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List of counties in Alabama

Alabama counties (clickable map)

The U.S. state of Alabama has sixty-seven counties. The oldest is Washington County (created June 4, 1800) and the youngest is Houston County (created February 9, 1903).

The land enclosed by the present state borders was joined to the United States of America piecemeal. Prior to permanent settlement by Europeans, there was an overlap between the areas claimed by Spain as Spanish Florida and by England as the Province of Carolina. However, the first permanent colony was established by the French on the banks of the Mobile River in 1702. A part of northern Alabama was granted to James Oglethorpe as part of Georgia in 1732 while France and England competed for alliances with native tribes. Great Britain took possession of France's territory in Alabama following the French and Indian War in 1763. They controled the area south of the 32nd parallel while the rest of the present-day state remained Indian territory.[citation needed]

Following the American Revolutionary War, West Florida south of the 31st parallel became a possession of Spain while the remainder was organized primarily as the Mississippi Territory, with narrow claims by Georgia and South Carolina persisting until 1804. The territorial assembly established some of the earliest county divisions which have survived to the present. The United States took control of the Mobile District of West Florida in 1813. In 1814 the Treaty of Fort Jackson opened the territory to American settlers. In 1817 the western part of the territory became the State of Mississippi and the remainder the Alabama Territory. The Alabama territorial legislature established several more county divisions. Alabama was admitted to the Union as the 22nd state in 1819. The Alabama state legislature formed additional counties from former Indian lands as the Indian Removal Act took effect and settlers populated different areas of Alabama. (See History of Alabama)[citation needed]

In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.[1]

The Alabama Department of Revenue's Motor Vehicle Division issues standard automobile license plates bearing a one or two digit number identifying the county in which the vehicle is registered. This number is given in the fourth column in the table below. The prefixes proceed alphabetically, with the first three reserved for the state's historically most populous counties. (Note that St. Clair County (59) follows Shelby County (58) using the more common abbreviated form.) Individual license plate numbers are assigned sequentially in each licensing office. The numbers are in the format XA1111A or XXA111A, depending on whether the prefix is one or two digits. Madison County (47) has since surpassed Montgomery County (3) in population, but still uses its two-digit prefix. Overflow registrations are accommodated by substituting a letter for one of the registration numbers. (XXZ999Z is followed by XXA0A0A)[2]

According to 2006 U. S. Census estimates, the average population of Alabama's sixty-seven counties is 68,642, with Jefferson County as the most populous (656,700), and Greene County (9,374) the least. The average land area is 757 mi² (1,962 km²). The largest county is Baldwin (1,596 mi², 4,134 km²) and the smallest is Etowah (535 mi², 1,386 km²).[3] The constitution of Alabama requires that each county in Alabama cover at least 450 square miles in area. Proposals to split some counties (such as Jefferson County) into smaller units have been defeated on the grounds that one of the units would have been too small.[citation needed]

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry. (In this system, St. Clair County is alphabetized ahead of Shelby County.) The FIPS code links in the table point to U. S. Census "quick facts" pages for each county.

