1954Centuries: 19th century- 20th century- 21st centuryDecades: 1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s- 1960s 1970s 1980sYears: 195119521953- 1954 - 195519561957
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- Events of 1954
- Deaths - Ship events
- Nobel Prizes - Fields Medalists
- See also - Notes - External links
Events of 1954
JanuaryJanuary 14: Marilyn weds DiMaggio.
- January 1 - The Soviet Union ceases to demand war reparations from East Germany.
- January 12 - Avalanches in Austria kill more than 20.
- January 15 - Mau Mau leader Waruhiu Itote is captured in Kenya.
- January 17 - In Yugoslavia, Milovan Djilas, one of the leading members of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, is relieved of his duties.
- January 20 - The US-based National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
- January 21 - The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, is launched in Groton, Connecticut, by First Lady of the United States Mamie Eisenhower.
- January 25 - The foreign ministers of the United States, Britain, France and the Soviet Union meet at the Berlin Conference.
- February 3 - Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first reigning monarch to visit Australia.
- February 10 - After authorizing $385 million over the $400 million already budgeted for military aid to Vietnam, US President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam.
- February 23 - The first mass vaccination of children against polio begins in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.
- February 25 - Lt. Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser becomes premier of Egypt.
- March 1 - Officials announce that an American hydrogen bomb test has been conducted on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
- March 1 - U.S. Capitol shooting incident: Four Puerto Rican nationalists open fire in the United States House of Representatives chamber and wound five; they are apprehended by security guards.
- March 9 - American journalists Edward Murrow and Fred W. Friendly produce a 30-minute See It Now documentary titled A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy.
- March 12 - Finland and Germany officially end the state of war.
- March 13 - French troops begin battle against Vietminh in Dien Bien Phu.
- March 19 - Joey Giardello knocks out Willie Tory at Madison Square Garden in the first televised prize boxing fight shown in color.
- March 23 - In Vietnam, the Viet Minh capture the main airstrip of Dien Bien Phu - French forces are partially isolated.
- March 25 - The 26th Academy Awards ceremony is held.
- March 25 - RCA manufactures the first color TV set (12" screen; price: $1,000).
- March 25 - Soviet Union recognizes sovereignty of East Germany but Soviet troops remain in the country.
- March 28 - Puerto Rico's first television station, WKAQ-TV, goes on the air.
- March 29 - C-47 with French nurse Genevieve de Galard on board is incapacitated on Dien Bien Phu runway.
- March 30 - Canada's first subway opens in Toronto.
- April 1 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado.
- April 3 - Vladimir Petrov defects from the Soviet Union and asks to seek political asylum in Australia.
- April 4 - Legendary conductor Arturo Toscanini experiences a lapse of memory during a concert. At concert's end, his retirement is announced, and Toscanini never conducts in public again.
- April 7 - Dwight D. Eisenhower gives his "domino theory" speech during a news conference.
- April 14 - Aneurin Bevan resigns from the UK Labour shadow cabinet.
- April 16 - Vice President Richard Nixon announces that the United States may be “putting our own boys in Indochina regardless of Allied support.”
- April 22 - Senator Joseph McCarthy begins hearings investigating the United States Army for being "soft" on Communism.
- May 6 - Roger Bannister runs the first four minute mile.
- May 7 - Vietnam War: The Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends in a French defeat (the battle began on March 13).
- May 14 - The Boeing 707 is released after about two years of development.
- May 17 - United States Supreme Court hands down its decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas 347 US 483 1954.
- May 17 - The Petrov Royal Commission in Australia begins its inquiry.
- May 20 - Chiang Kai-shek is reelected president of the Republic of China by the National Assembly.
- May 22 - The common Nordic Labour Market act is signed.
- May 29 - Robert Menzies's government is re-elected for a 4th term in Australia.
- June 9 - McCarthyism: Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army.
- June 14 - The words "under God" are added to the United States Pledge of Allegiance.
- June 15 - UEFA (the Union of European Football Associations) is formed in Basel, Switzerland.
- June 17 - A military coup occurs in Guatemala.
- June 18 - Pierre Mendès-France becomes prime minister of France.
- June 27 - Guatemalan President Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán steps down in a CIA-sponsored military coup, triggering a bloody civil war that would continue for more than 35 years.
- June 27 - The world's first atomic power station opens at Obninsk, near Moscow.
- July 1 - The common Nordic Labour Market act comes into power.
- July 4 - End of rationing of meat - the last form of food rationing in Britain.
- July 4 - West Germany beats Hungary 3-2 to win the 1954 FIFA World Cup.
