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Bengali poetry

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Like the Bengali language, Bengali poetry traces its lineage to Pāli and other Prakrit socio-cultural traditions. An antagonism to Vedic rituals and laws heightened to a culmination in the Buddhist and Jainist movements. However, modern Bengali owes as much to Sanskrit. Like the society that thrived to populate the modern Bengal, Bengali language and culture appears to be a perfect amalgam of almost unanalysable elements. Bengali poetry is extraordinary and sweet.

Contents

Early Poetry (Inception at the Turn of the Millennium)

The history of Bengali poetry is usually divided into three major successive stages of development: Poetry of the early age such as Charyapad, Mediaeval period and the age of modern poetry. However, true modernity was introduced into Bengali poetry in 1930s.

Earliest poems

Bengali poetry of the oldest period, probably beginning from 10th century, is known for the mystic poems called Charyapad or Charyagiti. These were discovered from Nepal's Royal library by Bengali scholar Mahamahopadhyay Haraprasad Shastri.

Epic in Vernacular

Medieval Period

Bhakti Movement, Vaishnava Padabali, Shakta Padabali

The period between 1350 and 1800, was the medieval period of Bengali poetry – known as the period of Jayadeva (12th century), the renowned poet from neighboring Orissa, Vidyapati (13th century) with his love lyrics, and Badu Chandidas, the author of Sri Krishna Kirtan, the most important philosophical work of the period. The period from 1500 A. D. to 1800 A.D. was known as the Late Middle Bengali period. During this period, there was a marked influence of Chaitanya and it was this influence that led to the development of Vaishnava literature. Chandidas(13th century) is one of the greatest poet of this time. Outside Vaishnava poetry, the most significant work of the sixteenth century was Chandimangal by Mukunda Chakravarti. Also, early in the fifteenth century Bengal got two of its best-known Muslim poets of Arrakan Daulat Kazi and Alaol (1607-1680).

Birth of Modern Poetry

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Further information might be found on the talk pageor at requests for expansion. (January 2008) Nobel Laurate Rabindranath Tagore is the most famous Bengali poet of modern era

Bharat Chandra probably marks the transition period of pre-colonial theocentric poetry and modern poetry. After Bharat Chandra there is a long list of poets notable Iswar Gupta before Michael Madhusudan Dutta (1834-1873) who is the founder of modern age of Bengali literature. Another great poet of this period is Biharilal Chakravarti’s (1834-94). Then Rabindranath Tagore(1861-1941), Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899-1976), Jatindramohan Bagchi (1878-1948) and many others begin the age of modern bengali poetry.

Modern Bengali poetry a la Western school

With Rabindranath founding a firm basis for Bengali poetry, the new poets of early 1920s started a conscious movement for transcending the frontiers of traditional verses and establishing a realm of truly 'modern' poetry in Bengali. It was a successful movement that brought permanent change about the concept of structure of poetry, in addition to theme, Notably one sect of the modernists were pro-socialism poets like Sukanta Bhattacharya and Samar Sen.

Pragati-Kallol-Kavita-Parichay : Age of Modern Poetry

This is the most widely known portrait of Jibanananda Das. The date is unknown.

The modern age begins with a group of writers who wrote for Kallol, a modernist movement magazine (Little magazine movement), founded in 1923. The most popular among the group were Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899 - 1976) and Mohitlal Majumder (1888-1952), Achintyakumar Sengupta (1903-1976), Satyendranath Dutta (1882-1922), Premendra Mitra (1904 - 1988) and others. Then Bengali poetry got into the brightest light of modernism in 1930s, through the movement of few other little magazines, such as Buddhadeb Bosu's Kabita and Sudhindranath Datta's Parichay.

The great poets of those movements— Jibanananda Das (1899 - 1954), Buddhadev Bose (1908 - 1974), Sudhindranath Dutta(1901 - 1960), Bishnu Dey (1909 - 1982), Amiya Chakravarty (1901 - 1986) and Samar Sen(1916 - 1987) were the main characters who made a significant effort to reshape Bengali Poetry.

Post World War II Poets

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Dinesh Das (1913 - 1985), Sukanta Bhattacharya (1926 - 1947), Arun Mitra (1909-2000), Nirendranath Chakravarty, Subhas Mukhopadhyay (1919-2003), Abul Kasem Rahimuddin.

Poets of Islamic Ideals

Given the religion based politics of British India that saw partition of India on the basis of religion, soe poemts wrote poetry imbued with Islamic fervour. Some of them are Sayid Ismail Hossain Shiraji, Golam Mostofa (1897-1964), Farrukh Ahmed (1918-1974), Talim Hossain, Abdul Kadir (1906-1984). Of them Farrukh Ahmed is most accomplished and in essence, he is a modernist.

Age of Confusion

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Arunkumar Chakraborty, Sushil Singha, Mukul Chattopadhyay, Sunil Gangopadhyay, Ranabir Purokayastha, Sutapa Sengupta, Utpal Kumar Basu, Shambhu Rakshit, Joytirmoy Dutta, Shuddhashil Basu, Shaileswar Ghosh, Amal Kar, Anjan Kar.