Contents

Sortable table

County
FIPS Code
[4]County seat
[5]License #
[2]Created
[5]Origin
[5]Etymolgy
[1]Population
[3]Area
[3]Map
Autauga County001Prattville4 1818 Formed from
Montgomery County Autauga Creek &0000000000049730.00000049,730 &0000000000000596.000000596 mi²
(1,544 km²) Baldwin County003Bay Minette5 1809 Formed from
Washington County and West FloridaAbraham Baldwin(1754 – 1807),
U.S. legislatorfrom Georgia&0000000000169162.000000169,162 &0000000000001596.0000001,596 sq mi
(&0000000000004134.0000004,134 km²) Barbour County005Clayton6 1832 Formed from
Pike County James Barbour(1775 – 1842),
Governor of Virginiaand U.S. Senator&0000000000028171.00000028,171 &0000000000000885.000000885 sq mi
(&0000000000002292.0000002,292 km²) Bibb County007Centreville7 1818 Formed from Montgomery County (as Cahawba County) William Wyatt Bibb(1781 - 1820),
Governor of Alabama&0000000000021482.00000021,482 &0000000000000623.000000623 sq mi
(&0000000000001614.0000001,614 km²) Blount County009Oneonta8 1818 Formed from
Montgomery County and Indian territories Willie Blount(1768 – 1835),
Governor of Tennessee. &0000000000056436.00000056,436 &0000000000000646.000000646 sq mi
(&0000000000001673.0000001,673 km²) Bullock County011Union Springs9 1866 Formed from Barbour, Macon, Montgomery, and Pike Counties Edward Bullock,
colonelin the Confederate States Army&0000000000010906.00000010,906 &0000000000000625.000000625 sq mi
(&0000000000001619.0000001,619 km²) Butler County013Greenville10 1819 Formed from
Conecuh and Monroe Counties William Butler,
captainin Creek War&0000000000020520.00000020,520 &0000000000000777.000000777 sq mi
(&0000000000002012.0000002,012 km²) Calhoun County015Anniston11 1832 Formed from
St. Clair County (as Benton County) John C. Calhoun(1782 – 1850),
7th U.S. Vice President&0000000000112903.000000112,903 &0000000000000608.000000608 sq mi
(&0000000000001575.0000001,575 km²) Chambers County017LaFayette12 1832 Formed from
Montgomery County Henry H. Chambers(1790 - 1826),
U.S. Senator&0000000000035176.00000035,176 &0000000000000597.000000597 sq mi
(&0000000000001546.0000001,546 km²) Cherokee County019Centre13 1836 Formed from
Cherokeeterritory Cherokeepeople &0000000000024863.00000024,863 &0000000000000553.000000553 sq mi
(&0000000000001432.0000001,432 km²) Chilton County021Clanton14 1868 Formed from
Autauga, Bibb, Perry, and Shelby Counties (as Baker County) William Parish Chilton(1810 – 1871),
Alabama Supreme CourtJustice and Confederate congressman&0000000000041953.00000041,953 &0000000000000694.000000694 sq mi
(&0000000000001797.0000001,797 km²) Choctaw County023Butler15 1847 Formed from
Sumter and Washington Counties Choctawpeople &0000000000014656.00000014,656 &0000000000000914.000000914 sq mi
(&0000000000002367.0000002,367 km²) Clarke County025Grove Hill16 1812 Formed from
Washington County John Clarke,
generalin the Creek Warfrom Georgia&0000000000027248.00000027,248 &0000000000001238.0000001,238 sq mi
(&0000000000003206.0000003,206 km²) Clay County027Ashland17 1866 Formed from
Randolph and Talladega Counties Henry Clay(1777 - 1852),
U.S. legislatorfrom Kentucky&0000000000013829.00000013,829 &0000000000000605.000000605 sq mi
(&0000000000001567.0000001,567 km²) Cleburne County029Heflin18 1866 Formed from
Calhoun, Randolph , and Talladega Counties Patrick Cleburne(1828 - 1864),
major generalin Confederate States Army&0000000000014700.00000014,700 &0000000000000560.000000560 sq mi
(&0000000000001450.0000001,450 km²) Coffee County031Elba19 1841 Formed from
Dale County John Coffee(1772 – 1833),
military leader in War of 1812and Creek War&0000000000046027.00000046,027 &0000000000000679.000000679 sq mi
(&0000000000001759.0000001,759 km²) Colbert County033Tuscumbia20 1867 Formed from
