Scottish Premier LeagueScottish Premier League Country Scotland ConfederationUEFAFounded 1998Divisions 1 Number of teams 12 Relegationto First DivisionDomestic cup(s) Scottish Cup
League CupUEFA cup(s) Champions League
Intertoto CupCurrent champions Celtic(2007–08) Website Scottish Premier League home page2007–08 season
The Scottish Premier League, currently known as the Clydesdale Bank Premier League for sponsorship reasons and often known as the Scottish Premier League, Premier League or SPL is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top level of the Scottish football league system — above the Scottish Football League. Per capita, more people in Scotland watch their domestic top level league than any other nation in Europe. The Scottish Premier League is currently ranked tenth in the UEFA rankings of European leagues, which are based on the performances of member clubs in European competitions.
A total of 17 clubs have competed in the SPL since its inauguration in 1998-99, but only two have won the title: Celtic (the current champions, who won their sixth title in the 2007-08 season) and Rangers (who have four titles).
- 1 History
- 2 Competition format
- 3 Criticisms
- 4 Players
- 5 Finances
- 6 Media coverage
- 7 SPL clubs
- 8 Stadiums
- 9 All-time SPL table
- 10 Top scorers
- 11 SPL managers
- 12 SPL season summary
- 13 SPL records
- 14 References
- 15 See also
- 16 External links
Prior to 1998/99
Previously, the Scottish Football League had a two divisional structure (Divisions One and Two) between which clubs were promoted and relegated at the end of each season. However, by the mid 1970s, this organisation was perceived to be stagnant, and it was decided to split into a three divisional structure: Premier Division (formerly Division One), First Division (formerly Division Two) and a newly added Second Division. This system came into force for the 1975-76 season.
Formation of the SPL
In 1998, the football clubs in the Premier Division decided to split from the Scottish Football League and form the Scottish Premier League, following an earlier example in England, which came into force during the 1992-93 season. This decision was fuelled by a desire by the top clubs in Scotland to retain more of the revenue generated by the game. Originally, league sponsorship money was divided proportionally between clubs in all four divisions; after the SPL was formed, this was no longer the case.
Originally the SPL contained 10 clubs, but it subsequently enlarged to 12 for the 2000-01 season onwards. The increase from 10 clubs to 12 was part of the deal offered to obtain approval from SFL member clubs. Since then, the SPL has operated a "split league format" to prevent the need for a 44-game schedule, which was once used in the Scottish Premier Division, but is now considered to be too high a number of games in a league season. Under this system, after 33 games (i.e., when every club has played every other club three times, either twice away and once at home, or vice-versa), the division is split into two halves, and clubs play a further five matches, against the teams in their half of the division, taking their total to 38 games.
This can (and often does) result in the team placed seventh having a higher points total than the team placed sixth, because their final five games are considerably easier. In the 2005/2006 season, the seventh placed club, Inverness Caledonian Thistle, gained more points than the fourth placed club Hibernian.
Promotion and relegation
Providing they meet certain criteria regarding their stadium, the top club from the Scottish First Division is promoted to the SPL, with the 12th-placed SPL club relegated.
In 2003, the league's promotion criteria caused controversy as the chairmen of the member clubs voted against Falkirk's proposed ground share with Airdrie United and stopped the club from having the 10,000 fan stadium capacity it required, thus saving Motherwell from relegation.
The same situation nearly materialised in 2004, but after several votes and discussion, including threats of court cases from Partick Thistle, the team then threatened with prospect of relegation, Inverness Caledonian Thistle were finally allowed promotion provided that they groundshared with north rivals Aberdeen at Pittodrie,  a ground over 100 miles (160 km) away. In 2005, the stadium size criterion for entry to the SPL was reduced to 6,000,  thereby allowing Inverness Caledonian Thistle to return to their home stadium during the 2005-06 season.
The Bank of Scotland, who had sponsored the league since March 1999 (The League was unsponsored for most of the inaugural season), did not renew their sponsorship at the end of the 2006-07 season. Talks began with Clydesdale Bank, and a deal was confirmed shortly afterwards. A four-year deal for £8m came into effect from July 2007.