Major little Magazines in West Bengal

Surjyatrishna সূর্যতৃষ্ণা, Surjyasena সূর্যসেনা, Prarambha প্রারম্ভ, Aarabdha আরব্ধ, Anurag অনুরাগ, Bitihotra বীতিহোত্র, Ananta Nakshatrabithi অনন্ত নক্ষত্রবীথি, Nirjan Ekak নির্জন একক, Aloksarani আলোকসরণি, Indrani ইন্দ্রাণী, Majhi মাঝি, Kabi o Kabita কবি ও কবিতা, Panchishe baishakher kabita পঁচিশে বৈশাখের কবিতা, Kabita Saptahiki কবিতা সাপ্তাহিকী , Raktamangsa রক্তমাংস,Jhar ঝড়, Sonali Dukkha সোনালি দুঃখ, Priyosilpa প্রিয়শিল্প, Gandhaar গান্ধার, Samne Samudra সামনে সমুদ্র, Kolom কলম, Jhinuk ঝিনুক, Sahajia সহজিয়া, Abar Esechhi Phire আবার এসেছি ফিরে, Malini মালিনী, Parampara পরম্পরা, Orchestra অর্কেস্ট্রা, Laketu ল্যাকেটু, Kabitar Mas কবিতার মাস,Susamay সুসময়, Suprabhat সুপ্রভাত, Trinamul তৃণমুল, Aayojan আয়োজন, Samapika সমাপিকা, Kalpratima কালপ্রতিমা, Bobajuddha বোবাযুদ্ধ, Ebaong এবং , Padatik পদাতিক, Ebong Padatik এবং পদাতিক, Bakcharcha বাকচর্চা, Banobhumi বনভূমি, Pahartali পাহাড়তলি, Padyacharcha পদ্যচর্চা , Kavita Pakshik কবিতা পাক্ষিক, Kabi Sammelan কবি সম্মেলন , Patranu পত্রাণু, Raktakarabi রক্তকরবী, Ghorsawar ঘোড়সওয়ার, Pratiti প্রতীতি, Bodh বোধ , Dhrubapad ধ্রুবপদ, Priyodarshini প্রিয়দর্শিনী, Natun Gati নতুন গতি, Swarantar স্বরান্তর, Charjapad চর্যাপদ, Kabitirtha কবিতীর্থ, Shlok শ্লোক, Anyamon অন্যমন , Anydin অন্যদিন, Aharnish অহর্নিশ, Alokbindu আলোকবিন্দু, Abhisar অভিসার, Mahadiganta মহাদিগন্ত, Mahaprithibi মহাপৃথিবী, Digantabaloy দিগন্তবলয়, Swarasandhan স্বরসন্ধান, Padya পদ্য, Kabitajug কবিতাযুগ, Akshar অক্ষর, Kusumer Maas কুসুমের মাস, Kaal Madhumas কাল মধুমাস, Atolantik অতলান্তিক, Jibanjapan জীবনযাপন, Atoeb অতএব, Nira নীরা, Darga Road দরগা রোড, Shatabhisha শতভিষা, Suranjana সুরঞ্জনা, Suchetana সুচেতনা, Balaka বলাকা, Pratibimba প্রতিবিম্ব, Kramanway ক্রমান্বয়, Anway অন্বয় |

Uttarsuri Dhrupadi Ekak Purbasha উত্তরসূরি ধ্রুপদী একক পূর্বাশা

These are the major little magazines in the history of Bengali poetry. Uttarsuri was edited by famous poet Arun Bhattacharya. On the other hand, renowned poet Sushil Roy edited and published the magazine Dhrupadi.

One of the major poets in Bengal, Shuddhasattwa Basu regularly published Ekak. He was a good editor and discovered many powerful poets.

Sanjoy Bhattacharya was a novelist and also a poet. He was an intimate friend of Jibanananda das. His Purbasha was the shelter of many poets. He showed sympathy not only to Jibanananda, but also to many famous poets. If he were not born, our literature might not be stronger in the history of this century.

Hungry Generation

The hungry generation was started by some upstart persons who liked to use abusive and filthy languages in the pretext of poems. They used the words such as penis/cock/vagina/cunt/masturbation etc etc in each line of their poems. Eminent novelist Tarasankar Bandyopadhyay asked them whether they were ready to read their own writings loudly before their parents. These poets (?) bent down their heads in shame.

When Police arrested some of the poets and beat them up, they promptly gave bond that they would never utter filthy languages. Thus the movement was dropped in the middle of the way.

The movement started by one Malay Roy choudhury, an employee of NABARD and disciple of Baba Loknath of Chakla Dham. He thought that his elder brother Samir was the GREATEST poet in Bengali language, but Samair was not getting Nobel Prize for his bad luck !

Alas, after few days, they all were wiped out from the memory of readers. No one knows what they are writing nowadays.

Indrani Cult ইন্দ্রাণী ও নির্মল বসাক

Nirmal Basak was born in a Weaver family, but due to his hard work and sincerity he became an engineer. He was turned into a poet also. But it is a matter of sorrow that his only child , a girl child, died after seven days of her birth. This agony turned Nirmal to be a greater poet.

