Masters TournamentThe Masters Tournament information Location Augusta, Georgia, USAEstablished 1934 Course(s) Augusta National Golf ClubPar 72 Yardage 7,445 Tour(s) PGA Tour
PGA European TourFormat Stroke playPurse $7,500,000 Month Played April Tournament record scores Aggregate 270 Tiger Woods(1997) To-par -18 Tiger Woods(1997) Current champion Trevor Immelman
The Masters Tournament, also known as The Masters or The U.S. Masters (outside of the United States), is one of four major championships in men's professional golf. The Masters is an "official money event" on the PGA Tour, the PGA European Tour and the Japan Golf Tour.
The Masters, scheduled for the first full week of April, is the first of the majors to be played each year. Unlike the other major championships, the Masters is held every year at the same location, Augusta National Golf Club, a private golf club in the city of Augusta, Georgia, USA.
- 1 Format
- 2 Traditions
- 3 History
- 4 Broadcasting
- 5 Ticketing
- 6 Field
- 7 Winners
- 8 Records
- 9 Par 3 Contest
- 10 Notes and references
- 11 External links
In accordance with typical golf tournament formatting, the Masters Tournament is a 72-hole tournament held over four days. It is held under the rules of golf, as defined by the United States Golf Association and is also subject to special rulings and regulations set by the Masters Tournament Committee. The Masters is usually the first major championship of the year, played so that the final round is always on the second Sunday of April.
Because the Masters has a relatively smaller field compared to other golf tournaments, groups are set to a size of three players for the first 36 holes (typically Thursday and Friday). After 36 holes have been played by all players, a cut is made. Players who 'make the cut' are in one or both of the following two categories: (1) Lowest 44 scores plus ties, or (2) Within 10 strokes of the lowest 36-hole score (set by the leader). From 1957 to 1960, it was the low 40 plus ties and those within 10 strokes of the leader. Before 1957, there was no 36-hole cut.
In addition to a cash award, the winner of the tournament is presented with a distinctive green jacket, awarded since 1949. The green sport coat is actually the official attire worn by members of Augusta National while on the club grounds; each Masters winner becomes an honorary member of the club. Winners keep their jacket for the first year after their first victory, then return it to the club to wear whenever they visit. The tradition began in 1949, when Sam Snead won his first of three Masters titles. The green jacket is only allowed to be removed from Augusta National by the reigning champion, after which it must remain at the club. (The only exception to this rule is Gary Player, who refused to return his jacket after his 1961 victory, although he arguably followed the spirit of the rule, as he has stated that he has never worn the jacket.)
By tradition, the winner of the previous year's Masters Tournament puts the jacket on the current winner at the end of the tournament. In 1966, Jack Nicklaus became the first player to win in consecutive years and he donned the jacket himself. When Nick Faldo (in 1990) and Tiger Woods (in 2002) repeated as champions, the chairman of Augusta National put the jacket on them.
There are several awards presented to players who perform exceptional feats during the tournament:
- Daily Low Score: Crystal Vase
- Hole-in-One: Large Crystal Bowl
- Double Eagle: Large Crystal Bowl
- Eagle: Pair of Crystal Goblets
- Par 3 winner: Crystal Bowl
In addition to the green jacket, winners of the tournament receive a Gold Medal and have their names engraved on the silver Masters Trophy. This trophy, which depicts the clubhouse, was introduced in 1961, and remains at Augusta National. Starting in 1993, a sterling replica of the Masters Trophy has been presented to the champion.
The runner-up receives a Silver Medal, introduced in 1951. Beginning in 1978, a Silver Salver was added as an award for the runner-up.
In 1952, the Masters began presenting the low amateur award. This award is known as the Silver Cup and is presented to the lowest scoring amateur to make the cut. In 1954, the Masters began presenting an amateur Silver Medal to the low amateur runner-up.
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Like the other majors, winning the Masters gives a golfer several privileges which make his career more secure. Masters champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the U.S. Open, the Open Championship, and the PGA Championship) for the next five years, and earn a lifetime invitation to the Masters. They also receive membership on the PGA Tour for the following five seasons and invitations to The Players Championship for five years.
Because the tournament was established by the great amateur golfer Bobby Jones, the Masters has a tradition of honoring amateur golf. It invites winners of the most prestigious amateur tournaments in the world. Also, the defending Masters champion is always paired with the current U.S. Amateur champion for the first two days of the tournament.
