List of Stanley Cup championsIt has been suggested that List of Stanley Cup appearancesbe mergedinto this article or section. (Discuss)
This is a list of Stanley Cup champions, including finalists and challengers. The Stanley Cup, donated by former Governor General of Canada Lord Stanley of Preston in 1892, is the oldest professional sports trophy in North America. Originally inscribed the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup, the trophy started out as an award for Canada's top-ranking amateur ice hockey club. Today, it is awarded to the top team in the National Hockey League, a professional ice hockey league.
In 1915, the two professional ice hockey organizations, the National Hockey Association (NHA) and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA), reached a gentlemen's agreement in which their respective champions would face each other for the Stanley Cup. After a series of league mergers and folds, it became the de facto championship trophy of the NHL in 1926. The Cup later became the de jure NHL championship prize in 1947.
Since the 1914–15 season, the trophy has been won a combined 92 times by 17 active NHL teams and five defunct teams. Prior to that, the challenge cup was held by nine different teams. There are two seasons that the Stanley Cup has not been awarded: the 1918–19 season, because of a Spanish flu epidemic and the 2004–05, because of the NHL lockout.
- 1 Challenge Cup era
- 2 NHA/NHL vs. PCHA/WCHL/WHL champions
- 3 NHL champion
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 Further reading
- 7 External links
Challenge Cup eraThe first Stanley Cup Champions: The Montreal Hockey Club
- See also: List of Stanley Cup Challenge Games
The origins of the Challenge era come from the method of play of the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada prior to 1893. From 1887 to 1893, the league did not play a round-robin format, but rather challenges between teams of the association that year, with the winner of the series being the 'interim' champion, with the final challenge winner becoming the league champion for the year. The Stanley Cup kept the tradition going, but added league championships as another way that a team could win the trophy. If a team in the same league as the current champion won the league championship, it would then inherit the Cup, without a challenge. The only time this rule was not followed was in 1904, when the Ottawa Senators club withdrew from its league, the CAHL. The trustees ruled that the Cup stayed with Ottawa, instead of the CAHL league champion.
During the challenge cup period, none of the leagues that played for the trophy had a formal playoff system to decide their respective champions; whichever team finished in first place after the regular season won the league title. A playoff would only be played if teams tied for first-place in their leagues at the end of the regular season. Challenge games were played until 1912 at any time during hockey season by challenges approved and/or ordered by the Stanley Cup trustees. In 1912, Cup trustees declared that it was only to be defended at the end of the champion team's regular season.
This table lists the outcome of all Stanley Cup wins, including successful victories and defenses in challenges, and league championships for the challenge era.Date Winning team Coach Losing team Playoff format Score Winning goal March 17, 1893Montreal HC(AHAC) Harry Shaw (mgr.) 1893 AHAC champions, no challengers March 22, 1894Montreal HC(AHAC) Harry Shaw (mgr.) Ottawa HC(AHAC) Single-elimination
