CINF (AM)CINF (AM) City of licenseMontreal, QuebecBranding Info 690 SloganLa radio des nouvelles Frequency690 kHz(AM) First air date November 3, 1946Formatall-newsPower50 kWClassA Former callsigns CKVL (1946-1999) Owner Corus EntertainmentWebsitehttp://www.info690.com/
Owned and operated by Corus Entertainment, it broadcasts on 690 kHz with a power of 50,000 watts as a clear channel (class A) station, using a slightly directional antenna solely for the purpose of improving reception in downtown Montreal.
- 1 History
- 2 Notes
- 3 External links
CKVL was founded by Jack Tietolman and opened on November 3, 1946. The station was originally on 990 kHz, and operated with 1,000 watts as a daytimer. The station was bilingual (French/English), but the majority of programming was in French and it was largely perceived by listeners as a Francophone station. The call sign stood for "Canadian Kilocycle Verdun Lakeshore". Programming on CKVL was varied, as it was then typical, and numerous radio dramas were aired.
By 1948, CKVL was broadcasting on 980 kHz, and operated 24 hours per day.
In 1954, CKVL moved to 850 kHz and increased its power to 5,000 watts full time. The 980 kHz frequency would later be re-activated when CKGM went on the air in 1959.
CKVL became in January 1958 the first privately owned station in Montreal and all of Quebec to operate with 50,000 watts daytime (competitor CKAC increased its power to 50,000 watts full time two months later). The station's nighttime power remained at 5,000 watts, and was only increased to 10,000 watts in the 1960s.
CKVL innovated with the first open line talk show in Quebec in 1959, hosted by "Madame X" (Reine Chevrier). Efforts by Jack Tietolman to open a French-language television station failed, as the licence was given to Télé-Métropole (CFTM-TV); that station opened in 1961 and became the flagship of the TVA television network.
1968 to 1992
In 1968, CKVL abandoned its variety format in favour of a hybrid talk/music format, with weekday daytime programming being all-talk with a high proportion of open-line shows, including the famous Jacques Matti / Hélène Fontaine duo and former Liberal (and future Social Credit) politician Yvon Dupuis as morningman. Music programming mixing Top 40 hits with Adult contemporary music completed the schedule. The proportion of talk shows would increase over the next years, but at least some music would remain until 1999.
New efforts by owner Jack Tietolman to get a television licence failed again in 1974. A licence was attributed by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) to another group (Télé Inter-Cité Québec Ltée), which managed to go bankrupt before even getting the station on the air. That same year, CKVL introduced all-news programming for its AM and PM drives (using respectively the names "Québec-matin" and "Québec-soir"), but high costs and less-than-satisfactory results provoked the end of that experiment the following year.
A long labour strike affected programming in 1976. CKVL also officially became a unilingual French station that year, as the CRTC forbade bilingualism on privately owned radio stations (unless a station would get a special dispensation).
Starting in 1978, CKVL started to lose money, due to declining listening combined with high labour costs. After being one of the most listened-to stations in Montreal in the 1950s and 1960s, strong competition from CKAC (and to a lesser extent from CJMS and FM stations) combined with the station's signal being inaudible at night in many parts of the Montreal market due to urban sprawl, resulted in a long decline in BBM ratings which would, along with corresponding financial losses, last until 1990.
In 1979, CKVL tried to replace its Top 40/AC music programming with country music. That experiment failed and country music was later replaced with the "Solid Gold" concept, initially mixing current hits with oldies and subsequently moving to a more traditional oldies format.
In 1981, CKVL committed a famous April Fool's hoax as it claimed that Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau had announced his resignation, and got an imitator posing as Trudeau to do an "exclusive interview" in which "Trudeau" claimed he was tired of dealing with political issues such as the Constitution and also "le poisson de Terre-Neuve" ("fish from Newfoundland"; April's Fool day is known in French as "Poisson d'Avril" -- "Fish of April"). Seemingly unoriginal at first glance, the prank was made famous by the fact that it succeeded in catching provincial Liberal leader Claude Ryan off-guard, as he quickly congratulated Trudeau for his long career, this right in the middle of a provincial election campaign.
The station implemented drastic budget cuts in 1990, which resulted in the number of unionized employees fall from 76 to 18, although CKVL did manage to recruit a new morningman by poaching Pierre Pascau from CKAC. The station's newsroom was also closed, effective in May 1991, with news being subsequently supplied by the Canadian Press NTR audio service. While these changes helped to stop financial losses, they would prove insufficient to actually get the station profitable.
Post-Tietolman eraThe last CKVL logo; used from 1992 to 1999.
CKVL and sister station CKOI-FM were sold to Metromedia CMR in 1992. That company, owned by Pierre Arcand and Pierre Béland, already owned CIQC and CFQR-FM -- two stations that Jack Tietolman coincidentally tried to buy in 1963, with approval being refused by governmental authorities. One of Tietolman's last acts as owner was to sign controversial host André Arthur as midday host on CKVL.