He started to publish a poetry magazine "Indrani" in the beloved memory of his daughter. This magazine is a great venture in Bengali poetry movement. No person will be called as a poet if his poem is not printed in the pages of Indrani.

Krittibas movement কৃত্তিবাস

The modernist movement of modernizing Bengali literature was brought one step further during the 50s under the leadership of renowned Bijesh Saha and Pradipchandra Basu, especially with the emergence of the Krittivas magazine. Major poets of this period are Arun Bhattacharya, Dinesh Das, Rangalal Bandyopadhyay, Sunil Chandra Sarkar, Rajlakshmi Devi, Ketaki Kushari Dyson, Pranab Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Jasimuddin, Bimal Chandra Ghosh, Manindra Roy, Manindra Gupta, Mangala Charan Chattopadhyay, Kamakshiprasad Chattopadhyay, Kiran Sankar Sengupta, Ram Basu, Biswa Bandyopadhyay, Ramendrakumar Acharya Choudhury, Sunil Basu, Nishikanta, Ranjit Singha, Sadhana Mukhopadhyay, Abul Kashem Rahimuddin, Achintya Kumar Sengupta, Chanchal Chattopadhyay, Ashok Bijoy Raha, Krishnadhan Dey, Batakrishna Dey & Shyamsundar Dey.

The first issue of Krittivas was edited by Pabitra Mukhopadhyay, the 2nd by Amar Mitra, 3rd by Subimal Mishra, 4th to 7th by Sanjoy Mukhopadhyay and Sachin Das jointly. Pabitra also used to publish other magazines. many more like Arani Basu, Uday Bhadury, Somak Das, Dipak Lahiri, Parombrato Chattopadhyay, Kanailal Jana, Gour Khanra, Nasim-e-Alam, Tapan Maity, Subhas Gangopadhaya, Giridhari Kundu, Dipak Roy, Chitrita Devi, Kanak Mukhopadhyay, Jugantar Chakraborty, Mohini Mohan Gangopadhyay, Dipankar Roy, Shankho Ghosh were also linked with that movement and contributed writings.


Great Poet of this century : Kedar Bhaduri কেদার ভাদুড়ি

Kedar Bhaduri is a mysterious poet. Nothing detail about him is known to all. He was born in a distant village of Bangladesh. He became a teacher in his profession in Kolkata after crossing the border of East Bengal. He performed good mime of poetry.

He wrote many books of poems which are still not known to us. All the historians of Bengal are requested to discover his books so that he can get the honour for his eternal poems.


The versatile writer Jiban Sarkar জীবন সরকার poet and novelist

All of us respect the versatile writer Jiban Sarkar poet, novelist and short story writer. Jiban Sarkar was born in Dhaka district at a beautiful village on the bank of Dhaleswari river. He and his family settled at Dhupguri in Jalpaiguri district.

Jiban was an employee of Cossipore Gun and Shell factory. But his room in Entally was a place of meeting of all writers and poets. Every sunday, promising writers as well as renowned writers and poets used to take an "adda" in his house. He is so favourite and popular that he has no enemy in the world of literature.

He has written a dozen of books of poems, short stories and novels. He has edited 'tinjan', 'anyadin' and various little magazines. His nephew Chitrabhanu Sarkar is also a famous poet of Kolkata.

Gangotri and Anyadin গঙ্গোত্রী ও অন্যদিন

The two little magazines namely Gangotri and Anyadin were the milestones in the creative field of little magazine. Gangotri was edited by renowned Shantanu Das, the son of eminent poet Dinesh Das and also by Rudrendu Sarkar. Shantanu is a marvelous poet. His book of poems Madhyahner Byadh (fowler of mid-day) and Rudrendu's book Alexander bikri kore danter maajan (Alexander sells tooth powder) brought fame to theselves.

'Anyadin' was edited by Sisir Bhattacharya. These two little magazines gathered a group of poets who are too much creative and full of vigour.

The poets of this period are Shantanu , Rudrendu, sisir along with Manindra Roy, Amitava Dasgupta, Alokranjan Dasgupta, Shankha Ghosh, Gouranga Bhoumik, Pratima Roy, Sunil Gangopadhyay, Shakti Chattopadhyay, Alokranjan Dasgupta, Shantikumar Ghosh, Subhas Sarkar, Samarendra Sengupta, Goutam Guha, Jiban Sarkar, Haripada Dey, Syed Kawsar Jamal, Samaredra Das, Ananya Roy, Mrinal Basu Choudhury, Somnath Mukhopadhyay, Mridul Dasgupta, Dhurjati Chandra, Parameswari Roy Choudhury and many others.

Santanu and Rudrendu edited a collection of poems ; Swanirbachito. This is the first in the history of Bengali poetry to publish photos of each poet.

