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In common years it is always in ISO week 26.
This date is the only date each year where both the month and day are different perfect numbers.
- 1098 - Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.
- 1389 - Ottoman and Serbian armies fight the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe (see Vidovdan).
- 1519 - Charles V elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
- 1635 - Guadeloupe becomes a French colony.
- 1651 - Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians, the biggest battle in the 17th century, starts.
- 1776 - Thomas Hickey, Continental Army private and bodyguard to General George Washington, was hanged for mutiny and sedition.
- 1778 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Monmouth fought between the American Continental Army under George Washington and the British Army led by Sir Henry Clinton.
- 1807 - Second British invasion; John Whitelock lands at Ensenada on an attempt to recapture Buenos Aires and is defeated by the fierce resistance of the locals.
- 1838 - The coronation of Victoria of the United Kingdom.
- 1841 - The Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the ballet Giselle
- 1855 - The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University
- 1859 - First conformation dog show is held in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.
- 1865 - The Army of the Potomac is disbanded
- 1880 - Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.
- 1881 - Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia.
- 1886 - First scheduled Canadian transcontinental passenger train departs from Montreal, Quebec for Port Moody, British Columbia.
- 1887 - Minot, North Dakota incorporated as a city.
- 1894 - Labor Day becomes an official US holiday.
- 1902 - The U.S. Congress passes the Spooner Act, authorizing President Theodore Roosevelt to acquire rights from Colombia for the Panama Canal.
- 1904- The SS Norge Runs aground and sinks
- 1895 - El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form the Central American Union.
- 1914 - Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip , the casus belli of World War I.
- 1919 - The Treaty of Versailles is signed in Paris, formally ending World War I between Britain, France, Italy, the United States and allies on the one side and Germany and Austria Hungary on the other side.
- 1922 - The Irish Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin by Free State forces.
- 1936 - The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.
- 1940 - Romania cedes Bessarabia (current-day Moldova) to the Soviet Union.
- 1948 - Cominform circulates the "Resolution on the situation in the Communist Party of Yugoslavia"; Yugoslavia is expelled from the Communist bloc.
- 1950 - Seoul is captured by troops from North Korea.
- 1956 - Protests and demonstrations in Poznań. Also called Poznański czerwiec (June of Poznań).
- 1964 - Malcom X forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
- 1967 - Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
- 1969 - Stonewall riots begin in New York City.
- 1973 - Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will lead to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.
- 1976 - The Angolan court sentenced US and UK mercenaries to death sentences and prison terms in the Luanda Trial.
- 1978 - The United States Supreme Court, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke bars quota systems in college admissions.
- 1983 - The Mianus River Bridge collapses over the Mianus River in Connecticut, killing 3 drivers in their vehicles.
- 1986 - ¡A Luchar! holds its first congress in Bogotá, Colombia.
- 1988 - The worst confined-space industrial accident in U.S. history occurs at a metal-plating plant in Auburn, Indiana, killing five.
- 1989 - Slobodan Milošević delivers the Kosovo Polje speech
- 1990 - Paperback Software International Ltd. found guilty by a U.S. court of copyright violation for copying the appearance and menu system of Lotus 1-2-3 in its competing spreadsheet program.
- 1992 - The Constitution of Estonia is signed into law.
- 1994 - Members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult release sarin gas attack at Matsumoto, Japan, 7 persons killed, 660 injured.
- 1996 - The Constitution of Ukraine is signed into law.
- 1997 - Mike Tyson vs Evander Holyfield II - Tyson is disqualified in the 3rd round for biting a piece from Holyfield's ear.
- 2000 - Cuban exile Elián González returns to Cuba following a Supreme Court order.
- 2001 - U.S. Appeals Court overturns a lower court's order to break up Microsoft in an antitrust case.
- 2004 - The 17th NATO Summit starts in Istanbul.
- 2004 - Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.
- 2004 - Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism
- 2005 - Canada becomes the third country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
- 2005 - A final design for Manhattan's Freedom Tower is formally unveiled.
- 2006 - The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution 60/264.
