Flags of Europe
- 1 International flags
- 2 Flags of European Union nations
- 3 Flags of European nations in the Commonwealth of Independent States
- 4 Flags of other European nations
- 5 Disputed, partially recognised and unrecognised states
- 6 See also
- 7 References
International flagsFlag Date Use Description 1955– Flag of theCouncil of EuropeA circle of 12 upward-oriented 5-pointed golden stars centered on a blue field. 1986– Flag of theEuropean Union1991– Flag of the Commonwealth of Independent StatesThe flag of the Commonwealth of Independent States is blue with the emblem of the organization in the centre. 1991– Flag of theCommonwealth of NationsThe flag of the Commonwealth of Nations consists of the Commonwealth symbol in gold on a blue background. 1996– Flag of Community of Portuguese Language CountriesThe flag of Community of Portuguese Language Countries consists on a central point representing the language and the elements around the point in form of wave represent the countries of Community of Portuguese Language Countries. 1984– Flag of theNordic CouncilWhite stylised swan, with eight feathers, on a blue disk upon a white background. 1953– Flag of theNorth Atlantic Treaty OrganisationA navy blue field charged with a white compass roseemblem from which radiate four white lines. 1993– Flag of theWestern European UnionSimilar to the European: A semicircle of 10 5-pointed gold stars on a blue field with white initials WEU and UEO in the centre. 1958– 2002Flag of theEuropean Coal and Steel CommunityTwo horizontal bars, blue on top and black below, with white stars in two rows along the middle. Number of stars depends on states but fixed at 12 from 1986. 1969– Flag of theOrganisation of the Islamic ConferenceHas an overall green background, this is to represent the greenfertilty of the Islamiclands (This is also said to be symbolic to Islam). In the center, there is an upward-facing red crescentenveloped in a white disc which is to symbolise Islam and that Allahis higher than all of the human beings. The white disc represents Peaceamongst the Muslimsand all humansliving in the world. On the disc the words "Allahu Akbar" are written in what appears to be modern Arabic calligraphy.
Flags of European Union nations
Flags of European Union membersFlag Date Use Description 1230- Flag of Austria, originally adopted in 1918, was officially adopted (again) in 1945, after being banned during World War II. Stripes of red and white have been a collective emblem of Austriafor over 800 years, and their first usage on the flag occurred in 1191. According to long established legend, the red and white flag was designed to resemble the bloodstained white coat worn by the Duke of Austriaduring a fierce battle. 1831- The flag of Belgiumwas officially adopted on January 23, 1831. Black, gold and red are symbolic of the country's coat of arms; black representing the shield; gold representing the lion, and red representing the lion's claws and tongue. The vertical layout is taken from the French Tricolore. 1878- Flag of BulgariaThe flag of Bulgariawas adopted in 1989 and consists of three horizontal bands of white, green and red. Originally the central band was blue, however after Bulgarian independence in 1878, the central band was replaced with green. 1960- The flag of Cypruswas officially adopted on August 16, 1960. The island is depicted in a copper shade representative of its name, Cyprus: the Greek word for copper. The crossed green olive branches symbolize the hope for peace between the Turks and the Greeks. It was designed by İsmet Güney, a Turkish Cypriotpainter. 1920- Flag of the Czech RepublicThe first flag of Czechoslovakia was white over red, and those colors are the heraldic colors of Bohemia. The blue triangle was added to the flag in an effort to distinguish it from the Polish flag, and blue is said to represent the State of Moravia. 1219- The flag of Denmarkits flag is Europe's oldest state flag still in use. Legend has it that it appeared as a sign from heaven to King Valdemar IIin 1219. Known as the Dannebrog ("Danish Cloth"), this blood-red flag with an off-centered white cross (a "Scandinavian Cross") became a model for other regional flags. 1918-1940
1990- The flag of Estoniaofficially re-adopted on May 8, 1990. Blue represents loyalty, and the country's beautiful blue skies, seas and lakes; black is symbolic of past oppression and the fertile soil; and white represents virtue, winter snows, and Estonia's long struggle for freedom and independence. 1918- The flag of Finlandwas officially adopted on May 29, 1918. The off-centered blue cross is based on the Scandinavian Cross, widely used on Scandinavian national flags. The blue color is symbolic of blue skies, and the thousands of lakes in Finland. The white represents the winter snows. 1794-1815
