1951Centuries: 19th century- 20th century- 21st centuryDecades: 1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s- 1960s 1970s 1980sYears: 194819491950- 1951 - 195219531954
Rail transport- Radio- Science- SpaceflightSports- TelevisionCountries: Australia- Canada- India- IrelandMalaysia- New Zealand- Norway- Pakistan- Singapore South Africa- Soviet Union - UK- ZimbabweLeaders: Sovereign states- State leadersReligious leaders- LawCategories: Births- Deaths- Works- IntroductionsEstablishments- Disestablishments- Awardsv • d • e
- Events of 1951
- Nobel prizes
- Ship events
- See also - Notes - External links
Events of 1951
JanuaryJanuary 9: United Nations headquarters opened.
- January 15 - Ilse Koch, The "Witch of Buchenwald," wife of the Commandant of the Buchenwald concentration camp, is sentenced to life imprisonment in a court in West Germany.
- January 17 - Korean War: Chinese and North Korean forces capture Seoul.
- January 20 - Avalanches in the Alps - 240 die and 45,000 are buried for a time in Switzerland, Austria and Italy.
- January 27 - Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site begins with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on Frenchman Flats, northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada.
- February 1 - United Nations General Assembly declares that China is the aggressor in the Korean War.
- February 4-8 - Surgeons remove an ovarian cyst from Gertrude Levandowski in 96-hour long operation in Chicago. She loses almost half of her weight and emerges weighing 140 kg.
- February 6
- February 12 - Marriage of Muhammad Reza Shah to Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari.
- February 19- Jean Lee becomes the last woman hung in Australia, when Lee and her two pimps are hung for the murder and torture of a 73 year old bookmaker.
- February 27 - The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, limiting Presidents to two terms, is ratified.
- February 28 - Linus Pauling, Robert Corey, and Herman Branson publish the findings of the α-helix and the β-sheet.
MarchMarch 29: Rosenbergs.
- March 6 - The trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg begins.
- March 7 - Korean War: Operation Ripper - In Korea, United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgeway begin an assault against the Chinese "volunteers".
- March 12 - The Dennis the Menace comic strip appears in newspapers across the U.S. for the first time.
- Korean War: For the second time, United Nations troops recapture Seoul.
- West Germany joins UNESCO.
- Second Red Scare: Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage. On April 5 they are sentenced to receive the death penalty.
- Rodgers and Hammerstein's The King and I opens on Broadway and runs for three years. It is the first Rodgers and Hammerstein show specifically written for someone - actress Gertrude Lawrence. Lawrence is stricken with cancer during the run of the show and dies halfway through its run. The show makes a star of Yul Brynner.
- 23rd Academy Awards ceremony
- March 31 - Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.
- April 1 - Female suffrage begins in Greece.
- April 11 - U.S. President Harry S. Truman relieves General Douglas MacArthur of his Far Eastern commands.
- April 11 - After its removal from Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day, 1950, the Stone of Scone resurfaces on the altar of Arbroath Abbey.
- April 18 - Treaty of Paris (1951) adopted, establishing European Coal and Steel Community.
- April 21 - The National Olympic Committee of the Soviet Union is formed. The USSR first participates in the Olympic Games at Helsinki, Finland, in 1952.
- April 24 - In Yokohama, Japan a fire on a train leaves more than 100 dead.
- April 28 - Robert Menzies' Liberal Party government in Australia is re-elected for a second term.
- May 1 - Opera house of Geneva, Switzerland is almost destroyed in a fire.
- May 3
- HM King George VI opens London's Royal Festival Hall as patron.
- Opening of the Festival of Britain
- The U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services and U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations begins its closed door hearings into the dismissal of General Douglas MacArthur by U.S. President Harry S. Truman.
- May 9 - The first test of a nuclear weapon with thermonuclear materials, the "George" test on Enewetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands, by the United States.
- May 14 - First volunteer-run passenger trains run on Talyllyn Railway, Wales.
- May 15 - Military coup in Bolivia
- May 21 - Ninth Street Show, otherwise known as the 9th Street Art Exhibition, was a gathering of a number of notable artists, and it was the stepping-out of the post war New York avant-garde, collectively known as the New York School.
- May 23 - Tibetans were forced to sign the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet with the People's Republic of China.
- May 25 - The first test of an atomic bomb "boosted" by the inclusion of thermonuclear materials, in the "Item" test on Enewetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands by the U.S.
