General Electric"GE" redirects here. For other uses of "GE", see Ge (disambiguation). Not to be confused with the British company General Electric Company plc (GEC). General Electric Co. TypePublic(NYSE: GE) Founded 1878 in Menlo Park, New Jersey FounderThomas EdisonHeadquarters Fairfield, Connecticut,Key people Jeffrey R. Immelt
(Chairman) & (CEO) IndustryConglomerateProductsAircraft Jet Engines
Medical Imaging Equipment
Wind TurbineMarket CapUS$369.569 Billion (2008) Revenue▲ US$172.738 Billion (2007)Operating income▲ US$26.598 Billion (2007) Net income▲ US$22.208 Billion (2007)Total assets▲ US$795.337 Billion (2007) Total equity▲ US$115.559 Billion (2007) Employees~319,000 (2007) SubsidiariesGE Commercial Finance
NBC Universal(80%) Websitewww.ge.com
The General Electric Company, or GE (NYSE: GE) is a multinational American technology and services conglomerate incorporated in the State of New York. In terms of market capitalization as at 31 March 2008, GE is the world's third largest company and also second in the BrandZ ranking. In the 1960s, aspects of U.S. tax laws and accounting practices led to a rise in the assembly of conglomerates. GE, which was a conglomerate long before the term was coined, is arguably the most successful organization of this type.
- 1 History
- 2 Corporate affairs
- 3 Environmental record
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 Further reading
- 7 External links
In 1876, Ohio-born Thomas Edison opened a new laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey. Out of the laboratory came arguably one the most famous inventions of all—a practical incandescent electric lamp. By 1890, Edison had organized his various businesses into the Edison General Electric Company.
In 1879, Elihu Thomson and Edwin J. Houston formed the rival Thomson-Houston Electric Company. It merged with various companies and was later led by Charles A. Coffin, a former shoe manufacturer from Lynn, Massachusetts. Mergers with competitors and the patent rights owned by each company made them dominant in the electrical industry. As businesses expanded, it became increasingly difficult for either company to produce complete electrical installations relying solely on their own technology.
In 1896, General Electric was one of the original 12 companies listed on the newly-formed Dow Jones Industrial Average and still remains after 112 years (it is the only one of the original companies remaining on the Dow — though it has not always been in the DOW index).
In 1911 the National Electric Lamp Company (NELA) was absorbed into General Electric's existing lighting business. GE then established its lighting division headquarters at Nela Park in East Cleveland, Ohio. Nela Park was the world's first industrial park, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1975, and is still the headquarters for GE's lighting business.
General Electric was one of the eight major computer companies through most of the 1960s - with IBM, the largest, called "Snow White" followed by the "Seven Dwarfs": Burroughs, NCR, Control Data Corporation, Honeywell, RCA, UNIVAC and GE. (There was also Scientific Data Systems, much smaller than the seven dwarfs). GE had an extensive line of general purpose and special purpose computers. Among them were the GE 200, GE 400, and GE 600 series general purpose computers, the GE 4010, GE 4020, and GE 4060 real time process control computers, and the Datanet 30 message switching computer. A Datanet 600 computer was designed, but never sold. It has been said that GE got into computer manufacturing because in the 1950s they were the largest user of computers outside of the United States federal government. In 1970 GE sold its computer division to Honeywell.
In 2002 Francisco Partners and Norwest Venture Partners acquired a division of GE called GE Information Systems (GEIS). The new company, named GXS, is based in Gaithersburg, MD. GXS is a leading provider of B2B e-Commerce solutions. GE maintains a minority ownership position in GXS.
In 2004 GE bought Vivendi's television and movie assets, becoming the third largest media conglomerate in the world. The new company was named NBC Universal. Also in 2004 GE completed the spinoff of most of its mortgage and life insurance assets into an independent company, Genworth Financial, based in Richmond, Virginia.
Genpact formerly known as GE Capital International Services ( GECIS ) was established by GE in late 1997 as its captive India based BPO. GE sold 60% stake in Genpact to General Atlantic and Oak Hill Capital Partners in 2005 and hived off Genpact into an independent business. GE is still a major client to Genpact getting its services in customer service, finance, information technology and analytics.