Transparent eyeball--all-seeing but nowhere present

This is a big event in Bangla Kabita. A few poets came to note down the inner life of human being. In this age we find : Debiprasad Bandyopadhyay, Birendranath Rakshit, Bhaskar Mitra, Hirak Bhattacharya, Subrata Sarkar, Jamil Sayed, Tanmay Moitra, Subrata Paul, Utpal Dey, Ranajoy Chattopadhyay, Dilip Bandyopadhyay, Ranjan Sarkar, Prabuddha Sundar Kar, Debanjali Mukhopadhyay, Rama Ghosh, Ishita Bhaduri, Anjali Das, Sanjukta Bandyopadhyay, Chaitali Chattopadhyay, Chitrabhanu Sarkar, Abhik Bhattacharya, Rijurekho Chakraborty, Abhik Mazumdar, Monalisa Chattopadhyay, Imon Bhattacharya, Shaswata Gangopadhyay.

Bengali Poets from different districts of West Bengal

Jalpaiguri জলপাইগুড়ি

From Jalpaiguri, we got various powerful poets such as Tushar Bandyopadhyay, Jiban Sarkar, Punyaslok Dasgupta, Anyaman Dasgupta, Chitrabhanu Sarkar, Kumkum Roy, Benu Sarkar, Tanumoy Sarkar, Benu Dutta Roy, Ranjan Nag, Samar Roy Choudhury, Bijoy Dey, Sandhyashri Chakraborty, Rana Sarkar, Nikhil Basu, Shyamal Singha, Moloy Ghosh.

Coochbehar কোচবিহার

In coochbehar, the poets wellknown to us are Ranajit Deb, Nitya Malakar, Arunesh Ghosh, Jibatosh Das, Jamaluddin, Nitish Basu, Anubhab Sarkar, Amar Chakraborty, Samir Chattopadhyay.

Birbhum বীরভূম

The powerful poets of Birbhum are Kabirul Islam, Ashanandan Chattaraj, Subir Das, Pravat Saha, Ekram Ali, Liyakat Ali, Somnath Chattopadhyay, Samaresh Mondal, Nasim-E-Alam.

Murshidabad মুর্শিদাবাদ

In Murshidabad,among the innumerable established and promising poets we attempt to mention the unignorable ones like Manish Ghatak,Bijan Bhattacharya, Bimal Chakraborty,Manishi Mohan Roy,Sushil Bhowmik,Gokuleswar Ghosh,Balaram Roychowdhury,Utpal kumar Gupta,Tapas Ghosh, Abul Basar, Sayed Kawsar Jamal, Narayan Ghosh, Pompu Mazumdar, Nikhil Kumar Sarkar, Tapas Sarkhel, Biplab Biswas, Gita Karmakar, Nilima Saha,Umapada Kar, Malay Mishra, Pradipendu Moitra, Rabin Roy Choudhury,Sayed Khaled Nauman, Amitava Moitra, Prashanta Guha Mazumdar, Jamil Sayed, Sayed Hasmat Jalal, Sandip Biswas, Shuvo Chattopadhyay, Abdus Sukur Sarkar, Abul Kalam, Naser Hosen, Samiran Ghosh, Umapada Kar, Krishnendu Ghosh, Rajan Gangopadhyay, Subhankar Chattopadhyay, Rajib Ghosh, Ratnajit Sinha, Abhijit Roy, Samarendra Roy, Nurul Amin Biswas, Ebadul Haque, Subhro Banerjee, Kabita Ghosh Haldar, Snehasis Sayed, Ananya Sinha, Bidyut Moitra, Joy Singha.

Medinipur মেদিনীপুর

In Medinipur district, we have found the glorious sons of soil Sudhir Bera, Amitava Das, Bishweswar Samanta, Madan Mohan Baitalik, Sumitra Dutta Choudhury, Shyamal Kanti Das, Ratan Tanu Ghati, Anuradha Mahapatra, Shovan Mahapatra, Sofior Rahaman, Jaharlal Bera, Haraprasad Sahu, Niranjan Mishra, Asiskumar Mishra, Tamalika Panda Sheth, Bankim Mahato, Asok Mohanty, Bhabatosh Shatapathi, Sukamal Basu, Kumud Acharya, Achintya Nandi, Bitashok Bhattacharya, Dipak Kar, Biplab Maji, Ankur Saha, Ratan Jana, Surya Nandi, Pranab Maiti, Chitta Sahu, Sudhangshu Bag, Debasis Pradhan, Amitesh Maiti, S.Mahiuddin, Amrito Maiti, Tapankumar Maiti, Aniket Patra, Manaskumar Chini, Pravas Fadikar.

Hooghly হুগলি

In Hooghly, there are a lot of poets, namely Roma Ghosh, Biswanath Gorai, Mridul Dasgupta, Somnath Mukhopadhyay, Samar Bandyopadhyay, Pallab Bandyopadhyay, Salil Mitra, Dinabandhu Hazra, Bidyut Bhowmik, Alokesh Bhattacharya, Ranjan Bandyopadhyay, Arup Ansh, Shyamaljit Saha, Pinaki Thakur, Ramkishor Bhattacharya, Arunangshu Bhattacharya, Bodhisattwa Bandyopadhyay, Sanat Dey, Alok Som.

