Translation

Select text and it is translated.
This area is result which is translated word.

Languages


Messerschmitt Bf 108

Bf 108 Taifun Type Communications ManufacturerBayerische FlugzeugwerkeDesigned by Willy MesserschmittMaiden flight1934Primary users Luftwaffe
Royal Air Force
Armée de l’AirVariants Nord 1000

The Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun was a German single-engined sports and touring aircraft developed by Bayerische Flugzeugwerke. The Bf 108 was of modern, all metal construction, and the famous Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter plane used many of the same design features.

Contents

Design and development

Originally designated the M-37, the aircraft was specifically designed as a two-seat sports/recreation aircraft for competition in the 4th Challenge de Tourisme Internationale (1934). [1] The M 37 prototype flew first in spring 1934 powered by a 250 hp Hirth HM 8U inverted-V piston engine, which drove a three-bladed propeller.

Although it was outclassed by lighter aircraft in the competition, the M 37's performance clearly marked it as a popular choice for record flights. One of the first major changes made to the production variants was to adapt the fuselage for a four-seat configuration. Soon after the first production aircraft began to roll off the assembly line in Augsburg, several Bf 108s had set new endurance records, one of which led to its "christening."

The A version first flew in 1934, followed by the B version in 1935. The B version used the Argus As 10 inverted V, air cooled engine. The nickname Taifun (German for "typhoon") was given to the aircraft by German aviatrix Elly Beinhorn, the second woman to fly solo around the world.

Operational history

The Bf 108 was adopted into Luftwaffe service during World War II, where it was primarily used as a personnel transport and liaison aircraft. The plane involved in the famous Mechelen Incident was a Bf 108.

Production of the Bf 108 was transferred to occupied France during World War II and production continued after the war as the Nord 1000 Pingouin.

Bf 108s, or perhaps postwar Nord 1000s, played the role of Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighters in some movies, including 633 Squadron and Von Ryan's Express.

Variants

M-37/Bf 108A
Initial version designed in 1934 for use in Challenge 1934.
Bf 108B
Improved version designed in 1935. This four-seat cabin aircraft was powered by a 201-kW (270-hp) Argus As 10c engine.
Bf 108C
Proposed high-speed version, powered by a 298 kW (400 hp) Hirth HM 512 engine. Not built.
Me 208
Improved version with a retractable tricycle landing gear. Two prototypes were built by SNCAN in France during the war.
Nord 1000 Pingouin
Bf 108 built postwar by Nord Aviation in France. Followed by the Nord 1001 and Nord 1002.

Operators

 Bulgaria
 China
 France
 Germany
 Japan
 Manchukuo
 Poland
 Soviet Union
 United Kingdom
  • Royal Air Force impounded four Bf 108s on the outbreak of World War II and put into service, where they were designated Messerschmitt Aldon. As a light communications aircraft, it was the fastest type the RAF had at the time, but they caused some confusion by being mistaken for attacking Bf 109s.
 United States
  • A single Bf 108B was purchased by the U.S. Military Attaché for Air in the spring of 1939 for $14,378 and designated XC-44. It was repossessed by the Nazi government in December 1941 (after having been condemned in November).
Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Specifications (Bf 108)

Data from[citation needed]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 8.3 m (27 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.5 m (34 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 2.3 m (7 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 16 m² (172 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 860 kg (1,887 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 1,400 kg (3,087 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1× Argus As 10 air-cooled inverted V-8, 177 kW (240 hp)

Performance


See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

References

Notes

  1. ^ Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun

Bibliography

  • Craig, James F. The Messerschmitt Bf.109. New York: Arco Publishing Company, 1968.
  • Cross, Roy and Scarborough, Gerald. Messerschmitt Bf 109 Versions B-E. London: Patrick Stevens, 1972. ISBN 0-85059-106-6.
  • Feist, Uwe. The Fighting Me 109. London: Arms and Armour Press, 1993, ISBN 1-85409-209-X.
  • Hitchcock, Thomas H. Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun (Monogram Close-Up 5). Acton, MA: Monogram Aviation Publications, 1979. ISBN 0-914144-05-7.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Messerschmitt Bf 108 v • d • eReich Air Ministry aircraft designations1
to 99

