Philadelphia PhilliesFor current information on this topic, see
2008 Philadelphia Phillies season
- Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present)
- The Fightin' (or Phightin') Phils, The Fightin's (or Phightins)
- Citizens Bank Park (2004–present)
- Veterans Stadium (1971–2003)
- Connie Mack Stadium (1927, 1938–1970)
- Baker Bowl (1887–1926, 1928–1938)
- Recreation Park (1883–1886)
1915 East Division titles (7)[a] 2007 • 1993 • 1983 • 1980 • 1978
Bill Giles), Claire S. Betz, Tri-Play Associates (Alexander K. Buck, J. Maholn Buck Jr. William C. Buck), Double Play Inc. (John S. Middelton) Manager: Charlie Manuel General Manager: Pat Gillick Philadelphia Portal
The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. The Phillies are a member of the Eastern Division of Major League Baseball's National League. From 2004 to the present, the Phillies have played their home games at Citizens Bank Park in the South Philadelphia section of the city. The organization is tied with the San Francisco Giants as the fifth-oldest team in Major League Baseball.
The Phillies have won one World Series Championship in their history, defeating the Kansas City Royals in 1980. Due in part to the age of the club, the Phillies became the first team in the four major American sports[b] to surpass 10,000 losses in franchise history in 2007. The Phillies are known for their loyal and passionate fan base, and are also a league leader in environmental protection.
- 1 History
- 2 Team uniform
- 3 Fan support
- 4 Achievements
- 5 Environmental record
- 6 Season-by-season records
- 7 Current roster
- 8 Minor league affiliations
- 9 Radio and television
- 10 See also
- 11 Footnotes
- 12 References
- 13 External links
- Main article: History of the Philadelphia Phillies
After being founded in 1883 as the "Quakers," the team changed its name to the "Philadelphias", after the convention of the times. This was soon shortened to "Phillies." "Quakers" continued to be used interchangeably with "Phillies" until 1890, when the team officially became known as the "Phillies." Though the Phillies moved into a permanent home at Baker Bowl in 1887, they did not win their first pennant until nearly 20 years later, after the likes of standout players Billy Hamilton, Sam Thompson, and Ed Delahanty had departed. Player defections to the newly-formed American League, especially to the cross-town Athletics, would cost the team dearly over the next several years. A bright spot came in 1915, when the Phillies won their first pennant, thanks to the pitching of Grover Cleveland Alexander and the batting prowess of Gavvy Cravath, who set the major-league single-season record for home runs with 24. Poor fiscal management after this World Series appearance, however, doomed the Phillies to sink back into relative obscurity; from 1918 to 1948 they only had one winning season. Though Chuck Klein won the MVP in 1932 and the National League Triple Crown in 1933, the team continued to flounder at the bottom of the standings for years.
Cox, Carpenter, and the "Whiz Kids" Era
- For more details on this topic, see 1950 World Series.
After lumber baron William B. Cox purchased the team in 1943, the Phillies began a rapid rise to prominence in the National League, as the team rose out of the standings cellar for the first time in five years. The fans responded with an increase in attendance, but it soon became clear that not all was right in Cox' front office. Eventually, it was revealed by Cox that he had been betting on the Phillies, and he was banned from baseball. The new owner, Bob Carpenter, Jr., tried to polish the team's image by unofficially changing the name to the "Blue Jays"; however, the new moniker did not take, and it was quietly dropped by 1949. Instead, Carpenter turned his attention to the minor league affiliates, devoting significant resources to the farm system for the first time in the history of the franchise. By the 1950s, the Phillies had gone from cellar-dwellers to pennant contenders thanks to the "Whiz Kids," led by a lineup of young players developed by the Phillies' farm system that included future Hall of Famers Richie Ashburn and Robin Roberts. Their 1950 season was highlighted by the last day, pennant-clinching home run by Dick Sisler to lead the Phillies over the Dodgers and into the World Series. The Phillies' popularity drove the Athletics to leave the city for Kansas City and, eventually, Oakland.Shibe Park / Connie Mack Stadium, home of the Phillies from 1938–1970
From Lows to Highs