Burdwan বর্ধমান

Burdwan district may express it's pride with these poets :- Kabikankan Mukundaram Chakraborty, Kashiram Das, Kamalakanta, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Rangalal Bandyopadhyay, Satyendranath Dutta, Kalidas Roy, Birendrakumar Bandyopadhyay, Asim Krishna Dutta, Pradip Das Sharma, Asit Biswas, Jaya Mitra, Ahana Biswas, Abdus Samad, Mohammad Rafik, Muhammad Motiullah, Arindam Dasgupta, Shyamal Baran Saha, Sanchayita Kundu, Sagar Mukhopadhyay, Arun Kumar Chattopadhyay, Arun Gangopadhyay, Kallolshri Mazumdar, Dishari Mukhopadhyay, Ranjan Ghoshal, Mrinal Banik, Bikash Gayen, Rajkumar Roy Choudhury, Shukla Bandyopadhyay, Pradip Biswas, Bijan Roy, Subir Ghosh , Sk Moharam Ali, Parthapratim Acharya, Swapnakamal Sarkar.

Howrah হাওড়া

In Howrah district, we know the poets namely Bharatchandra, Shambhu Rakshit, Arani Basu, Brato Chakraborty, Manas Kumar Dutta, Sujit Sarkar, Amarnath Basu, Amiya Biswas, Ajit Bairi, Ajitkumar Das, Soumitra Bandyopadhyay, Tusharkanti Das, Promod Basu, Goutamkumar Dey, Himangshu Jana, Goutam Choudhury, Alok Biswas, Pranab Pal, Ujjwal Bandyopadhyay, Shubhankar Patra.

Nadia নদীয়া

Nadia is full of several poets. They are Saralabala Sarkar, Madan Mohan Tarkalankar, Dwijendralal Roy, Joy Goswami, Rathindranath Bhowmik, Subodh Sarkar, Mallika Sengupta Sarkar, Chandan Mukhopadhyay, Falgu Basu, Arun Basu, Utpal Dey, Debdas Acharya, Ranjan Sarkar, Narayan Bairagya, Pranes Sarkar, Nirmal Basu, Nijan Dey Choudhury, Kartik Modak, Anindita Goswami, Subrata Pal, Pranab Chakraborty, Goutam Hens, Banani Das, Somen Bhattacharya, Subodh Das, Sanjib Pramanik, Mandira Roy, Chandrani Das Bandyopadhyay, Tapas Roy, Pabitra Bandyopadhyay, Dipankar Goswami, Somabrata Sarkar, Snehalata Chattopadhyay, Kartik Modak, Sudip Joardar.

North 24 Parganas উত্তর ২৪ পরগনা

Ramprasad Sen, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Iswarchandra Gupta, Binoy Mazumdar, Ramendra Kumar Acharya Choudhury, Archana Acharya Choudhury, Rabin Sur, Hrishikesh Mukhopadhyay, Sunanda Moitra, Shambhunath Chattopadhyay, Jagannath Lala, Kallol Bhattacharya, Hirak Bhattacharya, Atanu Bhattacharya, Bapi Samaddar, Baidyanath Chakraborty, Bhaskar Mitra, Samir Mazumdar, Amalendu Biswas, Tirthankar Moitra, Ranajit Halder, Jaladhi Haldar, Gouri Mazumdar, Prashanta Haldar, Swapan Chakraborty, Arghya Mondal, Shubhrangshu Debnath, Bibhas Roychoudhury, Rana Roychoudhury, Bipratik Dey, Kumaresh Chakraborty, Pannalal Mallik, Amritendu Mondal.

South 24 Parganas দক্ষিণ ২৪ পরগনা

Samsul Haque, Othelo Haque, Binod Bera, Galib Islam, Dipak Halder, Sakil Ahmed, Santoshkumar Maji, Purnachandra Munian, Purnendu Bharadwaj, Subal Jana, Shubhro Bandyopadhyay, Shubhankar Chattopadhyay, Prasun Mazumdar, Manoranjan Purokayet, Krishnakali Mondal, Amal Bandopadhyay, Habib Ahsan, Sajahan Siraj, Ratnangshu Borgi, Utthanpada Bijali, Brindaban Das, Uttam Das, Paresh Mondal, Mrityunjoy Sen, Soumen Basu, Soumit Basu, Balaram Bahadur, Wajed Ali.

Sixties : Youthful Dreams in West Bengal

Prashanta Roy, Shanta Roy, Haripada Dey, Debasis Basu, Haren Ghosh, Shantikumar Ghosh, Shuddhsattwa Basu, Sushil Roy, Haraprasad Mitra, Avijit Ghosh, Ashok Roy Choudhury, Sharmi Pande, Suvankar Das, Sushil Bhowmik, Bijoya Mukhopadhyay, Tapan Bandyopadhyay, Mohini Mohan Gangopadhyay, Abdus Samad, Mohammad Rafik, Mrityunjoy Sen, Uttam Das, Kedar Bhadury, Jiban Sarkar, Sushil Panja, Goutam Guha, Snehasis Sukul, Sikha Sukul, Snehakar Bhattacharya, Nirmal Basu, Pranesh Sarkar, Sisir Bhattacharya, Benu Dutta Roy, Arnab Sen, Tushar Bandyopadhaya, Gokuleswar Ghosh, Samsul Hak, Samarendra Sengupta, Samar Bandyopadhyay.