- July 5 - The Andhra Pradesh High Court is established.
- July 15 - The maiden flight of Boeing 707 occurs.
- July 21 - First Indochina War: The Geneva Conference partitions Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
- July 28 - The Situationist International is founded.
- August - First flight of a B-52 Stratofortress.
- August 6 - Emilie Dionne, one of the Dionne Quintuplets, dies of asphyxiation following an epileptic seizure at Sainte Agathe, Quebec.
- August 16 - Volume 1, Issue 1 of Sports Illustrated is published.
- August 24 - President of Brazil, Getulio Vargas, commits suicide; he's been accused of conspiracy to murder an air force officer.
- September 3 - The last new episode of The Lone Ranger is aired on radio after 2,956 episodes over a period of 21 years
- September 6 - SEATO treaty signed in Manila, Philippines KOVR went on the air.
- September 8 - The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) is established in Bangkok, Thailand.
- September 9 - An earthquake centered on the city of Orleansville in Algeria: 1500 dead and thousands homeless.
- September 11 - First Miss America Pageant broadcast on television.
- September 14 - USSR tests nuclear weapon.
- September 24 - Edward Pilgrim commits suicide hastened by bureaucracy.
- September 25 - Footscray Football Club wins their first Grand Final.
- September 26 - Japanese ferry Toya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait killing more than 1,100.
- September 30 - USS Nautilus, 1st atomic-powered vessel (submarine), commissioned by the US Navy.
- October 11 - Vietnam War: The Viet Minh takes control of North Vietnam.
- October 11 - Hurricane Hazel crosses over Haiti, killing 1,000.
- October 15 - Hurricane Hazel makes U.S. landfall - it is the only recorded Category 4 hurricane to strike as far north as North Carolina.
- October 18 - Texas Instruments announces the development of the first Transistor radio.
- October 20 - Dock workers' strike expands in England.
- October 23 - West Germany joins NATO.
- October 25 - Landslides caused by heavy rains hit Salerno, Italy, killing about 300.
- October 26 - Member of Muslim Brotherhood Abdul Munim Abdul Rauf tries to kill Gamal Abdal Nasser.
- October 31 - Algerian War of Independence: The Algerian National Liberation Front begins a revolt against French rule.
- November 1 - The FLN attacks Representative and public buildings of the France colonial power.
- November 2 - Dock workers' strike in England ends.
- November 5 - Japan and Burma sign in Rangoon a separate treaty of peace to end the formal state of war.
- November 10 - US President Dwight D. Eisenhower dedicates the USMC War Memorial (Iwo Jima memorial) in Arlington National Cemetery.
- November 12 - The main immigration port-of-entry in New York Harbor at Ellis Island closes.
- November 14 - Egyptian president Mohammed Naguib is deposed - Gamal Abdel Nasser replaces him.
- November 23 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average rises 3.27 points, or 0.86%, closing at an all-time high of 382.74. More significantly, this is the first time the Dow has surpassed its 1929 peak level reached just before that year's crash.
- November 30 - In Sylacauga, Alabama, a 4 kg piece of the Hodges Meteorite crashes through the roof of a house and badly bruises a napping woman, in the first documented case of an object from outer space hitting a person.
- December 2
- December 24 - Laos gains full independence from France.
- New Zealand inventor, Sir William Hamilton invented the worlds first water pump-jet engine, later named the "Hamilton Jet".
- The first kidney transplants are done in Boston and Paris.
- The Boy Scouts of America desegregates on the basis of race.
- Gerbils (Meriones Unguiculatus) are brought to the United States by Dr. Victor Schwentker.
- Unification Church is founded.
- Case of Lothar Malskat, who had admitted that he had painted the frescoes in Marienkirche himself, goes into trial.
- The TV Dinner is introduced by American, Gerry Thomas.
- Choreographer George Balanchine's production of The Nutcracker is staged for the first time in New York, becoming an annual tradition there, and still being revived as of 2007.
- Korea use of Gimpo International Airport possible.