As the Phillies sank back to mediocrity, a bright spot began to develop after the departures of the "Whiz Kids." The team seemed destined to make it to the World Series after strong showings in the early part of the decade; alas, it was not to be. The Phillies squandered a six-and-a-half game lead with a ten-game losing streak to close the 1964 season, and lost the pennant by one game to the St. Louis Cardinals. The "Phold of '64" is one of the most notable collapses in sports history. The Phillies moved out of Connie Mack Stadium and into Veterans Stadium, and their new maroon uniforms, at the end of the decade. While some members of the team had admirable performances during the 1970s, the Phillies still clung to their spot at the bottom of the National League table. Ten years after the Phold, they suffered another minor collapse over August and September of 1974, missing out on the playoffs yet again. However, the futility would not last much longer. After a run of three straight division titles from 1976 to 1978, the Phillies won the NL East in 1980 behind pitcher Steve Carlton, outfielder Greg Luzinski, and infielders Mike Schmidt, Larry Bowa, and Pete Rose. In a memorable NLCS, with four of the five games needing extra innings, they fell behind 2–1 but battled back to squeeze past Houston on a tenth-inning game-winning hit by center fielder Garry Maddox, and the city celebrated its first pennant in 30 years.Phillies team logo from 1976 to 1979, with "Philadelphia Phil and Phillis" as the team mascots.
Facing Kansas City in the 1980 World Series, the Phillies won their first and only world championship in six games, thanks to the timely hitting of Mike Schmidt and Pete Rose. Schmidt, who was the National League MVP for the 1980 season, also won the World Series MVP finals award on the strength of his 8-for-21 hitting (.381 average), including game-winning hits in Game 2 and the clinching Game 6. Thus, the Phillies became the last of the 16 teams that made up the major leagues from 1901 to 1961 to win a World Series. The Phillies made the playoffs twice more after their Series win, in 1981 and 1983, where they lost to the Baltimore Orioles in the World Series, but they would find their near-misses followed by a rapid drop back into the doldrums of the National League basement. The 1992 season would end with the Phillies at the bottom of the barrel, at last place in the National League East. However, their fortunes were about to change.
- See also: 1993 National League Championship Series, 1993 World Series, and 2007 National League Division Series
The 1993 Phillies started the season hot, going 17–5 in April and powering their way to a 97–65 season. The Phillies beat the Atlanta Braves in the 1993 National League Championship Series, four games to two, to earn the fifth pennant in franchise history, only to suffer defeat by the defending world champion Toronto Blue Jays in the 1993 World Series. Toronto's Joe Carter hit a walk-off home run in Game 6 to clinch another Phillies loss. The players' strike in 1994 was a blow to the Phillies' attendance and on-field success, as was the arrival of the Atlanta Braves in the division due to league realignment. Several stars came through Philadelphia, though few would stay, and the minor league system continued to develop its young prospects, who would soon rise to Phillies fame.This marker in the Citizens Bank Park parking lot commemorates Veterans Stadium, the Phillies' home for many years.
In 2001, the Phillies had their first winning season in eight years under new manager Larry Bowa, and would not dip their season record below .500 again from the 2003 season onward. In 2004, the Phillies moved to their new home across the street from the Vet, Citizens Bank Park. Charlie Manuel took over the reins of the clubs from Bowa in 2005, and general manager Ed Wade was replaced by Pat Gillick. Gillick reshaped the club as his own, sending stars away in trades and allowing the Phillies' young core to develop. Though the franchise lost its 10,000th game in 2007, that same core of young players, including infielders Chase Utley, Ryan Howard, and Jimmy Rollins, and pitcher Cole Hamels, responded by winning the East pennant the same season; however, they lost to the Colorado Rockies in the Division Series.
The current team colors, uniform, and logo date to 1992. The main team colors are red and white, with blue serving as a prominent accent. The team name is written in red with a blue star serving as the dot over the "i"s, and blue piping is often found in Phillies branded apparel and materials. The team's home uniform is white with red pinstripes, lettering and numbering. The road uniform is traditional grey with red lettering/numbering. Both bear a script-lettered "Phillies" logo, with the aforementioned star dotting the "i"s across the chest, and the player name and number on the back. Hats are red with a single stylized "P". The script "Phillies" and the red trim are similar to the style worn by the team during 1950 to 1969.
