SongThis article has multiple issues. Please help improve the articleor discuss these issues on the talk page.
- It needs additional references or sources for verification. Tagged since October 2007.
- It may require general cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards.Tagged since February
A song is a musical composition. Songs contain vocal parts that are performed, 'sung,' and generally feature words (lyrics), commonly followed by other musical instruments (exceptions would be acappella and scat songs). The words of songs are typically of a poetic, rhyming nature, although they may be religious verses or free prose. The words are the lyrics.
Songs are typically for a solo, singer, though there may also be a duet, trio, or more voices (works with more than one voice to a part, however, are considered choral). Songs can be broadly divided into many different forms, depending on the criteria used. One division is between "art songs", "popular music songs", and "folk songs". Other common methods of classification are by purpose (sacred vs secular), by style (dance, ballad, Lieder, etc), or by time of origin (Renaissance, Contemporary, etc).
Colloquially, song is sometimes used as slang to refer to any music composition, even those without vocals. In European classical music, jazz, brass band, popular music, and many other musical styles however, this usage is considered incorrect. "Song" should only be used to describe a composition for the human vocals. In music styles that are predominantly vocal-based, a composition without vocals is often called an instrumental. A musical piece that may be either with or without vocals can be called a melody, a tune, or a composition.
- 1 Cultural types
- 2 References
- 3 External links
- 4 See also
Art songs are songs created for performance in their own right, or for the purposes of a European upper class, usually with piano accompaniment, although they can also have other types of accompaniment such as an orchestra or string quartet, and are always notated. Generally they have an identified author(s) and require voice training for acceptable performances. The German-speaking communities to refer to the serious art song, whereas in German-speaking communities the word "Kunstlied" (plural: "Kunstlieder") is used to distinguish art song from folk song ("Volkslied"). The lyrics are often written by a lyricist and the music separately by a composer. Art songs may be more formally complicated than popular or folk songs, though many early Lieder by the likes of Franz Schubert are in simple strophic form. They are often important to national identity. Art songs feature in many European cultures, including but not limited to: Russian (romansy), Dutch (lied), Italian (canzoni), French (mélodies), Scandinavian (sånger), Spanish (canciones). There are also highly regarded British and American art songs in the English language. Cultures outside of Europe may have what they consider to be a classical music tradition, such as India, and thus feature art songs. The accompaniment of pieces of this period is considered as an important part of the composition. The art song of this period is often a duet in which the vocalist and accompanist share in interpretive importance. The pieces were most often written to be performed in a home setting although today the works enjoy popularity as concert pieces. The emergence of poetry during this era was much of what inspired the creation of these pieces by Brahms, Schumann, Schubert and other period composers. These composers set poems in their native language. Many works were inspired by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Heinrich Heine. Another method would be to write new music for each stanza to create a unique form, this was through-composed form known in German as durchkomponiert. A combination of both of these techniques in a single setting was called a modified strophic form. Often romantic art songs sharing similar elements were grouped as a song cycle. (Kamien, 217–18)
Folk songs are songs of often anonymous origin (or are public domain) that are transmitted orally. They are frequently a major aspect of national or cultural identity. Art songs often approach the status of folk songs when people forget who the author was. Folk songs are also frequently transmitted non-orally (that is, as sheet music), especially in the modern era. Folk songs exist in almost every, if not all, culture(s). For more on folk songs, see Folk music.
Popular songs or phonograph records and radio, though all other mass media that have audio capability are involved. The popularity of popular songs is inferred from commercially significant sales of recordings, ratings of stations and networks that play popular songs, and ticket sales for concerts by the recording artists. A popular song becomes a modern folk song when members of the public who learn to sing it from the recorded version teach their version to others. Popular songs may be called pop songs for short, although pop songs or pop music may instead be considered a more commercially popular genre of popular music as a whole.
For a list of influential popular songs, see:
- Middleton, Richard (1990/2002). Studying Popular Music. Philadelphia: Open University Press. ISBN 0335152759.
- Kamien, Roger. Music : An Appreciation. Mcgraw-Hill College; 3rd edition (August 1, 1997) ISBN 0070365210
Resources for Songwriters and Music Publishers
- Cuesheet - a film and TV tip sheet
- Extrem Music
- Song Structure and Components
- Indie 911 - Tip sheet for artists and songwriters
- myHitFactory - Tip sheet for music publishers and songwriters
- New On The Charts - research service and tip sheet
- American Songwriter Magazine Founded in 1984, bi-monthly publication celebrating the craft and business of songwriting
Major Music Publishers
Major Independent Music Publishers
- Peer Music Publishing
- Bug Music Publishing
- Chrysalis Music Publishing
- Kobalt Music Group
- Pigfactory Music Publishing
Performing Rights Societies in the USA
See alsoWikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Song v • d • eMusicHistoryAncient · Middle Eastern · Medieval · Renaissance · Baroque · Classical period · Romantic · 20th century · Contemporary · World musicCompositionComposer · Form(suite) · Genre · Improvisation · Notation · TheoryEducationMusic history · Musicology · Ethnomusicology · Music cognition · Music therapyProductionMusician · Lyrics · Song · Album(compilation · live · studio) · Record label · Record producerLists Topics(basic) · Terminology · Musical forms · Instruments · Free musicOther topics Definition of music · Music and mathematics · Music and politicsCategory · Portal
Link former page on this page
Related word on this page