In May 2008, GE announced it was exploring options for divesting the bulk of it's consumer appliance business.
For a complete list of acquisitions and divestitures, see General Electric timeline.
GE has faced criminal action regarding its defense related operations. GE was convicted in 1990 of defrauding the U.S. Department of Defense, and again in 1992 on charges of corrupt practices in the sale of jet engines to Israel.
Corporate affairsClassic GE neon sign
GE is a multinational conglomerate headquartered in Fairfield, Connecticut. Its New York headquarters are located at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in Rockefeller Center, known as the GE Building for the prominent GE logo on the roof. Through its RCA subsidiary, it has been associated with the Center since its construction in the 1930s.
The company describes itself as composed of a number of primary business units or "businesses." Each "business" is itself a vast enterprise, many of which would, even as a standalone company, rank in the Fortune 500. The list of GE businesses varies over time as the result of acquisitions, divestitures and reorganizations. General Electric's tax return is the largest return filed in the United States; the 2005 return was approximately 24,000 pages when printed out, and 237 megabytes when submitted electronically.
In 2005 GE launched its "Ecomagination" initiative in an attempt to position itself as a "green" company. GE is currently one of the biggest players in the wind power industry, and it is also developing new environment-friendly products such as hybrid locomotives, desalination and water reuse solutions, and photovoltaic cells. The company has set goals for its subsidiaries to lower their greenhouse gas emissions.
On 21 May 2007, General Electric announced it would sell its GE Plastics division to petrochemicals manufacturer Saudi Basic Industries Corp. for net proceeds of $11.6 billion. The transaction took place on August 31, 2007, and the company name changed to SABIC Innovative Plastics, with Brian Gladden as CEO.
- Main article: Jeffrey R. Immelt
Jeffrey Immelt is the current chairman of the board and chief executive officer of General Electric. He was selected by GE's Board of Directors in 2000 to replace John Francis Welch Jr. (Jack Welch) following his retirement.
Previously, Immelt had headed GE's Medical Systems division (now GE Healthcare) as its President and CEO. He has been with GE since 1982 and is on the board of two non-profit organizations.
His tenure as the Chairman and CEO started at a time of crisis - he took over the role on September 7, 2001, four days before the terrorist attacks on the United States, which killed two employees and cost GE's insurance business $600 million - as well as having a direct effect on the company's Aircraft Engines sector.
General Electric has the fourth most recognized brand in the world, worth almost $49 billion.
CEO Jeffrey Immelt had the new brand commissioned in 2004, after he took the reins as chairman, to unify the diversified businesses of GE. The brand included a change of the corporate color palette, small modifications to the GE Logo, a new customized font (GE Inspira), and a new slogan, "imagination at work" replacing the longtime slogan "we bring good things to life". The new brand requires many headlines to be lowercased and adds visual "white space" to documents and advertising to promote an open and approachable company. The new brand was designed by Wolff Olins and is used extensively on GE's marketing, literature and website.
- Main article: List of assets owned by General Electric
GE's divisions include GE Commercial Finance, GE Industrial, GE Infrastructure (including GE Aviation and the former Smiths Aerospace), GE Consumer Finance, GE Healthcare, and NBC Universal, an entertainment company.
Through these businesses, GE participates in a wide variety of markets including the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity (eg. Nuclear, gas and solar), lighting, industrial automation, medical imaging equipment, motors, railway locomotives, aircraft jet engines, and aviation services. It was co-founder and is 80% owner (with Vivendi) of NBC Universal, the National Broadcasting Company. Through GE Commercial Finance, GE Consumer Finance, GE Equipment Services, and GE Insurance it offers a range of financial services as well. It has a presence in over 100 countries.
Since over half of GE's revenue is derived from financial services, it is arguably a financial company with a manufacturing arm. It is also one of the largest lenders in countries other than the United States, such as Japan. Even though the first wave of conglomerates (such as ITT, Ling-Temco-Vought, Tenneco, etc) fell by the wayside by the mid-1980s, in the late 1990s, another wave (consisting of Westinghouse, Tyco, and others) tried and failed to emulate GE's success.