During the 2008 season, the Phillies wear an alternate, cream-colored uniform during home day games in tribute to their 125th anniversary. The uniforms are similar to those worn from 1946 through 1949, featuring no pinstripes and red lettering bordered with blue piping. The accompanying cap is blue with a red bill and a red stylized "P." The uniforms were announced on November 29, 2007, where Phillies shortstop Jimmy Rollins, pitcher Cole Hamels and Hall of Famer Robin Roberts modeled the new uniforms.
The Phillies are one of six teams in Major League Baseball that do not display the name of their city, state or region on their road jerseys, joining the Baltimore Orioles, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Milwaukee Brewers, St. Louis Cardinals, and the Tampa Bay Rays.
The Phillies pioneered the use of the batting practice jersey in 1977, wearing a maroon v-necked top with the "Phillies" script name across the chest, as well as the player name and number on the back and a player number on the left sleeve, all in white. Currently, during spring training, the Phillies wear solid red practice jerseys with pinstriped pants for Grapefruit League home games, and solid blue batting practice jerseys with gray pants for away games.Phillies cap logo from 1970 to 1991
From 1970 to 1991, the Phillies sported colors, uniforms, and a logo that were noticeably different from what had come before, or since, but that were widely embraced by even traditionally minded fans. A dark burgundy was adopted as the main team color, with a classic pinstripe style for home uniforms. Blue was almost entirely dropped as part of the team's official color scheme, except in one area; a pale blue (as opposed to traditional grey) was used as the base-color for away game uniforms. Yet the most important aspect of the 1970 uniform change was the adoption of one of the more distinctive logos in sports; a Phillies "P" that, thanks to its unique shape and "baseball stitched" center swirl, remains instantly recognizable and admired, long after its regular use has ended. It was while wearing this uniform style and color motif that the club achieved its most enduring success, including a World Series title in 1980 and another World Series appearance in 1983. Its continued popularity with fans is evident, as even today Phillies home games can contain many fans sporting caps, shirts, and/or jackets emblazoned with the iconic "P" and burgundy color scheme.
Controversial uniform changes
For one game in 1979, the Phillies front office modified the uniform into an all-burgundy version with white trimmings, to be worn for Saturday games. They were called "Saturday Night Specials". The immediate reaction of the media, fans, and players alike was negative, with many describing the despised uniforms as pajama-like. As such, the idea was hastily abandoned.
Another uniform controversy arose in 1994 when the Phillies introduced blue caps on Opening Day which were to be worn for home day games only. The caps were unpopular with the players, who considered them bad luck after two losses. The caps were dumped after being used on the field for a month.
Phillies fans have earned a reputation over the years for their generally rowdy behavior. In the 1960s, radio announcers for visiting teams would frequently report on the numerous fights breaking out in Connie Mack Stadium. Immediately after the final game at the old park, many fans ran onto the field or dislodged parts of the ballpark to take home with them. Later, at Veterans Stadium, the notorious 700 Level gained a reputation for its "hostile taunting, fighting, public urination and general strangeness."
Some memorable incidents include racially-charged discrimination against the Phillies' first African-American player, infielder Richie Allen. Los Angeles Dodgers' pitcher Burt Hooton's poor performance during Game 3 of the 1977 National League Championship Series has often been attributed to the crowd's taunting. In addition, J.D. Drew, the Phillies' No. 1 overall draft pick in 1997, never signed with the Phillies following a contract dispute with the team. Instead, he re-entered the draft the next year and was drafted by the St. Louis Cardinals. Phillies fans were angered over this disrespect and threw batteries at Drew. Many sports writers have noted the passionate presence of Phillies fans, including Allen Barra, who wrote that the biggest roar he ever heard from Philadelphia fans was in 1980 when Tug McGraw, in the victory parade after the World Series, told New York fans they could "take this championship and shove it."
To attract more fans, the Phillies' franchise has used promotions. Two prominent examples are the Hot Pants Patrol, a group of young ladies designed to attract male customers to the ballpark, and the Phillie Phanatic, who has been called "baseball's best mascot." In Phillies fan culture, it is also not unusual to replace an "f" with a "ph" in words, such as the Phillie Phanatic, or the "Phold" of '64.