(1894 AHAC championshipplayoff) 3–1 Billy Barlow (9:00, 3rd qtr) March 8, 1895Montreal Victorias(AHAC) Mike Grant(capt.) 1895 AHAC Champion[A]February 14, 1896Winnipeg Victorias(MHA) Jack Armytage(capt.) Montreal Victorias(AHAC) Single-elimination 2–0 Dan BainFebruary 29, 1896Winnipeg Victorias(MHA) Jack Armytage(capt.) 1896 MHA championDecember 30, 1896Montreal Victorias(AHAC) Mike Grant(capt.) Winnipeg Victorias(MHA) Single-elimination 6–5 Ernie McLean March 6, 1897Montreal Victorias(AHAC) Mike Grant(capt.) 1897 AHAC ChampionDecember 27, 1897Montreal Victorias(AHAC) Mike Grant(capt.) Ottawa Capitals(CCHA) Single-elimination[B]15–2 March 5, 1898Montreal Victorias(AHAC) Frank Richardson 1898 AHAC ChampionFebruary 15–18, 1899Montreal Victorias(CAHL) Frank Richardson Winnipeg Victorias(MHA) Two-game total goals 5–3 B. McDougall (2nd half) March 4, 1899Montreal Shamrocks(CAHL) Harry Trihey(capt.) 1899 CAHL ChampionMarch 14,1899Montreal Shamrocks(CAHL) Harry Trihey(capt.) Queen's University(OHA) Single-elimination 6–2 Harry TriheyFebruary 12–15, 1900Montreal Shamrocks(CAHL) Harry Trihey(capt.) Winnipeg Victorias(MHA) Best-of-three 2–1 Harry Trihey(2nd half) March 7, 1900Montreal Shamrocks(CAHL) Harry Trihey(capt.) Halifax Crescents (MaHL) Best-of-three 2–0 Joe McKenna March 10, 1900Montreal Shamrocks(CAHL) Harry Trihey(capt.) 1900 CAHL ChampionJanuary 29–31,1901Winnipeg Victorias(MHA) Dan Bain(capt.) Montreal Shamrocks(CAHL) Best-of-three 2–0 Dan BainFebruary 19, 1901Winnipeg Victorias(MHA) Dan Bain(capt.) Winnipeg HC (MHA) Single-elimination
(1901 MHA championship) 4–3January 21–23, 1902Winnipeg Victorias(MHA) Dan Bain(capt.) Toronto Wellingtons(OHA) Best-of-three 2–0 Scanlon (9:00, 2nd half) March, 1902Winnipeg Victorias(MHA) Dan Bain(capt.) 1902 MHA ChampionMarch 15–17, 1902Montreal HC(CAHL) Clarence McKerrow Winnipeg Victorias(MHA) Best-of-three 2–1 Jack Marshall(1st half) January 29–31,
February 2–4, 1903Montreal HC(CAHL) Clarence McKerrow Winnipeg Victorias(MHA) Best-of-three 2–1[C]Tom PhillipsMarch 7–10, 1903Ottawa Senators(CAHL) Alf SmithMontreal Victorias(CAHL) Two-game total goals
(1903 CAHL championshipplayoff) 9–1 March 12–14, 1903Ottawa Senators(CAHL) Alf SmithRat Portage Thistles(MNWHA) Best-of-three 2–1 Frank McGee(8:20, 1st half) January 1–4, 1904Ottawa Senators(CAHL) Alf SmithWinnipeg Rowing Club(MHA) Best-of-three 2–1 Frank McGee(11:00, 2nd half) February 23–25, 1904Ottawa Senators[D]Alf SmithToronto Marlboros(OHA) Best-of-three 2–0 Moore (9:38, 1st half) March 2, 1904Ottawa Senators[D]Alf SmithMontreal Wanderers(FAHL) Two-game total goals [E]March 9–11, 1904Ottawa Senators[D]Alf SmithBrandon Wheat Kings(MNWHA) Best-of-three 2–0 January 13–16, 1905Ottawa Senators(FAHL) Alf SmithDawson City NuggetsBest-of-three 2–0 Harry Westwick(12:15, 1st half) March 3, 1905Ottawa Senators(FAHL) Alf Smith1905 FAHL ChampionMarch 7–9, 1905Ottawa Senators(FAHL) Alf SmithRat Portage Thistles(MHL) Best-of-three 2–1 Frank McGeeFebruary 27–28, 1906Ottawa Senators(ECAHA) Alf SmithQueen's University(OHA) Best-of-three 2–0 Harvey Pulford(10:00, 2nd half) March 6–8, 1906Ottawa Senators(ECAHA) Alf SmithSmiths Falls (FAHL) Best-of-three 2–0 Frank McGee(17:45, 1st half) March 14–17, 1906Montreal Wanderers(ECAHA) Cecil Blanchford(capt.) Ottawa Senators(ECAHA) Two-game total goals
(1906 ECAHA championshipplayoff) 12–10 Lester PatrickDecember 27–29, 1906Montreal Wanderers(ECAHA) Cecil Blanchford(capt.) New Glasgow Cubs (MaHL) Two-game total goals 17–5 January 21–23, 1907Kenora Thistles(MPHL) James Link Montreal Wanderers(ECAHA) Two-game total goals 12–8 Roxy BeaudroMarch 16–18, 1907Kenora Thistles(MPHL) James Link Brandon Wheat Kings(MPHL) Best-of-three
