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Tipper Gore

Tipper Gore
Second Lady of the United StatesIn office
January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001Preceded by Marilyn Tucker QuayleSucceeded by Lynne CheneyBorn August 19, 1948(1948-08-19) (age 59)
Washington, D.C., U.S.Spouse Al GoreChildren Karenna, Kristin, Sarah, Albert III Occupation Photographer

Mary Elizabeth Aitcheson Gore (born August 19, 1948), known as Tipper Gore, is the wife of former United States Vice-President Al Gore and was the "Second Lady of the United States" from 1993 until 2001.

Contents

Early life and family

Born Mary Elizabeth Aitcheson in Washington, D.C., she is the daughter of John (Jack) Kenneth Aitcheson, a plumbing-supply entrepreneur, and his first wife Margaret Odom (who lost her first husband during World War II). Gore grew up in Arlington, Virginia. Her parents divorced and she was raised by her mother and grandmother. Her nickname, Tipper, comes from the lullaby "Tippy, Tippy, Tin".[1]

She attended St. Agnes (now St. Stephen's & St. Agnes School), a private Episcopalian school in Alexandria, Virginia, where she excelled at athletics and played the drums for an all-girl band, The Wildcats.[1]

Tipper and Al with President Bill Clinton and First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton

She met her future husband, Al Gore, Jr., "at a party the night of his [high school] graduation." [2] When Gore went north to attend Harvard University, Tipper attended Boston University and majored in psychology. She received a Bachelor of Arts degree from BU in 1970. They married on 19 May 1970 and have four children: Karenna Gore (born August 6, 1973), married to Drew Schiff[3]; Kristin Gore (born June 5, 1977), married to Paul Cusack; Sarah (born January 7, 1979), married to Taiwanese-American businessman Bill Lee[4] (李君偉)[5]; and Al Gore III (born October 19, 1982).[1] The Gores also have two grandchildren: Wyatt (born July 4, 1999) and Anna Schiff (born August 23, 2001).[6] Sarah is currently a medical student at University of California, San Francisco.[7] Al Gore III works as associate publisher of a philanthropic magazine.

Gore pursued a master's degree in psychology from George Peabody College (which later merged into Vanderbilt University), graduating in 1975.[8] She then worked part-time as a newspaper photographer until her husband was elected to the U.S. Congress in 1976.[1]

In 2002, Tipper and Al wrote two books entitled Joined at the Heart: the Transformation of the American Family and The Spirit of Family.

Politics and activism

In 1985, she co-founded the Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC) with Susan Baker, wife of then United States Secretary of the Treasury James Baker, because Tipper heard her then 11-year-old daughter playing "Darling Nikki" by Prince. According to an article by NPR, Gore went "before Congress to urge warning labels for records marketed to children."[9] A number of individuals including Dee Snider of Twisted Sister[10], Jello Biafra of the Dead Kennedys, John Denver, [11] Joey Ramone and Frank Zappa[9] criticized the group, claiming that this was a form of censorship.

Gore resigned from the group in 1992 when she became Second Lady. [12] As Second Lady, Gore was one of 150 photographers for 24 Hours in Cyberspace which took place online on 8 February 1996. [13]It was "the largest one-day online event" up to that date, headed by photographer Rick Smolan.[14]

Mrs. Gore was actively involved in her husband's presidential campaign in 2000, making numerous campaign stops nationwide such as at Chicago's Taste of Polonia over Labor Day Weekend where she appeared along with Hadassah Lieberman and ironically Dick Cheney [15][16].

In 2003, Gore spoke at the "Erasing the Stigma Awards" about her experience with depression after her son, Al Gore III was hit by a car when he was a young child. [17]

Support for Senate bid

In 2002, Tipper was urged by her supporters to run for the vacant U.S. Senate seat her husband once held in Tennessee, which was being vacated by Fred Thompson. However, she declined. [18]

Books

Awards

  • 1999: Mary Eleanor McGarvah Humanitarian Award [1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d CNN: Tipper Gore Bio
  2. ^ Gore as Candidate: Traveler Between 2 Worlds, New York Times, January 21, 1988, <http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DEFDF133CF932A15752C0A96E948260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all
  3. ^ Gore's Eldest Daughter Weds New York Doctor In Washington
  4. ^ Wihlborg, Ulrica (2007-06-14). Al Gore's Daughter Sarah Gets Married. People Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-07-17.
  5. ^ Taipei Times - archives
  6. ^ Keynote Speaker. Orange County Health Care Agency. Retrieved on 2007-07-04.
  7. ^ "Al Gore's Youngest Daughter Married", The New York Times, 2007-07-15
  8. ^ ABC News: Tipper Gore In and Out of Public Eye
  9. ^ a b Siegel, Robert (2005-01-11). Tipper Gore and Family Values. National Public Radio. Retrieved on 2007-09-12.
  10. ^ Dee Snider's Statement on Censorship to the U.S. Senate
  11. ^ The History of the PMRC
  12. ^ The History of the PMRC
  13. ^ Picture This:Tipper Gore, Photojournalist
  14. ^ "24 Hours in Cyberspace" (and more)
  15. ^ http://www.centerstagechicago.com/festival/polonia.html Taste of Polonia]
  16. ^ Copernicus Foundation page on the festival
  17. ^ Tipper Gore Honors Mental Health Achievements
  18. ^ Tipper Gore says no to Senate bid

External links

Honorary titles Preceded by
Marilyn Tucker QuayleSecond Lady of the United States
1993-2001 Succeeded by
Lynne Cheney
v • d • eSecond Ladies of the United StatesA. Adams · A. Gerry · H. Tompkins · F. Calhoun · L. Tyler · S. Dallas · A. Fillmore · M. Breckinridge · E. Hamlin · E. Johnson · E. Colfax · E. Hendricks · A. Morton · L. Stevenson · J. Hobart · E. Roosevelt · C. Fairbanks · C. Sherman · L. Marshall · G. Coolidge · C. Dawes · M. Garner · I. Wallace · B. Truman · J. Barkley · P. Nixon · C. Johnson · M. Humphrey · J. Agnew · B. Ford · H. Rockefeller · J. Mondale · B. Bush · M. Quayle · T. Gore · L. Cheney v • d • eAl GoreFamily Tipper Gore (spouse) · Karenna Gore Schiff(daughter) · Kristin Gore(daughter) · Albert Gore, Sr.(father) · Pauline LaFon Gore(mother) Political career Prevention of Genocide Act of 1988 · Vice Presidency · 1988 presidential campaign · 2000 presidential campaignElections Electoral history · United States Senate elections, 1984 · United States Senate elections, 1990 · United States presidential election, 2000Global warming Global Marshall Plan · Environmental activism · Alliance for Climate Protection · An Inconvenient Truth · Connie Mae · Live Earth PledgeTechnology Role in information technology · High Performance Computing and Communication Act of 1991 · National Information Infrastructure · The Superhighway Summit · 24 Hours in Cyberspace · NetDay · Digital Earth · Current TVBooks Earth in the Balance · An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It · The Assault on Reason · The Path to Survival Categories: 1948 births | Spouses of members of the United States House of Representatives | American photographers | Boston University alumni | Gore family | Living people | Second Ladies of the United States | Spouses of United States Senators | People from Arlington, Virginia | People from Washington, D.C. | Vanderbilt University alumni | Virginia writers

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