Gospel harmonyThis article is about attempts to merge, or harmonize, the Christian canonical gospels into a single gospel account. For harmony in Christian Gospel music, see Gospel music. It has been suggested that this article or section be mergedwith Chronology of Jesus. (Discuss)
A gospel harmony is an attempt to merge or harmonize the canonical gospels into a single gospel account, a famous ancient example being the Diatesseron. A gospel harmony may also establish a chronology for the events of the life of Jesus depicted in the four canonical gospels and how they relate to each other. Under modern schorship, the effort has waned to portray any one order of events as totally correct.
The unique material of each gospel complicates the discernment of one, harmonized chronology. However, others consider the unique material crucial to narrowing down the possible chronological order. Some scholars have questioned the historicity of events in the canonical gospels.
The following table, mainly events for which there is also an article, is an example of a harmony. The order of events, especially during the ministry period, has been the subject of speculation and scholarly debate. While this harmony compares the work of several scholars, other harmonies may differ substantially on the placement of some events.
Number Type Event Matthew Mark Luke John Other 0.5 NativityGenealogy of JesusLuke 01:05-251Chr 03:10-191 NativityGabriel announces John's
birth to ZechariahLuke 01:05-252 NativityGabriel announces Mary's
motherhood to JesusMatthew 01:18Luke 01:26-383 NativityMary visitsElizabethLuke 01:39-564 NativityBirth of Jesus: The NativityMatthew 01:25bLuke 02:01-75 NativityAdoration of the ShepherdsLuke 02:08-206 NativityInfant Jesus at the TempleLuke 02:21-387 NativityStar of BethlehemMatthew 02:01-28 NativityAdoration of theWise MenMatthew 02:03-129 NativityFlight into EgyptMatthew 02:13-1510 NativityMassacre of the InnocentsMatthew 02:16-1811 Herod the Great's death Matthew 02:19-2012 MinistryReturn to NazarethMatthew 02:21-23Luke 02:39b13 Boy Jesus at JerusalemLuke 02:41-5114 Pilateappointed Iudaeagovernor15 Baptism of JesusMatthew 03:13-17Luke 03:21-23a16 Temptation of JesusMatthew 04:1-11Mark 01:12-13Luke 04:1-1317 MiraclesWedding at CanaJohn 02:1-1218 MinistryTemple CleansingJohn 03:1-2119 MinistryJesus & NicodemusJohn 02:13-2520 MinistryJesus returns to Galilee Matthew 04:12Mark 01:14aJohn 04:1-321 MinistrySamaritan Woman at the WellJohn 04:4-4222 MinistryRejection of Jesus, Physician, heal thyselfMatthew 04:13-16Luke 04:16-3123 MinistryCalling of MatthewMatthew 09:09Mark 02:13-14Luke 05:27-2824 ParablesNew Wine into Old WineskinsMatthew 09:10-17Mark 02:15-22Luke 05:29-3925 MinistryCommissioning the TwelveMatthew 10:2-4Mark 03:13-19Luke 06:12-19Acts 01:1326 Sermon on the Mountor on the PlainBeatitudesMatthew 05:03-12Luke 06:20-2327 Sermon on the Mountor on the PlainExpounding of the LawMatthew 05:17-48Luke 06:29-4228 Sermon on the MountDiscourse on OstentationMatthew 06:01-1829 Sermon on the MountThe Lord's PrayerMatthew 06:09-1330 Sermon on the MountThe Birds of HeavenMatthew 06:25-3431 Sermon on the MountDiscourse on the Two WaysMatthew 07:13-2732 Sermon on the Mountor on the PlainDiscourse on JudgingMatthew 07:1-5Luke 06:41-4233 Sermon on the MountThe Test of a Good PersonMatthew 07:15-2034 Sermon on the Mountor on the PlainParable of the Wise and the Foolish BuildersMatthew 07:24-27Luke 06:47-4935 MiraclesWidow’s Son at Nain RaisedLuke 07:11-1736 ParablesParable of the Two Debtors