1830- The flag of Francewas officially adopted on February 15, 1794. The tricolore consists of three vertical bands of equal width, displaying the country's national colors: blue, white, and red. The blue band is positioned nearest the flag-staff, the white in the middle, and the red on the outside. Red, white and blue have come to represent liberty, equality and fraternity - the ideals of the French Revolution. Blue and red are also the time-honored colors of Paris, while white is the color of the Royal House of Bourbon. 1919-1933
1949- The flag of Germanywas officially re-adopted on May 23, 1949and subsequently used by West Germanywhile the country was divided into East and West before reunification in 1990. The tricolor flag was designed in 1832, and the black, red, and gold colors were taken from the uniforms of German soldiers during the Napoleonic Warsor taken from the coat of arms of Holy Roman Empire. 1978- The flag of Greecewas officially adopted in 1822. Features a white cross, and a combination of nine blue and white horizontal stripes. The shade of blue has varied over the years, and darker blue (shown) is now commonly used. The cross is symbolic of the vision of Constantinei.e. a white cross in a blue sky. The alternating white and blue stripes represent the independence of the Greek people. During the centuries of Ottoman domination the Greeks (i.e. the "Roman Nation" as they were referred to by the Ottomans) were represented by a flag of alternating red and blue stripes. The red, representing the Ottoman Empire, was replaced by white upon independence. 1848- The flag of Hungary: was officially adopted in 1848. The overall design is modeled after the French Tricolore. Red is said to symbolize strength, green hope, and white faithfulness. 1922- The flag of Irelandwas officially adopted on January 21, 1919. Modeled after the French Tricolore, Ireland's flag uses color to symbolize religions. Green is representative of Catholics, orange is representative of Protestants, and the white is symbolic of the union of both. 1948- Flag of ItalyDerived from an original design by Napoleon, it consists of three vertical bands of equal width, displaying the national colors of Italy: green, white, and red. Green was said to be Napoleon's favorite color. 1918-1940
1990- The flag of Latviawas officially adopted on February 27, 1990. The design is symbolic of a revered time-honored legend of a wounded Latvian leader: the deep red color represents the blood he shed, and the white the cloth used to wrap his wounds. 1918-1940
1989- The flag of Lithuaniawas officially re-adopted on March 20, 1989, before Lithuania gained independence from the Soviet Unionin 1991. Yellow is symbolic of the country's wheat fields, green symbolic of the forests, and red symbolizes patriotism. Collectively the colors represent hope for the future, freedom from oppression, and the courage of the Lithuanian people. 1972- The flag of Luxembourgwas officially adopted in 1972, although used since 1848 following Luxembourg's independence from the Netherlandsin the late 1800s. The flag uses a combination of red, white, and blue that date to the 13th century, and the Grand Duke's coat of arms. 1964- The flag of Maltawas officially adopted on September 21, 1964. The flag uses the traditional red and white colors which predate those of the Knights of Maltaand which emulate the arms of the former Universitas of Mdina. The George Cross(upper left), outlined in red, was added to the flag in the 1940s, as King George VI of the United Kingdompresented it to islanders for outstanding gallantry during World War II. 1937- The flag of the Netherlandswas officially adopted on February 19, 1937. At one time this tricolor flag was orange, white, and blue, as those were the livery colors of William of Orange, a Dutch prince. In the 17th century, red replaced the orange as a flag color, because the orange dye used on the flag was unstable, and turned red after exposure to the sun. 1919- The flag of Polandwas officially adopted on August 1, 1919. Red and white have long been associated with Poland and its coat of arms. 1911- The flag of Portugalwas officially adopted on June 30, 1911. The design is symbolic of Portuguese voyages that would make the country the first to discover the ocean routes to India, Brazil, China, and Japan, and at the same time establish settlements on the east and west coasts of Africa. Green is representative of hope. The centered shield is representative of ocean exploration and the expansion of Portugal's influence during the reign of King Afonso Henriques. Red represents the blood given by portuguese soldiers that fight for their country. 