(1907 MPHL championship) 2–0 March 23–25, 1907Montreal Wanderers(ECAHA) Cecil BlanchfordKenora Thistles(MPHL) Two-game total goals 12–8 Ernest "Moose" JohnsonJanuary 9–13, 1908Montreal Wanderers(ECAHA) Cecil BlanchfordOttawa Victorias (FAHL) Two-game total goals 22–4 March 7, 1908Montreal Wanderers(ECAHA) Cecil Blanchford1908 ECAHA ChampionsMarch 10–12, 1908Montreal Wanderers(ECAHA) Cecil BlanchfordWinnipeg Maple Leafs (MPHL) Two-game total goals 20–8 March 14, 1908Montreal Wanderers(ECAHA) Cecil BlanchfordToronto(OPHL) Single-elimination 6–4 Ernest "Moose" JohnsonDecember 28–30, 1908Montreal Wanderers(ECAHA) Cecil BlanchfordEdmonton Hockey Club(AAHA) Two-game total goals 13–10 March 6, 1909Ottawa Senators(ECAHA) Pete Green1909 ECAHA championsJanuary 5–7, 1910Ottawa Senators(CHA) Pete GreenGalt (OPHL) Two-game total goals 15–4 Bruce Ridpath(2nd half) January 18–20, 1910Ottawa Senators(NHA) Pete GreenEdmonton Hockey Club(AAHA) Two-game total goals 21–11 Bruce Stuart(23:45, 1st half) March 9, 1910Montreal Wanderers(NHA) Frank "Pud" Glass(capt.) 1910 NHA ChampionMarch 12, 1910Montreal Wanderers(NHA) Frank "Pud" Glass(capt.) Berlin Union Jacks (OPHL) Single-elimination 7–3 Harry Hyland (22:00, 1st half) March 10, 1911Ottawa Senators(NHA) Pete Green1911 NHA ChampionsMarch 13, 1911Ottawa Senators(NHA) Pete GreenGalt (OPHL) Single-elimination 7–4 Marty Walsh(5:00, 3rd) March 16, 1911Ottawa Senators(NHA) Pete GreenPort Arthur Bearcats(NOHA) Single-elimination 13–4 Marty Walsh(4:30, 2nd) March 5, 1912Quebec Bulldogs(NHA) Charles Nolan 1912 NHA ChampionsMarch 11–13, 1912Quebec Bulldogs(NHA) Charles Nolan Moncton Victorias (MaPHL) Best-of-three 2–0 Joe Malone(18:00, 1st) March 5, 1913Quebec Bulldogs(NHA) Joe Malone(capt.) 1913 NHA ChampionsMarch 8–10, 1913Quebec Bulldogs(NHA) Joe Malone(capt.) Sydney Miners (MaPHL) Two-game total goals 20–5 March 7–11, 1914Toronto Blueshirts(NHA) Scotty DavidsonMontreal Canadiens(NHA) Two-game total goals
(1914 NHA championshipplayoff) 6–2 March 14–19, 1914Toronto Blueshirts(NHA) Scotty DavidsonVictoria Aristocrats(PCHA) Best-of-five 3–0 [F]Harry Cameron(6:00, 3rd)
^ A. Although the Montreal Victorias won the AHAC title in 1895, the Stanley Cup trustees had already accepted a challenge from the 1894 Cup champion Montreal HC and Queen's University. As a compromise, the trustees decided that if the Montreal HC won the challenge match, the Victorias would become the Stanley Cup champions. The Montreals eventually won the game, 5–1, and their crosstown rivals were awarded the Cup.
^ B. Intended to be a best-of-three series, Ottawa Capitals withdrew their challenge after the first game.
^ C. The January 31 (a Saturday) game was tied 2–2 at midnight and the Mayor of Westmount refused to allow play to continue on the Sunday. The game was played on February 2 (a Monday) and the January 31 game was considered to be void.
^ D. For most of 1904, the Ottawa Senators were not affiliated with any league.
^ E. The Montreal Wanderers were disqualified as the result of a dispute. After game one ended tied at the end of regulation, 5–5, the Wanderers refused to play overtime with the current referee, and then subsequently refused to play the next game of the series in Ottawa.
- Coleman, Charles L. (1964). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol. 1, 1893–1926 inc.. Sherbrooke Daily Record Company Limited.
