Borough (New York City)For other uses, see Borough. "The Five Boroughs" redirects here. It may also refer to the Five Burghs of the Danelaw. The Five Boroughs of New York City The Five Boroughs of New York City: 1: Manhattan 2: Brooklyn 3: Queens 4: The Bronx 5: Staten Island The percentage of New York City population residing in each borough: Staten Island, The Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn and Manhattan
In New York City, a borough is a unique form of government which administers the five fundamental constituent parts that make up the consolidated city; it differs significantly from other borough forms of government used in other parts of the Tri-State Region and elsewhere in the United States.
New York City is often referred to collectively as The Five Boroughs; this phrase is used to refer to New York City as a whole unambiguously, avoiding confusion with any particular borough or with the greater metropolitan area. It is often used by politicians to counter a focus on Manhattan and to place all five boroughs on an equal standing.
- The Borough of The Bronx is Bronx County.
- The Borough of Brooklyn is Kings County.
- The Borough of Manhattan is New York County.
- The Borough of Queens is Queens County.
- The Borough of Staten Island is Richmond County.
All boroughs were created in 1898 during consolidation, when the city's current boundaries were established. The Borough of the Bronx was originally those parts of New York County that had been previously ceded by Westchester County, until Bronx County was created in 1914. The Borough of Queens originally consisted of the western part of Queens County, until Nassau County was created out of the three eastern towns in 1899. The Borough of Staten Island was officially the Borough of Richmond until the name was changed in 1975 to reflect its common appellation.
Each borough is represented by a Borough President and has, with the exception of Manhattan, a borough hall (the same functions, and others, reside in the Manhattan Municipal Building). Since the abolishment of the Board of Estimate in 1990 (due to a 1989 ruling of the U.S. Supreme Court) the Borough President now has minimal executive powers, and there is no legislative function within a borough. Most executive power is exercised by the Mayor of New York, and legislative functions are the responsibility of the members of the New York City Council. Because they are counties, each borough also elects a District Attorney, as does every other county of the state. Some Civil Court judges are also elected on a borough-wide basis, although they are generally eligible to serve throughout the city.
The "Sixth Borough"
While there are only five boroughs, a number of areas near and far have been rhetorically identified as the City's "Sixth Borough". Places to which the "sixth borough" appellation have been applied include Hudson County, New Jersey, Nassau County, New York, Newark, New Jersey, Philadelphia, South Florida, and even Israel. The only proposal to merit any formal consideration was a 1934 bill submitted by a New York City alderman suggested merging Yonkers into New York City as a sixth borough.
- ^ Holusha, John. " Commercial Property / The Jersey Riverfront; On the Hudson's West Bank, Optimistic Developers", The New York Times, October 11, 1998. Accessed May 25, 2007. That simply is out of the question in midtown, he said, adding that some formerly fringe areas in Midtown South that had previously been available were filled up as well. Given that the buildings on the New Jersey waterfront are new and equipped with the latest technology and just a few stops on the PATH trains from Manhattan, they become an attractive alternative. It's the sixth borough, he said.
- ^ Harris, Seth. "One Problem Equals Many Answers: Dems Fight Illegal Housing in Nassau", Long Island Press, July 20, 2005. Accessed May 25, 2007. "Suozzi agrees that illegal housing is giving areas such as Elmont a city-like atmosphere. “They are turning Hempstead into the sixth borough of New York City,” he says.
- ^ Vitullo-Marton, Hulia. "And the Next ‘Sixth Borough' Is... Newark", The New York Sun, September 28, 2006. Accessed June 19, 2007. " Mr. Banker said he believes the Booker administration wants to create a middle-class residential community downtown. If that happens, Newark may well displace Philadelphia as New York's sixth Borough."
- ^ Pressler, Jessica, "Philadelphia Story: The Next Borough", New York Times, August 14, 2005. Accessed June 10, 2007.
- ^ Keefe, Brendan. "The Sixth Borough", WCBS-TV, October 30, 2005. Accessed May 25, 2007. "Right now I'm on my way to the sixth borough of New York City. Unlike Brooklyn, Queens, or the Bronx, you can't travel there underground. And unlike Staten Island, you can't take a ferry or even a bridge. You'll need a plane ticket or car and a couple tanks of gasoline. The unofficial sixth borough is Southeast Florida."
- ^ Haberman, Clyde. "All Politics Of the Mideast Is Local," The New York Times, March 3, 2006. Accessed May 25, 2007. "WHEN it comes to politics, New York is a six-borough city. Borough No. 6 is what the rest of the world calls the Middle East, specifically Israel and the Palestinian territories."
- ^ "ADDING OF YONKERS TO CITY IS SOUGHT; Alderman Jacobs Says He Will Present Bill Seeking Merger as a Sixth Borough.", The New York Times, November 3, 1934. Accessed August 26, 2007. "Merging the city of Yonkers with New York City as a sixth borough was proposed last night by Alderman Elias H. Jacobs, Washington Heights Democrat, who said he would introduce a local bill in the Board of Aldermen branch of the Municipal Assembly at its next meeting on Nov. 13."
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