- June 14 - UNIVAC I is dedicated by U.S. Census Bureau.
- June 15 - July 1- In New Mexico, Arizona, California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia, thousands of hectares of forests were destroyed in fires.
- July 1 - Judy Garland opens the first of 14 concerts in Dublin, Ireland at the Theatre Royal.
- July 5 - William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Walter Brattain announce the invention of the junction transistor.
- July 10 - Korean War: At Kaesong, armistice negotiations begin.
- The Great Flood of 1951 reaches its highest point in Northeast Kansas, culminating in the greatest flood damage to date in the Midwestern United States.
- MGM's Technicolor film version of Show Boat, starring Kathryn Grayson, Ava Gardner, and Howard Keel, premieres at Radio City Music Hall. The 1951 film introduces bass-baritone William Warfield (singing Ol' Man River) and makes him nationally famous overnight.
- July 14 - In Joplin, Missouri, the George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of an African American.
- July 16 - King Léopold III of Belgium signs the act of abdication in favour of his son Baudouin.
- July 17
- July 20 - King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.
- July 30 - David Lean's Oliver Twist is finally shown in the United States, after ten minutes of supposedly anti-Semitic references and closeups of Alec Guinness as Fagin are cut. The film is a critical success, but a financial flop in the United States, and receives few bookings in U.S. theatres, mostly due to the anti-Semitic charges leveled against it. The film is not shown uncut in the U.S. until 1970.
- September 1 - The United States, Australia and New Zealand all sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty.
- September 8 - Treaty of San Francisco: In San Francisco, California, 48 nations sign a peace treaty with Japan in formal recognition of the end of the Pacific War.
- September 9 - Chinese communist forces move into Lhasa, the capital of Tibet.
- September 10 - The United Kingdom begins an economic boycott of Iran.
- September 18 - The film A Streetcar Named Desire premieres and becomes a critical and box-office smash.
- September 20 - NATO accepts Greece and Turkey as members.
- September 26-28 - Blue sun seen over Europe: the effect is due to ash coming from the Canadian forest fires four months previously.
- October 3 - "Shot Heard 'Round the World" One of the greatest moments in Major League Baseball history occurs when the New York Giants' Bobby Thomson hits a game winning home run in the bottom of the ninth inning off of the Brooklyn Dodgers pitcher Ralph Branca, to win the National League pennant after being down 14 games.
- October 4
- Shoppers World opens in Framingham, Massachusetts. It is one the first shopping malls in the U.S.
- October 7 - Malayan Emergency - communist insurgents kill British commander Sir Henry Gurney
- October 15
- October 16
- October 20 - The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurred in Stillwater, Oklahoma
- October 21 - Storm in southern Italy - over 100 dead
- October 22 - William David "Dave" Sanders - a victim of the Columbine High School massacre
- October 24 - U.S. President Harry Truman declares official end to war with Germany.
- October 26 - Winston Churchill re-elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; his foreign minister is Anthony Eden
- October 27 - Farouk of Egypt declares himself king of Sudan, with no support.
- October 31 - Scrooge, starring Alastair Sim, opens in England.
- November 1 - First military exercises for nuclear war, with infantry troops included, in the Nevada desert
- November 10 - Direct dial coast-to-coast telephone service begins in the United States.
- November 11 - Juan Peron re-elected president of Argentina
- November 12 - The National Ballet of Canada performs for the first time on the Eaton Auditorium
- November 20 - Po river floods in northern Italy.
- November 24 - The Broadway play Gigi opens starring little known actress Audrey Hepburn playing the lead character.
- November 28 - Scrooge, starring Alastair Sim, opens in the United States under the title of Charles Dickens's original novel, A Christmas Carol.
- December 3 - The Lebanese University is founded in Lebanon.
- December 6 - State of emergency declared in Egypt due to increasing riots.
- December 13 - Water storage tank collapses in Tucumcari, New Mexico - 4 dead, 200 buildings destroyed.
- December 16 - Salar Jung Museum is opened to the public by the Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.
- December 20
- December 23 - The film The African Queen, starring Humphrey Bogart and Katharine Hepburn, premieres in Hollywood.
- December 24
- A fourth, and final, forest fire starts in the Tillamook Burn; but unlike earlier fires this one only burns 32,700 acres, and within area already affected by the earlier fires.
- The most complete recording of Gershwin's opera Porgy and Bess made until then, a 3-LP Columbia Masterworks Records 129-minute album in mono, is released to great critical acclaim. There will be no truly complete recording of Porgy and Bess until 1976.