1867- The flag of Romaniawas officially re-adopted in 1994but has been in use since 1989. The first flag dates from 1834but the colors themselves are thought to have had special significance even since the 6th century. The current layout dates since 1867 A vertical tricolourof bands of blue, yellow, and redof equal width and overall proportions of 2:3 (height-width). It is inspired by the French flag. 1992- The flag of Slovakiawas officially adopted on September 1, 1992. Red, white, and blue are traditional Pan-Slavic colors. The centered Slovakian arms features a dominant white cross atop a blue symbolic reference to the country's mountains. 1991- The flag of Sloveniawas officially adopted on June 24, 1991. Red, white, and blue are taken from the Carniolancoat of arms. The flag without the coat of arms was in use from 1848to 1945. The Slovenian coat of arms features three gold stars, symbolizing the Counts of Celje. The mountains shown in white are representative of the Alps, and Mount Triglav, Slovenia's national symbol, in particular; the wavy blue lines across the bottom indicate Slovenia's access to the sea. 1981- The flag of Spainwas officially adopted on July 19, 1927, though use of similar designs dates to the late 18th century. The red and golden-yellow colors were first used in the late 1700s by the King of Spainas he tried to easily differentiate his ships from those of other countries. They're also the original colors found within the arms of both the Castile, Aragonand Navarreregions of the country, the regions first united by King Ferdinand II of Aragonand Queen Isabella of Castile. 1569- The flag of Swedenwas officially adopted on June 22, 1906. The off-centered yellow cross (The Scandinavian Cross) is taken from the Danish flag. The yellow and blue colors are taken from the national coat of arms. 1801- The current flag of the United Kingdomdates from the Act of Union 1800, which merged the Kingdom of Great Britainand the Kingdom of Irelandto form His/Her Majesty's United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Consists of the red cross of Saint George(patron saintof England), edged in white, superimposed on the diagonal red cross of Saint Patrick(patron saint of Ireland), which are superimposed on the saltireof Saint Andrew(patron saint of Scotland).
Flags of European Union candidatesFlag Date Use Description 1990– Flag of CroatiaThe flag of Croatia, adopted in December 1990, consists of three equal horizontal stripes of red, white and blue, which has been the Croatian flag since 1848. In the middle is the Coat of armsof Croatia, which replaced a five-pointed red star with yellow border in the centre, which was there when Croatia was part of Yugoslavia. 1995– Flag of the Republic of MacedoniaThe flag of the Republic of Macedoniadepicts a rising yellow sun with eight rays extending to the edges of the red field. It represents "the new sun of liberty", evoked in the Macedonian national anthem Denes nad Makedonija (Today Over Macedonia). 1844as Ottoman Turkey flag and 1923as flag of the Republic of TurkeyFlag of TurkeyThe flag of Turkeyconsists of a white crescent moon and a star on a red background. The flag is practically identical to the last flag of the Ottoman Empire, adopted in 1844. There are several claims as to the origin of that flag.
Dependencies and autonomous regions of European Union members in EuropeFlag Date Use Description 1954- The flag of Åland(Finland) was officially adopted 3 April1954. As of 1992, it serves as the civil and state flag and ensign. This traditional Scandinavian Crossflag features blue, yellow, and red, all said to be borrowed from the national colours of Swedenand Finland. 1918- Flag of AndalusiaThe flag of Andalusia consists of a horizontal tricolour (green-white-green) with the Andalusian arms in the centre. 1960- Flag of Akrotiri and DhekeliaThe current flag of both Akrotiri and Dhekelia] Sovereign Base Areas (SBAs) is the Union flagas no flag exists for the SBAs. 1947- Flag of the Aosta ValleyThe flag of the Aosta Valley consists of two vertical stripes (the left black the right red) with the arms of the Aosta Valley in the centre. 1982- Flag ofAragon1982- Flag of AsturiasThe flag of Asturias is light blue with the Victory Crossslightly left of the centre. 1979- Flag of AzoresThe flag of Azores have the colours of the flag of Portugal until 1910. It have also 9 stars representing the islands of the archipelago, the sield of Portugal, and a Goshawk (in portuguese Açor) that given the name to the archipelago. 1983- Flag of theBalearic Islands1978- Flag of the Basque Country1984- Flag of Cantabria1982- Flag of Castile-La Mancha1983- Flag ofCastile and León1082- Flag of CataloniaThe flag of Cataloniaconsists of a gold color on this and the four bars in red. That according to legend King II Carles painted with fingers stained with the blood of the Conde de Barcelona. 1983- Flag of Extremadura1940- Merkið, the flag of the Faroe Islands(Denmark) was first used in 1919, was mandated by the British as the civil and state ensign in 1940, and became the official civil and state flag and ensign on 23 March1948. The flag uses Norwegian colors, commemorating the Faroes once being part of Norway. 