- 1476 - Pope Paul IV (d. 1559)
- 1490 - Albert of Mainz, bishop and elector of Mainz (d. 1545)
- 1491 - King Henry VIII of England (d. 1547)
- 1503 - Giovanni della Casa, Italian poet (d. 1556)
- 1547 (baptism) - Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (d. 1599)
- 1577 - Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (d. 1640)
- 1641 - Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (d. 1716)
- 1703 - John Wesley, English founder of Methodism (d. 1791)
- 1712 - Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (d. 1778)
- 1719 - Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman (d. 1785)
- 1806 - Napoleon Coste, French guitarist and composer (d. 1883)
- 1824 - Paul Broca, French physician (d. 1880)
- 1831 - Joseph Joachim, Austrian violinist (d. 1907)
- 1867 - Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
- 1873 - Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1944)
- 1875 - Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (d. 1941)
- 1883 - Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
- 1884 - Lamina Sankoh, early Sierra Leonean nationalist (d. 1964)
- 1891 - Carl Panzram, American serial killer (d. 1930)
- 1891 - Esther Forbes, American writer (d. 1968)
- 1891 - Carl Spaatz, American Air Force general (d. 1974)
- 1902 - Richard Rodgers, American composer (d. 1979)
- 1906 - Maria Goeppert-Mayer, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1972)
- 1909 - Eric Ambler, English writer (d. 1998)
- 1912 - Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor (d. 1996)
- 1912 - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist and philosopher (d. 2007)
- 1913 - Franz Antel, Austrian filmmaker
- 1913 - Walter Oesau, German pilot (d. 1944)
- 1914 - Aribert Heim, Austrian physician
- 1917 - Katherine Rawls, American swimming champion (d. 1982)
- 1920 - A. E. Hotchner, American editor, novelist and playwright
- 1921 - P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India (d. 2004)
- 1922 - Michael Vale, American actor (d. 2005)
- 1923 - Adolfo Schwelm Cruz, Argentine racing driver
- 1926 - Mel Brooks, American filmmaker
- 1927 - Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist, Nobel laureate
- 1928 - Dr Hans Blix, Swedish head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission 2000-2003
- 1928 - Harold Evans, English journalist and writer; editor of The Sunday Times 1967-1981
- 1930 - Itamar Franco, President of Brazil
- 1931 - Junior Johnson, American NASCAR driver
- 1932 - Pat Morita, American actor (d. 2005)
- 1933 - Gusty Spence, Northern Irish loyalist politician
- 1934 - Carl Levin, United States Senator
- 1935 - John Inman, English actor (d. 2007)
- 1936 - Chuck Howley, American football player
- 1937 - Richard Bright, American actor (d. 2006)
- 1937 - George Knudson, Canadian golfer (d. 1989)
- 1937 - Ron Luciano, American baseball umpire (d. 1995)
- 1938 - John Byner, American comedian
- 1938 - Moy Yat, Chinese martial artist (d. 2001)
- 1938 - Leon Panetta, American White House Chief of Staff to Bill Clinton
- 1940 - Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi banker, economist and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
- 1941 - Al Downing, American baseball player
- 1941 - Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (d. 2006)
- 1942 - Chris Hani, leader of the South African Communist Party (d. 1993)
- 1942 - David Miner, American musician and record producer
- 1943 - Donald Johanson, American paleoanthropologist
- 1943 - Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist, Nobel laureate
- 1945 - David Knights, English bass guitarist (Procol Harum)
- 1946 - Bruce Davison, American actor
- 1946 - Gilda Radner, American comedienne (d. 1989)
- 1946 - Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician.
- 1947 - Robert Bondi, American politician
- 1947 - Clarissa Dickson Wright, English celebrity chef
- 1947 - Anny Duperey, French film and television actress
- 1947 - Mark Helprin, American writer
- 1948 - Kathy Bates, American actress
- 1950 - Mauricio Rojas, Swedish politician
- 1952 - Pietro Mennea, Italian athlete
- 1954 - Alice Krige, South African actress
- 1955 - Shirley Cheriton, English actress
- 1955 - Eric Gates, English footballer
- 1955 - Thomas Hampson, American baritone
- 1956 - Noel Mugavin, Australian Rules Football player
- 1957 - Lance Nethery, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
- 1957 - Georgi Parvanov, President of Bulgaria
- 1957 - Mike Skinner, American racecar driver
- 1958 - Félix Gray, French singer and songwriter
- 1960 - John Elway, American football player
- 1963 - Beverley Craven, English singer-songwriter
- 1964 - Mark Grace, American baseball player
- 1966 - John Cusack, American actor
- 1966 - Mary Stuart Masterson, American actress
- 1967 - Lars Riedel, German discus thrower
- 1968 - Adam Woodyatt, English actor
- 1968 - Chayanne, Puerto Rican singer
- 1969 - Danielle Brisebois, American actress
- 1970 - Mushtaq Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer
- 1970 - Steve Burton, American actor
