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Baccarat (company)

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Baccarat Crystal is a manufacturer of fine crystal glassware located in Baccarat, France. The Musée Baccarat, in Paris, displays many of its finest productions.

Contents

History

Baccarat Vase, 1890-1900 V&A Museum no. C.1242-1917

1764-1816

In 1764 King Louis XV of France gave permission to found a glassworks in the town of Baccarat in the Lorraine region in eastern France to Prince Bishop Cardinal Louis-Joseph de Laval-Montmorency (1761-1802). Production consisted of window panes, mirrors and stemware until 1816 when the first crystal oven went into operation. By that time over 3000 workers were employed at the site.

1817-1867

Baccarat received its first royal commission in 1823. This began a lengthy line of commissions for royalty and heads of state throughout the world.

In 1855 Baccarat won its first gold medal at the World's Fair in Paris.

Baccarat first began marking its work with a registered mark in 1860. The mark was a label affixed to the bottom of the work. In the period 1846-1849 Baccarat signed some of their high quality glass paperweights with the letter B and the year date in a composite cane. A special paperweight dated 1853 was found under the cornerstone of a bomb damaged church in Baccarat when construction recommenced after World War 2.

The crystal production expanded its scope throughout this period, and Baccarat built a world-wide reputation for making quality stemware, chandeliers, barware, and perfume bottles.

1867-1936

The Imperial Era ended in 1867 with the defeat of Napoléon III. Influences outside of France began to have a stronger influence on Baccarat's work during this era, particularly imports from Japan.

Strong growth continued in Asia for Baccarat.

One of the strongest production areas for Baccarat was perfume bottles, and by 1907 production was over 4000 bottles per day.

In 1936 Baccarat began marking all of its works via acid or sandblasting.

1936—Present

Baccarat created an American subsidiary in 1948 in New York City. By 2007 there were stores in Chicago, Costa Mesa, Dallas, Houston, Greenwich, CT, Honolulu, New York, Troy, MI, San Francisco, Palm Desert, CA, Las Vegas and Atlantic City.

A retrospective was held in 1964 at the Louvre Museum to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the crystal works.

In 1993 Baccarat began making jewelry and in 1997 the company expanded into perfume.

External links

Sources

[1]Baccarat Corporate History Page

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