New Voices in West Bengal

Seventies: Poems of Dreams and Protests

Bhattacharya Chandan, Satyen Bandyopadhyay, Ram Basu, Siddheswar Sen, Golam Kuddus, Swapan Bandyopadhyay, Aloknath Mukhopadhyay, Biswadeb Mukhopadhyay, Ajoy Sen, Shounak Lahiri, Ekram Ali, Wajed Ali, Samarendra Das, Bapi Samaddar, Sayed Hasmat Jalal, Subrata Sarkar, Amitava Kanjilal, Anjali Das, Somak Das, Shankar Chakraborty, Shankarnath Chakraborty, Jamil Sayed, Shyamal Kanti Das, Promod Basu, Sudhir Bera, Joydev Basu, Chtrabhanu Sarkar, Rijurekho Chakraborty, Jaharlal Bera, Sukamal Basu, Asok Mohanti, Kach Sanyal, Bhaskar Chakraborty, Subrata Chakraborty, Biswanath Ghosh.

Nineties: Atichetanaar Kabita (Poetry of Expansive Consciousness)

Atichetanaar Kabitaa (Poetry of Expansive Consciousness) is a poetic theory developed by Sandhya Bhowmik, Bratati Ghosh Roy, Kajal Chakraborty, Ashok Roy Choudhury, Enakshi Acharya, Bhaswati Roy Choudhury, Sumitra Dutta Choudhury, Prasun Bhoumik, Samybrata Joardar, Rafik-Ul-Islam, Kajal Sen, Sukumar Choudhury.

Immortal Poets of West Bengal কবি মৃত , কবি দীর্ঘজীবী হোন

Birendranath Rakshit, Rabin Sur, Manik Chakraborty, Shamser Anwar, Shankar Chattopadhyay, Subrata Chakraborty, Jogabrata Chakraborty, Samsul Haque, Tushar Roy, Falguni Roy, Anyamon Dasgupta, Debanjali Mukhopadhyay, Kabita Singha, Ashok Mohanti, Sushil Bhowmik, Manishi Mohan Roy, Pradipendu Moitra, Sukomal Roy Choudhury, Shuvo Chattopadhyay, Arun Banik.

New Voices in Kolkata কলকাতার নতুন কন্ঠস্বর

A large number of poets has emerged in Kolkata during the "Read More Poems" movement. The major poets in this movement are Bijoylal Chattopadhyay, Chitra Lahiri, Shuvo Dasgupta, Bratati Bandyopadhyay, Kesto Chattopadhyay, Ramendra Deshmukhya, Ramen Acharya, Sabyasachi Deb, Sukomal Roychoudhury, Nagendra Das, Dinabandhu Hazra, Mridul Dasgupta, Kalikinkar Sengupta, Pratyush Prasun Ghosh, Binoy Mazumdar, Kabir Suman, Anjan Dutta, Kankabati Dutta, Mandakranta Sen, Mallika Sengupta, Shuchismita Dasgupta, Pyarimohan Sengupta, Ananya Roy, Ujjwal Singha, Moti Mukhopadhyay, Niva Dey, Ramesh Purokayastha, Rahul Purokayastha, Rupa Dasgupta, Abhi Sengupta, Manoj Nandi, Anjan Kar, Ananta Das, Monalisa Chattopadhyay, Subhankar Chattopadhyay,Ajita Choudhury, Imon Bhattacharya, Shaswata Gangopadhyay.


Deploring the new spirit and attitude

Soumitra Chattopadhyay, Shatabdi Roy, Mamata Bandyopadhyay, Purnendu Patri, Dibyendu Palit, Buddhadeb Dasgupta, Haraprasd Mitra, Kalikinkar Sengupta, Bappadity Bandyopadhyay, Samyabrata Joardar, Soumit Basu, Dibya Mukhopadhyay, Tirthankar Moitra, Tirthankar Das Purokayastha, Krishna Basu, Aneek Rudra, Swapanbaran Acharya, Pradip Acharya, Biman Mahato, Bijoy Singha, Prashanta Halder, Pinaki Ghosh, Rafik-Ul-Islam, Ratneswar Hazra, Mrinal Basu Choudhury, Mrinal Dutta, Pranab Maiti, Pranab Chattopadhyay, Baidyanath Chakrabarty, Alok Som, Sanat Dey.