In 2007 General Electric auctioned off its plastics business for $12.6 billion. It was announced in May 2008, that it would auction off its appliances business for an expected sale of $5-8 billion.
In 2004, GE was named number one company for employers and employees on the Forbes 500 Global Player list.
Over the years GE has received several awards honoring them for their accomplishments, values and reputation:
- In Fortune Magazine's 2005 "Global Most Admired Companies" list, GE ranked first overall. (February 2005)
- In Fortune Magazine's 2006 "America's Most Admired Companies" list, GE ranked first overall. (March 2006)
- GE was named to the Dow Jones Sustainability World Index as one of the world's leaders in environmental, social and economic programs.
- GE ranked ninth on Fortune Magazine's "50 Most Desirable MBA Employers" list. (April 2004)
- Germanotta, Jeffrey (William Blair & Company, L.L.C.)
- Cornell, Robert (Lehman Brothers)
- Parent, Nicole (Credit Suisse First Boston)
- Dray, Deane (Goldman Sachs)
General Electric has a history of large-scale air and water pollution. Based on year 2000 data, researchers at the Political Economy Research Institute listed the corporation as the fourth-largest corporate producer of air pollution in the United States, with more than 4.4 million pounds per year of toxic chemicals released into the air. General Electric has also been implicated in the creation of toxic waste. According to EPA documents, only the United States Government and Honeywell are responsible for producing more Superfund toxic waste sites.
In 1983, New York State Attorney General Robert Abrams filed suit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York to compel G.E. to pay for the cleanup of what was claimed to be more than 100,000 tons of chemicals dumped (legally, at the time) from their plant in Waterford. In 1999, the company agreed to pay a $250 million settlement in connection with claims it polluted the Housatonic River and other sites with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and other hazardous substances.
From approximately 1947 to 1977, GE discharged as much as 1.3 million pounds of PCBs from its capacitor manufacturing plants at the Hudson Falls and Fort Edward facilities into the Hudson River. Spending millions over many years, GE fought a media and political battle to avoid cleaning up the river: GE attacked the Superfund law in court, and launching a extensive media campaign to refute the benefits of cleaning up the river, claiming that dredging the river would actually stir up PCBs. In 2002, GE was ordered to clean up a 40 mile stretch of the Hudson River it had contaminated.
In 2003, acting on concerns that the plan proposed by GE did not "provide for adequate protection of public health and the environment," the United States Environmental Protection Agency issued a unilateral administrative order for the company to "address cleanup at the GE site" in Rome, Georgia, also contaminated with PCBs.
In May 2005 GE announced the launch of a program called "Ecomagination," intended, in the words of CEO Jeffrey Immelt "to develop tomorrow’s solutions such as solar energy, hybrid locomotives, fuel cells, lower-emission aircraft engines, lighter and stronger durable materials, efficient lighting, and water purification technology,” prompting the The New York Times to observe that, "while General Electric's increased emphasis on clean technology will probably result in improved products and benefit its bottom line, Mr. Immelt's credibility as a spokesman on national environmental policy is fatally flawed because of his company's intransigence in cleaning up its own toxic legacy."
GE was also the focus of a 1991 short subject Academy Award winning documentary, "Deadly Deception: General Electric, Nuclear Weapons, and Our Environment" that juxtaposed "GE's rosy 'We Bring Good Things To Life' commercials with the true stories of workers and neighbors whose lives have been devastated by the company's involvement in building and testing nuclear bombs."
- General Electric Theater
- List of assets owned by General Electric
- Rank and yank
- Ronald Reagan
- Edison Engineering Development Program
- Jack Welch
- Jeff Immelt
- ^ Our Company; GE website; retrieved December 29, 2006
- ^ a b GE_PressRelease_US_all [Convert
- ^ Company Information: General Electric, U.S Securities and Exchange Commission
- ^ Sam Husseini, Felons On The Air: Does GE's Ownership of NBC Violate the Law?, FAIR.ORG, November/December 1994
- ^ Stevenson, Richard W. G.E. Guilty Plea in U.S. Aid to Israel, New York Times, July 23 1992.
