1941Centuries: 19th century- 20th century- 21st centuryDecades: 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s- 1950s 1960s 1970sYears: 193819391940- 1941 - 194219431944
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- Events of 1941
- Nobel prizes
- Ship events
- See also - Notes - External links
- January 4 - The short subject Elmer's Pet Rabbit is released, marking the second appearance of Bugs Bunny, and also the first to have his name on a title card.
- January 6
- January 8 - Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell the founder of Scouting, dies.
- January 10 - Lend-Lease is introduced into the U.S. Congress.
- January 15 - John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford E. Berry describe the workings of the Atanasoff–Berry Computer in print.
- January 19 - British troops attack Italian-held Eritrea.
- January 20 - Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes swears in U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt for his third term.
- January 21 - World War II: Australian and British forces attack Tobruk, Libya.
- January 22 - World War II: British troops capture Tobruk from the Italians.
- January 23 - Aviator Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.
- January 27 - World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor - U.S. Ambassador to Japan Joseph C. Grew passes on to Washington a rumor overheard at a diplomatic reception about a planned surprise attack upon Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
- February 3 - World War II: The Nazis forcibly restore Pierre Laval to office in occupied Vichy, France.
- February 4 - World War II: The United Service Organization (USO) is created to entertain American troops.
- February 7 - World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor - General Walter C. Short becomes Commanding General, Hawaiian Command.
- February 9 - Winston Churchill, in a worldwide broadcast, pleads with the U.S. to show its support by sending arms to the British: "Give us the tools, and we will finish the job."
- February 11 - World War II: Lieutenant-General Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli.
- February 14 - World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor - Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura begins his duties as Japanese ambassador to the United States.
- February 19 - World War II: The start of the Three Nights' Blitz over Swansea, South Wales. Over these three nights of intensive bombing, which lasted a total of 13 hours and 48 minutes, Swansea town centre was almost completely obliterated by the 896 High Explosive bombs employed by the Luftwaffe. A total of 397 casualties and 230 deaths were reported. The Three nights Blitz ended in the early hours of February 22
- February 23: Glenn T. Seaborg isolates and discovers plutonium.
- March - Captain America Comics #1 issues the first Captain America & Bucky comic.
- March 1 - World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact thus joining the Axis powers.
- March 1
- March 4 - World War II: British Commandos carry out a successful raid on the Lofoten Islands off the north coast of Norway.
- March 11
- March 17
- March 22 - Washington's Grand Coulee Dam begins to generate electricity.
- March 25 - World War II: Kingdom of Yugoslavia in Vienna joins the Axis powers
- March 27 - World War II:
- March 29 - World War II: Battle of Cape Matapan - Off the Peloponnesus coast in the Mediterranean, British naval forces defeat those of Italy sinking five warships. Battle started on March 27.
- March 30 - All German, Italian, and Danish ships anchored in United States waters are taken into "protective custody".
- April 6 - World War II: Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece.
- April 9 - The U.S. acquires full military defense rights in Greenland.
- April 10 - World War II: U.S. destroyer Niblack, while picking up survivors from a sunken Dutch freighter, drops depth charges on a German U-Boat - the first "shot in anger" fired by America against Germany.
- April 12 - World War II: German troops enter Belgrade.
- April 13 - Soviet Union and Japan sign a neutrality pact.
- April 15 - World War II: The U.S. begins shipping Lend-Lease aid to China.
- April 17 - World War II: Yugoslav Royal Army capitulates.
- April 18 - World War II: Prime Minister of Greece Alexandros Koryzis commits suicide as German troops approach Athens.
- April 21 - World War II: Greece capitulates. Commonwealth troops and some elements of the Greek Army withdraw to Crete.
- April 23 - America First Committee holds its first mass rally in New York City with Charles Lindbergh as keynote speaker.
- April 25 - Franklin D. Roosevelt, at his regular press conference, criticizes Charles Lindbergh by comparing him to the Copperheads of the Civil War period. In response, Lindbergh resigns his commission in the U.S. Army Air Corps Reserve on April 28.
- April 27 - World War II: German troops enter Athens.
- May 1
- May 5 - Emperor Haile Selassie enters Addis Ababa, which had been liberated from Italian forces; this date has been since commemorated as Liberation Day in Ethiopia.
- May 6 - At California's March Field, Bob Hope performs his first USO Show.
- May 9 - World War II: The German submarine U-110 is captured by the British Royal Navy. On board is the latest Enigma cryptography machine which Allied cryptographers later use to break coded German messages.