at a Pharisees' House Luke 07:36-5037 ParablesParable of the Strong ManMatthew 12:25-29Mark 03:23-2738 MinistryJesus' True RelativesMatthew 12:46-50Mark 03:31-3539 ParablesParable of the SowerMatthew 13:1-23Mark 04:1-25Luke 08:04-1840 ParablesParable of the TaresMatthew 13:24–5341 ParablesParable of the Growing SeedMark 04:26-3442 ParablesParable of the Hidden TreasureMatthew 13:4443 ParablesParable of the PearlMatthew 13:4544 ParablesParable of Drawing in the NetMatthew 13:47–53)45 MiraclesLegion (demon)Matthew 08:28-9:1Mark 05:1-21Luke 08:26-4046 MiraclesDaughter of JairusMatthew 09:18-26Mark 05:22-43Luke 08:41-5647 MinistryRejection of JesusMatthew 13:54-58Mark 06:1-6a48 MinistryBeheading of St. John the BaptistMatthew 14:06-12Mark 06:21-2949 MinistryBut to bring a swordMatthew 10:34-3650 MiraclesFeeding the multitudeMatthew 14:13-21Mark 06:30-44Luke 09:10-17John 06:1-1451 MiraclesWalking on waterMatthew 14:22-36Mark 06:45-46John 06:15-2152 MiraclesThe Blind Man of BethsaidaMark 08:22-2653 MinistryConfession of PeterMatthew 16:13-20Mark 08:27-30Luke 09:18-2154 MiraclesTransfiguration of JesusMatthew 17:1-13Mark 09:02-13Luke 09:28-3655 ParablesParable of the Unmerciful ServantMatthew 08:21-22Luke 09:57-6256 MinistryThe Little ChildrenMatthew 18:01-6Mark 09:33b-37Luke 09:46-4857 MinistryJesus and the woman taken in adulteryJohn 08:02-1158 MinistryThe Good Shepherd (Christianity)John 10:1-2159 MinistrySeventy DisciplesLuke 10:1-12,16-2460 ParablesParable of the Good SamaritanLuke 10:25-3761 MinistryVisits Marthaand MaryLuke 10:38-4262 MinistryThe Lord's PrayerLuke 11:02-463 ParablesParable of the Strong ManLuke 11:17-2264 MinistryJesus' True RelativesLuke 11:27-2865 MinistryThe Rich FoolLuke 12:16-2166 MinistryThe Birds of HeavenLuke 12:22-3467 ParablesParable of the Faithful ServantLuke 12:35-4868 ParablesParable of the Friend at NightLuke 11:05-1069 ParablesParable of the Mustard SeedLuke 13:18-1970 ParablesParable of the LeavenLuke 13:20-2171 ParablesParable of the Lost SheepMatthew 18:12-14Luke 15:01-772 ParablesParable of the Lost CoinLuke 15:08-1073 ParablesParable of the Prodigal SonLuke 15:11-3274 ParablesParable of the Unjust StewardLuke 16:1-1575 ParablesLazarus and DivesLuke 16:19-3176 MiraclesRaises Lazarusfrom the dead; Jesus weptJohn 11:1-4477 ParablesParable of the Unjust JudgeLuke 18:01-878 ParablesPharisee and the PublicanLuke 18:09-1479 MinistryThe Little ChildrenMatthew 19:13-15Mark 10:13-16Luke 18:15-1780 MinistryEvangelical counselsMatthew 19:10-22Mark 10:17-22Luke 18:18-2581 ParablesParable of the Workers in the VineyardMatthew 20:1-1682 MinistryThe Master and Servant83 MiraclesBartimaeus (Biblical)Matthew 20:29-34Mark 10:46-52Luke 18:36-4384 MinistryTalks to ZacchaeusLuke 19:2-2885 MinistryThe Triumphal EntryMatthew 21:1-11,14-17Mark 10:46b-52Luke 19:29-44John 12:12-1986 MiraclesFigs in the BibleMatthew 21:18-19Mark 11:1-1187 MinistryThe Grain of WheatMark 11:15-18John 12:24-2688 ParablesParable of the Two SonsMatthew 21:28-32Mark 11:27-33Luke 20:09-1989 ParablesParable of the Wicked Husbandmen90 ParablesParable of the Wedding FeastMatthew 22:1–1491 MinistryRender unto Caesar...Matthew 22:15-22Mark 12:1-12xLuke 20:20-2692 MinistryWoes of the PhariseesMatthew 23:1-39Mark 12:35-37aLuke 20:45-4794 Olivet DiscourseSecond Coming ProphecyMatthew 24:1-31Mark 12:41-44Luke 21:05-2895 Olivet Discourse:
ParablesParable of the Ten VirginsMatthew 24:32-25:46Mark 13:1-27Luke 21:29-3696 Olivet Discourse:
ParablesParable of the TalentsMatthew 25:14-3097 Olivet Discourse:
ParablesThe Sheep and the GoatsMatthew 25:31–4698 MinistryAnointingMatthew 26:01-16Mark 14:03-9Luke 22:1-6John 12:02-899 MinistryLast SupperMatthew 26:26-29Mark 14:18-21Luke 22:17-20100 MinistryPromising a ParacleteGethsemaneJohn 15:1-16:33101 The PassionThe kiss of JudasMatthew 26:47-49Mark 14:43-45Luke 22:47-48John 18:02-9102 The PassionArrest of JesusMatthew 26:50-56Mark 14:46-52Luke 22:49-53John 18:10-12103 The PassionSanhedrin Trial of JesusMatthew 27:1-2Mark 14:54,66-72Luke 22:66-23:1John 18:28a104 The PassionCrucifixion of JesusMatthew 27:27-44Mark 15:1Luke 23:26-43John 19:16-27105 The PassionBlood curse106 The PassionCrucifixion eclipseMatthew 27:45-56Mark 15:2-5Luke 23:44-49John 19:28-37107 The PassionDescent from the CrossMatthew 27:57-61Mark 15:33-42aLuke 23:50-56John 19:38-42108 Resurrection
AppearancesResurrection of JesusMatthew 28:01-10Luke 24:1-8John 20:01-02109 Resurrection
AppearancesJesus: Empty tombMark 16:01-7John 20:03-10110 Resurrection
AppearancesMary Magdalene, MyrrhbearersMark 16:08-11Luke 24:09-12111 Resurrection
AppearancesNoli me tangere112 Resurrection
AppearancesDoubting ThomasMark 16:12-18Luke 24:13-49John 20:19-29113 Resurrection
AppearancesCatch of 153 fishMatthew 28:16John 21:1-24114 Resurrection
AppearancesGreat CommissionMatthew 28:17-20115 Resurrection
AppearancesAscension of JesusMark 16:19-20Luke 24:50-53Acts 01:3-12116 Pentecost117 Conversion of Paul118 Persecution of Christians in the New Testament119 Chronology of Revelation
- This article incorporates work from A Harmony of the Gospels in Greek by Edward Robinson, a publication now in the public domain.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am This placement of follows Edward Robinson: A Harmony of the Gospels in Greek, Revised Ed., pub. by Crocker & Brewster and Orville Daniel: "A Harmony of the Four Gospels", 2nd Ed., pub. by Baker Books
- ^ a b c d This placement of follows Orville Daniel: A Harmony of the Four Gospels, 2nd Ed., Baker Books Pub. and R. Thomas & S. Gundry: The NIV Harmony of the Gospels, HarperCollins Pub. but is placed later by Edward Robinson: A Harmony of the Gospels in Greek, Revised Ed., pub. by Crocker & Brewster
- ^ a b This placement of follows Orville Daniel: A Harmony of the Four Gospels, 2nd Ed., Baker Books Pub. and R. Thomas & S. Gundry: The NIV Harmony of the Gospels, HarperCollins Pub. but Luke 11:17-28 is placed with it by Edward Robinson: A Harmony of the Gospels in Greek, Revised Ed., pub. by Crocker & Brewster
- ^ a b c d e This placement of follows Orville Daniel: A Harmony of the Four Gospels, 2nd Ed., Baker Books Pub. and R. Thomas & S. Gundry: The NIV Harmony of the Gospels, HarperCollins Pub. but it is placed with Mark 3:23-35 by Edward Robinson: A Harmony of the Gospels in Greek, Revised Ed., pub. by Crocker & Brewster
- ^ This placement of follows Orville Daniel: A Harmony of the Four Gospels, 2nd Ed., Baker Books Pub. and R. Thomas & S. Gundry: The NIV Harmony of the Gospels, HarperCollins Pub. but is placed earlier by Edward Robinson: A Harmony of the Gospels in Greek, Revised Ed., pub. by Crocker & Brewster