Franklin County George Colbert and
Levi Colbert, Chickasawchiefs &0000000000054766.00000054,766 &0000000000000595.000000595 sq mi
(&0000000000001541.0000001,541 km²) Conecuh County035Evergreen21 1818 Formed from
Monroe County Conecuh River&0000000000013403.00000013,403 &0000000000000851.000000851 sq mi
(&0000000000002204.0000002,204 km²) Coosa County037Rockford22 1832 Formed from
Montgomery County Coosa River&0000000000011044.00000011,044 &0000000000000652.000000652 sq mi
(&0000000000001689.0000001,689 km²) Covington County039Andalusia23 1821 Formed from
Henry County Leonard Covington(1768 – 1813),
brigadier generalin War of 1812and U.S. Congressman&0000000000037234.00000037,234 &0000000000001034.0000001,034 sq mi
(&0000000000002678.0000002,678 km²) Crenshaw County041Luverne24 1866 Formed from
Butler, Coffee, Covington, Lowndes, and Pike Counties Anderson Crenshaw,
settler of Butler County&0000000000013719.00000013,719 &0000000000000610.000000610 sq mi
(&0000000000001580.0000001,580 km²) Cullman County043Cullman25 1877 Formed from
Blount, Morgan, and Winston Counties Colonel John G. Kullmann, founder of county seat &0000000000080187.00000080,187 &0000000000000738.000000738 sq mi
(&0000000000001911.0000001,911 km²) Dale County045Ozark26 1824 Formed from
Covington and Henry Counties Samuel Dale(1772 – 1841),
brigadier generaland state legislator&0000000000048392.00000048,392 &0000000000000561.000000561 sq mi
(&0000000000001453.0000001,453 km²) Dallas County047Selma27 1818 Formed from
Monroe and Montgomery Counties Alexander James Dallas(1759 – 1817) ,
U.S. Secretary of Treasury&0000000000043945.00000043,945 &0000000000000981.000000981 sq mi
(&0000000000002541.0000002,541 km²) DeKalb County049Fort Payne28 1836 Formed from
Cherokeeterritory Johann de Kalb(1721 – 1780),
major generalin American Revolutionary War&0000000000069014.00000069,014 &0000000000000778.000000778 sq mi
(&0000000000002015.0000002,015 km²) Elmore County051Wetumpka29 1866 Formed from
Autauga, Coosa, Montgomery, and Tallapoosa Counties John Archer Elmore,
Revolutionary Warveteran &0000000000075688.00000075,688 &0000000000000621.000000621 sq mi
(&0000000000001608.0000001,608 km²) Escambia County053Brewton30 1868 Formed from
Baldwin and Conecuh Counties Escambia Creek &0000000000037849.00000037,849 &0000000000000947.000000947 sq mi
(&0000000000002453.0000002,453 km²) Etowah County055Gadsden31 1866 Formed from
Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, DeKalb, Marshall, and St. Clair Counties (as Baine County) Etowah Indian Mounds&0000000000103362.000000103,362 &0000000000000535.000000535 sq mi
(&0000000000001386.0000001,386 km²) Fayette County057Fayette32 1824 Formed from
Marion, Pickens, Tuscaloosa, and Walker Counties Marquis de La Fayette(1757 – 1834),
Revolutionary Warcommander &0000000000018005.00000018,005 &0000000000000628.000000628 sq mi
(&0000000000001627.0000001,627 km²) Franklin County059Russellville33 1818 Formed from
Cherokeeterritory Benjamin Franklin(1706 – 1790),
politician, diplomat, inventor, and publisher &0000000000030847.00000030,847 &0000000000000636.000000636 sq mi
(&0000000000001647.0000001,647 km²) Geneva County061Geneva34 1868 Formed from
Coffee, Dale, and Henry Counties county seat, named after Geneva, New York&0000000000025868.00000025,868 &0000000000000576.000000576 sq mi
(&0000000000001492.0000001,492 km²) Greene County063Eutaw35 1819 Formed from
Marengo and Tuscaloosa Counties Nathanael Greene(1742 – 1786),
Revolutionary Wargeneral &0000000000009374.0000009,374 &0000000000000646.000000646 sq mi
(&0000000000001673.0000001,673 km²) Hale County065Greensboro36 1867 Formed from
Greene, Marengo, Perry, and Tuscaloosa Counties Stephen F. Hale,
lieutenant colonel in Confederate States Army&0000000000018236.00000018,236 &0000000000000644.000000644 sq mi