- ^ United States Department of the Treasury— Internal Revenue Service (2006-05-31). "IRS e-file Moves Forward; Successfully Executes Electronic Filing of Nation’s Largest Tax Return". Press release. Retrieved on 2007-02-01.
- ^ General Electric (2005-05-09). "GE Launches Ecomagination to Develop Environmental Technologies; Company-Wide Focus on Addressing Pressing Challenges". Press release. Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
- ^ The New York Times 22 May 2007
- ^ Jeffrey R. Immelt's Biography
- ^ "Top 100 Global Brands Scoreboard", BusinessWeek.
- ^ GE Money Global Financial Solutions
- ^ Nuclear spin Spinwatch]] on GE
- ^ GE confirms it's exiting appliance business - U.S. business - MSNBC.com
- ^ "America's Most Admired Companies 2006", Fortune Magazine, March 6, 2006
- ^ Political Economy Research Institute Toxic 100 Corporate Toxics Information Project Technical Notes retrieved 9 Nov 2007
- ^ Political Economy Research Institute
- ^ The Center for Public Integrity
- ^ The Region; G.E. Plant Accused Of Water Pollution", The New York Times, January 21, 1983
- ^ General Electric agrees to $250 Million Settlement to Clean Up PCBs in Housatonic River, Department of Justice news release, October 7, 1999
- ^ Hudson River PCBs
- ^ Historic Hudson River Cleanup to Begin After Years of Delay, But Will General Electric Finish the Job? Under the EPA's unusual agreement with General Electric, the company could escape full responsibility for cleaning up the toxic mess it made in the Hudson River
- ^ The New York Times 1 May 2007
- ^ United States Environmental Protection Agency
- ^ "Ecomagination: Inside GE's Power Play"
- ^ "Talking Green, Acting Dirty." The New York Times 12 June 2005
- ^ Deadly Deception: General Electric, Nuclear Weapons, and Our Environment
- ^ 
- Carlson, W. Bernard. Innovation as a Social Process: Elihu Thomson and the Rise of General Electric, 1870-1900 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).
- Woodbury, David O. Elihu Thomson, Beloved Scientist (Boston: Museum of Science, 1944)
- Haney, John L. The Elihu Thomson Collection American Philosophical Society Yearbook 1944.
- Hammond, John W. Men and Volts: The Story of General Electric, published 1941, 436 pages.
- Mill, John M. Men and Volts at War: The Story of General Electric in World War II, published 1947.
- Official site.
- Official site for GE Appliances, the corporation's leading consumer product
- SEC filings including 10-k
- Another Hudson River Controversy Site
- Official site for SABIC Innovative Plastics.
- Financial Times article on GE's effort to go green
- Wind energy at GE
- G.E. to Double Investments in Renewables to $4B
- USA Today article about GE's success at creating CEOs at large companies
- Business data
- General Electric at Google Finance
- General Electric at Yahoo Finance
- General Electric at Hoover's
- General Electric at Reuters
- General Electric SEC filings at EDGAR Online
- General Electric SEC filings at the Securities and Exchange Commission
James Cash, Jr. · William Castell · Ann Fudge · Claudio Gonzalez · Susan Hockfield · Jeffrey Immelt · Andrea Jung · Alan Lafley · Robert Lane · Ralph Larsen · Rochelle Lazarus · Sam Nunn · Roger Penske · Robert Swieringa · Douglas Warner · Bob WrightPrimary
businesses USD163.391 billion (2006) Employees 316,000 (2005) Stock symbol NYSE: GE Website www.ge.com
global networksSCI FI Channel• 13th Street• Universal Channel• Hallmark Channel• Movies 24• KidsCo7 • Diva TV• Studio Universal • Das Vierte • Sci Fi global channels US• UK• Germany• France• Australia• Spain• Benelux• Poland• Romania• Russia• Latin America NBC Universal
Television GroupNBC Studios• NBC Universal Television Distribution• Telemundo Television Studios• Telemundo of Puerto Rico Studios• Universal Media StudiosNBCO&OsKNBC• KNSD3 • KNTV• KXAS3 • WCAU• WMAQ• WNBC• WRC• WTVJ8 • WVIT8 TelemundoO&Os KBLR• KEJT-LP• KHRR• KDEN• KNSO• KTAZ• KTMD• KVDA• KSTS• KVEA• KXTX• WKAQ• WNEU6 • WNJU• WSCV• WSNSShopNBCO&Os WWDPSpanish independent
TV stationsKWHYInternet ventures: msnbc.com2 • NBBC4 • iVillage• Television Without Pity• OUTzoneTV.com • getTRIO.com• BrilliantButCancelled.com • calamitygame.com • HuluOther assets: qubo5 • EMKA, Ltd.