In some years, an honorary opening tee shot is made at the first hole. This honorary tee shot has typically been hit by some of golf's legendary players.
The original honorary starters were Jock Hutchison and Fred McLeod; this twosome led off every tournament from 1963 until 1973, when bad health prevented Hutchison from swinging a club. McLeod continued on until his death in 1976. Byron Nelson and Gene Sarazen started in 1981, and were then joined by Sam Snead in 1984. This trio continued until 1999 when Sarazen died, while Nelson discontinued in 2001. Snead hit his final opening tee shot in 2001, a year before he too died. In 2007 and again in 2008, Arnold Palmer took over as the honorary starter.
The Champions' dinner is held each year on the Tuesday evening preceding Thursday's first round. The dinner was first held in 1952, hosted by defending champion Ben Hogan, to honor the past champions of the tournament. At that time fifteen tournaments had been played, and the number of past champions was eleven (including Hogan).
Officially known as the "Masters Club," it includes only past winners of the Masters, although selected members of the Augusta National Golf Club have been included as honorary members, usually the chairman. The defending champion, as host, selects the menu for the dinner. Over the years, one of the most notable dishes was haggis, served by Scotsman Sandy Lyle in 1989.
Before 1982, all players were required to use the services of an Augusta National Club caddie, who by club tradition was always an African-American. Since then, players have been allowed the option of bringing their own caddie.
The Masters requires the use of a full caddie uniform, consisting of a white jumpsuit, a green Masters cap, and white tennis shoes. The surname, and sometimes first initial, of each player is found on the back of his caddie's uniform.
The defending champion always receives caddie number "1": other golfers get their caddie numbers in the order in which they register for the tournament.
Augusta National Golf Club
- Main article: Augusta National Golf Club
The idea for Augusta National was first thought by Bobby Jones, who had the desire to build a golf course after his retirement from the game. He sought advice from Clifford Roberts, who later became the Chairman of the club, and they both came across a piece of land in Augusta, Georgia. Jones said of the property:
"Perfect! And to think this ground has been lying here all these years waiting for someone to come along and lay a golf course upon it."
Early tournament years
The first Augusta National Invitation Tournament, as the Masters was originally known, was held on March 22, 1934, and was won by Horton Smith. The present name was adopted in 1939. The first tournament was played with current holes 10 through 18 played as the first nine, and 1 through 9 as the second nine, then reversed permanently to its famous layout for the 1935 tournament.
Gene Sarazen hit the "shot heard 'round the world" in 1935, holing a shot from the fairway on the par 5 15th for a double eagle. This tied Sarazen with Craig Wood, and in the ensuing 36 hole playoff Sarazen was the victor by five strokes. The tournament was not played from 1943-45, due to World War II. To assist the war effort, cattle and turkeys were raised on the Augusta National grounds.
The Big Three of Arnold Palmer, Gary Player and Jack Nicklaus dominated the Masters from 1960 through 1978, winning the event eleven times during that span.
Palmer's second win at the Masters was one of his more memorable victories. Trailing Ken Venturi by one shot in the 1960 event, Palmer drilled his drive down the fairway on the 400-yard downwind 17th, pitched with an eight-iron to the green, where the ball sat down too quickly, leaving him a 25-foot putt. Palmer lined up the putt twice, then struck it firmly in the hole for a birdie. At the 18th, he took out a six-iron for his second shot and drilled the ball into the teeth of the wind onto the green. Palmer then made a 3-foot birdie to defeat Venturi by one shot.
While Palmer was in his prime, a young Ohio State golfer emerged: Jack Nicklaus. Nicklaus won his first Green Jacket in 1963, with a key birdie on the par-3 16th hole. Two years later, he shot a then-course record of 271 (17 under par) for his second Masters win, leading Bobby Jones to say that Nicklaus played "a game with which I am not familiar." The next year, Nicklaus won his third green jacket in a grueling 18-hole playoff. He won again in 1972, but his fifth win in 1975 was one of the most exciting. Locked in a duel with Tom Weiskopf on the 16th hole on the final day, Nicklaus hit a nice shot to the green, then before a worldwide television audience, made an incredible 40-foot birdie en route to his fifth Masters victory.
