Jackie CooperJackie Cooper
Jackie Cooper in 1989 Born John Cooper, Jr.
September 15, 1922(1922-09-15) (age 85)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.Occupation Film actorYears active 1929— 1989Spouse(s) June Horne (1944-1949)
Barbara Kraus (1954-) Awards won Emmy AwardsOutstanding Directing - Comedy Series
Outstanding Directing - Drama Series
1978 The White Shadow
Jackie Cooper (born September 15, 1922) is an American Academy Award-nominated actor, Emmy Award-winning TV director, and TV producer. He was a child actor who managed to transition into an adult career.
- 1 Biography
- 2 References
- 3 External links
Cooper was born John Cooper, Jr. in Los Angeles, California. His father, John Cooper, left the family when Jackie was two years old. His mother, Mabel Leonard Bigelow (née Polito), was a stage pianist and former child actress. Cooper's maternal uncle, Jack Leonard, was a screenwriter, and his maternal aunt, Julie Leonard, was an actress married to director Norman Taurog. Cooper's stepfather was C. J. Bigelow, a studio production manager. Cooper was an illegitimate child; his mother was Italian American (her family's surname was changed from "Polito" to "Leonard") and his father was Jewish.
Start of acting careerfrom the film Broadway to Hollywood (1933)
Cooper first appeared in the short Boxing Gloves in 1929, one of the Our Gang comedies. He was signed to a three year contract that was to expire in 1932. He initially was only a supporting character in 1929, but by early 1930 he had done so well with the transition to sound films that he had become a major character. He was the main character in the episodes The First Seven Years, When the Wind Blows, and others. His most notable Our Gang shorts explore his crush on Miss Crabtree, the schoolteacher played by June Marlowe, which included the trilogy of shorts Teacher's Pet, School's Out, and Love Business.
Other movie studios liked Cooper's work. In the Spring of 1931, Paramount signed him as well as recurring Our Ganger Donald Haines to a long term contract to star in features. Both Jackie Cooper and Donald Haines walked off the Our Gang set during the production of the second to last episode Bargain Day to begin work on their first feature film over at Paramount. His first non-Our Gang role was in 1931, when Norman Taurog hired him to star in Skippy, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor—the youngest actor ever (at the age of 9) to be nominated for an Oscar as Best Actor. Jackie would remain at Paramount while at the same time Donald Haines would leave Paramount to return to the more child friendly Hal Roach Studios and resume his recurring Our Gang role on time for the start of the 1931-1932 season (when Our Gang was depleted because several long-time major characters would not return for the new season) until 1933 and continue on in other Roach short subjects after that.The handprints of Jackie Cooper in front of The Great Movie Ride at Walt Disney World's Disney's Hollywood Studios theme park.
The movie catapulted young Cooper to super-stardom. Our Gang producer Hal Roach sold Jackie's contract to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in mid-1931, as he felt the youngster would have a better future in features. He began a long on-screen relationship with actor Wallace Beery in such films as The Champ (1931), The Bowery (1933), Treasure Island (1934), and O'Shaughnessy's Boy (1935). A legion of film critics and fans have lauded the relationship between the two as an example of classic movie magic. However, Cooper later revealed that Beery was a violent, foul-mouthed drunkard who was disliked by those with whom he worked. Cooper said Beery had been abusive toward him, and was one of the cruelest, most sadistic people he has ever known.
Adult yearsin Gallant Sons (1940)
Not conventionally handsome as he approached adulthood, Cooper had the typical child-actor problems finding roles as an adolescent, and he served in World War II, so his career was at a nadir when he starred in two popular television series, The People’s Choice and Hennesey. His television experience convinced him that he could become a director and he successfully moved behind the camera to become one of the busier Emmy Award-winning television directors.
Cooper has been married three times: to June Horne (1944-1949) (with whom he has one son, "John "Jack" Cooper, born 1946); Hildy Parks (1950-1951), and (since 1954) to Barbra Krause (with whom he has three children - Russell (born 1956), Julie (1957-1997) and Crissy (born 1959)).
Cooper's autobiography, Please Don't Shoot My Dog, was published in 1982. The title comes from director Norman Taurog's threat to shoot young Jackie's dog if he could not cry in Skippy. Cooper has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1501 Vine Street.
Cooper is one of the few living Our Gangers from the original series. Other surviving members are Dorothy DeBorba, Dickie Moore, Shirley Jean Rickert, Jean Darling, Robert Blake, Jerry Tucker, and Jackie Lynn Taylor.
- ^ Birth certificate name was not "Cooperman", but "Cooper" - his father's surname. Confirmed at the State of California. California Birth Index, 1905-1995. Center for Health Statistics, California Department of Health Services, Sacramento, California.
