouth Carolina1847–1857 James A. Bayard, Jr.DemocraticDelaware1857–1861 Lyman TrumbullRepublicanIllinois1861-1872 George F. EdmundsRepublicanVermont1872–1879 Allen G. ThurmanDemocraticOhio1879–1881 George F. EdmundsRepublicanVermont1881–1891 George Frisbie HoarRepublicanMassachusetts1891–1893 James L. PughDemocraticAlabama1893–1895 George Frisbie HoarRepublicanMassachusetts1895–1904 Orville H. PlattRepublicanConnecticut1904-1905 Clarence D. ClarkRepublicanWyoming1905-1912 Charles Allen CulbersonDemocraticTexas1912-1919 Knute NelsonRepublicanMinnesota1919–1923 Frank B. BrandegeeRepublicanConnecticut1923–1924 Albert B. CumminsRepublicanIowa1924–1926 George William NorrisRepublicanNebraska1926–1933 Henry F. AshurstDemocraticArizona1933–1941 Frederick Van NuysDemocraticIndiana1941–1945 Pat McCarranDemocraticNevada1945–1947 Alexander WileyRepublicanWisconsin1947–1949 Pat McCarranDemocraticNevada1949–1953 William LangerRepublicanNorth Dakota1953–1955 Harley M. KilgoreDemocraticWest Virginia1955–1956 James EastlandDemocraticMississippi1956–1978 Edward M. KennedyDemocraticMassachusetts1978–1981 Strom ThurmondRepublicanSouth Carolina1981–1987 Joseph R. Biden, Jr.DemocraticDelaware1987–1995 Orrin HatchRepublicanUtah1995–2001 Patrick LeahyDemocraticVermont2001 Orrin HatchRepublicanUtah2001 Patrick LeahyDemocraticVermont2001–2003 Orrin HatchRepublicanUtah2003-2005 Arlen SpecterRepublicanPennsylvania2005-2007 Patrick LeahyDemocraticVermont2007–present
- ^ When the Senate convened in January 2001 17 days before President George W. Bush was inaugurated, there was a 50-50 split between Democrats and Republicans with Vice President Al Gore as a tiebreaking vote.
- ^ In June 2001, Republican Jim Jeffords declared himself an Independent and caucused with the Democrats, giving the Democrats majority control.
See alsov • d • eCurrent United States Congressional committeesHouse
(list) Agriculture• Appropriations• Armed Services• Budget• Education and Labor• Energy and Commerce• Financial Services• Foreign Affairs• Homeland Security• House Administration• Intelligence (Permanent Select)• Judiciary• Natural Resources• Oversight and Government Reform• Rules• Science and Technology• Small Business• Standards of Official Conduct• Transportation and Infrastructure• Veterans' Affairs• Voting Irregularities of August 2, 2007• Ways and Means• (Whole)Senate
(list) Aging (Special)• Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry• Appropriations• Armed Services• Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs• Budget• Commerce, Science and Transportation• Energy and Natural Resources• Ethics (Select)• Environment and Public Works• Finance• Foreign Relations• Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions• Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs• Indian Affairs• Intelligence (Select)• Judiciary • Narcotics Control• Rules and Administration• Small Business and Entrepreneurship• Veterans' AffairsJoint (list) (Conference)• Economic• Library• Printing• TaxationDefunct committees