- For more details on Phillies awards, see Philadelphia Phillies award winners and league leaders.
- See also: Philadelphia Phillies team records
Five Phillies have won an MVP award during their career with the team. Mike Schmidt leads with three wins, with back-to-back MVPs in 1980 and 1981, and his last win in 1986. Chuck Klein (1932), Jim Konstanty (1950), Ryan Howard (2006), and Jimmy Rollins (2007) all have one. Pitcher Steve Carlton leads the team in Cy Young Award wins, with four (1972, 1977, 1980, and 1982), while John Denny (1983) and Steve Bedrosian (1987) each have one.
Of the fifteen players who have hit four home runs in one game, three were Phillies at the time (more than any other team). Ed Delahanty was the first, hitting his four in Chicago on July 13, 1896. Chuck Klein repeated the feat nearly 40 years later to the day, on July 10, 1936 in Pittsburgh. 40 years later, on April 17, Mike Schmidt became the third and last, also hitting his in Chicago.
Wall of Fame
- Main article: Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame
From 1978 to 2003, the Phillies inducted one former Phillie and one former member of the Philadelphia Athletics per year. Since 2004 they have inducted one Phillie annually. Players must be retired and must have played at least four years with the Phillies or Athletics. The last five years' inductees to the Wall of Fame are listed below:Wall of Famer Rube Oldring Players inducted
as Phillies Players inducted
1918 2004 Billy HamiltonPhillies OF 1890–18952005Bob BoonePhillies C 1972–1982 2006Dallas GreenPhillies P 1960–1967MGR 1979–1981 2007John VukovichPhillies INF1970–1971
1976–1981 CO1988–2004 EXEC 2004–2007
Hall of FamersHall of Famer Ed Delahanty
While not all of these players were enshrined with a Phillies cap, each of them was a part of the Phillies franchise at one point in his career. Names in bold were inducted with a Phillies cap.
- Grover Cleveland Alexander
- Sparky Anderson
- Richie Ashburn
- Dave Bancroft
- Chief Bender
- Dan Brouthers
- Jim Bunning
- Steve Carlton
- Roger Connor
- Ed Delahanty
- Hugh Duffy
- Johnny Evers
- Elmer Flick
- Jimmie Foxx
- Billy Hamilton
- Bucky Harris
- Ferguson Jenkins
- Hughie Jennings
- Tim Keefe
- Chuck Klein
- Nap Lajoie
- Tommy McCarthy
- Joe Morgan
- Kid Nichols
- Tony Pérez
- Eppa Rixey
- Robin Roberts
- Mike Schmidt
- Casey Stengel
- Sam Thompson
- Lloyd Waner
- Hack Wilson
- Harry Wright
Retired numbersGrover Cleveland Alexander, one of eight players with a number retired or honored by the Phillies.
The Phillies have retired six numbers, and honored two additional players with the letter "P."
The Philadelphia Phillies are the first Major League Baseball team to join the Environmental Protection Agency's Green Power Partnership Program which motivates organizations across the world to purchase green power in order to minimize environmental impact. The Phillies announced on April 30, 2008 that their home field, Citizens Bank Park, will be powered with 20 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) or green energy purchased in Green-e Energy Certified Renewable Certificates (RECs). The EPA stated that this purchase holds the record in professional sports for the largest purchase of 100% renewable energy. The Phillies are among the top three purchasers of green power in Philadelphia, and the executive director of the Center for Resource Solutions, Arthur O'Donnell, wants, "other clubs to take their lead." Aramark Corporation is the Phillies' food and beverage provider at Citizens Bank Park and they are taking major actions in improving the environmental impact of the Phillies' stadium. Glass, cardboard, and plastics used during game day are going to be recycled. Frying oil will be recycled to produce bio-diesel fuel, and biodegradable, recyclable, and compostable products, serviceware, and plastics have been introduced.