Their poems fall on the ear with solace

এই বাংলার মহিলা কবি

Chandrabati, Girindra mohini Dasi, Kamini Roy, Priyambada Devi, Kusum Kumari Dasi, Mankumari Basu , Mrinalini Sen, Swarnakumai Devi, Ananga mohini Devi, Sarojkumari Devi, Lajjabati Basu, Uma Devi, Hasirashi Devi, Bani Roy, Radharani Devi, Rajlakshmi Devi, Kanak Mukhopadhyay, Shipra Ghosh, Archana Acharya Choudhury, Sadhana Mukhopadhyay, Aprajita Goppi, Kabita Singha, Manjulika Das, Ramola Boral, Hena Halder, Gita Chattopadhyay, Ketaki Kushari Dyson, Bijaya Mukhopadhyay, Nabaneeta Dev Sen, Sutapa Bhattacharya, Debarati Mitra, Rama Ghosh, Anjali Das , Krishna Basu, Ishita Bhaduri, Jaya Mitra, Anita Agnihotri, Sanjukta Bandyopadhyay, Chaitali Chattopadhyay, Bhaswati Roy Choudhury, Debanjali Mukhopadhyay, Kanchan Kuntala Mukhopadhyay, , Shuchismita Dasgupta, Mandar Mukhopadhyay, Jashodhara Roychoudhury, Ahana Biswas, Bithi Chattopadhyay, Tamalika Panda Sheth, Sumitra Dutta Choudhury, Sandhya Bhowmik, Mallika Sengupta , Enakshi Acharya, Anjali Chakraborty, Shikha Samanta, Chandrani Das Bandyopadhyay, Nandita Bandyopadhyay, Shubhosree Roy, Dipshikha Poddar, Sanchayita Kundu, Anuradha Mahapatra, Jyotsna Karmakar, Urmila Chakraborty, Sunanda Chakraborty, Sunanda Moitra, Shukla Bandyopadhyay, Shukla Ghoshal, Sutapa Sengupta, Bratati Ghosh Roy, Bratati Biswas (Singha Roy), Chitra Lahiri, Sutanuka Bagchi, Shrabasti Basu, Rimi Dey, Roshanara Mishra, Mouli Mishra, Sebanti Ghosh, Shamita Das Dasgupta, Mou Dasgupta, Rupa Dasgupta, Papri Gangopadhyay, Trishna Bhattacharya, Mandakranta Sen, Monalisa Chattopadhyay, Gouri Mazumdar, Shweta Chakraborty, Bubun Chattopadhyay, Ananya Bandyopadhyay, Mousumi Roy, Kalpana Debnath, Tanushree Pal, Tanushri Bhattacharya, Kabyashree Baksi Bhattacharya, Sandhyasree Chakraborty, Madhuchhanda Mitra Ghosh, Shreyasi Gangopadhyay, Anindita Goswami, Tanushri Bhattacharya, Itushri Mohanta, Mitul Dutta, Susmeli Dutta, Meghna R Pai, Wahida Khatun, Ballari Sen, Mithu Sen, Poulami Sengupta Sarkar, Arati Bagchi, Lalita Patri, Upama Patri, Swagata Gupta, Maya Sarkar, Dipika Biswas, Subhadra Bhattacharya, Namita Choudhury, Ajita Choudhury, Nilima Saha, Ajra Banu, Reshma Khatun, Swati Indu, Sanhita Bandyopadhyay, Swapna Bandyopadhyay, Swapna Gangopadhyay, Shabari Ghosh, Jhilli Choudhury, Chandana Khan, Chhanda Chattopadhyay, Paromita Munshi, Paromita Chanda, Soumana Dasgupta, Shyamali Sengupta, Rina Giri, Rama Simlai

Sub-Altern generation

Shambhu Rakshit, Shib Shambhu Pal, Ajay Nag, Biswajit Panda, Nitya Malakar, Sushil Panja, Giridhari Kundu, Sanchayita Kundu, Biplab Maji, Amitesh Maiti, Achyut Mondal, Tanmoy Mridha, Basudeb Moshel, Haraprasad Sahu, Kalobaran Parui, Gour Khanra, Kashinath Das Chakladar, Anindya Chaki, Kamal Dey Shikdar, Arun Sadhukhan, Satya Sadhan Chel, Rajkalyan Chel, Arup Panti, Manaskumar Chini, Ratantanu Ghati, Madhusudan Ghati, Ranjit Halder, Amalendu Biswas, Rakhal Biswas, Biswanath Garai, Arup Panti, Mihir Gharami, Dipshikha Podder, Pranab Fouzdar, Kartik Modak.

Nineties : Parallel Poetry Movement

Aloknath Mukhopadhyay, Buddhadeb Mukhopadhyay, Kanak Mukhopadhay, Nandita Bandyopadhyay, Samaresh Mondal, Shamser Anwar, Arup Panti, Naresh Chandra Das, Manas Kumar Chini, Alokendu Sekhar Patri, Lalita Patri, Upama Patri, Shyamsundar Dey, Sadhana Mukhopadhyay, Prashanta Guha Mazumdar,Jaladhi Halder, Sumitra Dutta Choudhury, Rabin Sur , Manik Chakraborty, Tulsi Mukhopadhyay, Abdus Shukur Khan, Ahana Biswas, Sajal Dey, Pratyush Prasun Ghosh, Nibha Dey, Nirad Roy, Sabysachi Sarkar, Pradip Mitra, Partho Bandyopadhyay, Avik Mazumdar, Sanjita Sen, Promod Basu, Niladri Bhoumik, Manab Chakraborty, Samir Majumdar, Ayan Bandyopadhyay, Achintya Nandi