Gary Player became the first non-American to win the Masters in 1961 beating Arnold Palmer, the defending champion. Player won again in 1974, but by 1978 many golf writers[who?] considered him a has-been, but that brought out the best in him. At age 42, Gary Player fired a final round 64, including a six-under-par 30 on the second nine to capture his third Masters victory. Player currently shares (with Fred Couples) the record of making the cut 23 times and has played in a record 51 Masters.
A controversial ending to the Masters occurred in 1968. Roberto DeVicenzo signed a scorecard (scored by playing partner Tommy Aaron) which incorrectly listed a 4 instead of a 3 on the 17th hole. This extra stroke cost him a chance to be in an 18-hole playoff with Bob Goalby, who won the green jacket.
Non-Americans collected eleven victories in twenty years in the 1980s and 1990s, by far the strongest streak they have had in any of the three majors played in the United States since the early days of the U.S Open. Jack Nicklaus became the oldest player to win the Masters in 1986 when he won for the sixth time at age 46.
During this period, no golfer suffered from the pressure of competing at Augusta more than Greg Norman, with two episodes standing out in particular. In 1987, Norman lost a sudden-death playoff to an unlikely local hero named Larry Mize. Mize holed out a remarkable 45-yard pitch shot to birdie the second playoff hole (#11) and win the Masters. In 1996, Norman tied the course record with an opening round 63, and had a six stroke lead over Nick Faldo entering the final round, but folded under the pressure. Norman shot a 78 while Faldo scored a 67 to win by five shots. Norman also suffered in 1986 when after birdieing 5 straight holes and needing only a par to tie Nicklaus he badly pushed his approach to 18 and made bogey. He also had close finishes to Ben Crenshaw in 1995 and José María Olazábal in 1999.
In 1997, Tiger Woods won the Masters by twelve shots at age 21, in the process breaking the tournament four-day scoring record that had stood for 32 years. Woods completed his "Tiger Slam", winning his fourth straight major championship at the Masters in 2001. The Masters was his again the next year, making him only the third player in history to win the tournament in consecutive years, as well as in 2005 when he defeated Chris DiMarco in a playoff for his first major championship win in almost three years.
More recently, the club was targeted by Martha Burk, who organized a failed protest at the 2003 Masters to pressure the club into accepting female members.
The 2003 tournament was won by Mike Weir, who became the first Canadian to win a major championship, and the first left-hander to win the Masters. The following year, another left-hander, Phil Mickelson, won his first major championship by sinking a 15 foot (4.5 m) putt on the 72nd hole to beat Ernie Els by a stroke. Mickelson birdied 5 of the last 7 holes to beat Els' score of 8 under which included two eagles on Sunday.
As with many other courses, Augusta National's championship setup has been lengthened in recent years. In 1998, the course measured approximately 6925 yards (6332 m) from the Masters tees. It was lengthened to 7270 yards (6648 m) for 2002, and again in 2006 to 7445 yards; 520 yards (475 m) longer than the 1998 course. The changes attracted many critics, including the most successful players in Masters history, Jack Nicklaus, Arnold Palmer, Gary Player and Tiger Woods. Woods claimed that the "shorter hitters are going to struggle." Augusta National chairman Hootie Johnson was unperturbed, stating, "We are comfortable with what we are doing with the golf course". After a practice round Gary Player defended the changes saying, "There have been a lot of criticisms, but I think unjustly so, now I've played it.... The guys are basically having to hit the same second shots that Jack Nicklaus had to hit [in his prime]".
Originally, the grass on the putting greens was the wide-bladed Bermuda. The greens lost speed, especially during the late 1970s, ironically after the introduction of a healthier strain of narrow-bladed Bermuda, which thrived and grew thicker, slowing the speed of the greens. In 1978, the greens on the Par-3 course were reconstructed with bentgrass, a narrow-bladed species that could be mowed shorter, eliminating grain. After this test run, the greens on the main course were replaced with bentgrass in time for the 1981 Masters. The bentgrass resulted in significantly faster putting surfaces, which has required a reduction in some of the contours of the greens over time.
Just before the 1975 tournament, the common beige sand in the bunkers was replaced with the now-signature white feldspar. It is a quartz derivative of the mining of feldspar and is shipped in from North Carolina.
