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Riley County, Kansas

Riley County, Kansas Map
Location in the state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.Statistics Founded August 25, 1855SeatManhattanArea
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
622 sq mi(1,611 km²)
610 sq mi (1,579 km²)
13 sq mi (32 km²), 2.02% PopulationEst.
 - (2005)
 - Density
62,826
103.0/sq mi (39.8/km²) Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5

Riley County (standard abbreviation: RL) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of 2000, the population was 62,843. The largest city and county seat is Manhattan.

The county is part of the Manhattan, Kansas Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Among notable current and former residents of Riley County are former Governor John W. Carlin, General Glen Edgerton and millionaire miner Horace A. W. Tabor.

Contents

History

Riley County, named for Mexican-American War general Bennet Riley, was one of the westernmost of the 33 original counties established by the Kansas Territorial Legislature in August 1855. For organizational purposes, Riley County initially had attached to it Geary County and all land west of Riley County, stretching most of the way across Kansas Territory into present-day Colorado.

The first Territorial Capital of Kansas Territory was located in the boundaries of Riley County, in the former town of Pawnee, Kansas. The site now falls within the boundaries of Fort Riley, a U.S. Army post.

Manhattan was selected as county seat in contentious fashion. In late 1857, an election was held to select the county seat, with Ogden prevailing. However, Manhattanites suspected election fraud, and were eventually able to prove that a number of votes were illegally cast. Sheriff David A. Butterfield was forced to secure the county's books and records for Manhattan, and Manhattan was finally officially declared the county seat in 1858.[1]

Riley County Courthouse in Manhattan, Kansas

On May 30, 1879, the "Irving, Kansas Tornado" began in Riley county. This tornado measured F4 on the Fujita scale and had a damage path 800 yards (700 m) wide and 100 miles (200 km) long. Eighteen people were killed and sixty were injured.[2]

Law and government

Riley County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 2004.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 622 square miles (1,611 km²), of which, 610 square miles (1,579 km²) of it is land and 13 square miles (32 km²) of it (2.02%) is water.

Geographic features

The eastern border of the county follows the former course of the Big Blue River. The river was dammed in the 1960s and Tuttle Creek Lake was created as a result. The county falls within the Flint Hills region of the state.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations Census Pop.  %± 18601,224 — 18705,105 317.1% 188010,430 104.3% 189013,183 26.4% 190013,828 4.9% 191015,783 14.1% 192020,650 30.8% 193019,882 -3.7% 194020,617 3.7% 195033,405 62.0% 196041,914 25.5% 197056,788 35.5% 198063,505 11.8% 199067,139 5.7% 200062,843 -6.4%

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 62,843 people, 22,137 households, and 12,263 families residing in the county. The population density was 103 people per square mile (40/km²). There were 23,397 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.78% White, 6.88% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 3.22% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 1.89% from other races, and 2.43% from two or more races. 4.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Age pyramid

There were 22,137 households out of which 27.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.20% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.60% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 18.80% under the age of 18, 34.50% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 13.30% from 45 to 64, and 7.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 114.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,042, and the median income for a family was $46,489. Males had a median income of $26,856 versus $23,835 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,349. About 8.50% of families and 20.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.20% of those under age 18 and 6.70% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Map of Riley County from KDOT (map legend)

Incorporated cities

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Unincorporated places

  • Ashland
  • Bala
  • Keats
  • Rocky Ford
  • Zeandale

Fort Riley

Located north of the junction of the Smoky Hill and Republican rivers in Geary County, the Fort Riley Military Reservation covers 100,656 acres (407 km²) in Geary and Riley counties. The fort has a daytime population of nearly 25,000 and includes two census-designated places:

Townships

Riley County is divided into fourteen townships. The city of Manhattan is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteerfrom the U.S. Census Bureau. Township FIPSPopulation
center Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi) Land area
km² (sq mi) Water area
km² (sq mi) Water % Geographic coordinates Ashland 02725 150 2 (4) 89 (35) 1 (0) 0.75% 39°6′48″N, 96°37′42″WBala 03825 Leonardville762 7 (18) 108 (42) 0 (0) 0.12% 39°20′34″N, 96°53′47″WCenter 12100 81 1 (3) 82 (32) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°29′22″N, 96°52′54″WFancy Creek 22950 126 2 (4) 83 (32) 0 (0) 0.07% 39°24′55″N, 96°53′14″WGrant 28075 833 9 (23) 92 (35) 7 (3) 7.38% 39°17′52″N, 96°41′31″WJackson 34900 Randolph326 4 (10) 84 (32) 10 (4) 10.30% 39°26′43″N, 96°45′1″WMadison 44125 Fort Riley North CDP (part)8,173 22 (58) 366 (141) 0 (0) 0.11% 39°15′32″N, 96°50′26″WManhattan 44275 3,275 37 (95) 89 (35) 3 (1) 3.28% 39°12′45″N, 96°35′46″WMay Day 45225 78 1 (2) 81 (31) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°32′39″N, 96°53′41″WOgden 52300 Ogden2,423 69 (178) 35 (14) 1 (0) 2.32% 39°7′6″N, 96°41′54″WSherman 65075 524 7 (18) 76 (29) 5 (2) 6.06% 39°22′30″N, 96°43′58″WSwede Creek 69650 157 1 (3) 125 (48) 4 (1) 3.00% 39°32′24″N, 96°42′9″WWildcat 79175 750 10 (25) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0.10% 39°13′26″N, 96°42′28″WZeandale 80900 357 2 (6) 154 (60) 2 (1) 0.97% 39°7′39″N, 96°27′19″W

Education

Colleges and universities

Unified school districts

  • Riley County USD 378
  • Manhattan USD 383
  • Blue Valley USD 384

See also

Notable features and landmarks

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References

  1. ^ Riley County Official Website - History
  2. ^ Joe Furr, "Historical Tornadoes"
  3. ^ Map of Wet and Dry Counties. Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue (November 2006). Retrieved on 2007-12-28.
  4. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  • Places in Riley County, Kansas United States Census Bureau

External links

Local History and Genealogy
Official websites
General county information
County Level Data
v • d • eMunicipalities and communities of
Riley County, KansasCounty seat: ManhattanCities

Leonardville | Manhattan | Ogden | Randolph | Riley

CDP

Fort Riley North

Unincorporated
community

Zeandale

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Categories: Kansas counties | Riley County, Kansas | Manhattan micropolitan area

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