- Main article: Philadelphia Phillies seasons
The records of the Phillies' last five seasons in Major League Baseball are listed below.Season Team LeagueDivision Regular seasonPost-seasonAwardsFinish[a]Wins[b]Losses Win% GB[c]20042004[s]NL East 2nd 86 76 .531 10 20052005NL East 2nd 88 74 .543 2 Ryan Howard(ROY)20062006NL East 2nd 85 77 .525 12 Ryan Howard(MVP)20072007NL East 1st 89 73 .549 — Lost NLDSto Colorado Rockies, 3–0Jimmy Rollins(MVP)20082008NL East 1st 40 28 .588 —
- See also: Philadelphia Phillies all-time roster
- 55 Clay Condrey
- 37 Chad Durbin
- 45 Tom Gordon
- 54 Brad Lidge (CL)
- 63 Ryan Madson
- 16 J. C. Romero
- 57 Rudy Seánez
- 49 Joe Bisenius
- 52 Fabio Castro
- 66 J. A. Happ
- 47 Scott Mathieson †
- 48 Francisco Rosario †
- 59 Mike Zagurski †
- 12 T. J. Bohn
- 17 Mick Billmeyer (catching)
- 30 Rich Dubee (pitching)
- 31 Ramon Henderson (bullpen)
- 15 Davey Lopes (first base)
- 3 Jerry Martin (interim first base)
- 2 Steve Smith (third base)
- 25 Milt Thompson (hitting)
- 22 Jimy Williams (bench)
Minor league affiliationsLevel Team League AAA Lehigh Valley IronPigsInternational LeagueAA Reading PhilliesEastern LeagueHigh-A Clearwater ThreshersFlorida State LeagueLow-A Lakewood BlueClawsSouth Atlantic LeagueShort Season A Williamsport CrosscuttersNew York-Penn LeagueRookie GCL PhilliesGulf Coast LeagueVSL Phillies Venezuelan Summer LeagueDSL Phillies Dominican Summer League
Radio and television
As of 2008, the Phillies' flagship radio station is WPHT, 1210 AM. The Phillies' television stations are Comcast SportsNet (CSN) and WPSG channel 57, now known as "The CW Philly." One game (the season opener) is telecast on KYW-TV and some early season games are shown on CN8 when there are conflicts on CSN with 76ers and Flyers games. CSN produces the games shown on the above-mentioned stations. Harry Kalas calls play-by-play in the first three and last three innings, and the fourth inning on the radio. Scott Franzke provides play-by-play on the radio (except for the fourth), with Larry Andersen as the color commentator. Chris Wheeler and Gary Matthews both provide color commentary on TV, with Tom McCarthy calling play-by-play in the fourth through sixth innings. Spanish broadcasts are on WUBA, 1480 AM with Danny Martinez on play-by-play and Bill Kulik and Juan Ramos on color commentary.
Phillies radio broadcasts are perhaps best known for their broadcasters use of the phrase, "Put this one in the win column for the fighting Phils," which is said consistently when the Phillies close out the third out in the ninth inning during a winning game. The phrase was started by former Phillies' broadcaster Scott Graham and has grown to be among the most recognizable sports broadcast comments in all of professional sports.
See alsoWikimedia Commons has media related to: Philadelphia Phillies
- a In 1981, a mid-season players' strike split the season. Philadelphia, with the best record in the East Division when play was halted, was declared the first-half division winner. The Phillies' record over the entire season was third-best in the division, 2½ games behind St. Louis and Montréal.
- b This refers to baseball, American football, ice hockey, and basketball.
- a Grover Cleveland Alexander played in the era before Major League players wore numbers; the Phillies have honored him with the "P" logo from the 1915 season, their first World Series appearance.
- b Chuck Klein wore many numbers while with the Phillies, including 1, 3, 8, 26, 29, and 36. The Phillies wore the Old English "P" during his first six seasons; thus, they chose to use it to honor Klein.
- a The Finish column lists regular season results and excludes postseason play.
- b The Wins and Losses columns list regular season results and exclude any postseason play.
- c The GB column lists "Games Back" from the team that finished in first place that season. It is determined by finding the difference in wins plus the difference in losses divided by two.
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- ^ a b History: Phillies Timeline (1980s). Phillies. Retrieved on 2008-06-05.
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- ^ Citizens Bank Park. Citizens Bank. Retrieved on 2008-06-05.