NHA/NHL vs. PCHA/WCHL/WHL champions
In 1914, the Victoria Aristocrats from the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA) challenged the NHA and Cup champion Toronto Blueshirts. Since the Aristocrats never formally submitted a challenge, the Cup trustees viewed the series as illegitimate. However, the controversy was moot as Toronto successfully defended the Cup by sweeping a best-of-five series.
One year later, the NHA and the PCHA concluded a gentlemen's agreement in which their respective champions would face each other for the Cup. Under the new proposal, the Stanley Cup championship finals alternated between the East and the West each year, with alternating games played according to NHA and PCHA rules. The Cup trustees agreed to this new arrangement, because after the Allan Cup became the highest prize for amateur hockey teams in Canada, the trustees had become dependent on the top two professional leagues to bolster the prominence of the trophy. After the Portland Rosebuds, an American-based team, joined the PCHA in 1914, the trustees issued a statement that the Cup was no longer for the best team in Canada, but now for the best team in the world. Two years later, the Rosebuds became the first American team to play in the Stanley Cup championship final. In 1917, the Seattle Metropolitans became the first American team to win the Cup. After that season, the NHA dissolved, and the National Hockey League (NHL) took its place.
The format for the Stanley Cup championship changed in 1922, with the creation of the Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL). Now three leagues competed for the Cup and this necessitated a semi-final series between two league champions, with the third having a bye directly to the final. In 1924, the PCHA and the WCHL merged to form the Western Hockey League (WHL) and the championship reverted to a single series. After winning in the 1924–25 season, the Victoria Cougars became the last team outside the NHL to win the Stanley Cup.Season Winning team Coach Losing team Coach Games Winning goal 1914–15Vancouver Millionaires(PCHA) Frank PatrickOttawa Senators(NHA) Frank Shaughnessy(mgr.) 3–0 Barney Stanley(5:30, 2nd) 1915–16Montreal Canadiens(NHA) George KennedyPortland Rosebuds(PCHA) Edward Savage(mgr.) 3–2 George Prodger(17:20, 3rd) 1916–17Seattle Metropolitans(PCHA) Pete MuldoonMontreal Canadiens(NHA) Newsy Lalonde3–1 Bernie Morris(7:55, 1st) 1917–18Toronto(NHL) Dick CarrollVancouver Millionaires(PCHA) Frank Patrick3–2 Corb Denneny(10:30, 3rd) 1918–19Not awarded because of the flu epidemic. 1919–20Ottawa Senators(NHL) Pete GreenSeattle Metropolitans(PCHA) Pete Muldoon3–2 Jack Darragh(5:00, 3rd) 1920–21Ottawa Senators(NHL) Pete GreenVancouver Millionaires(PCHA) Lloyd Cook& Frank Patrick3–2 Jack Darragh(9:40, 2nd) 1921–22Toronto St. Pats(NHL) George O'DonoghueVancouver Millionaires(PCHA) Lloyd Cook& Frank Patrick3–2 Babe Dye(4:20, 1st) 1922–23Ottawa Senators(NHL) Pete GreenEdmonton Eskimos(WCHL) Ken McKenzine 2–0 Punch Broadbent(11:23, 1st) 1923–24Montreal Canadiens(NHL) Leo DandurandCalgary Tigers(WCHL) Eddie Oatman2–0 Howie Morenz(4:55, 1st) 1924–25Victoria Cougars(WCHL) Lester PatrickMontreal Canadiens(NHL) Leo Dandurand3–1 Gizzy Hart(2:35, 2nd) 1925–26Montreal Maroons(NHL) Eddie GerardVictoria Cougars(WHL) Lester Patrick3–1 Nels Stewart(2:50, 2nd)