CompetitionHearts take on Hibernian in the Edinburgh Derby in December 2006.
There are currently twelve clubs in the Scottish Premier League. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then goal difference, and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal, the goal difference and then goals scored determine the winner.
During the course of a season, which runs from August until May, each club plays the others at least three times, either once at home and twice away or vice-versa. After this first phase of matches, by which time all clubs will have played 33 games, the league splits into a 'top six' and a 'bottom six'. Each club then plays a further five matches against the other five teams in their own section. Points achieved during the first phase of 33 matches are carried forward to the second phase, but the teams will compete only within their own sections during the second phase. After the first phase has been completed, clubs cannot move outwith their own section in the league, even if they achieve more or fewer points than a higher or lower ranked team, respectively.
At the beginning of each season, the Scottish Premier League 'predict' the likely positions of each club in order to produce a fixture schedule which will ensure the best possible chance of each club playing each other twice at home and twice away. This is known as the league seedings and are based on clubs' performance in previous years. However, should a club predicted to finish in the top six finish in the bottom six, they face the possibility of playing more games away from home than at home or vice-versa. This, in turn, has a knock-on effect on the top-six with an imbalance of fixtures resulting, for example one club may play one team three times at home and once away.
The bottom placed SPL club are relegated, and swap places with the winner of the Scottish First Division, provided that the winner satisfies the league's entry criteria.
European qualificationRangers playing FC Barcelona at the Camp Nou in the 2007–08 Champions League.
The Scottish Premier League is currently tenth in UEFA's coefficient ranking, meaning that two SPL clubs currently qualify for the UEFA Champions League (the first and second placed clubs) as well as two qualifying for the UEFA Cup (third placed club and the Scottish Cup winner). If the winner of the Scottish Cup has already qualified for Europe via their league position, the UEFA Cup place is allocated to the runner-up. If both Scottish Cup final representitives have qualified for Europe via their league position, the final UEFA Cup place is given the SPL's fourth placed club. Clubs also have the opportunity to apply for qualification to the UEFA Intertoto Cup, which is given to the highest placed applicant, although only two clubs have chosen to play in the tournament since the SPL's inception in 1998/99 (Dundee in 2001 and Hibernian in 2004 and 2006). Clubs may also qualify for Europe via the UEFA Fair Play ranking.
Since the SPL's inception, Scotland's UEFA coefficient has increased significantly, having been ranked 26th in 1998/99. In 2003 Celtic became the first Scottish club since 1987 to reach a European final, eventually losing 3-2 to FC Porto after extra-time in the UEFA Cup final. In 2003-04, two Scottish clubs (Celtic and Rangers) qualified for the UEFA Champions League for the first time. In 2005-06, Rangers became the first Scottish club to reach the knockout stage of the Champions League, a feat which was repeated by Celtic the following two seasons. In the 2007–08 season, three Scottish clubs were competing in Europe after Christmas for the first time since 1970, while in the same season Rangers reached their first European final since their UEFA Cup Winners' Cup triumph of 1972, which they lost 2–0 to Russian club Zenit St. Petersburg in the UEFA Cup Final. During the season Scotland's European representitives collected the most coefficient points since the 1982–83 season.
There has been criticism regarding the current format of the Scottish Premier League from several quarters, mostly focused on the controversial 'split' format. In April 2007, current Dundee United manager Craig Levein labeled the format as "rubbish" and a "nonsense", claiming that it resulted in lost revenue for clubs and put more pressure on managers.  While Rangers manager Walter Smith branded the format as "unfair" and called for an 18-team league to be considered.  The SPL has defended the split format, however, and dismissed the possibility of expanding the league due to a lack of strong enough clubs within the Football League. 
However, all the alternative options are themselves difficult to conceive. A 14-team league, playing all opponents thrice, would fit into the schedule (increase from 38 games to 39) - but could be unfair as, for example, Rangers and Celtic would play twice at one of their grounds, and once at the other.