CBS has televised the Masters in the United States every year since 1956, when it used six cameras and covered only the final four holes. Tournament coverage of the first 8 holes did not begin until 1993 because of resistance from the tournament organizers, but by 2006, over 50 cameras were used. USA Network added first- and second-round coverage in 1982, which was also produced by the CBS production team. The Masters is broadcast each year in high-definition television, one of the first golf tournaments to ever hold that distinction, and the early round coverage previously aired in that format on USA's sister network, Universal HD. In 2008, ESPN and ESPN HD replaced USA and Universal as the weekday coverage provider; coverage will continue to be jointly produced with CBS.
In 2005, CBS broadcast the tournament with high-definition fixed and handheld wired cameras, as well as standard-definition wireless handheld cameras. In 2006, a webstream called "Amen Corner Live" began providing coverage of all players passing through holes 11, 12 and 13 through all four rounds. This was the first full tournament multi-hole webcast from a major championship. In 2007 CBS added "Masters Extra," an hour's extra full-field bonus coverage daily on the internet, preceding the television broadcasts. In 2008, CBS added full coverage of holes 15 and 16 live on the web.
CBS's Masters broadcasts use the song "Augusta" by Dave Loggins as the main theme music.
While Augusta National Golf Club has consistently chosen CBS as its U.S. broadcast partner, it has done so on successive one-year contracts. Due to the lack of long-term contractual security, as well as the club's limited dependence on broadcast rights fees (owing to its affluent membership), it is widely held that CBS allows Augusta National greater control over the content of the broadcast, or at least perform some form of self-censorship, in order to maintain future rights. The club, however, has insisted it does not make any demands with respect to the content of the broadcast.
Some of the more controversial aspects of this relationship include:
- Announcers commonly refer to the gallery as "patrons" rather than spectators or fans, and use the term "second cut" instead of "rough".
- The removal of announcers (notably Gary McCord) deemed not to have acted with the decorum expected by the club.
- The lack of discussion of any controversy involving Augusta National, such as the 2003 Martha Burk protests. However, there have not been many other major issues in recent years.
As well, the club is known to mandate:
- Minimal commercial interruption, currently limited to four minutes per hour (as opposed to the usual 12 or more). In the immediate aftermath of the Martha Burk controversy, there were no commercials during the 2003 and 2004 broadcasts, although international commercial broadcasters continued to insert their own commercials into the coverage. The Players Championship began imposing the same rule in 2007 and some of the other major championships have tried to follow suit.
- Prohibitions on promotions for other network programs (with the sole exception of an on-screen mention of 60 Minutes should the final round run long, or right before the coverage ends), sponsored graphics, blimps, on-course announcers (CBS' regular on-course announcers work from booths along the second nine), or the regular CBS sports graphics template. CBS and ESPN coverage as of 2008, use a variation on an older CBS graphics set, though recolored with the deeper green color used by the current graphics and with additional gradients and gloss. There is also typically no cut-in for other news and sports, either from CBS or its affiliates.
- Significant restrictions on the tournament's broadcast hours compared to other major championships, perhaps to increase the tournament's Nielsen ratings, or to reward ticket-holders. Only in the 21st century did the tournament allow CBS to air 18-hole coverage of the leaders, a standard at the other three majors. Only three hours of cable coverage is scheduled for the early rounds. International broadcasters do not receive additional coverage, although they may take commercial breaks at different times from CBS or ESPN. The networks always stay past the allotted times until the end of live golf action on all four days, whereas on American television coverage of the other three majors (and The Players Championship) continues only until the end of a scheduled broadcast window on all days except Sunday or a Monday-finish.
Westwood One has provided live radio play-by-play coverage in the U.S. since 1956. This coverage can also be heard on the official Masters website.
The BBC has broadcast the Masters in the U.K. since 1986, and it also provides live radio commentary on the closing stages on Radio Five Live. With the 2007 launch of BBC HD, UK viewers can now watch the championship in that format. BBC Sport currently holds the TV and radio rights through 2010. The BBC's coverage airs without commercials because it is financed by a license fee. In Ireland, from 2008 Setanta Ireland will broadcast all four rounds live having previously broadcasted the opening two rounds with RTÉ broadcasting the weekend coverage.
