Georgian legislative election, 2008Georgia
This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
- Prime Minister
- Political parties in Georgia
- Elections in Georgia
- Rose Revolution
- Regions and Districts
- Human Rights
- Foreign relations
See also: Politics of AbkhaziaOther countries · Atlas
view • talk • edit
Parliamentary elections were held in Georgia on May 21, 2008. President Mikheil Saakashvili proposed a referendum on bringing them forward from October to April after the 2007 Georgian demonstrations. The referendum was held at the same time as the early presidential election on 5 January 2008; according to exit polls, voters were largely in favour of having the elections in spring.
The pre-election process has principally been monitored by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) as well as several local watchdogs. The PACE observers have reported “little or no improvement” in the political climate since the January 5 presidential election which was held in the tense aftermath of the November 2007 political crisis and resulted in the reelection of Mikheil Saakashvili to his second term. The monitoring mission has noted that “the political climate is still dominated by a lack of trust and absence of constructive dialogue between the authorities and the opposition”, one result of this being “the failure of the electoral reform that the authorities and the opposition agreed upon in the aftermath of the November 2007 events.”
The amendments to the election code passed by the Parliament in March 2008 took into account recommendations made by the PACE, such as abolition of the additional voters’ lists and voter registration on polling day; lowering of the election threshold from 7% to 5%; the simplification and clarification of election related complaints and appeals procedures; the introduction of party representation in the District Election Commissions. However, the PACE noted that a number of its other recommendations remained unaddressed.
This period has also witnessed significant reshuffle within the major political players. On February 29, 2008, the moderate Republican Party of Georgia left the nine-party opposition coalition, which spearheaded anti-government protests in November 2007, announcing that they would run independently for the parliamentary election, targeting mainly moderate and undecided voters. On the other hand, the opposition New Rights party, which had distanced themselves from the 2007 demonstrations, now joined the nine-party coalition under an election bloc named United Opposition–New Rights.
Another key event, which sent shockwaves across Georgia’s political scene on April 21, 2008, was the refusal by Nino Burjanadze, the outgoing parliamentary chairwoman and Saakashvili’s ally, to run on the president-led United National Movement (UNM) ticket, citing an absence of consensus within the UNM leadership regarding the party list.
Three election blocs and nine parties are contesting this election. These are:
- United National Movement, current ruling party led by President Saakashvili;
- Joint Opposition: the National Council – New Rights, a bloc uniting a nine-party alliance (Freedom Movement, Conservative Party of Georgia, Party of Georgia, People's Party, Movement for United Georgia, National Forum, Georgia's Way, Georgian Troupe, On Our Own Party) with David Gamkrelidze's New Right which is led by the former presidential candidate and Saakashvili's principal rival Levan Gachechiladze;
- Republican Party of Georgia, led by Davit Usupashvili;
- Georgian Labour Party, led by Shalva Natelashvili;
- Christian-Democratic Movement, founded and led by the former Imedi TV journalist Giorgi Targamadze;
- Rightist Alliance – Topadze Industrialists, uniting Industry Will Save Georgia led by the beer magnate Gogi Topadze, the National Democratic Party and Unity led by the former Soviet Georgian leader Jumber Patiashvili;
- Union of Georgian Traditionalists – Our Georgia – Georgian Women Party for Justice and Equality alliance;
- Christian-Democratic Alliance, uniting the former presidential candidate Gia Maisashvili, the Green Party and Temur Shashiashvili, a former governor of Imereti region under ex-President Eduard Shevardnadze;
- The Georgian Politics, a party recently set up by Gocha Pipia, a member of the outgoing parliament;
- Our Country;
- National Party of Radical-Democrats of Georgia;
- Union of Georgian Sportsmen.
The Central Election Commission refused 37 political parties to register for the election for various irregularities in their submissions.
On May 5, 2008, the United States-based company Greenberg Quinlan Rosner published results of the United National Movement-commissioned survey according to which the UNM had the support of 44 percent, compared to 12 percent for the United Opposition Council, 11 percent for the Christian Democratic Movement, 7 percent for the Labour Party of Georgia, and 4 percent for the Republican Party; 16 percent were undecided.