A 16-team league, playing all opponents twice, would result in a reduction from 38 to 30 matches. It would also replace many high-profile derbies and clashes between bigger clubs, with smaller teams. As a result, clubs would experience severe financial losses which might make a 16-team format unviable.
Leagues of 18 teams (34 matches) or 20 teams (38 matches, as currently) would not face the massive fall in fixture numbers of the 16 team league. However, the increase in matches versus smaller clubs and the huge increase in 'meaningless' mid-table games, might still impact attendances and finance.
Old Firm dominanceBoth sets of fans at an Old Firm match at Celtic Park.
One of the main criticisms of the SPL is the dominance of the two Old Firm clubs, Rangers and Celtic. No team outside the Old Firm has won the SPL since it was formed in 1998 and there has only been one season (2005-06) where both clubs failed to occupy first and second positions, with Hearts finishing second behind Celtic. Both clubs' average home attendances are significantly higher than the other 10 clubs, resulting in the Old Firm having far greater revenues and therefore more money to spend on players. Both clubs also receive significant revenue from regular participation in the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Cup.
However, despite having more resources than other Scottish clubs, the Old Firm still experience difficulty in competing with big clubs from other leagues due to the SPL's relatively low television revenue. A recurring theme in recent years has been the prospect of the two clubs leaving the Scottish football set-up to join either the English set-up, or a European league with clubs from countries such as the Netherlands, Belgium and Portugal. While some feel that the departure of the Old Firm from the Scottish football setup would be detrimental to Scottish football as a whole, others, such as Craig Levein, believe it would benefit Scottish football due to increased competition among the remaining clubs for the SPL title.
A further issue of controversy was the SPL's decision to scrap the 'winter break' after the 2000-01 season, thereby forcing clubs to play throughout January and often resulting in postponement of matches and significant damage to clubs' pitches due to adverse weather conditions, as well as player fatigue. Former Celtic manager Martin O'Neill, former Dundee manager Jim Duffy and current Rangers manager Walter Smith are among those who have called for the winter break to be reinstated.  Former Rangers manager Alex McLeish accused the SPL of taking Scottish football "back to the dark ages" after its decision to scrap the mid-season hiatus. 
However, the SPL has consistently pointed out that a Winter Break can never alleviate weather issues. Games are called off in Scotland any time from November to April - a short December break would not assist this, in fact it would result in more games (that would have been played during the break) being scheduled for later in the season. These would also be on midweeks, potentially reducing crowds. The SPL has stated that giving players rest and recuperation time may be reason for a break.
PlayersTore André Flo is the SPL's most expensive ever signing
Scottish Premier League clubs have almost complete freedom to sign whatever number and category of players they wish. There is no team or individual salary cap, no squad size limit, no age restrictions other than those applied by general employment law, no restrictions on the overall number of foreign players, and few restrictions on individual foreign players — all players with EU nationality, including those able to claim an EU passport through a parent or grandparent, are eligible to play, and top players from outside the EU are able to obtain UK work permits.
The only restriction on selection is the "Under-21 rule". This rule states that each club must include three players under the age of 21 in their matchday squad. Opinions on this rule appear to be divided among SPL managers. Walter Smith, Gus McPherson and Jim Jefferies have expressed their disapproval of the policy. John Collins, meanwhile, expressed approval of the ruling, claiming that it is healthy for Scottish football and encouraged the development of young players.
Recent decline in television revenue has resulted in relatively little spending among SPL clubs in recent seasons, with major transfer spending mostly limited to the Old Firm clubs. As a result, many clubs are now more reliant on developing their own young players and selling them on for profit. This has also resulted in a large proportion of SPL clubs' squads being made up of Scottish players (73% in 2004-05).
SPL transfer records
- Highest transfer fee received:
- Highest transfer fee between two SPL clubs: Scott Brown, from Hibernian to Celtic, £4.5m, 1 June 2007
Financial crisisChairman David Murray launched a rights issue in order to reduce Rangers' debts.
