National Security GuardsNational Security Guards Abbreviation NSG Agency Overview Formed1985Legal personality Governmental agency Jurisdictional Structure Federal agencyIndiaConstituting instrument National Security Guard Act, 1985 General nature
- Civilian agency
- Federal law enforcement
Triservices Crest. Military Man Power Total armed forces 2,414,700 (Ranked 3rd) Active troops 1,414,000 (Ranked 3rd) Total troops 3,773,300 (Ranked 6th) Paramilitary forces 1,089,700 Components Indian ArmyIndian Air ForceIndian NavyIndian Coast GuardParamilitary forces of IndiaStrategic Nuclear CommandHistory Military history of IndiaRanks Air Force ranks and insignia of IndiaArmy ranks and insignia of IndiaNaval ranks and insignia of India
National Security Guards (NSG)is India's premier counter-terrorism force, created by the Cabinet Secretariat under the National Security Guard Act of 1985. The NSG operates under the oversight of the Ministry of Home Affairs and is headed by the Director General of the Indian Police Service (IPS). The NSG members are also known as Black Cats because of the black nomex coveralls and balaclavas or assault helmets they wear.
The NSG's roles include protecting VIPs, conducting anti-sabotage checks, rescuing hostages, neutralizing terrorist threats to vital installations, engaging terrorists and responding to hijacking and piracy. The NSG is much sought after for VVIP security for high-risk VVIPs in India; this task is done by the SRG of the NSG. The SAG is strike force in anti-terrorist and anti-hijack operations, supported by the SRG and others. NSG's specific goals include:
- Neutralization of terrorist threats
- Handling hijacking situations in air and on land.
- Bomb disposal (search, detection and neutralisation of IEDs).
- PBI (Post Blast Investigation)
- Engaging and neutralizing terrorists in specific situations
- Rescue of hostages
The NSG has a total personnel strength of about 14,500. The NSG was modeled on the pattern of the SAS of the UK and GSG-9 of Germany. It is a task-oriented force and has two complementary elements in the form of the Special Action Group (SAG) and the Special Ranger Groups (SRG). All the personnel are on deputation. The SAG is the offensive wing drawn from members of the Indian Army. The SRG consists of members from other paramilitary forces such as the Border Security Force (BSF) and Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and State Police forces. There are other specialized units also.
The NSG Training Centre is a Centre of Excellence and the National Bomb Data Centre holds international conferences. Both are located at Manesar in Haryana. The NSG HQ Exchange is located at Mehramnagar, Palam .
The NSG was established under the National Security Guard Act of 1986, in response to the 1984 Operation Bluestar, the storming of the Golden Temple by the Indian military, which caused widespread damage to the temple and heavy casualties, including civilians. The operation highlighted the need for a special force to conduct counter-terrorist operations with greater efficiency.
The NSG commandos were first used to combat the insurgency movement in the Indian state of Punjab in 1985. They have now evolved into a counter-terrorist unit and have been continuing major combat operations in Jammu and Kashmir.
The NSG has been publicly deployed only rarely, with most of its operations still remaining classified. Its most recent known deployment was Operation Vajra Shakti to end the Akshardham Temple siege in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
Some of the NSG's previous operations include:
- May 12, 1988 — assault on the Golden Temple during Operation Black Thunder II
- April 25, 1994 — rescue of hijacked plane Indian Airlines Boeing 737 during Operation Ashwamedh
- October, 1998 — major combat missions in Jammu and Kashmir
- July 15, 1999 — rescue of 12 hostages held by armed Islamic terrorists who had stormed an apartment complex in Kashmir and killed 4 people
- September 25, 2002 — Operation Vajra Shakti to free hostages held by Islamic terrorists who had killed 26 worshippers at the Akshardham temple in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. They suffered their only combat death to date in this operation. Another commando, who was seriously injured and was in a coma, died after 18 months.
Former NSG CHIEFS
- Sh RT Nagrani
- Sh MC Mishra
- Sh KL Watts
- Sh SD Pandey
- Sh HP Bhatnagar
- Sh VP Marwah
- Sh DVLN Ramakrishna Rao
- Dr S Subramanian
- Sh RK Wadehra
- Sh BJS Sial
- Sh AK Tandon
- Sh RD Tyagi
- Sh GS Pandher
- Sh TR Kakkar
- Sh Nikhil Kumar
- Sh Gurbachan Jagat
- Dr R Rajagopalan
- Sh RS Mooshahary
- Sh AK Mitra
- Dr GS Rajagopal
- Sh Jyoti Krishan Dutt
- Kashmeeram - A Malayalam movie starring Suresh Gopi
- Keerthi Chakra -- A Malayalam movie directed by Major Ravi starring Mohanlal
- Mission 90 Days - A Malayalam movie directed by Major Ravi starring Mammooty
- Baazi - A Hindi movie directed by Ashutosh Gowarikar starring Aamir Khan
- Aran -- A Tamil movie directed by Major Ravi starring Jeeva
Varanaam Aayiram New Images suggest Surya Sivakumar's Character portrays an NSG agent
- NSG. National Security Guard.: Official Website of NSG
- Former NSG DGS
- India Defence. National Security Guards. Retrieved on May 14, 2006.
- Bharat Rakshak. National Security Guards. Retrieved on May 14, 2006.
- Federation of American Scientists. National Security Guards. Retrieved on May 14, 2006.
Indian Air Force
Indian Coast GuardHistory · Academies · Ranks and insignia (Army · Air Force · Navy) · Special Forces · Indian Peace Keeping Force · Paramilitary forces · Strategic Forces Command · Strategic Nuclear Command · Ballistic missiles · Weapons of mass destruction
conflicts Indo-Pakistani wars of 1947 · 1965 · 1971 · Operation Polo · Operation Vijay · Sino-Indian War · Chola incident · Siachen conflict · 1987 Sino-Indian skirmish · Operation Cactus · Kargil War v • d • eLaw enforcement in IndiaFederalBorder Security Force · Central Bureau of Investigation · Central Industrial Security Force · Central Reserve Police Force · Directorate of Revenue Intelligence · Indian Coast Guard · Indian Home Guard · Indian Police Service · Indo-Tibetan Border Police · National Security Guards · Railway Protection Force · Special Protection GroupStateKarnataka Police Service · Kerala Police · Punjab Police · Rajasthan Police · Sikkim Police · Tamil Nadu Police · Tripura Police · Uttar Pradesh Police · West Bengal PoliceMetropolitanBangalore City Police · Greater Chennai Police · Delhi Police · Kolkata Police · Mumbai Police · Nagpur Police
Link former page on this page
Related word on this page