- A research team publishes the Interlingua-English Dictionary.
- IBM United Kingdom is formed.
- 1951 New Zealand waterfront dispute lasts for 151 days.
- Munich Germany – A collection of mementos and personal papers belonging to Adolf Hitler are turned over to Bayerische Landesbank for authentication and eventual sale. Among the documents are his appointment as Chancellor signed by President Paul von Hindenburg, his Austrian passport, as well as an assortment of swastika insignia pins and medals. An initial offer of $200,000.00 was made for the collection.
- Lotti and Rosemarie Knaack are born joined at the tops of their heads in Germany.
Births1951 in other calendars Gregorian calendar1951
MCMLI Ab urbe condita2704 Armenian calendar1400
ԹՎ ՌՆ Bahá'í calendar107 – 108 Berber calendar2901 Buddhist calendar2495 Burmese calendar1313 Chinese calendar4587/4647-11-24
(庚寅年十一月廿四日) — to — 4588/4648-12-4
(辛卯年十二月初四日) Coptic calendar1667 – 1668 Ethiopian calendar1943 – 1944 Hebrew calendar5711– 5712Hindu calendars - Vikram Samvat2006 – 2007 - Shaka Samvat1873 – 1874 - Kali Yuga5052 – 5053 Holocene calendar11951 Iranian calendar1329 – 1330 Islamic calendar1370 – 1371 Japanese calendarShōwa26
(昭和26年) Korean calendar4284 Thai solar calendar2494 v • d • e
- January 1
- January 2 - Valdir Peres, Brazilian footballer
- January 5 - Steve Arnold, English footballer
- January 6 - Kim Wilson, American singer and harmonica player
- January 8
- January 12
- January 20 - Ian Hill, English bassist (Judas Priest)
- January 25 - Steve Prefontaine, American runner (d. 1975)
- January 30 - Phil Collins, English musician and producer
- January 31 - Harry Wayne Casey, American musician, songwriter, and producer
- January 13 - Phil Manzanera, British rock musician
- February 3 - Eugenijus Riabovas, Lithuanian football manager
- February 14 - Kevin Keegan, English footballer and football manager
- February 15
- February 19 - Tahir-ul-Qadri, Islamic scholar and leader
- February 20
- February 25 - Don Quarrie, Jamaican sprinter
- February 27 - Steve Harley, British musician (Cockney Rebel)
- February 16 - Mike Flanagan, baseball pitcher
- March 1 - Mike Read, British television presenter and radio disc jockey
- March 4
- March 6 - Gerrie Knetemann, Dutch cyclist (d. 2004)
- March 8 - Karen Kain, Canadian ballerina
- March 12 - Susan Musgrave Canadian poet and children's writer
- March 13 - Fred Berry, American actor (d. 2003)
- March 14 - Jerry Greenfield, co-founder of Ben & Jerry's ice cream
- March 17
- March 18 - Ben Cohen, co-founder of Ben & Jerry's ice cream
- March 24 - Tommy Hilfiger, American fashion designer
- March 26 - Carl Wieman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- April 5 - Joe Bowen, Canadian Hockey Broadcaster
- April 6 - Bert Blyleven, Dutch Major League Baseball player
- April 7 - Janis Ian, American singer and songwriter
- April 10
- April 11 - Doris McGowen Beck Angleton, American socialite and murder victim (d. 1997)
- April 13
- April 14 - Julian Lloyd Webber, English cellist
- April 16 - Ioan Mihai Cochinescu, Romanian writer
- April 17 - Olivia Hussey, Argentine-born actress
- April 19 - Jóannes Eidesgaard, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands
- April 20 - Louise Jameson, British actress
- April 27 - Ace Frehley, Guitarist for the Rock band Kiss
- April 29 - Dale Earnhardt, American race car driver (d. 2001)
- May 4 - Mick Mars, American musician
- May 9 - Christopher Dewdney, Canadian poet
- May 9 - Joy Harjo, Poet
- May 13 - Sharon Sayles Belton, Mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota
- May 15
- May 19 - Joey Ramone, American musician (The Ramones) (d. 2001)
- May 23 - Anatoly Karpov, Russian chess player
- May 26
- May 30 - Stephen Tobolowsky, American actor
- June 2 - Larry Robinson, Canadian hockey player
- June 5 - Suze Orman, American financial advisor, writer, and television personality
- June 8 - Bonnie Tyler, Welsh singer
- June 12 - Andranik Margaryan, 14th Prime Minister of Armenia (d. 2007)
- June 12 - Brad Delp, lead vocalist of Boston (d. 2007)
- June 14 - Paul Boateng, British politician
- June 16 - Roberto Duran, Panamanian boxer