Since the SPL began, four of its member clubs have entered administration. Serious financial difficulties first arose in 2002 when broadcaster Sky Sports withdrew their interest in the League’s television rights when the SPL rejected their offer of £45m, hoping that a better deal would arise from another broadcaster. A better deal failed to arise, however, adding to the clubs’ already delicate financial position. By season 2001-02, combined debt among SPL clubs was estimated to be around £132m, having been barely into double figures two years previously. Motherwell became the first SPL club to enter administration in April 2002, with debts of £11m and a wage bill totaling 97% of their annual turnover. Dundee were next to follow, when in November 2003 they sacked 25 staff after debts of £20m. The severity of the SPL's financial problems were revealed in September 2003 when combined losses for SPL clubs during 2001/02 was estimated to have been £60m.
Livingston became the third SPL club to enter administration in February 2004, with debts of £3.5m. Dunfermline Athletic's financial position also looked bleak, with several players asked to take wage-cuts, while Rangers Chairman David Murray announced in September 2004 a plan to raise £57m via a rights issue in an attempt to wipe-out a large proportion of the club's debts. A report by PricewaterhouseCoopers in 2003 described five SPL clubs - Dundee, Dunfermline Athletic, Hearts, Hibernian and Livingston - as "technically insolvent".
After widespread cost-cutting measures, SPL clubs' finances began to show signs of improvement. Both Motherwell and Dundee came out of administration in April and August 2004, respectively, while Livingston ended their fifteen month spell in administration in May 2005. PricewaterhouseCoopers' 2006 report on SPL finances revealed operating profits of £2.8m among SPL clubs - the first collective operating profit made by Scotland's top-flight clubs in over a decade. While seven of the SPL's 12 clubs had a wage turnover ratio of less than 60%.
PricewaterhouseCoopers' 2007 report revealed a collective loss of £9m for 2005/06, however six clubs - Falkirk, Hibernian, Inverness CT, Kilmarnock, Motherwell and Rangers - all made a profit. The report highlighted the increasingly precarious financial position of Hearts, describing their current finances as "unsustainable" with debt rising by £7m to £28m and a wage bill which represents 97% of their turnover.
Despite recent improvements in the financial position of SPL clubs, Gretna became the fourth SPL club to enter administration in March 2008 after their main benefactor Brooks Mileson withdrew his financial support after ill-health.
TelevisionA cameraman pitchside at Tynecastle Stadium.
Between season 1998-99 and season 2001-02, exclusive television rights for live Scottish Premier League matches were held by Sky Sports, with a highlights package held by STV. After Sky Sports withdrew their interest in the SPL, discussions began in 2002 for a new pay-per-view satellite television channel, dubbed "SPL TV". Discussions broke down in April 2002, however, when the Old Firm clubs, Rangers and Celtic, utilized the 11-1 voting system to veto the proposals.  This caused discontent among the remaining 10 SPL clubs who subsequently announced their intention to resign from the league.
Despite a two-year television deal being agreed with BBC Scotland in July 2002, the 10 non-Old Firm clubs confirmed their resignation from the SPL in August 2002, citing discontent with the league's 11-1 voting procedure which effectively gave the Old Firm clubs a veto over attempts to change SPL rules.  The ten clubs withdrew their resignations in January 2003 after an agreement was reached to change the voting procedures and to change the distribution of TV revenue. 
STV's Scotsport currently own the rights to broadcast highlights of each game first on terrestrial TV. From season 2007-08 onwards BBC Scotland's Sportscene also has rights to broadcast a highlights shown on terrestrial TV after STV's programme. The BBC also hold the rights to show on-line internet highlights to U.K. users for 1 week after each game.
In Australia and the USA the Scottish Premier League is currently available on Setanta Sports.
Radio broadcasting rights are currently held by BBC Radio Scotland, who have held the rights since the SPL's inception in 1998/99. BBC Radio Scotland also provide internet webcasts to all Scottish Premier League matches, having became the first broadcaster to introduce such a service in June 2000.However Old Firm games are broadcast when available on BBC Radio 5 Live and also on 102.5 Clyde 1.