The WHL folded in 1926, and its assets were bought by the NHL. This left the NHL as the only league left competing for the Cup. Other leagues and clubs have issued challenges, but from that year forward, no non-NHL team has played for it, leading it to become the de facto championship trophy of the NHL. In 1947, the NHL reached an agreement with trustees P.D. Ross and Cooper Smeaton to grant control of the cup to the NHL, allowing the league itself to reject challenges from other leagues that may have wished to play for the Cup. A 2006 Ontario Superior Court case found that the trustees had gone against Lord Stanley's conditions in the 1947 agreement. The NHL has agreed to allow other teams to play for the Cup should the league not be operating, as was the case in the 2004–05 NHL lockout.1926–27Ottawa Senators(C) Dave GillBoston Bruins(A) Art Ross2–0–2 Cy Denneny(7:30, 2nd) 1927–28New York Rangers(A) Lester PatrickMontreal Maroons(C) Eddie Gerard3–2 Frank Boucher(3:35, 3rd) 1928–29Boston Bruins(A) Cy DennenyNew York Rangers(A) Lester Patrick2–0 Bill Carson(18:02, 3rd) 1929–30Montreal Canadiens(C) Cecil HartBoston Bruins(A) Art Ross2–0 Howie Morenz(1:00, 2nd) 1930–31Montreal Canadiens(C) Cecil HartChicago Black Hawks(A) Dick Irvin3–2 Johnny Gagnon(9:59, 2nd) 1931–32Toronto Maple Leafs(C) Dick IrvinNew York Rangers(A) Lester Patrick3–0 Ace Bailey(15:07, 3rd) 1932–33New York Rangers(A) Lester PatrickToronto Maple Leafs(C) Dick Irvin3–1 Bill Cook(7:34, OT) 1933–34Chicago Black Hawks(A) Tommy GormanDetroit Red Wings(A) Jack Adams3–1 Mush March(10:05, 2nd OT) 1934–35Montreal Maroons(C) Tommy GormanToronto Maple Leafs(C) Dick Irvin3–0 Baldy Northcott(16:18, 2nd) 1935–36Detroit Red Wings(A) Jack AdamsToronto Maple Leafs(C) Dick Irvin3–1 Pete Kelly(9:45, 3rd) 1936–37Detroit Red Wings(A) Jack AdamsNew York Rangers(A) Lester Patrick3–2 Marty Barry(19:22, 1st) 1937–38Chicago Black Hawks(A) Bill StewartToronto Maple Leafs(C) Dick Irvin3–1 Carl Voss(16:45, 2nd) 1938–39Boston BruinsArt RossToronto Maple LeafsDick Irvin4–1 Roy Conacher(17:54, 2nd) 1939–40New York RangersFrank BoucherToronto Maple LeafsDick Irvin4–2 Bryan Hextall(2:07, OT) 1940–41Boston BruinsCooney WeilandDetroit Red WingsEbbie Goodfellow4–0 Bobby Bauer(8:43, 2nd) 1941–42Toronto Maple LeafsHap DayDetroit Red WingsJack Adams4–3 Pete Langelle(9:48, 3rd) 1942–43Detroit Red WingsJack AdamsBoston BruinsArt Ross4–0 Joe Carveth(12:09, 1st) 1943–44Montreal CanadiensDick IrvinChicago Black HawksPaul Thompson4–0 Toe Blake(9:12, OT) 1944–45Toronto Maple LeafsHap DayDetroit Red WingsJack Adams4–3 Babe Pratt(12:14, 3rd) 1945–46Montreal CanadiensDick IrvinBoston BruinsDit Clapper4–1 Toe Blake(11:06, 3rd) 1946–47Toronto Maple LeafsHap DayMontreal CanadiensDick Irvin4–2 Ted Kennedy(14:39, 3rd) 1947–48Toronto Maple LeafsHap DayDetroit Red WingsTommy Ivan4–0 Harry Watson(11:13, 1st) 1948–49Toronto Maple LeafsHap DayDetroit Red WingsTommy Ivan4–0 Cal Gardner(19:45, 2nd) 1949–50Detroit Red WingsTommy IvanNew York RangersLynn Patrick4–3 Pete Babando(8:31, 2nd OT) 1950–51Toronto