CKVL applied to move to FM on 95.1 MHz in 1996, despite the fact that the CRTC still generally forbade owners at the time to operate more than one FM station per market, in an attempt to solve its coverage problems. The application was denied on July 4, 1997, and the 95.1 MHz frequency was awarded to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (French : Société Radio-Canada), which moved CBF there from its 690 kHz clear channel frequency.
Some important programming changes were implemented in 1998. André Arthur became morningman in January (he also continued to be heard during middays). In July, legendary late evening host Roger Drolet was fired, and Gaétan Bacon was hired to do an oldies music show during weekday afternoons.
Later that year, CKVL applied to move to 690 kHz. CKVL changed its plans numerous times regarding the future format of the station : initially no particular change was planned, then the station planned to move to a news-focused talk format, and the day public audiences began, plans were changed again and were now to implement a traditional all-news format similar to the one of WINS in New York City or CFTR in Toronto. The application was officially approved by the CRTC on June 21, 1999. As the CRTC usually rejects applications that are constantly modified, and given the history of hostility between the CRTC and André Arthur, there was strong speculation that the CRTC wanted CKVL to fire Arthur as a condition to grant the frequency change (his contract would be bought back by the station on October 20, 1999.)
In July 1999, CKVL swapped studios with CIEL-FM (now CHMP-FM), after 53 years at 211 Gordon Avenue in Verdun.
All-news eraOriginal Info 690 logo
CKVL's regular programming ceased unceremoniously with an infomercial that ended at midnight on Monday, December 13, 1999. The new all-news format began 35 hours later (Tuesday, December 14, 1999 at 11 a.m.) on the 690 kHz frequency from brand-new studios located in downtown Montreal. The station concurrently changed its call sign to CINF, but would identify itself on the air as "Info 690".
The old 850 kHz signal remained on the air as a temporary simulcast until it was shut down on Easter Sunday, 2000 (April 23) around 8:30 p.m.. The 850 kHz frequency has not been re-activated in the Montreal area. While seven different applications have been made for new AM stations since that time, all applicants (either successful or not) asked for other frequencies, namely 650, 1450, 1570, 1610, 1650 (twice) and 1690 kHz.
In 2001, Metromedia CMR sold all its radio properties (including CINF) to Corus Entertainment.
On January 1, 2002, the station's city of licence became Montreal (it had always officially been Verdun until then), as a result of forced municipal mergers which made Verdun a Montreal borough.
After Corus Entertainment acquired CKAC in 2005, CINF began to supply news bulletins to its long-time competitor, as the CKAC newsroom was closed for budgetary reasons on May 30, 2005.
According to the last BBM ratings published in December 2005, CINF only has 192,400 listeners. Among French-language stations, only CFAV and CKLX-FM have fewer listeners, and these two stations, unlike CINF, suffer from serious coverage woes. The station was however reported by Corus Entertainment to have been profitable in 2005, a first since the format change to all-news radio.
- ^ Radiomonde, November 23, 1946  and February 1, 1947.
- ^ Canadian Communications Foundation 
- ^ According to the Canadian Communications Foundation, CKVL-FM opened in 1947  ; according to a 1992 CRTC decision, it was in 1950  ; according to the Phonothèque québécoise, it was in 1951  ; according to Gilles Proulx's 1979 book "L'aventure de la radio au Québec", it was in 1954, and according to his 1986 book "La radio d'hier à aujourd'hui", it was in 1958; according to Broadcast Dialogue, it was in 1962  ; and according to the "éphémérides" service used by CKAC, it was in 1970. The website of CKOI-FM does not acknowledge the pre-1976 history of the station.
- ^ According to this 1948 picture, found on this page  (it is the tenth picture). Another image from the Phonothèque québécoise in 1951 : .
External linksv • d • eRadio stations in MontrealMontreal AM CINF 690 • CKAC 730• CJAD 800• CINW 940• CKGM 990• CFMB 1280• CHOU 1450• CJWI 1610• CJRS 1650• CJLO 1690Montreal FM CBME 88.5• CISM 89.3• CKUT 90.3• CIRA 91.3• CKLX 91.9• CFQR 92.5• CBM 93.5• CKMF 94.3• CBF 95.1• CJFM 95.9• CKOI 96.9• CHOM 97.7• CJPX 99.5• CKVL 100.1• CBFX 100.7• CIBL 101.5• CINQ 102.3• CKDG 105.1• CKAV-10 106.7• CITE 107.3Adjacent communities Châteauguay: CHAI 101.9• Joliette: CJLM 103.5• Kahnawake: CKRK 103.7• Lachute: CJLA 104.9
Laval: CFAV 1570• CFGL 105.7• Longueuil: CHMP 98.5• CHAA 103.3• Saint-Constant: CJMS 1040
Saint-Hyacinthe: CFEI 106.5• Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu: CFZZ 104.1• Saint-Jérôme: CIME 103.9
Valleyfield: CKOD 103.1• Vaudreuil-Dorion: CJVD 100.1Adjacent markets North Country Region, NY List of radio stations in Quebec
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