- 50%, with Viacom's Paramount Pictures.
- Co-owned with Microsoft in a joint venture (82% owned by NBC, 18% owned by Microsoft).
- The stations are co-owned with LIN TV in a joint venture (76% owned by NBC, 24% owned by LIN).
- A joint venture between NBC Universal and its broadcast affiliates.
- Co-owned with Corus Entertainment, Classic Media, Scholastic Books and ION Media Networks
- The station is owned by NBC Universal, but is controlled by ZGS Broadcast Holdings.
- Co-owned with Corus Entertainment and DiC Entertainment.
- These stations have been put up for sale by NBC Universal. Buyer(s) are anonymous or unannounced at this time.
v • d • eMajor information technologycompanies Cellular hardwareApple · HTC · Motorola ·
Palm · Qualcomm · RIM · Sony
EricssonConglomeratesGE · HCL · Hitachi · LG · Matsushita · NCR · News Corp. · Philips ·
Samsung · Siemens · Sony · Thomson · Toshiba · VivendiComputer hardwareAcer ·
Apple · Asus · Dell · Fujitsu Siemens · Hewlett-Packard · Lenovo · Quanta · Sony · ToshibaComputer networks3Com · Alcatel-Lucent · Allied Telesis · Avaya · Cisco · Ericsson · Foundry · Huawei · Juniper · Nokia Siemens · Nortel · ZTEDot-com/web
servicesAmazon.com · AOL · eBay · Google · Microsoft · Yahoo!Electronics manufacturersCelestica ·
Flextronics · Foxconn ·
Jabil · Kimball · Plexus · Quanta · Sanmina-SCI · SMTC · SolectronITservicesAccenture ·
ACS · Atos
Origin · Avanade · BearingPoint · Booz Allen Hamilton · BT ·
Capgemini · CGI ·
Cognizant · CSC · Compuware ·
Deloitte · EDS · First
Data · Getronics · HCL Tech · i-flex · Indra · Infosys · Keane · Logica · PA · Perot · SAIC · Sapient · Satyam · Steria · Syntel · TCS · ThoughtWorks · TietoEnator · Titan · Unisys · WiproStorageEMC · Fujitsu · Maxtor · NetApp · Samsung · Seagate · Hitachi · Western DigitalSemiconductorsAMD · Analog Devices · Broadcom ·
Elpida · Fairchild · Freescale · Skyworks · Hynix · Infineon · Intel · Micron · National · Nvidia · NXP · Qimonda ·
Renesas · Rohm · Sharp · STMicroelectronics · TI · TSMC · VIASoftwareActivision Blizzard · Adobe · Apple · CA ·
EA · IBM · Intuit · McAfee · Microsoft · Nintendo ·
Oracle · Red Hat ·
Sega · Sony · Symantec ·
Take-Two Interactive · UbisoftTelecom3 · América Móvil · AT&T ·
Bharti Airtel · BSNL · BT ·
Cablevision · China
Mobile · Comcast · Deutsche Telekom · EarthLink · France Télécom · KPN · KT · NTT · Qwest · RCN · Rogers · SK
Telecom · Sprint Nextel · Swisscom ·
Telecom Italia · Telefónica · Telenor · Telmex · Telstra · Time
Warner · Turkcell · Verizon · Virgin · VodafoneVertically integrated
manufacturersApple · HP · IBM · NEC · Sun
Link former page on this page
Related word on this page