Nineties : Mainstream Poetry of Nineties

Punyaslok Dasgupta, Anyamon Dasgupta, Benu Sarkar, Anubhab Sarkar, Tanumoy Sarkar, Amar Chakraborty, Kalyan Dey, Goutamendu Roy, Samar Chakraborty, Gitangshu Kar, Wajed Ali, Subrato Chakraborty, Nikhil Kumar Sarkar, Amalendu Biswas, Rudra Poti, Mandar Mukhopadhyay, Aveek Bhattacharya, Muhammad Matiullah, Angshuman Kar, Rajib Ghosh, Subhankar Chattopadhyay, Thakudas Chattopadhyay, Tapas Roy, Bijesh Saha, Sumitesh Sarkar, Purnendu Bharadwaj, Rajkumar Roychoudhury,Anindya Bhattacharjee, Tirthankar Moitra, Ranjit Halder, Gouri Mazumdar,Purnachandra Munian, Subal Jana, Othelo Haque,Ratnajit Sinha

Bangladeshi poets after 1947

Bengali poetry was obliged to assume two national identities after partition of India in 1947, as the British rule ended. Bengal was divided in course of this partition, West Bengal belonging to India as a state and East Bengal belonging to Pakistan as its eastern province. Both East Pakistan and West Bengal were now home to Bengali poetry. Later, in 1971, Bangladesh, which was East Bengal in undivided India, and East Pakistan since 1947, emerged as an independent nation-state and poetry of East Bengal now came to be identified as Bangladeshi poetry.

East Pakistan, now Bangladesh, secured Sayed Ali Ahsan, Ahsan Habib(1917-1985), Jasimuddin(1903-1976), Abul Hossen, Sufia Kamal and Abu Zafar Obaidullah, among others, as its major poets. Their emergence as poet is identified with 1940s. Major poets like Jibanananda Das and Buddhadeva Bose migrated to West Bengal during or before partition of India.


Fifties and Sixties: Movement in Bangladesh

The Language Movement in 1952 and the pre-1971 movement for Bangladesh vividly influenced a large group of poets of 50's and 60's who identified the new wave of Bengali poems that later on lead the Bangladeshi poetry for the decades. This golden period of bengali poems is notably marked by Shamsur Rahman(1929 – 2006), Shahid Kadri and Al Mahmud including other most important poets like Sanaul Hoque, Hasan Hafizur Rahman, Sayeed Atiqullah, Fazal Shahabuddin, Syed Shamsul Haque, Sikder Aminul Hoque, Humayun Azad(1947-2004), Rafiq Azad, Nirmalendu Goon, Belal Chowdhury, Mohammad Rafiq, Asad Chowdhury,

Seventies: Post Liberation poetry

In the seventies, a group of young writers came to the scene. They were the products of the liberation war that includes the poets like Abul Hasan, Uttam Kumar Barua, Suraiya Khanum, Mohammad Nurul Huda, Abid Azad, Shihab Sarkar, Asim Saha, Abdul Mannan Syed, Mahadev Saha, Farhad Mazhar, Robin Samaddar. Humayun Kabir, Rubi Rahman, Helal Hafiz, Sabdar Siddiqi and Daud Haider. However, it cannot be said that war of liberation fought in 1971 influenced the poetry of these poets in any siginifcant manner, except that poets became politicized.

Poets of Eighties

A turning point came in the eighties when a number of poets started writing in a new vein such as Rudro Md. Shahidullah, Masud Khan, Sajjad Sharif, Rezauddin Stalin, Ferdous Nahar, Abu Hassan Shahriar, and Subrata Augustine Gomes. Notably, Taslima Nasrin also belonged to this group.

Eighties & Nineties: Little Magazine Movement

The mideighties saw the emergence of a cluster of little magazines, most of which concentrated on publishing the 'new' poetry. Among these, Ekobingsho, Gandeeb, Sangbed, Anindya, Pratibhu, Barking Dogs, etc. took the leading role. Then it was followed in nineties by publishing Nodi, Proshun, Pencha, Kichuddhoni, Damodor, Pranto, Chalchitro, Ghonta, Droshtobyo etc. Some notable poets of these little magazine groups are Ashraf Shishir, Hazrat Mamun Abdullah, Khondoker Ashraf Hossain, Asim Kumar Das, Farid Kabir, Altaf Hossain, Subrata Augustine Gomes, Sajjad Sharif, Bishnu Bishwash, Sayed Tarik, Masud Ali Khan, Shantonu Chowdhury, ahmed nakib, Shoyeb Shadab, Rifat Chowdhury]], Kajal Shahnewaz, Jewel Mazhar, Masud Khan, Bratya Raisu, Shakhawat Tipu, Adittya Kabir, Shamim Kabir, Sumon Rahman, Shibli Muktadir, Bayezid Mahbub, Ashique Mostafa, Zahir Hassan, Santa Belal, Mujib Iram, Ebadur Rahman, Kamruzzaman Kamu.

Next Generation of Bangladeshi Poetry

The few are just seems going to play a significant role in the next generation of Bangladeshi Post Modern Poetry. Sufian Shojol, Raad Ahmed, Utpal Kumar Barua, Kazi Andaleeb Amin, Abu Ahshan, Mesbaul Alam Arghya, Mukti Mandal, Rizwanul Islam Rudra, Aronno, Javed Akter, Mahfuz, Niaz Ahmed Chowdhury, Ashraf Shishir, Hazrat Mamun Abdullah.



See also

External Links

Bengali Poetry in English Translation Poets of Bangladesh in English Translation


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