- Main article: List of Scottish Premier League clubs
SPL members for 2008-09
The following twelve clubs will be competing in the Scottish Premier League during the 2008–09 season.● Aberdeen ● Celtic ● Dundee United ● Falkirk ● Hamilton ● Hearts ● Hibernian ● Inverness CT ● Kilmarnock ● Motherwell ● Rangers ● St. Mirren Club
in 2007–08First season in
top division First season of
current spell in
top division Last title Aberdeena,b 4th 1905–06 1905–06 1984–85 Celtica,b 1st 1890–91 1890–91 2007–08 Dundee Uniteda,b 5th 1925–26 1996–97 1982–83 Falkirk7th 1905–06 2005–06 — Hamilton1st (First Division) 1906–07 2008–09 — Heartsa,b 8th 1890–91 1983–84 1959–60 Hibernian6th 1895–96 1999–00 1951–52 Inverness CT9th 2004–05 2004–05 — Kilmarnocka,b 11th 1899–00 1992–93 1964–65 Motherwella,b 3rd 1903–04 1985–86 1931–32 Rangersa,b 2nd 1890–91 1890–91 2004–05 St. Mirren10th 1890–91 2006–07 — a = Founding member of the Scottish Premier League
b = Played in every Scottish Premier League season
Former SPL members
These are previous members of the SPL in reverse order of them losing membership.Club
in 2007–08First season
in top division Last season in
top division Last titleGretna12th, SPL 2007–082007–08— Dunfermlinea, 5th, First Division1926–272006–07— Livingston7th, First Division2001–022005–06— Dundeea, 2nd, First Division1893–942004–051961–62Partick Thistle6th, First Division1897–982003–04— St. Johnstonea, 3rd, First Division1924–252001–02— a = Founding member of the Scottish Premier League
St. Mirren are the only club to have been promoted into the SPL twice. Dunfermline Athletic are the only club to have been relegated from the SPL twice. Partick Thistle are the only SPL member to have ever dropped below the First Division.
StadiumsCeltic Park is the SPL's biggest stadium. Ibrox Stadium is the SPL's only UEFA 5 star stadium. Stadium Capacity Club Notes Celtic Park60,832 CelticCeltic Park is the biggest football stadium in Scotland. Ibrox Stadium51,444 RangersIbrox Stadium is one of two UEFA5 Star Stadia in Scotland (the other being Hampden Park). Pittodrie Stadium22,199 AberdeenPittodrie was the first stadium in the UK to be all covered and all seated. Rugby Park18,128 KilmarnockEaster Road17,500 HibernianHibs are building a new East Stand that will be complete by the 2009/2010 season raising the capacity to around 22,000 Tynecastle Stadium17,420 HeartsHearts have played some European games at Murrayfield Stadium. Capacity planned to increase to 23,000 by 2010. Tannadice Park14,209 Dundee UnitedFir Park13,742 MotherwellSt. Mirren Park10,800 St. MirrenSt Mirren will move to a new 8,000 seater stadium during 2008/2009 season Caledonian Stadium7,500 Inverness CTFalkirk Stadium6,935 FalkirkFalkirk are currently in building work to expand their newly built stadium. New Douglas Park6,000 Hamilton Academical
All-time SPL table
- See also: List of Scottish football champions
The All-Time SPL Table is a cumulative record of all SPL matches played since the inception of the SPL, in 1998. The table is accurate from the 1998/1999 season to the end of the 2007/2008 season, inclusive.P
1 Celtic10 378 280 51 45 888 303 +565 891 2.36 6 4 2 Rangers10 378 256 68 52 799 305 +494 836 2.21 4 5 1 3 Hearts10 378 156 92 128 546 450 +70 560 1.48 1 3 1 4 Kilmarnock10 378 134 92 150 469 543 -74 493 1.30 3 5 Aberdeen10 378 133 87 156 458 547 -89 486 1.29 1 3 6 Hibernian9 340 126 83 131 484 480 +4 461 1.36 2 1 7 Motherwell10 378 120 85 171 454 579 -125 445 1.18 1 1 8 Dundee United10 378 99 101 176 404 586 -182 398 1.05 9 Dunfermline8 302 78 79 145 295 483 -188 313 1.04 1 10 Dundee7 262 80 61 121 308 412 -104 301 1.14 11 Inverness CT4 152 50 41 61 185 195 -10 191 1.25 12 Livingston5 190 48 46 97 205 306 -101 189 0.94 1 13 St. Johnstone4 148 39 43 66 139 200 -61 160 1.08 1 14 Falkirk3 114 36 24 54 129 168 -31 132 1.16 15 St. Mirren3 114 26 29 59 89 177 -88 107 0.94 16 Partick Thistle2 76 14 19 43 76 125 -49 61 0.80 17 Gretna1 38 5 8 25 32 83 -51 131 0.34 18 Hamilton Academical0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00
1 Gretna were deducted 10 points for going into administration in the
P = Position; Ssn = Number of seasons; Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points; Ppg = Points per game.