- 1971 - Tichina Arnold, American actress
- 1971 - Fabien Barthez, French footballer
- 1971 - Kenny Cunningham, Irish footballer
- 1971 - Juan Carlos Echeverry, Colombian operatic tenor
- 1971 - Norika Fujiwara, Japanese actress and television personality
- 1971 - Ron Mahay, American baseball player
- 1971 - Aileen Quinn, American actress
- 1972 - Jon Heidenreich, American professional wrestler
- 1973 - Adrian Annus, Hungarian athlete
- 1974 - Rob Dyrdek, Professional skateboarder
- 1975 - Jon Nödtveidt, Swedish Musician, Former Lead Singer of Dissection
- 1976 - Shinobu Asagoe, Japanese tennis player
- 1976 - Seth Wescott, American snowboarder
- 1977 - Mark Stoermer, American bass player (The Killers)
- 1977 - Chris Spurling, American baseball player
- 1978 - Simon Larose, Canadian professional tennis player
- 1979 - Ha Ji-won, South Korean actress and singer
- 1979 - Randy McMichael, American football player
- 1979 - Florian Zeller, French novelist and playwright
- 1983 - Maui Taylor, Filipino model and singer
- 1984 - Nisha Ramakrishnan, Indian Star Journalist
- 1985 - Phil Bardsley, English football player
- 1986 - Kellie Pickler, American singer
- 1986 - Shadia Simmons, Canadian actress
- 1988 - Lacey Schwimmer, American dancer
- 1990 - Jasmine Richards, Canadian actress
- 1994 - Madeline Duggan, English actress
- 1994 - Prince Hussein bin Al Abdullah II, Prince of Jordan
- 548 - Theodora, Byzantine empress
- 767 - Pope Paul I
- 928 - Louis the Blind, King of Provence
- 1061 - Floris I, Count of Holland
- 1175 - Andrei Bogolyubsky, Russian prince
- 1194 - Emperor Xiaozong of Song China (b. 1127)
- 1385 - Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1348)
- 1389 - Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović of Serbia (b. 1329)
- 1586 - Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (b. 1508)
- 1598 - Abraham Ortelius, Flemish-born cartographer (b. 1527)
- 1716 - George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general (b. 1665)
- 1813 - Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general (b. 1755)
- 1834 - Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)
- 1836 - James Madison, President of the United States (b. 1751)
- 1880 - Texas Jack Omohundro, American frontier scout, actor, and cowboy (b. 1846)
- 1881 - Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (b. 1798)
- 1892 - Alexandros Rhizos Rhankaves, Greek poet and statesman (b. 1810)
- 1889 - Maria Mitchell, American astronomer (b. 1818)
- 1913 - Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
- 1914 - Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1863)
- 1914 - Countess Sophie Chotek, wife of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1868)
- 1915 - Victor Trumper, Australian cricketer (b. 1877)
- 1916 - Ştefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)
- 1922 - Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (b. 1885)
- 1929 - Edward Carpenter, English poet (b. 1844)
- 1960 - Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1898)
- 1962 - Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (b. 1903)
- 1962 - Cy Morgan, American baseball player (b. 1878)
- 1965 - Red Nichols, American musician (b. 1905)
- 1971 - Franz Stangl, Austrian commandant of concentration camps (b. 1908)
- 1974 - Frank Sutton, American actor (b. 1923)
- 1975 - Konstantinos Apostolos Doxiadis, Greek architect (b. 1913)
- 1975 - Rod Serling, American television scriptwriter (b. 1924)
- 1976 - Stanley Baker, Welsh actor and film producer (b. 1927)
- 1978 - Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
- 1980 - José Iturbi, Spanish pianist and conductor (b. 1895)
- 1981 - Terry Fox, Canadian athlete and cancer activist (b. 1958)
- 1982 - Harry Mills, American singer (Mills Brothers) (b. 1913)
- 1985 - Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (b. 1913)
- 1989 - Joris Ivens, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1898)
- 1992 - Mikhail Tal, Latvian chess player (b. 1936)
- 1993 - GG Allin, American punk rock singer (b. 1956)
- 2000 - Jane Birdwood, British anti-Semitic activist (b. 1913)
- 2000 - Nils Poppe, Swedish actor (b. 1908)
- 2001 - Mortimer Adler, American philosopher (b. 1902)
- 2001 - Joan Sims, English actress (b. 1930)
- 2003 - Wim Slijkhuis, Dutch athlete (b. 1923)
- 2004 - Anthony Buckeridge, English author (b. 1912)
- 2005 - Brenda Howard, American LGBT activist (b. 1946)
- 2006 - Jim Baen, American science fiction publisher and editor (b. 1943)
- 2006 - George Page, American television host (b. 1935)
- 2006 - Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell, English barrister, politician and author (b. 1919)
- 2006 - George Unwin, British WWII fighter ace (b. 1913)
- 2007 - Eugene Bennett Fluckey, American Navy Submariner (b. 1913)
- 2007 - Kiichi Miyazawa, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1919)
Holidays and observances
- Saint Benignus
- Saint Irenaeus of Lyon
- Saint Paulus I (died 767)
- Saint Marcella
- Saint Vincenza Gerosa
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