Maple LeafsJoe PrimeauMontreal CanadiensDick Irvin4–1 Bill Barilko(2:53, OT) 1951–52Detroit Red WingsTommy IvanMontreal CanadiensDick Irvin4–0 Metro Prystai(6:50, 1st) 1952–53Montreal CanadiensDick IrvinBoston BruinsLynn Patrick4–1 Elmer Lach(1:22, OT) 1953–54Detroit Red WingsTommy IvanMontreal CanadiensDick Irvin4–3 Tony Leswick(4:20, OT) 1954–55Detroit Red WingsJimmy SkinnerMontreal CanadiensDick Irvin4–3 Gordie Howe(19:49, 2nd) 1955–56Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeDetroit Red WingsJimmy Skinner4–1 Maurice Richard(15:08, 2nd) 1956–57Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeBoston BruinsMilt Schmidt4–1 Dickie Moore(0:14, 2nd) 1957–58Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeBoston BruinsMilt Schmidt4–2 Bernie Geoffrion(19:26, 2nd) 1958–59Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeToronto Maple LeafsPunch Imlach4–1 Marcel Bonin(9:55, 2nd) 1959–60Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeToronto Maple LeafsPunch Imlach4–0 Jean Beliveau(8:16, 1st) 1960–61Chicago Black HawksRudy PilousDetroit Red WingsSid Abel4–2 Ab McDonald(18:49, 2nd) 1961–62Toronto Maple LeafsPunch ImlachChicago Black HawksRudy Pilous4–2 Dick Duff(14:14, 3rd) 1962–63Toronto Maple LeafsPunch ImlachDetroit Red WingsSid Abel4–1 Eddie Shack(13:28, 3rd) 1963–64Toronto Maple LeafsPunch ImlachDetroit Red WingsSid Abel4–3 Andy Bathgate(3:04, 1st) 1964–65Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeChicago Black HawksBilly Reay4–3 Jean Beliveau(0:14, 1st) 1965–66Montreal CanadiensToe BlakeDetroit Red WingsSid Abel4–2 Henri Richard(2:20, OT) 1966–67Toronto Maple LeafsPunch ImlachMontreal CanadiensToe Blake4–2 Jim Pappin(19:24, 2nd) 1967–68Montreal Canadiens(E) Toe BlakeSt. Louis Blues(W) Scotty Bowman4–0 J.C. Tremblay(11:40, 3rd) 1968–69Montreal Canadiens(E) Claude RuelSt. Louis Blues(W) Scotty Bowman4–0 John Ferguson(3:02, 3rd) 1969–70Boston Bruins(E) Harry SindenSt. Louis Blues(W) Scotty Bowman4–0 Bobby Orr(0:40, OT) 1970–71Montreal Canadiens(E) Al MacNeilChicago Black Hawks(W) Bill Reay4–3 Henri Richard(2:34, 3rd) 1971–72Boston Bruins(E) Tom JohnsonNew York Rangers(E) Emile Francis4–2 Bobby Orr(11:18, 1st) 1972–73Montreal Canadiens(E) Scotty BowmanChicago Black Hawks(W) Bill Reay4–2 Yvan Cournoyer(8:13, 3rd) 1973–74Philadelphia Flyers(W) Fred SheroBoston Bruins(E) Bep Guidolin4–2 Rick MacLeish(14:48, 1st) 1974–75Philadelphia FlyersFred SheroBuffalo SabresFloyd Smith4–2 Bob Kelly(0:11, 3rd) 1975–76Montreal CanadiensScotty BowmanPhiladelphia FlyersFred Shero4–0 Guy Lafleur(14:18, 3rd) 1976–77Montreal CanadiensScotty BowmanBoston BruinsDon Cherry4–0 Jacques Lemaire(4:32, OT) 1977–78Montreal CanadiensScotty BowmanBoston BruinsDon Cherry4–2 Mario Tremblay(9:20, 1st) 1978–79Montreal CanadiensScotty BowmanNew York RangersFred Shero4–1 Jacques Lemaire(1:02, 2nd) 1979–80New York IslandersAl ArbourPhiladelphia FlyersPat Quinn4–2 Bob Nystrom(7:11, OT) 1980–81New York IslandersAl ArbourMinnesota North StarsGlen Sonmor4–1 Wayne Merrick(5:37, 1st) 1981–82New York Islanders(PW) Al ArbourVancouver Canucks(CC) Roger Neilson4–0 Mike Bossy(5:00, 2nd) 1982–83New York Islanders(PW) Al ArbourEdmonton Oilers(CC) Glen Sather4–0 