Although tickets for the Masters are not expensive, they are incredibly hard to come by. Even the practice rounds can be difficult to get into. Applications for practice round tickets have to be made nearly a year in advance and the successful applicants are chosen by random ballot. Tickets to the actual tournament are sold only to members of a patrons list, which is closed. A waiting list for the patrons list was opened in 1972 and closed in 1978. It was reopened in 2000 and subsequently closed once again. In 2008, The Masters also began allowing children (between the ages of 8 and 16) to enter on tournament days for free if they are accompanied by an older patron.
The Masters has the smallest field out of the major championships at around ninety players. It is an invitational event, with invitations largely issued on an automatic basis to players who meet published criteria. The top fifty players in the Official World Golf Rankings are all invited.
Invitation categories (as of 2008):
- Masters Tournament Champions (Lifetime)
- U.S. Open Champions (Honorary, non-competing after five years)
- The Open Champions (Honorary, non-competing after five years)
- PGA Champions (Honorary, non-competing after five years)
- Winners of the Players Championship (Three years)
- Current U.S. Amateur Champion (6-A) (Honorary, non-competing after one year); Runner-up (6-B) to the current US Amateur Champion
- Current British Amateur Champion (Honorary, non-competing after one year)
- Current U.S. Amateur Public Links Champion
- Current U.S. Mid-Amateur Champion
- The first 16 players, including ties, in the previous year’s Masters Tournament
- The first 8 players, including ties, in the previous year’s U.S. Open
- The first 4 players, including ties, in the previous year’s British Open
- The first 4 players, including ties, in the previous year’s PGA Championship
- The 30 leaders on the Final Official PGA Tour Money List for the previous calendar year
- Winners of PGA Tour Regular Season and Playoff events that award at least a full-point allocation for the season-ending Tour Championship, from previous Masters to current Masters
- Those qualifying for the previous year’s season-ending Tour Championship
- The 50 leaders on the Final Official World Golf Ranking for the previous calendar year
- The 50 leaders on the Official World Golf Ranking published during the week prior to the current Masters Tournament
- Most of the top current players will meet the criteria of multiple categories for invitation. The Masters Committee, at its discretion, can also invite any golfer(s) not otherwise qualified, although in practice these invitations are currently reserved for international players.
Changes from the 2007 invitation categories:
- Category 14 was reduced from Top 40 to Top 30
- Category 15 and 16 were added
- A category inviting the current Top 10 on the PGA Tour money list was dropped
- Main article: List of Masters Tournament champions
National summaryRank Nation Wins Winners 1 United States55 33 2 Spain4 2 South Africa4 2 4 England3 1 5 Germany2 1 6 Scotland1 1 Wales1 1 Canada1 1 Fiji1 1
Sixteen men have won the Masters Tournament more than once through 2008.
- 6 wins
- Jack Nicklaus: 1963, 1965, 1966, 1972, 1975, 1986
- 4 wins
- 3 wins
- 2 wins
The youngest winner of the Masters is Tiger Woods, who was 21 years 104 days old when he won in 1997. In this year Woods also broke the records for the widest winning margin (12 strokes), and the lowest winning score, with 270 (-18). Jack Nicklaus was 46 years 82 days old when he won in 1986, making him the oldest winner of the Masters. Nicklaus is the record holder for the most top tens, with 22, and the most cuts made, with 37. Two of Nicklaus's rivals in his prime; Arnold Palmer and Gary Player, known as The Big Three, hold the record for most appearances, with 50 each. Player holds the record for the number of consecutive cuts made, with 23 between 1959 and 1982 (Player did not compete in 1973 due to illness). He shares this record with Fred Couples, who made his consecutive cuts between 1983 and 2007, not competing in 1987 and 1994. Nick Price and Greg Norman share the course record of 63, with their rounds coming in 1986 and 1996 respectively. This score is also a record for all major championships. The highest winning score of 289 (+1) has occurred three times: Sam Snead in 1954, Jack Burke, Jr. in 1956, and Zach Johnson in 2007.
Par 3 Contest
The Par 3 Contest was first introduced in 1960, and was won that year by Sam Snead. Since then it has been played traditionally on the Wednesday before the tournament starts. The par 3 course was built in 1958. It is a nine-hole course, with a par of 27, and measures 1,060 yards (969 m) in length. There have been 67 holes-in-one in the history of the contest, with a record five of them in 2002. No Par 3 Contest winner has also won the Masters in the same year.