(&0000000000001668.0000001,668 km²) Henry County067Abbeville37 1819 Formed from
Conecuh County Patrick Henry(1736 – 1799),
Revolutionary Warpatriot and Governor of Virginia&0000000000016706.00000016,706 &0000000000000562.000000562 sq mi
(&0000000000001456.0000001,456 km²) Houston County069Dothan38 1903 Formed from
Dale, Geneva, and Henry Counties George S. Houston(1811 – 1879),
Governor of Alabamaand U.S. Congressman&0000000000095660.00000095,660 &0000000000000580.000000580 sq mi
(&0000000000001502.0000001,502 km²) Jackson County071Scottsboro39 1819 Formed from
Cherokeeterritory Andrew Jackson(1767 – 1845),
U.S. President&0000000000053745.00000053,745 &0000000000001079.0000001,079 sq mi
(&0000000000002795.0000002,795 km²) Jefferson County073Birmingham1 1819 Formed from
Blount County Thomas Jefferson(1743 – 1826),
U.S. President&0000000000656700.000000656,700 &0000000000001113.0000001,113 sq mi
(&0000000000002883.0000002,883 km²) Lamar County075Vernon40 1867 Formed from
Fayette and Marion Counties (as Jones County) Lucius Q. C. Lamar(1825 – 1893),
U.S. Supreme Courtjustice &0000000000014548.00000014,548 &0000000000000605.000000605 sq mi
(&0000000000001567.0000001,567 km²) Lauderdale County077Florence41 1818 Formed from
Cherokeeand Chickasawterritories James Lauderdale,
Colonel in War of 1812&0000000000087891.00000087,891 &0000000000000669.000000669 sq mi
(&0000000000001733.0000001,733 km²) Lawrence County079Moulton42 1818 Formed from
Cherokeeterritory James Lawrence,
naval officer in War of 1812&0000000000034312.00000034,312 &0000000000000693.000000693 sq mi
(&0000000000001795.0000001,795 km²) Lee County081Opelika43 1866 Formed from
Chambers, Macon, Russell, and Tallapoosa Counties Robert E. Lee,
Commander of the Confederate States Army&0000000000125781.000000125,781 &0000000000000609.000000609 sq mi
(&0000000000001577.0000001,577 km²) Limestone County083Athens44 1818 Formed from
Elk and Madison Counties Limestone Creek &0000000000072446.00000072,446 &0000000000000568.000000568 sq mi
(&0000000000001471.0000001,471 km²) Lowndes County085Hayneville45 1830 Formed from
Butler, Dallas, and Montgomery Counties William Lowndes,
U.S. Congressmanfrom South Carolina&0000000000012759.00000012,759 &0000000000000718.000000718 sq mi
(&0000000000001860.0000001,860 km²) Macon County087Tuskegee46 1832 Formed from
Montgomery County Nathaniel Macon,
U.S. legislatorfrom North Carolina&0000000000022594.00000022,594 &0000000000000611.000000611 sq mi
(&0000000000001582.0000001,582 km²) Madison County089Huntsville47 1808 Formed from
Cherokeeand Chickasawterritories James Madison,
U.S. President&0000000000304307.000000304,307 &0000000000000805.000000805 sq mi
(&0000000000002085.0000002,085 km²) Marengo County091Linden48 1818 Formed from
Choctawterritory Battle of Marengo&0000000000021842.00000021,842 &0000000000000977.000000977 sq mi
(&0000000000002530.0000002,530 km²) Marion County093Hamilton49 1818 Formed from
Tuscaloosa County Francis Marion,
military leader in American Revolutionary War&0000000000030165.00000030,165 &0000000000000741.000000741 sq mi
(&0000000000001919.0000001,919 km²) Marshall County095Guntersville50 1836 Formed from
Blount and Jackson Counties and Cherokeeterritory John Marshall,
Chief Justice of the United States&0000000000087185.00000087,185 &0000000000000567.000000567 sq mi
(&0000000000001469.0000001,469 km²) Mobile County097Mobile2 1812 Formed from
Mobile Districtof West Floridaafter annexation into Mississippi TerritoryMobileand Mobile Bay&0000000000404157.000000404,157 &0000000000001233.0000001,233 sq mi
(&0000000000003193.0000003,193 km²) Monroe County099Monroeville51 1815 Formed from
Creekterritory James Monroe,