On 22 May 2008, OSCE observers stated that the poll was an improvement from the presidential election held earlier that year, but that it was stilled marred by a number of imperfections. Early results indicated that UNM had 63% and the United Opposition Council 13%, but the opposition's partial results from Tbilisi gave the UOC 40% and UNM 32%. The first results indicate that the Christian Democrats and the Labour Party also cleared the threshold.
According to preliminary final results, the UNM got 59.5%, the UOC 17.7%, the CDM 8.3% and the Labour Party 7.6%. The UNM may thus have retained its two-thirds majority, but as full seat results are not yet available, this is not yet confirmed. Turnout was 55%.
Resultse•d Summary of the 21 May2008Georgianparliamentary election results Parties and alliances Votes % Seats United National Movement – for Victorious Georgia1,050,237 59.18 119 Electoral Bloc The Joint Opposition (National Council, New Rights) 314,668 17.73 17 Giorgi Targamadze – Christian-Democrats153,634 8.66 6 Shalva Natelashvili– Labour Party132,092 7.44 6 Party of Republicans67,037 3.78 2 Electoral Bloc Alliance of the Rights, Topadze-Industrials (MGS, Unity, EDP) 16,440 0.93 0 Political Union Christian-Democratic Alliance (QDA) 15,839 0.89 0 Political Union of Citizens Georgian Policy8,231 0.46 0 Electoral Bloc Traditionalists– Our Georgia and Women Party 7,880 0.44 0 Political Union Georgian Sportsmen Union 3,308 0.19 0 National Party of Radical-Democrats of the whole Georgia 3,180 0.18 0 Political Party Our Country 2,101 0.12 0 Total (turnout 53.9%) 1,773,809 100.00 150 Sources: Central Election Commission, Civil Georgia
- ^ Parliamentary Elections Set for May 21. Election.ge. March 21, 2008.
- ^ Georgia to hold early elections BBC News, 8 November 2007
- ^ Saakashvili wins Georgia's presidential election - People's Daily Online
- ^ Total Number of voters, Central Election Commission, Georgia. Accessed on May 10, 2008.
- ^ The List of International Non-Governmental Organizations registered at the Central Election Commission of Georgia for May 21, 2008 Parliamentary Elections, Central Election Commission, Georgia. Accessed on May 10, 2008.
- ^ The List of local Non-Governmental Organizations registered at the Central Election Commission of Georgia for May 21, 2008 Parliamentary Elections, Central Election Commission, Georgia. Accessed on May 10, 2008.
- ^ a b Honouring of obligations and commitments by Georgia. Information note by the co-rapporteurs on their fact-finding visit to Tbilisi (26-27 March 2008). Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, April 9, 2008.
- ^ New Opposition Configuration Emerges Ahead of Polls. Civil Georgia, February 29, 2008.
- ^ Three Blocs, Nine Parties Run in Parliamentary Polls. Civil Georgia, April 8, 2008.
- ^ Georgia: In Surprise Move, Burjanadze Says She Won't Seek Reelection. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, April 22, 2008.
- ^ Party Lists. Civil Georgia. April 24, 2008.
- ^ List of the Parties which have been refused for the registration to participate in the upcoming Parliamentary Elections May 21, 2008. Central Election Commission, Georgia. Accessed on May 10, 2008.
- ^ Survey Shows United National Movement with Majority Support in Republic of Georgia Parliamentary Race, Greenberg Quinlan Rosner. May 5, 2008.
- ^ BBC NEWS | Europe | Concerns raised over Georgia poll
- ^ B92 - News - World - Georgian leader set for poll win
- ^ Opposition in Georgien droht mit Parlamentsboykott « DiePresse.com
- ^ Election commission: Saakashvili's party wins Georgian election - People's Daily Online
- ^ Georgien: Opposition ruft zu Protesten auf « DiePresse.com
- ^ Opposition bloc to boycott Georgia's parliament to protest governing party's big election win - International Herald Tribune