Панчево Location of Pančevo within Serbia Coordinates: 44°52′N 20°38′E / 44.867, 20.633CountrySerbiaDistrictSouth BanatSettlements10 Government - Mayor Srđan Miković Area - Municipality 759 km² (293.1 sq mi) Population (2002 census) - Total 77,087 - Municipality 127,162 Time zoneCET(UTC+1) - Summer (DST) CEST(UTC+2) Postal code26100 Car platesPA Area code+381 13 Website: http://www.sopancevo.org.yu
Novo Selo Kačarevo Jabuka Glogonj Dolovo Starčevo Omoljica Ivanovo Banatski Brestovac Municipality
Pančevo (Панчево) is a city and municipality located in Serbia at 44.87° North, 20.66° East, 15 km northeast from Belgrade. In 2002, the city had a total population of 77,087, while Pančevo municipality had 127,162 inhabitants. It is the administrative center of the South Banat District of Serbia. Pančevo is also the most important port on Tamiš river, which flows near the city.
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Inhabited places
- 4 City quarters
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Culture
- 7 Economy
- 8 Gallery
- 9 Twin cities
- 10 See also
- 11 External links
The first historical record about the city is from the 12th century. The city belonged to the Kingdom of Hungary until the 16th century, when it became part of the Ottoman Empire. During the Ottoman rule, the city was part of the Ottoman Province of Temeşvar and was a large settlement mostly populated by ethnic Serbs.
Since 1716, the city was under Habsburg rule, and was included into Habsburg military province named Banat of Temeswar. In 1751, the northern parts of the province were placed under civil administration, while the southern parts (including Pančevo) were included into Military Frontier (Banat Krajina). During this time the city was divided into two municipalities, one Serb, and another German. According to the 1767 data, the population of the Serb municipality numbered 424 families, while the population of the German municipality numbered 132 families. According to the 1787 data, the population of the city was composed of 3,506 Orthodox Christians and 2,005 Roman Catholics. The city was shortly returned under Ottoman administration from 1787 to 1788. In 1794, Serb and German municipality were joined into one.
In 1848/1849, Pančevo was part of the Serbian Voivodship, a Serb autonomous region within Austrian Empire, but in 1849 it was returned under administration of the Military Frontier. In 1873, the Banatian Military Frontier was abolished and the city was included into Torontal county. According to the 1910 census, the population of the city was 20,808, of whom 8,714 spoke Serbian language, 7,467, German language, 3,364 Hungarian language, etc.
Since 1918, Pančevo is part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed to Yugoslavia). According to the 1921 data, the population of the city was 19,362, of whom 9,422 were Serbs, 7,237 Germans, 887 Hungarians, etc. Between 1918 and 1922, the city was part of the Banat county, between 1922 and 1929 it was part of the Belgrade oblast, and between 1929 and 1941 it was part of the Belgrade city administration.
Between 1941 and 1944, Pančevo was under Axis occupation and was part of the autonomous Banat within German-occupied Serbia. Since 1944, the city was part of the new Socialist Yugoslavia, and since 1945 it is part of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. Between 1992 and 2003, Pančevo was part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and between 2003 and 2006 of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro. Since 2006, the city is part of an independent Serbia.
- Misa Vinogradi
- Kotež (Kotež 1, Kotež 2)
- Utvina Kolonija
- Kudeljarski Nasip
- Mali London
Population and major ethnic groups in the municipalityYear Population SerbsGermansRomaniansHungariansSlovaksMacedoniansYugoslavsCroatsRomaRest 1910. 62,491 31.0% 36.72% 15.77% 10.30% 2.05% 0.0% 0.0% 2.2% 0.53% 1.43% 1931. 63,158 36.15% 38.50% N.D 7.37% N.D 0.0% 0.0% N.D N.D 17.96% 1961. 93,744 64.40% N.D 7.71% 8.17% 2.30 N.D N.D 2.99% 0.22% 14.21% 1991. 125,261 68.92% 0.24% 4.03% 4.02% 1.39% N.D N.D 1.35% 0.79% 19.26% 2002. 127,162 76.38% 0.18% 3.19% 3.17% 1.24% 4.14% 2.35% 0.92% 1.09% 7.34%
Most of the settlements in the municipality have an ethnic Serb majority. Ethnically mixed settlement with relative Hungarian majority is Ivanovo. There is also a growing Chinese community in northern parts of Pančevo.
Population and major ethnic groups in the townYear Total SerbsGermansYugoslavsHungariansSlovaksMacedoniansMontenegrinsCroatsRomaniansRest 191020,808 41.88% 35.89% 0.0% 16.17% 1.17% 0.0% 0.0% 0.65% - 4.24% 1921- 48%(*) 37% - 8% - - - (*) 7% - 199172,793 72.57% N.D 8.75% 5.56% 2.20% 2.40% 1.88% 1.35% - 5.29% 200277,087 79.08% N.D 2.35% 4.25% 1.82% 1.55% 1.03% 0.92% - 9.00%
(*) In 1921, Serbs and Croats were counted together.
Pančevo has one of the oldest monasteries. Currently it is situated inside of Oil refinery.
City has many cultural events. One of them is ArtTech, international festival of digital arts.
People's Museum in Pančevo
Gymnasium "Uroš Predić" in Pančevo
Gymnasium "Uroš Predić" in Pančevo
Hospital building in Pančevo
Municipal court in Pančevo
Roman catholic church in Pančevo
Railway station in Pančevo
Railway station in Pančevo
The Evangelical church
The Old Town
Bus station in Pančevo
Postoffice building in Pančevo
- Boulogne Billancourt, France
- Neapolis, Greece
- Prijedor, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Reşiţa, Romania
- Zaanstad, Netherlands
See alsoWikimedia Commons has media related to: Pančevo
- Official local government site - www.sopancevo.org.yu
- Pancevo web portal - www.pancevo.ws
- Blog about pollution - Pancevo is a dead city
- Official Internet Portal of Pančevo City - www.k-013.com
- www.pancevo.com / ABC of Pančevo
- The local newspaper "Pančevac"
- Unofficial Pančevo site - www.pancevo.org
- ArtTech, festival of digital arts
Alibunar: Banatski Karlovac• Vladimirovac• Dobrica• Ilandža• Janošik• Lokve• Nikolinci• Novi Kozjak• Seleuš
Bela Crkva: Banatska Palanka• Banatska Subotica• Vračev Gaj• Grebenac• Dobričevo• Dupljaja• Jasenovo• Kajtasovo• Kaluđerovo• Kruščica• Kusić• Crvena Crkva• Češko Selo
Vršac: Vatin• Veliko Središte• Vlajkovac• Vojvodinci• Vršački Ritovi• Gudurica• Zagajica• Izbište• Jablanka• Kuštilj• Mali Žam• Malo Središte• Markovac• Mesić• Orešac• Pavliš• Parta• Potporanj• Ritiševo• Sočica• Straža• Uljma• Šušara
Kovačica: Debeljača• Idvor• Padina• Putnikovo• Samoš• Uzdin• Crepaja
Kovin: Bavanište• Gaj• Deliblato• Dubovac• Malo Bavanište• Mramorak• Pločica• Skorenovac• Šumarak
Opovo: Baranda• Sakule• Sefkerin
Plandište: Banatski Sokolac• Barice• Velika Greda• Veliki Gaj• Dužine• Jermenovci• Kupinik• Laudonovac• Margita• Markovićevo• Miletićevo• Stari Lec• Hajdučica
(*) bold are municipalities