Source: SPL official website
Below is a list of the players who haved scored 50 or more goals SPL goals. Former Celtic player Henrik Larsson has scored the most goals in the SPL since the inaugural 1998–99 season, with 158 goals. Rangers striker Kris Boyd has the most goals of any currently active Premier League player.Henrik Larsson is the SPL's top all-time goalscorer. Goals 1 Henrik LarssonCeltic(1998–2004) 158 2 Kris BoydKilmarnock(2000–2006)
Rangers(2006–present) 1143 John HartsonCeltic(2001-2006) 88 4 Scott McDonaldMotherwell(2004–2007)
Celtic(2007–present) 67 5 Stevie CrawfordHibernian(1998–2000)
Dunfermline Athletic(2006–2008) 63 Chris SuttonCeltic(2000–2006) 7 Nacho NovoDundee(2002–2004)
Rangers(2004–present) 62 8 Billy DoddsDundee United(1998–1999)
Dundee United(2003–2006) 60 9 Derek RiordanHibernian(2001–2006)
Celtic(2006–present) 59 10 Stilian PetrovCeltic(1999–2006) 55
- Players emboldened are still active in SPL squads
Statistics obtained from Soccerbase.com
The following is a list of the current managers in the SPL. The list is arranged chronologically by appointment.Manager Club Appointed Jim JefferiesKilmarnockFebruary 28, 2002John HughesFalkirkJanuary 31, 2003Gus MacPhersonSt MirrenDecember 18, 2003Jimmy CalderwoodAberdeenMay 28, 2004Gordon StrachanCelticJune 1, 2005Billy ReidHamiltonJune 2, 2005Craig LeveinDundee UnitedOctober 30, 2006Walter SmithRangersJanuary 10, 2007Mark McGheeMotherwellJune 18, 2007Craig BrewsterInverness CTAugust 27, 2007Stephen FrailHeartsJanuary 1, 2008Mixu PaatelainenHibernianJanuary 10, 2008
SPL season summarySeason Winner Runner-up Relegated Top Scorer PFA Player of the Year Writers' Player of the Year 2007–08CelticRangersGretnaScott McDonald25 (Celtic) Aiden McGeady(Celtic) Carlos Cuellar(Rangers) 2006–07CelticRangersDunfermline AthleticKris Boyd20 (Rangers) Shunsuke Nakamura(Celtic) Shunsuke Nakamura(Celtic) 2005–06CelticHeartsLivingstonKris Boyd32 (15 - Kilmarnock, 17 - Rangers) Shaun Maloney(Celtic) Craig Gordon(Hearts) 2004–05RangersCelticDundeeJohn Hartson25 (Celtic) John Hartson(Celtic) / Fernando Ricksen(Rangers) John Hartson(Celtic) 2003–04CelticRangersPartick ThistleHenrik Larsson30 (Celtic) Chris Sutton(Celtic) Jackie McNamara(Celtic) 2002–03RangersCelticNo Relegation Henrik Larsson28 (Celtic) Barry Ferguson(Rangers) Barry Ferguson(Rangers) 2001–02CelticRangersSt JohnstoneHenrik Larsson29 (Celtic) Lorenzo Amoruso(Rangers) Paul Lambert(Celtic) 2000–01CelticRangersSt MirrenHenrik Larsson35 (Celtic) Henrik Larsson(Celtic) Henrik Larsson(Celtic) 1999–00RangersCelticNo Relegation Mark Viduka25 (Celtic) Mark Viduka(Celtic) Barry Ferguson(Rangers) 1998–99RangersCelticDunfermline AthleticHenrik Larsson29 (Celtic) Henrik Larsson(Celtic) Henrik Larsson(Celtic)
- Most goals in a season: Celtic, 105 goals, 2003/04
- Most points in one season: Celtic, 103 points, 2001/02
- Fewest goals conceded in one season: Celtic, 28 goals, 2001/02
- Most goals conceded in a season: Aberdeen, 83 goals, 1999/00
- Biggest goal difference in a season: Celtic, 70, 2003/04
