United States Census BureauBureau of the Census
Seal Agency overview Formed July 1, 1903Preceding Agency Temporary census offices Headquarters Washington, D.C.Employees 5,593 (2006) Agency Executive Director, Steven H. Murdock Parent agency Economics and Statistics AdministrationWebsite www.census.gov
The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title 13 U.S.C. § 11) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. It is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census.
The agency director is a political appointee selected by the current President. Political appointees also fill some of the other positions at the agency.
- 1 Legal mandate
- 2 Organizational structure
- 3 Population Radio
- 4 References
- 5 Notes
- 6 External links
- Main article: United States Census
The Constitution of the United States directs that the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College. The Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, and economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code. The first population census taken was in 1790. The Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a 0 (zero) and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population estimates and projections.
In addition, the Census Bureau also conducts surveys on behalf of various Federal Government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, crime, health, consumer expenditures, and housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial (10-year) population counts. The Census Bureau also conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail, service, and other establishments and of domestic governments.
Organizational structureUS Census Bureau Regions, centered on and divided by its twelve regional offices.
Since 1903, the official census-taking agency of the United States government has been the Bureau of the Census. The Census Bureau is headed by a Director, assisted by a Deputy Director and an Executive Staff composed of the associate directors.
The Census Bureau headquarters is located at 4600 Silver Hill Road, Suitland, Maryland. There are regional offices in 12 cities: Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, Detroit, Chicago, Kansas City, Seattle, Charlotte, Atlanta, Dallas, Denver, and Los Angeles. The National Processing Center is located in Jeffersonville, Indiana. Additional temporary processing facilities are used to facilitate the decennial census, which employs more than a million persons.
The Census Bureau also runs the Census Information Center cooperative program that involves 58 "national, regional, and local non-profit organizations." The CIC program aims to represent the interests of underserved communities.
Census regions and divisionsOfficial US Census Bureau Regions and Divisions
The United States Census Bureau has four official regions, with nine official divisions.
The Census Bureau also maintains Population Radio, a real-time extrapolation of information on population, birth, and death to give their approximation of the number of people in the United States and the world.
- The original version of this article was adapted from U.S. Census Bureau text.
- Geographic Areas Reference Manual from the U.S. Census Bureau contains detailed explanations of geographic terms used in the census.
- The mission and operation of the U.S. Census Bureau are laid out in Title 13 of the United States Code.
- ^ Census Population Estimates. U.S. Bureau of the Census.
- ^ Census Information Centers. U.S. Bureau of the Census. Retrieved on 2008-05-13.
- ^ US CODE: Title 13,TITLE 13—CENSUS
- United States Census Bureau website
- U.S. and World Population Clocks - POPClocks
- Works by Bureau of the Census at Project Gutenberg
- Census Bureau Meeting Notices and Rule Changes from The Federal Register RSS Feed
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