- ^ Jackie Cooper page in Classic Movie Kids, a collection of rare photographs of the child actors and child actresses of yesteryear
- ^ Jackie Cooper Page in Bob's Child Film Stars Photo Gallery
- ^ Cooper, Jackie (1982). Please Don't Shoot My Dog. Penguin Group, 40. ISBN0425053067.
- ^ Cooper, Jackie (1982). Please Don't Shoot My Dog. Penguin Group, 9. ISBN0425053067.
- ^ Cooper, Jackie (1982). Please Don't Shoot My Dog. Penguin Group, 44. ISBN0425053067.
- ^ Harmetz, Aljean (1983). Rolling Breaks and Other Movie Business. Knopf, 108. ISBN.
- ^ Invention of the Teenager
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External linksWikimedia Commons has media related to: Jackie Cooper
- Jackie Cooper at the Internet Movie Database
- Jackie Cooper at Allmovie
- Jackie Cooper at TV.com
- Photographs of Jackie Cooper
David Greene (1976) · David Greene (1977) · Marvin J. Chomsky (1978) · Jackie Cooper (1979) · Roger Young (1980) · Robert Butler (1981) · Harry Harris (1982) · Jeff Bleckner (1983) · Corey Allen (1984) · Karen Arthur (1985) · Georg Stanford Brown (1986) · Gregory Hoblit (1987) · Mark Tinker (1988) · Robert Altman (1989) · Thomas Carter / Scott Winant (1990) · Thomas Carter (1991) · Eric Laneuville (1992) · Barry Levinson (1993) · Daniel Sackheim (1994) · Mimi Leder (1995) · Jeremy Kagan (1996) · Mark Tinker (1997) · Mark Tinker / Paris Barclay (1998) · Paris Barclay (1999) · Thomas Schlamme (2000)Complete list:(1959–1975) · (1976–2000) · (2001–present)
Peter Tewksbury (1959) · Ralph Levy / Bud Yorkin (1960) · Sheldon Leonard (1961) · Nat Hiken (1962) · John Rich (1963) · Jerry Paris (1964) · William Asher (1966) · James Frawley (1967) · Bruce Bilson (1968) · Jay Sandrich (1971) · John Rich (1972) · Jay Sandrich (1973) · Jackie Cooper (1974) · Gene Reynolds / David P. Powers (1975)
Christopher Reeve (Superman / Clark Kent / Evil Superman) · Jeff East (Young Clark Kent) · Gene Hackman (Lex Luthor) · Margot Kidder (Lois Lane) · Jackie Cooper (Perry White) · Marc McClure (Jimmy Olsen) · Annette O'Toole (Lana Lang) · Glenn Ford (Jonathan Kent) · Phyllis Thaxter (Martha Kent) · Marlon Brando (Jor-El) · Susannah York (Lara Lor-Van) · Terence Stamp (General Zod) · Helen Slater (Supergirl / Kara Zor-El) · Simon Ward (Zor-El) · Maureen Teefy (Lucy Lane) · Kirk Alyn (Sam Lane)Characters created for the films
Otis (Ned Beatty) · Ursa (Sarah Douglas) · Non (Jack O'Halloran) · Gus Gorman (Richard Pryor) · Ross Webster (Robert Vaughn) · Nuclear Man (Clive Mantle (Nuclear Man #1) and Mark Pillow (Nuclear Man #2)) · Lenny Luthor (Jon Cryer)Crew
Richard Donner · Alexander Salkind · Ilya Salkind · Richard Lester · Michael Thau · Mario Puzo · David Newman · Leslie Newman · Robert Benton · Tom Mankiewicz · John Williams · David Prowse · Geoffrey Unsworth · Stuart Baird · Les Bowie · Denys Coop · Michael Ellis · John Barry · Reg Hill · David Lane · Pierre Spengler · Ken Thorne · Derek Meddings · Stuart Freeborn · Jeannot Szwarc · David Odell · Jerry Goldsmith · Alan Hume · Sidney J. Furie · Menahem Golan · Yoram Globus · Golan-Globus · Lawrence Konner · Mark Rosenthal · Alexander Courage · John Shirley · Harrison EllenshawSets and locations
Shepperton Studios · Pinewood Studios · Elstree Studios · 007 Stage · Central Milton Keynes · Chobham Common · Didcot Power Station · Hippodrome, London · Milton Keynes Central railway station · Solow Building · Wembley Conference Centre · Smallville · Daily Planet (New York Daily News) · Fortress of Solitude · Phantom Zone · Metropolis · Krypton · Argo CityMusic
Superman in popular culture · Alternate versions of Superman · Superman films on television (The ABC Sunday Night Movie / KCOP / WJLA) · Kryptonite · Relationship of Clark Kent and Lois Lane · Origin of Superman · Lex Luthor in other media · Media adaptations of Supergirl · Zoptics
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