B 9 • Do 10 • Do 11 • Wn 11 • Do 12 • Do 13 • Do 14 • Do 15 • Wn 15 • Do 16 • Wn 16 • Do 17 • Do 18 • Do 19 • Do 20 • Do 22 • Do 23 • Do 24 • Kl 25 • Do 26 • Kl 26 • M 27 • Do 29 • Kl 31 • Kl 32 • W 33 • L 33 • W 34 • Kl 35 • Kl 36 • HD 37 • HD 38 • G 38 • DFS 39 • BV 40 • DFS 40 • A 40 • Fw 42 • He 42 • A 43 • HD 43 • Fw 44 • He 45 • He 46 • Ju 46 • Fw 47 • He 47 • K 47 • A 48 • He 49 • Ju 49 • He 50 • A 50 • He 51 • K 51 • Ju 52 • K 53 • NR 54 • Fw 55 • NR 55 • Fw 56 • Fw 57 • Fw 58 • He 58 • He 59 • He 60 • Ju 60 • Fw 61 • He 61 • Fw 62 • He 62 • He 63 • Ar 64 • He 64 • Ar 65 • He 65 • Ar 66 • He 66 • Ar 67 • Ar 68 • Ar 69 • He 70 • He 71 • He 72 • He 74 • Ar 76 • Ar 77 • Ar 79 • Ar 80 • Ar 81 • Ju 85 • Ju 86 • Ju 87 • Ju 88 • Ju 89 • Ju 90 • Ar 95 • Ar 96 • Fi 97 • Fi 98 • Fi 99

100 to 199

He 100 • Al 101 • Al 102 • Al 103 • Fi 103 • Fh 104 • Kl 105 • Kl 106 • Kl 107 • Bf 108 • Bf 109 • Bf 110 • He 111 • He 112 • He 113 • He 114 • He 115 • He 116 • Hs 117 • He 118 • He 119 • He 120 • Hs 121 • Hs 122 • Hs 123 • Hs 124 • Hs 125 • Hs 126 • Hs 127 • Hs 128 • Hs 129 • Hs 130 • Bü 131 • Hs 132 • Bü 133 • Bü 134 • Ha 135 • Ha 136 • Hü 136 • Ha 137 • BV 138 • Ha 139 • Ha 140 • BV 141 • BV 142 • BV 143 • BV 144 • Go 145 • Go 146 • Go 147 • Ju 147 • Go 149 • Go 150 • Kl 151 • Ta 152 • Kl 152 • Ta 153 • Ta 154 • BV 155 • Fi 156 • Fi 157 • Fi 158 • Fw 159 • Ju 160 • Bf 161 • He 162 • Bf 162 • Bf 163 • Me 163 • Me 164 • Fi 166 • FK 166 • Fi 167 • Fi 168 • He 170 • He 172 • He 176 • He 177 • He 178 • Bü 180 • Bü 181 • Bü 182 • Ta 183 • Fl 184 • Fl 185 • Fw 186 • Ju 186 • Fw 187 • Ju 187 • Ju 188 • Fw 189 • Fw 190 • Fw 191 • Ao 192 • DFS 193 • DFS 194 • Ar 195 • Ar 196 • Ar 197 • Ar 198 • Ar 199

200 to 299

Fw 200 • Si 201 • Si 202 • DFS 203 • Si 204 • Fw 206 • Me 208 • Me 209 • Me 209-II • Me 210 • Hü 211 • Do 212 • Do 214 • Do 215 • Do 216 • Do 217 • Hs 217 • He 219 • He 220 • BV 222 • Fa 223 • Fa 224 • Ao 225 • Fa 225 • BV 226 • Ho 226 • Fg 227 • DFS 228 • Ho 229 • DFS 230 • Ar 231 • Ar 232 • Ar 233 • Ar 234 • Do 235 • BV 237 • BV 238 • Fw 238 • Ar 239 • Ar 240 • Go 241 • Go 242 • Go 244 • BV 246 • Ju 248 • BV 250 • Fw 250 • Ho 250 • Ho 251 • Ho 252 • Ju 252 • Fi 253 • Ho 253 • Ta 254 • Ho 254 • Fi 256 • Sk 257 • Fw 261 • Me 261 • Me 262 • Me 263 • Me 264 • Fl 265 • Me 265 • Fa 266 • Ho 267 • Ju 268 • Fa 269 • He 270 • We 271 • Fw 272 • He 274 • He 275 • He 277 • He 278 • He 280 • Fl 282 • Fa 283 • Ta 283 • Fa 284 • Fl 285 • Ju 286 • Ju 287 • Ju 288 • Ju 290 • Me 290 • As 292 • Hs 293 • Hs 294 • Hs 295 • Ar 296 • Hs 296 • Hs 297 • Hs 298

