Run batted in"RBI" redirects here. For other uses, see RBI (disambiguation). This article does not citeany references or sources. (January 2008)
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Run batted in or RBI is a statistic used in baseball, softball and dartball to credit a batter when the outcome of his at-bat results in a run being scored, except in certain situations such as when an error is made on the play. The first team to track RBI was the Buffalo Bisons.
Common names for the term include "Ribby", "Rib-eye", and "Rib". The proper plural form is RBIs.
- 1 Major League Baseball Rules
- 2 Criticism
- 3 RBI leaders in Major League Baseball
- 4 See also
Major League Baseball Rules
The official rulebook of Major League Baseball states:
(a) The official scorer shall credit the batter with a run batted in for
every run that scores
(1) unaided by an error and as part of a play begun by the batter's safe hit (including the batter's home run), sacrifice bunt, sacrifice fly, infield out or fielder's choice, unless Rule 10.04(b) applies;
(2) by reason of the batter becoming a runner with the bases full (because of a base on balls, an award of first base for being touched by a pitched ball or for interference or obstruction); or
(3) when, before two are out, an error is made on a play on which a runner from third base ordinarily would score.
(b) The official scorer shall not credit a run batted in
(1) when the batter grounds into a force double play or a reverse-force double play; or
(2) when a fielder is charged with an error because the fielder muffs a throw at first base that would have completed a force double play.
(c) The official scorer's judgment must determine whether a run batted in shall be credited for a run that scores when a fielder holds the ball or throws to a wrong base. Ordinarily, if the runner keeps going, the official scorer should credit a run batted in; if the runner stops and takes off again when the runner notices the misplay, the official scorer should credit the run as scored on a fielder's choice.
The perceived significance of the RBI is displayed by the fact that it is one of the three categories that compose the triple crown. In addition, Career RBIs are often cited in debates over who should be elected to the Hall of Fame. However, critics, particularly within the field of sabermetrics, argue that RBIs do a better job of measuring the quality of the lineup than it does the player himself since an RBI can only be credited to a player if one or more batters preceding him in the batting order reached base. This implies that better offensive teams -- and therefore, the teams in which the most players get on base -- tend to produce hitters with higher RBI totals than equivalent hitters on lesser-hitting teams.
RBI leaders in Major League Baseball
Totals are current through games of 9/5/07. Active players in bold.
- Hank Aaron - 2,297
- Babe Ruth - 2,217
- Cap Anson - 2,076
- Barry Bonds - 1,996
- Lou Gehrig - 1,995
- Stan Musial - 1,951
- Ty Cobb - 1,937
- Jimmie Foxx - 1,922
- Eddie Murray - 1,917
- Willie Mays - 1,903
- Hack Wilson (1930) -191
- Lou Gehrig (1931) - 184
- Hank Greenberg (1937) - 183
- Jimmie Foxx (1938) - 175
- Lou Gehrig (1927) - 175
12 - Jim Bottomley (September
Mark Whiten (September
11 - Wilbert Robinson (June 10, 1892), Tony Lazzeri (May 24, 1936), Phil Weintraub (April 30, 1944)
10 - by 12 major league players, most recently Garret Anderson ( August 21, 2007)