Births1954 in other calendars Gregorian calendar1954
MCMLIV Ab urbe condita2707 Armenian calendar1403
ԹՎ ՌՆԳ Bahá'í calendar110 – 111 Berber calendar2904 Buddhist calendar2498 Burmese calendar1316 Chinese calendar4590/4650-11-27
(癸巳年十一月廿七日) — to — 4591/4651-12-7
(甲午年十二月初七日) Coptic calendar1670 – 1671 Ethiopian calendar1946 – 1947 Hebrew calendar5714– 5715Hindu calendars - Vikram Samvat2009 – 2010 - Shaka Samvat1876 – 1877 - Kali Yuga5055 – 5056 Holocene calendar11954 Iranian calendar1332 – 1333 Islamic calendar1373 – 1374 Japanese calendarShōwa29
(昭和29年) Korean calendar4287 Thai solar calendar2497 v • d • e
- January 2 - Henry Bonilla, American politician
- January 3 - Jim Ross, American wrestling commentator
- January 4 - Dave "The Devilfish" Ulliott, English professional poker player
- January 5 - Alex English, American basketball player
- January 6 - Anthony Minghella, British film and theatre director (d. 2008)
- January 12 - Howard Stern, American radio host
- January 13 - Trevor Rabin, South African-American musician
- January 14 - Tom Cheney, American cartoonist
- January 15 - Jose Dalisay, Jr., Filipino writer
- January 17 - Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., son of Robert F Kennedy
- January 19 - Katey Sagal, American actress and singer
- January 19 - Ted DiBiase, American professional wrestler
- January 22 - Peter Pilz, Austrian politician
- January 23 - Franco De Vita, Venezuelan singer and songwriter
- January 29 - Oprah Winfrey, American actress, talk show hostess, producer, and publisher
- January 29 - Yukinobu Hoshino, Japanese cartoonist
- February 1 - Bill Mumy, American actor and musician
- February 2 - Christie Brinkley, American model
- February 7 - Dieter Bohlen, German singer
- February 9 - Christopher Gardner, American entrepreneur
- February 9 - Kevin Warwick, Cyborg Scientist
- February 11 - Noriyuki Asakura, Japanese composer
- February 12 - Philip Zimmermann, American cryptographer
- February 13 - Donnie Moore, American baseball player (d. 1989)
- February 15 - Matt Groening, American cartoonist
- February 18 - John Travolta, American actor
- February 19 - Socrates, Brazilian footballer
- February 20 - Anthony Stewart Head, English actor
- February 20 - Patty Hearst, American heiress and kidnapping victim
- February 23 - Viktor Yushchenko, President of Ukraine
- February 25 - John Doe, American musician
- February 27 - Neal Schon, American guitarist
- March 1 - Ron Howard, American actor, director, producer
- March 4 - François Fillon, Prime Minister of France
- March 4 - Peter Jacobsen, American professional golfer
- March 4 - Catherine O'Hara, Canadian actress
- March 4 - Irina Ratushinskaya, Russian writer
- March 4 - Willie Thorne, English snooker player
- March 4 - Adrian Zmed, American actor and dancer
- March 6 - Harald Schumacher, German football goalkeeper
- March 8 - David Wilkie, Scottish swimmer
- March 9 - Bobby Sands, Irish Republican, Long Kesh hunger striker
- March 13 - The Baroness Amos, British politician
- March 15 - Craig Wasson, American actor
- March 16 - Nancy Wilson, American singer, musician, and actress
- March 17 - Lesley-Anne Down, British actress
- March 18 - James F. Reilly, astronaut
- March 19 - Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai
- March 23 - Geno Auriemma, American basketball coach
- March 24 - Robert Carradine, American actor
- March 26 - Kazuhiko Inoue, Japanese seiyu (voice actor)
- March 29 - Karen Ann Quinlan, American right-to-die cause célèbre (d. 1985)
- April 2 - Susumu Hirasawa, Japanese musician
- April 5 - Guy Bertrand (broadcaster). Canadian linguist and radio personality.