2001- Flag of Friuli-Venezia Giulia1984- Flag of Galicia1502- Flag of GibraltarThe Gibraltarflag dates from 1502, as it's based on the original arms granted it by Spain. The red and white field is taken from the arms, and it's dominated by a red three-towered fortress, complete with a gold key. 1985- Flag of GuernseyThe flag of Guernsey, adopted in 1985, consists of the red cross of St. Georgewith an additional gold cross within it. The change was prompted by confusion over Guernsey and England using the same flag. The gold cross represents Duke William of Normandy, who had such a cross on his flag in the Battle of Hastings, given to him by Pope Alexander II. c13- Flag of the Isle of ManThe flag of the Isle of Manfeatures a red field with a centered triskelionof three bent legs joined at a central point. 1980- Flag of JerseyThe flag of Jersey, adopted in June 1979, is white with a diagonal red cross, surmounted by a yellow Plantagenetcrown, the badge of Jersey (a red shield holding the three leopards of Normandy in yellow). Prior to this, the flag was a plain red saltire on a white field. 1982- Flag of La Rioja1978- Flag of MadeiraIn the flag of Madeira is shown two blue stripes that represents position in the Atlantic Ocean and one yellow stripe that represents the sand of the beaches and the sunny climate. The Cross of Christ represents the fact of the islands have been discovered by two mens of the order of Christ. 1983- Flag of MadridFlag of Mount AthosThe flag of Mount Athosshows the state arms on a yellow field. 1982- Flag of the Region of Murcia1982- Flag of Navarre1999- Flag of Sardinia2000- Flag of Sicily1983- Flag of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol1982- Flag of Valencia
Flags of European nations in the Commonwealth of Independent StatesFlag Date Use Description 1918-1920; 1990– Flag of ArmeniaThe flag of Armenia(or the "Armenian Tricolor") was officially adopted on August 24, 1990. It was first used by the short-lived Democratic Republic of Armeniafrom 1918-1920. According to the Constitution of Armenia, "red symbolizes the Armenian Highland, the Armenian people's continued struggle for survival, maintenance of the Christian faith, Armenia's independence and freedom. Blue symbolizes the will of the people of Armenia to live beneath peaceful skies. Orange symbolizes the creative talent and hard-working nature of the people of Armenia."1991– Flag of AzerbaijanThe flag of Azerbaijanwas officially adopted on February 5, 1991. It is based on an earlier flag used by the short-lived Azerbaijan Democratic Republic(1918-1920). It features three equal horizontal bands of blue, red, and green. A crescent and eight-pointed star, Turkish symbols, are centered in the red band which represents progress. The country had a long alliance with Turkey, and the blue color has long been associated with the Turkic peoples. Green symbolizes Islam. 1995– Flag of BelarusBelarus' flag was officially adopted on May 16, 1995. The dominant red and green were colors used on its flag when it was a republic of the former Soviet Union. The woven fabric ornament on the left uses traditional Belarusian red and white colors. 2004– Flag of GeorgiaThis recently adopted flag is a simple white rectangle, with a central red cross connecting all four sides of the flag; in each of the four corners is a small red Bolnur-Katskhuri Cross. The flag is based on a historic five-cross design that dates back to the 14th century. 1992– Flag of KazakhstanThe flag was officially adopted on June 4, 1992after Kazakhstanseceded from the former Soviet Union. The blue field is said to symbolize the sky above the people. A golden steppe eagleis represented beneath the shining sun, and a traditional national ornamentation is shown at left. 1990– Flag of MoldovaMoldova's flag was officially adopted on May 12, 1990. Once part of Romania, Moldova's flag reflects that association, as the two countries use almost identical shades of red, yellow and blue in their national flags. The centered Moldova shield's main feature is a golden eagle holding an Orthodox Christian Crossin its beak. The olive branch is said to symbolize peace. 1896-1917; 1991– Flag of the Russian FederationThe Russian Federationflag was officially adopted on August 22, 1991. The flag was hoisted shortly after the former Soviet Union collapsed. The white, red and blue are both Pan-Slaviccolors, and the original colors of the Netherlands's flag. 1917-1919; 1991– Flag of UkraineUkraine's flag was adopted on September 4, 1991, shortly after the collapse of the former Soviet Union. This is the country's original flag used by the short-lived Ukrainian People's Republic, but it was banned for many decades under German and Soviet occupations. The shade of blue is said to be symbolic of the sky, while the yellow represents Ukraine's golden wheat fields.