In this event, golfers may use their children as caddies, which helps to create a family-friendly atmosphere.
In 2008, the event was televised for the first time (by ESPN).
WinnersYear Champion Country Score 2008 Rory Sabbatini South Africa22 2007 Mark O'Meara United States22 2006 Ben Crane United States23 2005 Jerry Pate United States22 2004 Pádraig Harrington Ireland21 2003 Pádraig Harrington Ireland21 David Toms United States21 2002 Nick Price Zimbabwe22 2001 David Toms United States22 2000 Chris Perry United States23 1999 Joe Durant United States22 1998 Sandy Lyle Scotland24 1997 Sandy Lyle Scotland22 1996 Jay Haas United States22 1995 Hal Sutton United States23 1994 Vijay Singh Fiji22 1993 Chip Beck United States21 1992 Davis Love III United States22 1991 Rocco Mediate United States24 1990 Raymond Floyd United States23 1989 Bob Gilder United States22 1988 Tsuneyuki Nakajima Japan24 1987 Ben Crenshaw United States22 1986 Gary Koch United States23 1985 Hubert Green United States22 1984 Tommy Aaron United States22 1983 Hale Irwin United States22 1982 Tom Watson United States23 1981 Isao Aoki Japan22 1980 Johnny Miller United States23 1979 Joe Inman United States23 1978 Lou Graham United States22 1977 Tom Weiskopf United States23 1976 Jay Haas United States21 1975 Isao Aoki Japan23 1974 Sam Snead United States23 1973 Gay Brewer United States20 1972 Steve Melnyk United States23 1971 Dave Stockton United States23 1970 Harold Henning South Africa21 1969 Bob Lunn United States23 1968 Bob Rosburg United States22 1967 Arnold Palmer United States23 1966 Terry Dill United States22 1965 Art Wall, Jr. United States20 1964 Labron Harris, Jr. United States23 1963 George Bayer United States23 1962 Bruce Crampton Australia22 1961 Deane Beman United States22 1960 Sam Snead United States23
Notes and references
- ^ a b c d History at a Glance. www.masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
- ^ a b c Cut Information. www.masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-01-21.
- ^ Arnold Palmer to hit opening Masters tee shot. Golf Today. Retrieved on 2008-02-04.
- ^ Masters Club. www.masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-01-25.
- ^ a b Augusta National Admits First Black Member, a September 11, 1990 article from The New York Times
- ^ Sampson, Curt (1999). The Masters: Golf, Money, and Power in Augusta, Georgia. New York City: Villard Books, p.22. ISBN 0-375-75337-0 (Paperback).
- ^ History of the Club. www.masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-01-22.
- ^ Although front and back are the terms more commonly used, for the Masters they are called the "first" and "second" nines
- ^ Boyette, John. "With 1 shot, Sarazen gave Masters fame", The Augusta Chronicle, 2002-04-10. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
- ^ Tournament Results: 1935. www.masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
- ^ Boyette, John. 1960: Comeback win tops banner year. The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved on 2008-01-21.
- ^ Boyette, John. Masters History: 1963. The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved on 2008-01-25.
- ^ Boyette, John. Masters History:1965. The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved on 2008-01-25.
- ^ Boyette, John. Masters History: 1966. The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved on 2008-01-25.
- ^ Boyette, John. Masters History: 1975. The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved on 2008-01-25.
- ^ Tournament Results: 1961. www.masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-01-25.
- ^ McDaniel, Pete. The trailblazer - Twenty-five years ago, Lee Elder became the first black golfer in the Masters. Golf Digest. Retrieved on 2008-01-29.
- ^ Ballard, Sarah. My, Oh Mize. Sports Illustrated. Retrieved on 2008-02-05.
- ^ Tournament Results: 1996. www.masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-01-21.
- ^ Changes afoot at Augusta. BBC Sport. Retrieved on 2008-01-30.
- ^ Spousta, Tom. Augusta National plans to add length. USA Today. Retrieved on 2008-01-30.
- ^ Row over Augusta changes goes on. BBC Sport. Retrieved on 2008-01-21.
- ^ Sports Illustrated - 28-March-2001 - 20th yr for bentgrass greens
- ^ Westin, David. "Desire for faster greens led to use of Bentgrass", CNNSI.com & The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved on 2008-01-21.