300–

Fw 300 • Me 309 • Me 310 • Do 317 • Do 318 • He 319 • Me 321 • Ju 322 • Me 323 • Me 328 • Me 329 • Fa 330 • DFS 331 • DFS 332 • Fi 333 • Me 334 • Do 335 • Fa 336 • Fl 339 • Ar 340 • Wn 342 • He 343 • Rk 344 • So 344 • Go 345 • DFS 346 • Rk 347 • Ba 349 • Ju 352 • Me 362 • Me 364 • Ju 388 • Ju 390 • Fw 391 • Ar 396 • Ta 400 • Me 409 • Me 410 • Do 417 • He 419 • ZMe 423 • Ar 430 • Ka 430 • Ar 432 • Do 435 • Ar 440 • Ju 452 • Me 462 • Ju 488 • Fw 491 • Me 509 • Me 510 • He 519 • ZSO 523 • Ar 532 • Do 535 • Me 609 • Ar 632 • Do 635

v • d • eUSAAS/USAAC/USAAF/USAFtransport designations 1925-1962

C-1 • C-2 • C-3 • C-4  • C-5 • C-6 • C-7 • C-8 • C-9 • XC-10 • Y1C-11 • Y1C-12 • C-13 (Not assigned) • C-14 • C-15 • C-16 • Y1C-17 • C-18 • C-19 • C-20 • C-21 • Y1C-22 • Y1C-23 • Y1C-24 • Y1C-25 • C-26 • C-27 • C-28 • C-29 • YC-30 • C-31 • C-32 • C-33 • C-34 • XC-35 • C-36 • C-37 • C-38 • C-39 • C-40 • C-41 • C-42 • UC-43 • C-44 • C-45 • C-46 • C-47 • C-48 • C-49 • C-50 • C-51 • C-52 • C-53 • C-54 • C-55 • C-56 • C-57 • C-58 • C-59 • C-60 • UC-61 • C-62 • C-63 • C-64 • C-65 • C-66 • UC-67 • C-68 • C-69 • UC-70/A/B/C/D • UC-71 • UC-72 • C-73 • C-74 • C-75 • C-76 • UC-77 • C-78 • C-79 • C-80 • UC-81 • C-82 • C-83 • C-84 • UC-85 • C-86 • C-87 • C-88 • C-89 • C-90 • C-91 • UC-92 • C-93 • UC-94 • UC-95 • UC-96 • C-97 • C-98 • XC-99 • UC-100 • UC-101 • C-102 • UC-103 • C-104 • C-105 • C-106 • C-107 • C-108 • C-109 • C-110 • C-111 • XC-112 • XC-113 • XC-114 • XC-115 • XC-116 • C-117 • C-118 • C-119 • XC-120 • C-121 • YC-122 • C-123 • C-124 • YC-125 • LC-126 • C-127 • C-128 • YC-129 • C-130 • C-131 • C-132 • C-133 • YC-134 • C-135 • C-136 • C-137 • C-138 (Not assigned) • C-139 (Not assigned) • C-140 • C-141 • XC-142 • C-143 • C-144

v • d • eLists relating to aviationGeneral Timeline of aviation · Aircraft(manufacturers) · Aircraft engines(manufacturers) · Airports · AirlinesMilitary Air forces · Aircraft weapons · Missiles · Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) · Experimental aircraftAccidents/incidents General · Military · Commercial (airliners) · DeathsRecords Airspeed · Distance · Altitude · Endurance · Most-produced aircraft Categories: German civil utility aircraft 1930-1939 | German military utility aircraft 1930-1939 | World War II German utility aircraftHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements since April 2008 | Propeller aircraft | Single engine aircraft | Low wing aircraft

Related word on this page

Related Shopping on this page