- ^ Shpigel, Ben (October 7, 2007). Rockies Sweep Phillies to Keep Up Memorable Run. New York Times. Retrieved on 2008-06-05.
- ^ a b Okkonen, Mark. Dressed to the Nines: Uniform Database. National Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2008-06-10.
- ^ Zenz, Jay. Phillies unveil alternate uniforms. Scout.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-10.
- ^ Okkonen, Mark. Dressed to the Nines: Uniform Database (1979). National Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2008-06-07.
- ^ Baseball almanac entry on baseball uniforms. baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-06.
- ^ Okkonen, Mark. Dressed to the Nines: Uniform Database (1994). National Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2008-06-07.
- ^ Longman, Jere (2006). If Football's a Religion, Why Don't We Have a Prayer?. Harpercollins. ISBN 9780060843731.
- ^ Kashatus, William C.. Dick Allen, the Phillies and Racism (PDF). Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved on 2008-06-11.
- ^ Retrosheet Boxscore: Dodgers 6, Phillies 5. Retrosheet (7 October 1977). Retrieved on 2008-06-08.
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- ^ "'They were throwing batteries'", CNN Sports Illustrated, August 11, 1999. Retrieved on 2007-03-08.
- ^ Barra, Allen (26 October 2004). Curses!. Village Voice. Retrieved on 2008-06-08.
- ^ http://mlb.mlb.com/phi/community/phi_community_phanatic.jsp
- ^ Philadelphia Phillies
- ^ a b Baseball Reference Awards - MVP & CYA Accessed 30 May 2008.
- ^ Phillies Hall of Famers. web.baseballhalloffame.org.
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- ^ The Official Site of The Philadelphia Phillies: History: Steve Carlton
- ^ The Official Site of The Philadelphia Phillies: History: Robin Roberts
- ^ The Official Site of The Philadelphia Phillies: History: Phillies Retired Numbers
- ^ a b The Official Site of The Philadelphia Phillies: History: Grover Cleveland Alexander
- ^ a b The Official Site of The Philadelphia Phillies: History: Chuck Klein
- ^ Philadelphia Phillies knock it out of the park with green power Environmental Protection Agency homepage 04/30/08 retrieved April 30, 2008
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Achievements Preceded by
1979World Series Champions
Los Angeles Dodgers
1914National League Champions
1949National League Champions
New York Giants
1979National League Champions
Los Angeles Dodgers
St. Louis Cardinals
1982National League Champions
San Diego Padres
1991and 1992National League Champions
Championships (1) 1980National League
Championships (5) 1915• 1950• 1980• 1983• 1993Minor League
Affiliates Lehigh Valley IronPigs(AAA) • Reading Phillies(AA) • Clearwater Threshers(A) • Lakewood BlueClaws(A) • Williamsport Crosscutters(A) • Gulf Coast Phillies(Rookie) • VSL Phillies(Rookie) Seasons (125) 1880s 1880 • 1881 • 1882 • 1883• 1884• 1885• 1886• 1887• 1888• 18891890s 1890• 1891• 1892• 1893• 1894• 1895• 1896• 1897• 1898• 18991900s 1900• 1901• 1902• 1903• 1904• 1905• 1906• 1907• 1908• 19091910s 1910• 1911• 1912• 1913• 1914• 1915• 1916• 1917• 1918• 19191920s 1920• 1921• 1922• 1923• 1924• 1925• 1926• 1927• 1928• 19291930s 1930• 1931• 1932• 1933• 1934• 1935• 1936• 1937• 1938• 19391940s 1940• 1941• 1942• 1943• 1944• 1945• 1946• 1947• 1948• 19491950s 1950• 1951• 1952• 1953• 1954• 1955• 1956• 1957• 1958• 19591960s 1960• 1961• 1962• 1963• 1964• 1965• 1966• 1967• 1968• 19691980s 1980• 1981• 1982• 1983• 1984• 1985• 1986• 1987• 1988• 19891990s 1990• 1991• 1992• 1993• 1994• 1995• 1996• 1997• 1998• 19992000s 2000• 2001• 2002• 2003• 2004• 2005• 2006• 2007• 2008• 2009
Manager 46 Dallas Green
Williamsport CrosscuttersGulf Coast Phillies
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