- June 20 - Tress MacNeille, American voice actress
- June 20 - Paul Muldoon, Irish poet
- June 24 - David Rodigan, radio DJ/actor
- June 27 - Mary McAleese, eighth President of Ireland
- June 28 - Lalla Ward, British actress
- June 28 - Lloyd Maines, American musician and record producer
- June 29 - Keno Don Rosa, American comic book author
- June 30 - Stanley Clarke, American bassist
- July 1 - Terrence Mann, American actor and dancer
- July 1 - Anne Feeney, American folk singer
- July 3 - Richard Hadlee, New Zealand cricketer
- July 5 - Rich "Goose" Gossage, baseball player
- July 8 - Anjelica Huston, American actress
- July 10 - Cheryl Wheeler, American singer and songwriter
- July 14 - Erich Hallhuber, German actor (d. 2003)
- July 16 - Stewart Copeland, American drummer
- July 16 - Jean-Luc Mongrain, Canadian news anchor and journalist
- July 18 - Elio Di Rupo, Belgian politician
- July 21 - Robin Williams, American actor
- July 23 - Edie McClurg, American Actress
- July 23 - Michael McConnohie, American actor
- July 24 - Chris Smith, British politician
- July 25 - Yuriy Kovalchuk, Russian oligarch
- July 28
- August 3 - Marcel Dionne, Canadian hockey player
- August 6 - Daryl Somers, Australian television personality
- August 8
- August 12 - Willie Horton, American criminal
- August 13 - Dan Fogelberg, American singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist (d. 2007)
- August 16 - Richard Hunt, American puppeteer (d. 1992)
- August 19 - John Deacon, English bassist (Queen)
- August 20 - Greg Bear, American author
- August 21 - Eric Goles, Chilean mathematician and computer scientist
- August 22 - Chandra Prakash Mainali, Nepalese politician
- August 23
- August 24 - Orson Scott Card, American writer
- August 25 - Rob Halford, English singer (Judas Priest)
- August 26 - Edward Witten, American mathematician and Fields medalist
- September 5 - Michael Keaton, American actor
- September 7
- September 12 - Joe Pantoliano, American actor
- September 13 - Linda Wong, pornstar (d. 1987)
- September 18 - Darryl Stingley, Former American football player for the NFL New England Patriots (d. 2007)
- September 21 - Aslan Maskhadov, President of Chechnya
- September 22 - David Coverdale, English singer
- September 25 - Mark Hamill, American actor
- September 26 - Stuart Tosh, Scottish musician
- September 27 - Paul Craig, English professor of law
- September 29
- September 30 - Barry Marshall, Australian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
- October 2 - Sting, British musician
- October 3
- October 4 - Bakhytzhan Kanapyanov, Kazakh poet
- October 5 - Bob Geldof, Irish musician (The Boomtown Rats)
- October 6 - Manfred Winkelhock, German race car driver
- October 7 - John Mellencamp, American musician and songwriter
- October 10 - Epeli Ganilau, Fiji soldier and statesman
- October 11 - Jean-Jacques Goldman, French singer and songwriter
- October 18
- October 25 - Richard Lloyd, American guitarist of Television
- October 26
- October 27 - K. K. Downing, English guitarist (Judas Priest)
- October 30 - Harry Hamlin, American actor
- November 2 - Thomas Mallon, American author and critic
- November 3 - Diego Traibel, Uruguayan politician
- November 3 - Ed Murawinski, American cartoonist, New York Daily News
- November 11 - Marc Summers, American television host
- November 15 - Alamgir Hashmi, English poet
- November 16
- November 18 - Justin Raimondo, American author
- November 19 - Lord Falconer of Thoroton, British politician
- November 24 - Chet Edwards, American politician
- November 26 - Cicciolina, Italian actress and politician
- November 29 - Roger Troutman, Funk musician who is the master of the talkbox. (d. 1999)
- November 30 - Christian Bernard, French-born mystic
- December 1
- December 2 - Adrian Devine, American baseball pitcher
- December 6 - Tomson Highway, Canadian writer
- December 8
- December 10 - Doug Allder, English footballer
- December 11 - Peter T. Daniels, American scholar
- December 12 - Wau Holland, German hacker (d. 2001)
- December 14 - Jan Timman, Dutch chess player
- December 17 - Ken Hitchcock, Canadian hockey coach