- May 10 - World War II:
- May 12 - Konrad Zuse presented the Z3, the world's first working programmable, fully automatic computer in Berlin.
- May 15
- May 20 - World War II: Battle of Crete - Germany launches airborne invasion of Crete.
- May 21 - World War II: 950 miles off the coast of Brazil, the freighter SS Robin Moor becomes the first United States ship sunk by a German U-boat.
- May 24 - World War II: In the North Atlantic, the German battleship Bismarck sinks the HMS Hood killing all but three crewman on what was the pride of the Royal Navy.
- May 26 - World War II: In the North Atlantic, Fairey Swordfish aircraft from the carrier HMS Ark Royal fatally cripple the German battleship Bismarck in torpedo attack.
- May 27 - World War II:
- June 4 - The ex-kaiser of Germany, Wilhelm II, dies in exile at Doorn, Netherlands.
- June 5 - Four thousand Chongqing residents are asphyxiated in a bomb shelter during the Bombing of Chongqing.
- June 8 - World War II: British and Free French forces invade Syria.
- June 8 - 1,500 killed, Serbian ammunition plant with facilities explode at Smederevo, outskirt of Belgrade, Serbia.
- June 13 - TASS, the official Soviet news agency, denies reports of tension between Germany and the Soviet Union.
- June 14
- June 16 - All German and Italian consulates in the United States are ordered closed and their staffs to leave the country by July 10.
22 - World War II:
- Germany attacks the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa
- Winston Churchill promises all possible British assistance to the Soviet Union in a worldwide broadcast: "Any man or state who fights against Nazidom will have our aid. Any man or state who marches with Hitler is our foe."
- First Sisak Partisan Brigade, first anti-fascist armed unit in occupied Europe founded by partisans near Sisak, Croatia.
- June 23 - Hungary and Slovakia declare war on the Soviet Union.
- June 25 - World War II: Finland attacks the Soviet Union to seek the opportunity of revenge in the Continuation War.
- June 28 - Albania declares war on the Soviet Union.
- July 2 - World War II: Japan calls up one million men for military service.
- July 3 - World War II: Joseph Stalin, in his first address since the German invasion, calls upon the Soviet people to carry out a "scorched earth" policy of resistance to the bitter end.
- July 4 - Mass murder of Polish scientists and writers, committed by German troops in captured Polish city of Lwów.
- July 5 - World War II: German troops reach the Dnieper River.
- July 5-19 - War between Peru and Ecuador
- July 7 - World War II:
- July 13 - World War II: Montenegro starts the second popular uprising in Europe against the Axis Powers.
- July 14 - World War II: Vichy France signs armistice terms ending all fighting in Syria and Lebanon.
- July 19 - World War II: A BBC broadcast by "Colonel Britton" calls on the people of Occupied Europe to resist the Nazis under the slogan "V for Victory".
26 - World War II:
- In response to the Japanese occupation of French Indo-China, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the seizure of all Japanese assets in the United States.
- General Douglas MacArthur is named commander of all U.S. forces in the Philippines; the Philippines Army ordered nationalized by President Roosevelt.
- July 30 - World War II: U.S. gunboat Tutuila attacked by Japanese aircraft while anchored in the Yangtze River at Chungking. Japan apologizes for the incident the following day.
- July 31 - Holocaust: Under instructions from Adolf Hitler, Nazi official Hermann Göring, orders SS general Reinhard Heydrich to "submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired final solution of the Jewish question."
- August - Formation of the Political Warfare Executive in the United Kingdom
- August 1 - The first jeep is produced
- August 6 - 6-year-old Elaine Esposito goes to an appendix operation in Florida and lapses into a coma. She dies 1978, still in coma.
- August 9 - Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill meet at Argentia, Dominion of Newfoundland. The Atlantic Charter is created as a result.
- August 12 - By one vote (203-202), the U.S. House of Representatives passes legislation extending the draft period for selectees and the National Guard from one year to 30 months.
- August 16 - HMS Mercury, Royal Navy Signals School and Combined Signals School Opens at Leydene, near Petersfield, Hampshire, England.
- August 18 - Adolf Hitler orders a temporary halt to Nazi Germany's systematic euthanasia of mentally ill and handicapped due to protests. However, graduates of the T-4 Euthanasia Program were then transferred to concentration camps, where they continued in their trade.
- August 22 - World War II: France - German Occupation Authority announces that anyone found either working for or aiding the Free French will be sentenced to death.
- August 24 - World War II: A Luftwaffe bombing hits an Estonian steamer with 3500 Soviet-mobilized Estonian men on board, killing 598 of them.