Mike Bossy(12:39, 1st) 1983–84Edmonton Oilers(CC) Glen SatherNew York Islanders(PW) Al Arbour4–1 Ken Linseman(0:38, 2nd) 1984–85Edmonton Oilers(CC) Glen SatherPhiladelphia Flyers(PW) Mike Keenan4–1 Paul Coffey(17:57, 1st) 1985–86Montreal Canadiens(PW) Jean PerronCalgary Flames(CC) Bob Johnson4–1 Bobby Smith(10:30, 3rd) 1986–87Edmonton Oilers(CC) Glen SatherPhiladelphia Flyers(PW) Mike Keenan4–3 Jari Kurri(14:59, 2nd) 1987–88Edmonton Oilers(CC) Glen SatherBoston Bruins(PW) Terry O'Reilly4–0 Wayne Gretzky(9:44, 2nd) 1988–89Calgary Flames(CC) Terry CrispMontreal Canadiens(PW) Pat Burns4–2 Doug Gilmour(11:02, 3rd) 1989–90Edmonton Oilers(CC) John MucklerBoston Bruins(PW) Mike Milbury4–1 Craig Simpson(9:31, 2nd) 1990–91Pittsburgh Penguins(PW) Bob JohnsonMinnesota North Stars(CC) Bob Gainey4–2 Ulf Samuelsson(2:00, 1st) 1991–92Pittsburgh Penguins(PW) Scotty BowmanChicago Blackhawks(CC) Mike Keenan4–0 Ron Francis(7:59, 3rd) 1992–93Montreal Canadiens(PW) Jacques DemersLos Angeles Kings(CC) Barry Melrose4–1 Kirk Muller(3:51, 2nd) 1993–94New York Rangers(EC) Mike KeenanVancouver Canucks(WC) Pat Quinn4–3 Mark Messier(13:29, 2nd) 1994–95New Jersey Devils(EC) Jacques LemaireDetroit Red Wings(WC) Scotty Bowman4–0 Neal Broten(7:56, 2nd) 1995–96Colorado Avalanche(WC) Marc CrawfordFlorida Panthers(EC) Doug MacLean4–0 Uwe Krupp(4:31, 3rd OT) 1996–97Detroit Red Wings(WC) Scotty BowmanPhiladelphia Flyers(EC) Terry Murray4–0 Darren McCarty(13:02, 2nd) 1997–98Detroit Red Wings(WC) Scotty BowmanWashington Capitals(EC) Ron Wilson4–0 Martin Lapointe(2:26, 2nd) 1998–99Dallas Stars(WC) Ken HitchcockBuffalo Sabres(EC) Lindy Ruff4–2 Brett Hull(14:51, 3rd OT) 1999–2000New Jersey Devils(EC) Larry RobinsonDallas Stars(WC) Ken Hitchcock4–2 Jason Arnott(8:20, 2nd OT) 2000–01Colorado Avalanche(WC) Bob HartleyNew Jersey Devils(EC) Larry Robinson4–3 Alex Tanguay(4:57, 2nd) 2001–02Detroit Red Wings(WC) Scotty BowmanCarolina Hurricanes(EC) Paul Maurice4–1 Brendan Shanahan(14:04, 2nd) 2002–03New Jersey Devils(EC) Pat BurnsMighty Ducks of Anaheim(WC) Mike Babcock4–3 Michael Rupp(2:22, 2nd) 2003–04Tampa Bay Lightning(EC) John TortorellaCalgary Flames(WC) Darryl Sutter4–3 Ruslan Fedotenko(14:38, 2nd) 2004–05Not awarded because of the cancellation of the 2004–05 season. 2005–06Carolina Hurricanes(EC) Peter LavioletteEdmonton Oilers(WC) Craig MacTavish4–3 Frantisek Kaberle(4:18, 2nd) 2006–07Anaheim Ducks(WC) Randy CarlyleOttawa Senators(EC) Bryan Murray4–1 Travis Moen(15:44, 2nd) 2007–08Detroit Red Wings(WC) Mike BabcockPittsburgh Penguins(EC) Michel Therrien4–2 Henrik Zetterberg(7:36, 3rd)
- 1926–27 to 1927–28: After NHL became the only league to compete for the Cup, the playoff champion of the NHL Canadian Division faced the playoff champion of the NHL American Division in the Stanley Cup Finals.
- 1928–29 to 1937–38: The league changed the playoff format: In the Stanley Cup Quarterfinals, both second place teams faced each other, as did the two third place teams. Both first place teams received a bye and automatically advanced to the semifinals, but had to face each other in that playoff round. As a result, two teams from the same division occasionally played each other in the Stanley Cup Finals.