- December 20 - Peter May, Scottish novelist and television dramatist
- December 29 - Georges Thurston, Canadian singer (d. 2007)
- December 30 - Meredith Vieira, American television host
- Matt Cates, American voice actor
- Brian Keenan, Irish writer and hostage in Lebanon
- John Kindness, Irish artist
- Mr. Butch, homeless person and icon (d. 2007)
- January 5 - Ken Le Breton, Australian speedway rider (b. 1925)
- January 7 - René Guénon, French-born author (b. 1886)
- January 10 - Sinclair Lewis, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
- January 18 - Amy Carmichael, Irish missionary to India (b. 1867)
- January 21 - Yuriko Miyamoto, Japanese novelist (b. 1899)
- January 28 - Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, President of Finland (b. 1867)
- January 29 - Frank Tarrant, Australian cricketer (b. 1880)
- January 30 - Ferdinand Porsche, German engineer (b. 1875)
- February 9 - Eddy Duchin, American pianist and bandleader (b. 1909)
- February 13 - Lloyd C. Douglas, American author (b. 1877)
- February 18 - Lyman Gilmore, American aviation pioneer (b. 1874)
- February 19 - André Gide, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
- February 12 - Choudhary Rahmat Ali, one of the founding fathers of Pakistan (b. 1895)
- March 6 - Ivor Novello, Welsh actor, musician, and composer (b. 1893)
- March 10 - Kijūrō Shidehara ("Shidehara Kijūrō"), Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1872)
- March 21 - Willem Mengelberg, Dutch conductor (b. 1871)
- March 25 - Eddie Collins, baseball player (b. 1887)
- March 25 - Oscar Micheaux, American filmmaker (b. 1884)
- April 4 -
- April 6 - Robert Broom, Scottish paleontologist (b. 1866)
- April 14 - Ernest Bevin, British labour leader, politician, and statesman (b. 1881)
- April 22 - Horace Donisthorpe, English myrmecologist (b. 1870)
- April 23 - Charles G. Dawes, Vice President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)
- April 29 - Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian philosopher (b.1889)
- May 7 - Warner Baxter, American actor (b. 1889)
- May 27 - Sir Thomas Albert Blamey, Australian soldier (b. 1884)
- May 29 - Fanny Brice, American entertainer (b. 1891)
- May 30 - Hermann Broch, Austrian author (b. 1886)
- June 4 - Serge Koussevitzky, Russian conductor (b. 1874)
- June 7 - Oswald Pohl, German SS officer (b. 1892)
- June 13 - Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
- June 21 - Charles Dillon Perrine, American-born astronomer (b. 1867)
July - December
- July 9 - Harry Heilmann, baseball player (b. 1894)
- July 13 - Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer (b. 1874)
- July 20 - King Abdullah I of Jordan (b. 1882)
- July 23 -
- August 14 - William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (b. 1863)
- August 15 - Artur Schnabel, Polish pianist (b. 1882)
- August 21 - Constant Lambert, British composer (b. 1905)
- August 26 - Bill Barilko, Canadian hockey player (b. 1927)
- August 28 - Robert Walker, American actor (b. 1918)
- October 6 - Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-born physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1884)
- October 16 - Liaquat Ali Khan, first Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1896)
- November 5 - Reggie Walker, South African athlete (b. 1889)
- November 9 - Sigmund Romberg, Hungarian-born composer (b. 1887)
- November 13 - Nikolai Medtner, Russian pianist and composer (b. 1880)
- December 5 - Shoeless Joe Jackson, baseball player (b. 1889)
- December 6 - Harold Ross, American editor (b.1892)
- Physics - John Cockcroft, Ernest Walton
- Chemistry - Edwin McMillan, Glenn T. Seaborg
- Physiology or Medicine - Max Theiler
- Literature - Pär Lagerkvist
- Peace - Léon Jouhaux
- List of ship launches in 1951
- List of ship commissionings in 1951
- List of ship decommissionings in 1951
- ^ CNN.com - 50th anniversary of the UNIVAC I - June 14, 2001
- ^ "Year by Year 1951" -- History Channel International
Table of contents
- 1 Events of 1951
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel prizes
- 5 Ship events
- 6 Notes
- 7 External links
- 8 Table of contents
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