- April 7 - Jackie Chan, Hong Kong-born actor
- April 7 - Tony Dorsett, American football player
- April 8 - John Schneider, American actor ("Dukes of Hazzard")
- April 9 - Dennis Quaid, American actor
- April 9 - Steve Holt, Canadian musician
- April 10 - Anacani, Mexican-born American singer The Lawrence Welk Show
- April 10 - Peter MacNicol, American actor
- April 14 - Bruce Sterling, American science fiction writer
- April 15 - Seka, American actress
- April 16 - Ellen Barkin, American actress
- April 17 - Riccardo Patrese, Italian race car driver
- April 26 - Alan Hinkes, British Mountaineer
- April 28 - Robert Sargent Shriver III, son of Eunice Kennedy Shriver
- April 29 - Jerry Seinfeld, American comedian
- April 29 - Jake Burton Carpenter, founder of Burton Snowboards
- May 1 - Archie Norman, British politician and businessman
- May 5 - Dave Spector, American television personality and commentator
- May 7 - Philippe Geluck, Belgian cartoonist
- May 7 - Amy Heckerling, American film director
- May 8 - David Keith, American actor
- May 8 - John Michael Talbot, American musician
- May 11 - Judith Weir, British composer
- May 19 - Phil Rudd, Australian drummer (AC/DC)
- May 27 - Pauline Hanson, Australian politician
- June 5 - Nancy Stafford, American actress and Christian author
- June 9 - John Hagelin, American physicist and U.S. Presidential candidate
- June 9 - Elizabeth May, leader of the Green Party of Canada
- June 15 - James Belushi, American actor
- June 16 - Sergey Kuryokhin, a Russian piano player, avant-garde composer, improvisor, performance artist and actor (d.1996)
- June 19 - Ted Coombs, American artist
- June 20 - Michael Anthony, American bassist and founding member of the hard rock group Van Halen
- June 20 - Ilan Ramon, Israeli Air Force, Israel first astronaut (d. 2003)
- June 22 - Freddie Prinze, American actor and comedian (d. 1977)
- June 26 - Steve Barton, American actor (d. 2001)
- June 27 - Ron Kirk, Mayor of Dallas, Texas
- June 28 - Ava Barber, country singer The Lawrence Welk Show
- June 29 - Rick Honeycutt, American baseball player and coach
- June 30 - Pierre Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica (d. 2004)
- July 5 - John Wright, New Zealand cricket captain
- July 6 - Willie Randolph, American baseball player, coach, manager
- July 10 - Neil Tennant, British musician
- July 13 - Sezen Aksu, popular Turkish female singer
- July 15 - Tarak Dhiab, Tunisian footballer
- July 16 - Jeanette Mott Oxford, American politician
- July 17 - Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany
- July 22 - Pierre Lebeau, Canadian actor
- July 25 - Walter Payton, American football player (d. 1999)
- July 27 - Philippe Alliot, French race car driver
- July 28 - Hugo Chavez, Venezuelan President
- August 1 - Michael J. Badnarik, American software engineer and presidential candidate
- August 2 - Sammy McIlroy, Northern Irish footballer and football manager
- August 4 - Uwe Wittwer, Swiss artist
- August 11 - Joe Jackson, British singer
- August 12 - Sam J. Jones, American actor
- August 12 - Pat Metheny, American jazz guitarist
- August 13 - Nico Assumpção, Brazilian bass player
- August 14 - Mark Fidrych, American baseball player
- August 15 - Mary Jo Salter, American poet
- August 16 - James Cameron, Canadian-born film director
- August 17 - Anatoly Kudryavitsky, Russian-Irish writer
- August 20 - Tawn Mastrey, American disc jockey, music video producer (d. 2007)
- August 20 - Al Roker, American television broadcaster
- August 21 - Ivan Stang, American author and publisher
- August 21 - Steve Smith, American drummer
- August 23 - Charles Busch, American director, writer, and actor
- August 25 - Elvis Costello, British singer
- August 29 - István Cserháti, Hungarian keyboardist (d. 2005)
- August 31 - Julie Brown, American actress, singer-songwriter and screenwriter
- August 31 - Caroline Cossey, English model
- September 1 - Dave Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player
- September 10 - Mark W. Everson, incoming President and Chief Executive Officer of the American Red Cross
- September 13 - Steve Kilbey, Australian musician
- September 17 - Joël-François Durand, French composer
- September 18 - Dennis Johnson, American basketball player (d. 2007)
- September 21 - Shinzo Abe, Japanese politician
- September 23 - Charlie Barnett, American actor (d. 1996)
- September 26 - Kevin Kennedy, baseball manager and television host
- September 30 - Barry Williams, American actor
- October 1 - Martin Strel, Slovenian swimmer
- October 3 - Dennis Eckersley, baseball player
- October 3 - Stevie Ray Vaughan, American musician (d. 1990)
- October 3 - Al Sharpton, American politician and minister
- October 7 - Robert A. Schuller, American televangelist and son of Robert H. Schuller
- October 9 - Scott Bakula, American television actor
- October 9 - John O'Hurley, American television actor and game show host
- October 10 - David Lee Roth Lead Singer of Rock Band Van Halen
- October 12 - Les Dennis, English television presenter and actor