- 1938–39 to 1966–67: Before the start of the 1938–39 season, the league contracted to seven teams, causing the league to implement a one division format. The NHL contracted even further to only six clubs by the 1942–43 season, beginning a period that became known as the Original Six Era.
- 1967–68 to 1969–70: As a result of the 1967 NHL Expansion, the league realigned its teams into the East Division and the West Division, with the playoffs arranged so that teams from each division would meet in the Stanley Cup Finals.
- 1970–71 to 1973–74: The league changed the playoff format again so that an Eastern Division team would always face a Western Division team in the Stanley Cup Semifinals. Therefore, two teams from the same division could face each other in the Stanley Cup Finals.
- 1974–75 to 1980–81: The league expanded to 18 teams and realigned into two conferences: the Prince of Wales Conference and the Clarence Campbell Conference. Twelve teams qualified for the postseason, but were seeded 1–12 regardless of conference (the four division winners received first round byes). This type of seeding system would continue after the league expanded the playoffs to 16 teams before the 1979–80 season.
- 1981–82 to 1992–93: The postseason format was altered so that once again the playoff champion of the Prince of Wales Conference faced the playoff champion of the Clarence Campbell Conference in the Stanley Cup Finals.
- 1993–94 to Present: The league's two conferences were renamed the Eastern and Western Conferences, respectively.
- List of Stanley Cup appearances
- List of NHL seasons
- Presidents' Trophy
- List of NHL franchise post-season droughts
- List of National Hockey League playoff appearance streaks
- List of winners of the Stanley Cup. NHL.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
- List of Stanley Cup Playoff Formats. NHL.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
- Stanley Cup-winning goals. NHL.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
- STC List of winners of the Stanley Cup. LegendsofHockey.net. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
- Stanley Cup Playoffs - Winners and Finalists Since 1893. The Sports Network. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
- Coleman, Charles (1964–1969). The Trail of the Stanley Cup vols. 1–3. Sherbrooke Daily Record Company Ltd., NHL.
- Podnieks, Andrew; Hockey Hall of Fame (2004). Lord Stanley's Cup. Triumph Books. ISBN 1-55168-261-3.
- Diamond, Dan; Eric Zweig, and James Duplacey (2003). The Ultimate Prize: The Stanley Cup. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 0-7407-3830-5.
- (1992) in Dan Diamond (ed.): The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book. Firefly Books. ISBN 1-895565-15-4.
- ^ Stanley Cup Fun Facts. NHL.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
- ^ Podnieks, pg. 20
- ^ Stanley Cup Winners: Quebec Bulldogs 1911–12. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
- ^ Diamond, Zweig, and Duplacey, pg. 19
- ^ “After the puck”, The Globe and Mail: pg. 06, March 2, 1896
- ^ “Victorias Always Win”, The Globe and Mail: pg. 10, February 20, 1901
- ^ Coleman(1964), pg. 82
- ^ a b Diamond, pg. 46
- ^ a b c Diamond, Zweig, and Duplacey, pg. 20
- ^ a b Diamond, pg. 45
- ^ Stanley Cup Winners: Seattle Metropolitians 1916–17. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2006-07-11.
- ^ Podnieks, pg. 51
- ^ Diamond, Zweig, and Duplacey, pp. 20–21
- ^ a b Diamond, Zweig, and Duplacey, pg. 21
- ^ Stanley Cup Winners: Victoria Cougars 1924–25. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2006-07-11.
- ^ Diamond, Zweig, and Duplacey, pg. 40
- ^ a b Court:Non-NHL teams could vie for Cup. TSN (2006-02-07). Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
- ^ Amateurs taking NHL to court to play for Cup. ESPN (2005-04-13). Retrieved on 2007-10-13.
- ^ Conn Smythe Trophy. National Hockey League. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
- ^ a b c d e f g List of Stanley Cup Playoff Formats. NHL.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
- Diamond, Dan; Eric Zweig, and James Duplacey (2003). The Ultimate Prize: The Stanley Cup. Andrews McMeel Publishing, pp. 21–26. ISBN 0-7407-3830-5.
- (1992) in Dan Diamond (ed.): The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book. Firefly Books. ISBN 1-895565-15-4.
- Podnieks, Andrew; Hockey Hall of Fame (2004). Lord Stanley's Cup. Triumph Books. ISBN 1-55168-261-3.
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