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United Nations Trusteeship Council

  United Nations Trusteeship Council  

The chamber of the UN Trusteeship Council, UN headquarters, New York Org type Principal Organ Head President
Michel Duclos
 France

Vice-President

Adam Thomson
 United Kingdom
Status Inactive (as of 1994) Established 1945 Website www.un.org/documents/tc.htm Portal United Nations Portal

The United Nations Trusteeship Council, one of the principal organs of the United Nations, was established to help ensure that non-self-governing territories were administered in the best interests of the inhabitants and of international peace and security. The trust territories – most of them former mandates of the League of Nations or territories taken from nations defeated at the end of World War II – have all now attained self-government or independence, either as separate nations or by joining neighbouring independent countries. The last was Palau, which became a member state of the United Nations in December 1994.

Contents

History

The Trusteeship Council was formed in 1945 to oversee the decolonization of those dependent territories that were to be placed under the international trusteeship system created by the United Nations Charter as a successor to the League of Nations mandate system. Ultimately, eleven territories were placed under trusteeship: seven in Africa and four in Oceania. Ten of the trust territories had previously been League of Nations mandates; the eleventh was Italian Somaliland.

Trusteeship in 1945 Trusteeship in 2000

Under the Charter, the Trusteeship Council was to consist of an equal number of United Nations Member States administering trust territories and non-administering states. Thus, the Council was to consist of (1) all U.N. members administering trust territories, (2) the five permanent members of the Security Council, and (3) as many other non-administering members as needed to equalize the number of administering and non-administering members, elected by the United Nations General Assembly for renewable three-year terms. Over time, as trust territories attained independence, the size and workload of the Trusteeship Council was reduced and ultimately came to include only the five permanent Security Council members (China, France, the Soviet Union/Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States).

With the independence of Palau, formerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, in 1994, there presently are no trust territories, leaving the Trusteeship Council without responsibilities. (Since the Northern Mariana Islands was a part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands and became a commonwealth of the USA in 1986, it is technically the only area to have not joined as a part of another state or gained full independence as a sovereign nation.)

The Trusteeship Council was not assigned responsibility for colonial territories outside the trusteeship system, although the Charter did establish the principle that member states were to administer such territories in conformity with the best interests of their inhabitants.

Present status

Its mission fulfilled, the Trusteeship Council suspended its operation on 1 November 1994, and although under the United Nations Charter it continues to exist on paper, its future role and even existence remains uncertain. The Trusteeship Council is currently (as of 2005) headed by Michel Duclos, with Adam Thomson as vice-president [1], although the sole current duty of these officers is to meet with the heads of other UN agencies on occasion. Initially they met annually, but according to a UN press release from their session in 2004:

The Council amended its rules of procedure to drop the obligation to meet annually and agreed to meet as the occasion required. It now meets by its own decision, the decision of its President, at a request from a majority of its members, or at a request from the General Assembly or Security Council.

Future prospects

The formal elimination of the Trusteeship Council would require the revision of the UN Charter.

The Commission on Global Governance's 1996 report Our Global Neighborhood recommended amending Chapters 12 and 13 of the United Nations Charter to give the Trusteeship Council authority over the global commons, which consists of oceans, the atmosphere, outer space, and Antarctica [2]. The World Federalist Association issued an action alert calling for members to lobby the Government in support of this reform. Their theory is that an international regulatory body is needed to protect environmental integrity on the two-thirds of the world’s surface that is outside national jurisdictions [3].

In March 2005, however, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan proposed a sweeping reform of the United Nations, including an expansion of the Security Council. As this restructuring would involve significant changes to the UN charter, Annan proposed the complete elimination of the Trusteeship Council as part of these reforms [4].

See also

References

  1. ^ Trusteeship Council elects President, Vice-President; Adopts agenda for 64th session, United Nations Press Release TR/2426, 20 October 2004
  2. ^ UN Reform - Restructuring for Global Governance, Eco-Logic, July/August 1997
  3. ^ Shaw, John: UN Adviser Says World Must Focus On Sustainable Development, The Washington Diplomat
  4. ^ Main points of Annan's new UN reform plans, Reuters, 20 March 2005

External links

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Complete text at WikiSourceUnited Nations Portal

Text of the Charter: PreambleChapter IChapter IIChapter IIIChapter IVChapter VChapter VIChapter VIIChapter VIIIChapter XVIIIChapter XIX Amendments to the United Nations Charter

History of the Charter (History of the UN): Paris Peace Conference of 1919Treaty of VersaillesCovenant of the League of NationsMoscow Conference of 1943Tehran Conference of 1943Dumbarton Oaks ConferenceSan Francisco ConferenceSignatories

Created Organs: Security CouncilGeneral AssemblyEconomic and Social Council • Trusteeship Council • International Court of JusticeSecretariatMilitary Staff Committee

Categories: United Nations