Flags of other European nationsFlag Date Use Description 1992– Flag of AlbaniaThe flag of Albania, adopted in April 1992, is a red flag with a black two-headed eaglein the centre. It is derived from the seal of Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg, a 15th centuryAlbanian who led the revolt against the Ottoman Empirethat resulted in brief independence for Albania from 1443 to 1478. 1866– Flag of AndorraThe flag of Andorra, adopted in 1866, is a tricolor of blue, yellow, and red with the coat of arms of Andorra in the center. It is based on the flags of France and Spain. 1998– Flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaThe flag of Bosnia and Herzegovinaconsists of a wide medium blue vertical band on the fly side with a yellow isosceles triangle abutting the band and the top of the flag. The remainder of the flag is medium blue with seven five-pointed white stars and two half stars top and bottom along the hypotenuse of the triangle. The three points of the triangle stand for the three nations of Bosnia: Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs. It is said to represent the map of Bosnia. 1915– Flag of IcelandThe flag of Icelandwas adopted in June 1915 to represent Iceland. In June 1944 it was instated as the flag of the independent republic of Iceland. Like other Scandinavian flags, it is based on the Scandinavian Cross. It is a reverse color image of the Flag of Norway. The blue represents the sea, the white represents the snow and glaciers and the red symbolizes volcanic lava. 1937– Flag of LiechtensteinThe flag of Liechtensteinconsists of two horizontal bands of blue and red with a gold crown. 1881– Flag of MonacoThe flag of Monaco has two horizontal bands of red and white - these have been the heraldic colors of the House of Grimaldisince 1339 at least. 2004– Flag of MontenegroThe flag of Montenegro, adopted in July 2004, is a red banner bearing the coat of arms adopted in 1993. The coat of arms derives from those of King Nikola. 1821 – 1844, 1898 – Flag of NorwayThe flag of Norwayis red with a blue Scandinavian crossoutlined in white; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog, the flag of Denmark. It was adopted in 1821, but a union markwas added in the canton from 1844 to 1898. Flag of San MarinoThe flag of San Marinocomprises equal horizontal bands of white and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center. 1882 – 1918, 2004– Flag of SerbiaThe flag of Serbiaconsists of three horizontal bands of red, blue and white, with the coat-of-arms located left of centre. By accident or design the colours are that of the Russian flag reversed. Flag with three horizontal bands of red, blue and white has been used as the national flag of Serbia and Serbs since 1835. Red, blue, and white are considered Pan-Slaviccolors, but red and blue also occur on flags attributed to a 13th-century king of Serbia. 1815– Flag of SwitzerlandThe flag of Switzerlandconsists of a red square with a bold, equilateral white cross in the center. It is one of only two square flags, the other being that of the Vatican City. It is based on the flag of the Canton of Schwyz, which dates back to 1474 at least. 1929- Flag of the Vatican CityThe flag of Vatican City, adopted in June 1929, consists of two vertical bands of yellow and white with the crossed keys of Saint Peterand the Papal Tiara centered in the white band. It is one of only two square country flags in the world, the other being that of Switzerland.