U.S. President&0000000000023342.00000023,342 &0000000000001026.0000001,026 sq mi
(&0000000000002657.0000002,657 km²) Montgomery County101Montgomery3 1816 Formed from
Monroe County Lemuel Montgomery,
Major in Creek War&0000000000223571.000000223,571 &0000000000000790.000000790 sq mi
(&0000000000002046.0000002,046 km²) Morgan County103Decatur52 1818 Formed from
Cherokeeterritory (as Cotaco County) Daniel Morgan,
U.S. Congressman&0000000000115237.000000115,237 &0000000000000582.000000582 sq mi
(&0000000000001507.0000001,507 km²) Perry County105Marion53 1819 Formed from
Cahawba, Dallas, Marengo, and Tuscaloosa Counties Oliver Hazard Perry,
naval officer in War of 1812&0000000000011186.00000011,186 &0000000000000719.000000719 sq mi
(&0000000000001862.0000001,862 km²) Pickens County107Carrollton54 1820 Formed from
Tuscaloosa County Andrew Pickensor Israel Pickens&0000000000020133.00000020,133 &0000000000000881.000000881 sq mi
(&0000000000002282.0000002,282 km²) Pike County109Troy55 1821 Formed from
Henry and Montgomery Counties Zebulon Pike,
explorer and officer in War of 1812&0000000000029620.00000029,620 &0000000000000671.000000671 sq mi
(&0000000000001738.0000001,738 km²) Randolph County111Wedowee56 1832 Formed from
St. Clair and Shelby Counties John Randolph,
U.S. Senatorfrom Virginia&0000000000022673.00000022,673 &0000000000000581.000000581 sq mi
(&0000000000001505.0000001,505 km²) Russell County113Phenix City57 1832 Formed from
Montgomery and Pike Counties Gilbert Russell,
officer in Creek War&0000000000050085.00000050,085 &0000000000000641.000000641 sq mi
(&0000000000001660.0000001,660 km²) St. Clair County115Ashvilleand Pell City59 1818 Formed from
Shelby County Arthur St. Clair,
President of Continental Congress&0000000000075232.00000075,232 &0000000000000634.000000634 sq mi
(&0000000000001642.0000001,642 km²) Shelby County117Columbiana58 1818 Formed from
Montgomery County Isaac Shelby,
Governor of Kentucky&0000000000178182.000000178,182 &0000000000000795.000000795 sq mi
(&0000000000002059.0000002,059 km²) Sumter County119Livingston60 1832 Formed from
Choctawterritory Thomas Sumter,
U.S. legislator&0000000000013606.00000013,606 &0000000000000905.000000905 sq mi
(&0000000000002344.0000002,344 km²) Talladega County121Talladega61 1832 Formed from
St. Clair and Shelby Counties Talatigi, Creek Indianname for the county seat, meaning "border town" &0000000000080271.00000080,271 &0000000000000740.000000740 sq mi
(&0000000000001917.0000001,917 km²) Tallapoosa County123Dadeville62 1832 Formed from
Montgomery and Shelby Counties Tallapoosa River&0000000000041010.00000041,010 &0000000000000718.000000718 sq mi
(&0000000000001860.0000001,860 km²) Tuscaloosa County125Tuscaloosa63 1818 Formed from
Montgomery County and Choctawterritory Tuscaloosa Riverand county seat &0000000000171159.000000171,159 &0000000000001324.0000001,324 sq mi
(&0000000000003429.0000003,429 km²) Walker County127Jasper64 1823 Formed from
Blount, Jefferson, and Tuscaloosa Counties John Williams Walker,
U.S. Senatorfrom Alabama&0000000000070034.00000070,034 &0000000000000794.000000794 sq mi
(&0000000000002056.0000002,056 km²) Washington County129Chatom65 1800 Formed from
Adamsand Pickering Countiesof Mississippi TerritoryGeorge Washington,
U.S. President&0000000000017651.00000017,651 &0000000000001081.0000001,081 sq mi
(&0000000000002800.0000002,800 km²) Wilcox County131Camden66 1819 Formed from
Dallas and Monroe Counties Joseph Wilcox,
lieutenant in Creek War&0000000000012911.00000012,911 &0000000000000889.000000889 sq mi
(&0000000000002302.0000002,302 km²) Winston County133Double Springs67 1850 Formed from
Walker County (as Hancock County) John A. Winston,
Governor of Alabama&0000000000024634.00000024,634 &0000000000000614.000000614 sq mi
(&0000000000001590.0000001,590 km²)

