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Party divisions of United States Congresses

The following table lists the party divisions for each United States Congress. Numbers in boldface denote the majority party at that particular time, while italicized numbers signify a Congress in which the majority party changed midsession.

Congress Years Senate House of Representatives President Total Anti-AdministrationPro-AdministrationOthersVacancies Total Anti-Administration Pro-Administration Others Vacancies 1st1789–1791 26 8 18 — — 65 28 37 — — George Washington2nd1791–1793 30 13 16 — 1 69 30 39 — — 3rd1793–1795 30 14 16 — — 105 54 51 — — Congress Years Total Democratic-RepublicansFederalistsOthers Vacancies Total Democratic-Republicans Federalists Others Vacancies 4th1795–1797 32 11 21 — — 106 59 47 — — 5th1797–1799 32 10 22 — — 106 49 57 — — John Adams6th1799–1801 32 10 22 — — 106 46 60 — — 7th1801–1803 34 17 15 — 2 107 68 38 — 1 Thomas Jefferson8th1803–1805 34 25 9 — — 142 103 39 — — 9th1805–1807 34 27 7 — — 142 114 28 — — 10th1807–1809 34 28 6 — — 142 116 26 — — 11th1809–1811 34 27 7 — — 142 92 50 — — James Madison12th1811–1813 36 30 6 — — 143 107 36 — — 13th1813–1815 36 28 8 — — 182 114 68 — — 14th1815–1817 38 26 12 — — 183 119 64 — — 15th1817–1819 42 30 12 — — 185 146 39 — — James Monroe16th1819–1821 46 37 9 — — 186 160 26 — — 17th1821–1823 48 44 4 — — 187 155 32 — — 18th1823–1825 48 43 5 — — 213 189 24 — — Congress Years Total JacksonianNational RepublicansOthers Vacancies Total Jacksonian National Republicans Others Vacancies John Quincy Adams19th1825–1827 48 26 22 — — 213 104 109 — — 20th1827–1829 48 27 21 — — 213 113 100 — — 21st1829–1831 48 25 23 — — 213 136 72 5 — Andrew Jackson22nd1831–1833 48 24 22 2 — 213 126 66 21 — 23rd1833–1835 48 20 26 2 — 240 143 63 34 — 24th1835–1837 52 26 24 2 — 242 143 75 24 — Congress Years Total DemocratsWhigsOthers Vacancies Total Democrats Whigs Others Vacancies Martin Van Buren25th1837–1839 52 35 17 — — 242 128 100 14 — 26th1839–1841 52 30 22 — — 242 125 109 8 — 27th1841–1843 52 22 29 — 1 242 98 142 2 — William H. Harrison28th1843–1845 52 23 29 — — 223 147 72 4 — John Tyler29th1845–1847 58 34 22 — 2 228 142 79 7 — James K. Polk30th1847–1849 60 38 21 1 — 220 110 116 4 — 31st1849–1851 62 35 25 2 — 233 113 108 11 1 Zachary Taylor32nd1851–1853 62 36 23 3 — 233 127 85 21 — Millard Fillmore33rd1853–1855 62 38 22 2 — 234 157 71 6 — Franklin PierceCongress Years Total Democrats RepublicansOthers Vacancies Total Democrats Republicans Others Vacancies 34th1855–1857 62 39 22 1 — 234 83 108 43 — 35th1857–1859 64 39 20 5 — 237 131 94 13 — James Buchanan36th1859–1861 66 38 26 2 — 237 101 113 23 — 37th1861–1863 50 11 31 7 1 178 42 106 28 2 Abraham Lincoln38th1863–1865 51 12 29 — — 183 80 103 — — 39th1865–1867 52 10 42 — — 191 46 145 — — Andrew Johnson40th1867–1869 53 11 42 — — 193 49 143 — 1 41st1869–1871 74 11 61 — 2 243 73 170 — — Ulysses S. Grant42nd1871–1873 74 17 57 — — 243 104 136 3 — 43rd1873–1875 74 19 54 — 1 293 88 203 — 2 44th1875–1877 76 29 46 — 1 293 181 107 3 2 45th1877–1879 76 36 39 1 — 293 156 137 — — Rutherford B. Hayes46th1879–1881 76 43 33 — — 293 150 128 14 1 47th1881–1883 76 37 37 2 — 293 130 152 11 — James Garfield48th1883–1885 76 36 40 — — 325 200 119 6 — Chester A. Arthur49th1885–1887 76 34 41 — 1 325 182 140 2 1 Grover Cleveland50th1887–1889 76 37 39 — — 325 170 151 4 — 51st1889–1891 84 37 47 — — 330 156 173 1 — Benjamin Harrison52nd1891–1893 88 39 47 2 — 333 231 88 14 — 53rd1893–1895 88 44 38 3 3 356 220 126 10 — Grover Cleveland 54th1895–1897 88 39 44 5 — 357 104 246 7 — 55th1897–1899 90 34 46 10 — 357 134 206 16 1 William McKinley56th1899–1901 90 26 53 11 — 357 163 185 9 — 57th1901–1903 90 29 56 3 2 357 153 198 5 1 Theodore Roosevelt58th1903–1905 90 32 58 — — 386 178 207 — 1 59th1905–1907 90 32 58 — — 386 136 250 — — 60th1907–1909 92 29 61 — 2 386 164 222 — — 61st1909–1911 92 32 59 — 1 391 172 219 — — William H. Taft62nd1911–1913 92 42 49 — 1 391 228 162 1 — 63rd1913–1915 96 51 44 1 — 435 290 127 18 — Woodrow Wilson64th1915–1917 96 56 39 1 — 435 231 193 8 3 65th1917–1919 96 53 42 1 — 435 210 216 9 — 66th1919–1921 96 47 48 1 — 435 191 237 7 — 67th1921–1923 96 37 59 — — 435 132 300 1 2 Warren G. Harding68th1923–1925 96 43 51 2 — 435 207 225 3 — Calvin Coolidge69th1925–1927 96 40 54 1 1 435 183 247 5 — 70th1927–1929 96 47 48 1 — 435 195 237 3 — 71st1929–1931 96 39 56 1 — 435 163 267 1 4 Herbert Hoover72nd1931–1933 96 47 48 1 — 435 216 218 1 — 73rd1933–1935 96 59 36 1 — 435 313 117 5 — Franklin D. Roosevelt74th1935–1937 96 69 25 2 — 435 322 103 10 — 75th1937–1939 96 75 17 4 — 435 333 89 13 — 76th1939–1941 96 69 23 4 — 435 262 169 4 — 77th1941–1943 96 66 28 2 — 435 267 162 6 — 78th1943–1945 96 57 38 1 — 435 222 209 4 — 79th1945–1947 96 57 38 1 — 435 243 190 2 — Harry S. Truman80th1947–1949 96 45 51 — — 435 188 246 1 — 81st1949–1951 96 54 42 — — 435 263 171 1 — 82nd1951–1953 96 48 47 1 — 435 234 199 2 — 83rd1953–1955 96 46 48 2 — 435 213 221 1 — Dwight D. Eisenhower84th1955–1957 96 48 47 1 — 435 232 203 — — 85th1957–1959 96 49 47 — — 435 234 201 — — 86th1959–1961 98 64 34 — — 436 283 153 — — 87th1961–1963 100 64 36 — — 437 262 175 — — John F. Kennedy88th1963–1965 100 67 33 — — 435 258 176 — 1 Lyndon B. Johnson89th1965–1967 100 68 32 — — 435 295 140 — — 90th1967–1969 100 64 36 — — 435 248 187 — — 91st1969–1971 100 58 42 — — 435 243 192 — — Richard Nixon92nd1971–1973 100 54 44 2 — 435 255 180 — — 93rd1973–1975 100 56 42 2 — 435 242 192 1 — Gerald Ford94th1975–1977 100 61 37 2 — 435 291 144 — — 95th1977–1979 100 61 38 1 — 435 292 143 — — Jimmy Carter96th1979–1981 100 58 41 1 — 435 277 158 — — 97th1981–1983 100 46 53 1 — 435 242 192 1 — Ronald Reagan98th1983–1985 100 46 54 — — 435 269 166 — — 99th1985–1987 100 47 53 — — 435 253 182 — — 100th1987–1989 100 55 45 — — 435 258 177 — — 101st1989–1991 100 55 45 — — 435 260 175 — — George H. W. Bush102nd1991–1993 100 56 44 — — 435 267 167 1 — 103rd1993–1995 100 57 43 — — 435 258 176 1 — Bill Clinton104th1995–1997 100 48 52 — — 435 204 230 1 — 105th1997–1999 100 45 55 — — 435 207 226 2 — 106th1999–2001 100 45 55 — — 435 211 223 1 — 107th2001–2003 100 50 50 — — 435 212 221 2 — George W. Bush108th2003–2005 100 48 51 1 — 435 205 229 1 — 109th2005–2007 100 44 55 1 — 435 202 231 1 1 110th2007–2009 100 49 49 2 — 435 236 199 — —

References

U.S. Senate: Party Divisions

Office of the House Clerk: Party Divisions of the House of Representatives


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