- October 13 - Mordechai Vanunu, Israeli nuclear technician
- October 15 - Tanya Roberts, American actress
- October 15 - Peter Bakowski, Australian poet
- October 23 - Ang Lee, Taiwanese film director
- October 24 - Mike Rounds, Governor of South Dakota
- November 2 - Pat Croce, American entrepreneur
- November 2 - Angela Webber, Australian author, TV writer, producer and comedian (d. 2007)
- November 3 - Brigitte Lin, actress
- November 3 - Adam Ant, English singer
- November 3 - Kathy Kinney, American actress and comedienne
- November 6 - Catherine Crier, American television journalist
- November 7 - Kamal Haasan, Indian actor
- November 8 - Michael D. Brown, U.S. Undersecretary of Emergency Preparedness and Response
- November 8 - Kazuo Ishiguro, Japanese-born British author
- November 13 - Chris Noth, American actor
- November 14 - Condoleezza Rice, U.S. Secretary of State
- November 14 - Yanni, Greek musician
- November 14 - Willie Hernández, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player
- November 15 - Aleksander Kwaśniewski, President of Poland
- November 16 - Andrea Barrett, American author
- November 16 - Bruce Edwards, golf caddy (d. 2004)
- November 23 - Bruce Hornsby, American singer
- November 26 - Dan Kwong, American performance artist, playwright
- November 27 - Patricia McPherson, American actress
- November 29 - Joel Coen, American film director, producer, screenwriter, and editor
- December 1 - Bob Goen, American television personality and game show host
- December 2 - Dan Butler, American actor
- December 2 - Stone Phillips, American television journalist
- December 3 - Grace Andreacchi, American author
- December 7 - Mark Hofmann, American forger and murderer
- December 10 - Jack Hues, English musician
- December 11 - Jermaine Jackson, American singer
- December 11 - Prachanda, Nepalese Communist leader
- December 13 - John Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter
- December 14 - Ib Andersen, Danish dancer
- December 14 - Alan Kulwicki, American race car driver (d. 1993)
- December 18 - Ulrich Roth, German musician guitarist in rock band Scorpions
- December 20 - Michael Badalucco, American actor
- December 20 - Sandra Cisneros, American writer
- December 21 - Chris Evert, American tennis player
- December 24 - José María Figueres, Costa Rican politician, President 1994-1998
- December 25 - Annie Lennox, British singer
- December 26 - Susan Butcher, American dog-sled racer (d. 2006)
- December 28 - Denzel Washington, American actor
- December 31 - Alex Salmond, Scottish politician
- Sid Meier, American computer game designer
- Pat Metheny, American Jazz Great
- Albert Oehlen, German painter
- Nenad Prokic, Serbian playwright
- Ray Ratto, sports columnist
- Chris Riley (Priest), prominent Australian youth worker
- January 18 - Sydney Greenstreet, English actor (b. 1879)
- January 20 - Fred Root, English cricketer (b. 1890)
- January 31 - Edwin Armstrong, electrical engineer (b. 1890)
- February 12 - Dziga Vertov, Russian filmmaker (b. 1896)
- March 7 - Otto Diels, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
- April 13 - Angus L. Macdonald, Nova Scotia Premier. (b. 1890)
- April 17 - Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist (b. 1900)
- May 6 - B.C. Forbes, Scottish-born publisher (b. 1880)
- May 15 - William March, American writer and soldier (b. 1893)
- May 19 - Charles Ives, American composer (b. 1874)
- May 25 - Robert Capa, Hungarian-born photojournalist (b. 1913)
- April 10 - Auguste Lumière, French inventor (b. 1862)
- April 28 - Léon Jouhaux, French labor leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1879)
- June 7 - Alan Turing, British mathematician (b. 1912)
- July 3 - Reginald Maarsh, American artist (b. 1898)
- July 11 - Henry Valentine Knaggs, English physician and author (b. 1859)
- July 13 - Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter (b. 1907)
- July 13 - Grantland Rice, American sportswriter (b. 1880)
- July 14 - Jacinto Benavente, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
- July 29 - Coen de Koning, Dutch speed skater (b. 1879)
- August 24 - Getúlio Vargas, President of Brazil (b. 1882)
- September 21 - Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese pearl farm pioneer (b. 1858)
- November 3 - Henri Matisse, French painter (b. 1869)
- November 16 - Albert Francis Blakeslee, American botanist (b. 1874)
- November 28 - Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
- November 29 - Dink Johnson, American musician (b. 1892)
- November 30 - Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (b. 1886)
- December 8 - Claude Cahun, French photographer and writer (b. 1894)
- December 23 - René Iché, French sculptor (b. 1897)
- December 30 - Archduke Eugen of Austria, Austrian field marshal (b. 1863)
- Physics - Max Born, Walther Bothe
- Chemistry - Linus Carl Pauling
- Medicine - John Franklin Enders, Thomas Huckle Weller, Frederick Chapman Robbins
- Literature - Ernest Hemingway
- Peace - The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
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