- ^ Golf Course Guide. CBS Sports. Retrieved on 2008-01-26.
- ^ ESPN will show first two rounds of 2008 Masters tournament. ESPN (2007-10-10). Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
- ^ "Hinds, Richard (2007-04-05). Why coverage of US Masters is so polite. The Age. Retrieved on 2008-01-21.
- ^ a b Martzke, Rudy (2003-04-13). CBS managed to get Masters right despite silence on protests. USA Today. Retrieved on 2008-01-21.
- ^ BBC Sport keeps Masters contract. BBC Sport. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
- ^ Masters.org. Ticket Information. Masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.
- ^ 2008 Tournament Invitees. masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-04-09.
- ^ The Masters: Augusta bows to change with a pompous flourish
- ^ PGA Tour winners regain coveted Masters invitation
- ^ a b Champions. www.masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-01-21.
- ^ The 2007 Masters Tournament - Leaderboard. PGA.com. Retrieved on 2008-01-25.
- ^ a b Scoring Statistics. www.masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-01-21.
- ^ Top Finishers. www.masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-01-21.
- ^ Uhles, Steven. "Par-3 Contest will be family show", The Augusta Chronicle, 2008-04-09. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
- ^ Par 3 Contest. www.masters.org. Retrieved on 2008-01-25.
- ^ Kelley, Brent. The Par-3 Contest at The Masters. About.com. Retrieved on 2008-01-25.
- Masters.org - official site
- Augusta.com - coverage by The Augusta Chronicle
- GCSSA.org - superintendent's fact sheet - 2005
- Aerial View - Google Maps
- Terraserver-USA.com - USGS topo map & aerial photo
1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939 | 1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943
1944 | 1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949 | 1950 | 1951 | 1952 | 1953
1954 | 1955 | 1956 | 1957 | 1958 | 1959 | 1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963
1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973
1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983
1984 | 1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989 | 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993
1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003
2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008
Other FedEx Cup tournaments in playing order: Mercedes-Benz Championship | Sony Open in Hawaii | Bob Hope Chrysler Classic | Buick Invitational | FBR Open | AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro-Am | Northern Trust Open | WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship | Mayakoba Classic at Riviera Maya | Honda Classic | PODS Championship | Arnold Palmer Invitational | WGC-CA Championship | Puerto Rico Open | Zurich Classic of New Orleans | Shell Houston Open | Verizon Heritage | EDS Byron Nelson Championship | Wachovia Championship | The Players Championship | AT&T Classic | Crowne Plaza Invitational at Colonial | Memorial Tournament | Stanford St. Jude Championship | Travelers Championship | Buick Open | AT&T National | John Deere Classic | U.S. Bank Championship in Milwaukee | Canadian Open | WGC-Bridgestone Invitational | Legends Reno-Tahoe Open | Wyndham Championship
Fall Series in playing order: Viking Classic | Turning Stone Resort Championship | Valero Texas Open | Justin Timberlake Shriners Hospitals for Children Open | Frys.com Open | Ginn sur Mer Classic | Children's Miracle Network Classic
Other tournaments in playing order: HSBC Champions | UBS Hong Kong Open | MasterCard Masters | Michael Hill New Zealand Open | Dunhill Championship | South African Airways Open | Joburg Open | Abu Dhabi Golf Championship | The Commercial Bank Qatar Masters | Dubai Desert Classic | Emaar-MGF Indian Masters | Astro Indonesia Open | Johnnie Walker Classic | Maybank Malaysian Open | Ballantine's Championship | Madeira Island Open | MAPFRE Open de Andalucia | Estoril Open de Portugal | Volvo China Open | BMW Asian Open | Open de España | Telecom Italia Open | Irish Open | BMW PGA Championship | Celtic Manor Wales Open | BA-CA Golf Open | Saint-Omer Open | BMW International Open | Open de France | Smurfit European Open | Barclays Scottish Open | Inteco Russian Open | Scandinavian Masters | KLM Open | Johnnie Walker Championship at Gleneagles | Omega European Masters | Mercedes-Benz European Championship | Quinn Direct British Masters | Dunhill Links Championship | HSBC World Match Play Championship | Portugal Masters | Mallorca Masters | Volvo Masters
Future: Dubai World Championship
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