Former counties and county names

Fictional counties of note

See also: List of fictional counties

References

  1. ^ a b Foscue, Virginia O. (1989) Place Names in Alabama. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press. ISBN 081730410X
  2. ^ a b Nicholson, David. Alabama License Plates, 1969-present. License Plates of North America, 1969-present. Retrieved on 2007-08-08.
  3. ^ a b c Alabama QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau. State & County QuickFacts. Retrieved on 2007-12-11.
  4. ^ EPA County FIPS Code Listing. EPA.gov. Retrieved on 2008-02-23.
  5. ^ a b c National Association of Counties. NACo - Find a county. Retrieved on 2008-04-30.
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  Stateof AlabamaMontgomery(capital) Topics

History | Geography | People | Government | Governors | Lieutenant Governors | Metropolitan Areas | National Historic Landmarks

Regions

Atlantic Coastal Plain | Birmingham District | Black Belt | Central Alabama | Cumberland Plateau | Greater Birmingham | Gulf Coastal Plain | Lower Alabama | Mobile Bay | North Alabama | Northeast Alabama | Northwest Alabama | Piedmont | Ridge and Valley | River Region | South Alabama | Tennessee Valley | Wiregrass Region

Major cities

Anniston | Auburn | Birmingham | Decatur | Dothan | Florence | Gadsden | Hoover | Huntsville | Mobile | Montgomery | Tuscaloosa

Counties

Autauga | Baldwin | Barbour | Bibb | Blount | Bullock | Butler | Calhoun | Chambers | Cherokee | Chilton | Choctaw | Clarke | Clay | Cleburne | Coffee | Colbert | Conecuh | Coosa | Covington | Crenshaw | Cullman | Dale | Dallas | DeKalb | Elmore | Escambia | Etowah | Fayette | Franklin | Geneva | Greene | Hale | Henry | Houston | Jackson | Jefferson | Lamar | Lauderdale | Lawrence | Lee | Limestone | Lowndes | Macon | Madison | Marengo | Marion | Marshall | Mobile | Monroe | Montgomery | Morgan | Perry | Pickens | Pike | Randolph | Russell | Shelby | St. Clair | Sumter | Talladega | Tallapoosa | Tuscaloosa | Walker | Washington | Wilcox | Winston

Categories: Alabama counties | Lists of U.S. counties by stateHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements since February 2008 | Articles with unsourced statements since May 2008

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