- Biggest home win: Celtic 7-0 Aberdeen (1999/00 and 2002/03); Hibernian 7-0 Livingston (2005/06)
- Biggest away win: St. Johnstone 0-7 Rangers (1998/99); Dunfermline Athletic 1-8 Celtic (2005/06)
- Highest scoring match: Motherwell 5-6 Aberdeen (1999/2000)
- Most away wins in a season: Celtic, 13, 2000/2001
- Fewest away wins in a season: Dunfermline, 0, 1998/1999
- Most away defeats in a season: Livingston, 16, 2005/2006
- Fewest home defeats in a season: Celtic, 0, 2001/2002
- Top goalscorer in any one season: Henrik Larsson, 35 goals, 2000/01 Celtic
- Player with most hat-tricks: Henrik Larsson, 12, 1998-2004
- Top goalscorer in any one game: Kenny Miller, 5, 4/11/2000, Rangers v St Mirren; Kris Boyd, 5, 25/9/2004, Kilmarnock v Dundee Utd
- Youngest player: Scott Robinson, for Hearts vs Inverness CT, 16 years 1 months and 14 days, 26 April 2008
- Youngest goalscorer: David Goodwillie, for Dundee United vs Hibernian, 16 years 11 months and 4 days, 4 March 2006
- Most consecutive clean-sheets: Robert Douglas, Celtic, 7 games, 16 December 2000 - 21 February 2001
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- ^ a b "SPL continues economic recovery", BBC Sport, 2006-10-03. Retrieved on 2008-03-25.
- ^ a b "Hearts buck debt reduction trend", BBC Sport, 2007-08-15. Retrieved on 2008-03-25.
- ^ "Gretna edging closer to closure", BBC Sport, 2008-03-13. Retrieved on 2008-03-25.
- ^ "FANS GET A TELLYFUL; SPL set to launch its own TV station as Sky switch off", Daily Record, 2002-01-16. Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
- ^ "Old Firm scupper SPL TV", BBC Sport, 2002-04-08. Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
- ^ "Scottish league faces collapse", BBC Sport, 2002-04-16. Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
- ^ "SPL signs BBC deal", BBC Sport, 2002-07-31. Retrieved on 2008-03-27.
- ^ "Scottish clubs quit SPL", BBC Sport, 2002-08-01. Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
- ^ "SPL ends internal strife", BBC Sport, 2003-01-22. Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
- ^ "Setanta wins SPL TV deal", BBC Sport, 2004-02-26. Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
- ^ "BBC welcomes radio deal", BBC Sport, 2004-02-26. Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
- ^ "BBC scores Scottish winner", BBC Sport, 2000-06-14. Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
- ^ SPL All time records ScotPrem.co.uk, 22 March 2008
- ^ Clubs only include those where players scored goals
- ^ Some sources incorrectly state he scored 64 goals for Kilmarnock
- ^ a b c Manager was appointed when club was playing in the Scottish Football League
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "SPL - All Time Records", ScotPrem.co.uk. Retrieved on 2008-04-07.
- ^ Will you see history be made today? | Hearts | News | Hearts News | Hearts News
- ^ a b c d "SPL statistics", ScotPrem.co.uk. Retrieved on 2008-04-07.
- Scottish Football League Premier Division
- List of attendance figures at domestic professional sports leagues
- Scottish Premier League monthly awards
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