Disputed, partially recognised and unrecognised statesFlag Date Use Description 1992- Flag of AbkhaziaThe flag of Abkhazia consists of seven green and white stripes with a red upper left canton bearing a white open right hand and seven white stars. 1991- Flag of Chechen Republic of IchkeriaThe flag of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria is a green rectangle with three stripes (the top and bottom ones white and the middle one red) in the lower half. 2008- Flag of KosovoAdopted by Kosovo on the 17th of February 2008 as it proclaimed independence from Serbia. 1990- Flag of South OssetiaThe flag of the South Ossetia is a tricolour, the top stripe white, the middle stripe red and the bottom stripe yellow. 2000- Flag of TransnistriaThe flag of Transnistria consists of three stripes (red-green-red) with a yellow hammer and sickle in the upper left corner. 1983- Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern CyprusThe flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is white with two thin red stripes near the top and bottom of the flag and a red crescent and star in the middle.
- Lists of flags of European countries
- List of Austrian flags
- List of Belgian flags
- List of Bosnian and Herzegovinian flags
- List of British flags
- List of Dutch flags
- Flags of the regions of France
- List of German flags
- List of Greek flags
- List of Irish flags
- List of Italian flags
- List of flags of Norway
- List of Portuguese flags
- List of Polish flags
- List of Russian flags
- Flags of the Soviet Republics
- List of Spanish flags
- List of flags of Sweden
- Flags of Swiss cantons
- List of Flags by Country
- Other pages about European flags
Albania · Andorra · Armenia1 · Austria · Azerbaijan2 · Belarus · Belgium · Bosnia and Herzegovina · Bulgaria · Croatia · Cyprus1 · Czech Republic · Denmark4 · Estonia · Finland · France4, 5, 6 · Georgia2 · Germany · Greece · Hungary · Iceland · Republic of Ireland · Italy · Kazakhstan3 · Latvia · Liechtenstein · Lithuania · Luxembourg · Republic of Macedonia · Malta · Moldova · Monaco · Montenegro · Netherlands · Norway · Poland · Portugal · Romania · Russia3 · San Marino · Serbia · Slovakia · Slovenia · Spain6 · Sweden · Switzerland · Turkey3 · Ukraine · United Kingdom (England • Northern Ireland • Scotland • Wales) · Vatican CityDependencies,
Abkhazia 2 · Adjara1 · Akrotiri and Dhekelia · Åland · Azores · Crimea · Faroe Islands · Gagauzia · Gibraltar · Greenland7 · Guernsey · Jan Mayen · Jersey · Kosovo · Isle of Man · Madeira8 · Nagorno-Karabakh1 · Nakhchivan1 · Northern Cyprus1 · South Ossetia 2 · Svalbard · TransnistriaItalics indicates an unrecognised or partially recognised country. 1 Entirely in Southwest Asia. 2 Partially or entirely in Asia, depending on the border definitions. 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 Has part of its territory in Asia / North America / South America / Africa. 7 / 8 Entirely on the North American Plate/ African Plate.
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Argentina · Armenia · Australia · Austria · Barbados · Belarus · Belgium · Bosnia and Herzegovina · Brazil · Canada · China · Colombia · Croatia · Denmark · Dominican Republic · Estonia · Finland · France · Germany · Georgia · Greece · Iceland · India · Ireland · Israel · Italy · Jamaica · Japan · Kenya · Kosovo · Latvia · Lithuania · Macedonia · Malaysia · Mexico · Malta · Montenegro · Netherlands · New Zealand · Norway · Pakistan · Peru · Poland (voivodeships) · Portugal · Rhodesia · Romania · Russia · Serbia · South Africa · South Korea · Soviet Republics · Spain · Sri Lanka · Sweden · Switzerland · Thailand · Ukraine · United Kingdom (England · Northern Ireland · Scotland · Wales · Falkland Islands · Gibraltar) · United States (Puerto Rico) · Vatican City · Yugoslavia · ZimbabweBy continent non-sovereign(dependent) territories and/or former countries.
- ^ Adopted by the European Parliament in 1983.
- ^ Adopted by the European Communities in 1986, which became the European Union in 1992 continuing its usage.
- ^ Designed showed, with 12 stars, was used from 1986. Previously the number of stars depended on number of states and shade of blue was darker.
- ^ The flag of the Republic of Armenia. Government of Republic of Armenia. Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
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