- August 25 - World War II: Operation Countenance - United Kingdom and Soviet forces invade Iran.
- August 27 - World War II: France - Pierre Laval is shot in an assassination attempt at Versailles.
- August 28 - World War II: Soviets announce the destruction of massive Dnieper River dam at Zaporozhye to prevent its capture by the Germans.
- August 31 - The Great Gildersleeve debuts on NBC Radio.
- September 4 - World War II: The USS Greer becomes the first United States ship fired upon by a German submarine in the war, even though the United States is a neutral power. Tension heightens between the two nations as a result.
- September 6 - Holocaust: The requirement to wear the Star of David with the word "Jew" inscribed, is extended to all Jews over the age of 6 in German-occupied areas.
- September 8 - World War II: Siege of Leningrad begins - German forces begin a siege against the Soviet Union's second-largest city, Leningrad. Stalin orders the Volga Deutsche deported to Siberia.
- September 11 - World
- Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the United States Navy to shoot on sight if any ship or convoy is threatened.
- Charles Lindbergh, at an America First Committee rally in Des Moines, Iowa, accuses "the British, the Jewish, and the Roosevelt administration" of leading the United States toward war. Widespread condemnation of Lindbergh follows.
- September 12 - World War II: First snowfall reported on Russian front.
- September 15 - Self-government of Estonia, headed by Hjalmar Mäe, is appointed by German military administration.
- September 16 - Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran is forced to resign in favor of his son Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran under pressure from the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union.
- September 27 - The first Liberty Ship, the SS Patrick Henry, is launched at Baltimore, Maryland.
- October 2 - World War II: Operation Typhoon - Germany begins an all-out offensive against Moscow.
- October 7 - John Curtin becomes the 14th Prime Minister of Australia
- October 8 - World War II: In their invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany reaches the Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol.
- October 16 - World War II: Soviet Union government moves to Kuibyshev, but Stalin remains in Moscow.
- October 17 - World War II: The destroyer USS Kearny is torpedoed and damaged near Iceland, killing eleven sailors - the first American military casualties of the war.
- October 18 - General Hideki Tojo becomes the 40th Prime Minister of Japan.
- October 21 - World War II: Germans rampage in Yugoslavia, killing thousands of civilians
- October 23 - Walt Disney's feature-length cartoon Dumbo is released.
- October 24 - Franz von Werra disappears during a flight over North Sea
- October 30 - World War II: Franklin Delano Roosevelt approves US$1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.
- October 31
- November 6 - World War II: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin addresses the Soviet Union for only the second time during his three-decade rule (the first time was earlier that year on July 2). He states that even though 350,000 troops were killed in German attacks so far, that the Germans have lost 4.5 million soldiers (a gross exaggeration) and that Soviet victory was near.
- November 7 - World War II: Soviet hospital ship Armenia sunk by German planes while evacuating refugees and wounded military and staff of several Crimea’s hospitals. It is estimated that over 5,000 people died in the sinking.
- November 10 - In a speech at the Mansion House in London, Winston Churchill promises, "...should the United States become involved in war with Japan, the British declaration will follow within the hour."
- November 12 - World War II: Battle of Moscow: Temperatures around Moscow drop to −12 °C and the Soviet Union launches ski troops for the first time against the freezing German forces near the city.
- November 13 - World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal is hit by German U-boat U-81
- November 14 - World War II:
- November 17 - World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor - Joseph Grew, the United States ambassador to Japan, cables to Washington a warning that Japan may strike suddenly and unexpectedly at any time.
- November 19 - World War II: The Australian war cruiser HMAS Sydney sinks off the coast of Western Australia, killing 645 sailors.
- November 21 - The radio program King Biscuit Time is broadcast for the first time (it would later become the longest running daily radio broadcast in history and the most famous live blues radio program).
- November 24 - World War II: The United States grants Lend-Lease to the Free French.
- November 25 - Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Pakistani author, Spiritual Leader and founder of International Spiritual Movement Anjuman Serfaroshan-e-Islam
- November 26
- US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs a bill establishing the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day in the United States (this partly reversed a 1939 action by Roosevelt that changed the celebration of Thanksgiving to the third Thursday of November).
- The Hull note ultimatum is delivered to Japan by the United States.
- Attack on Pearl Harbor - A fleet of six aircraft carriers commanded by Japanese Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo leaves Hitokapu Bay for Pearl Harbor under strict radio silence.
- November 27
- A group of young men stop traffic on highway US 99 south of Yreka, California, handing out fliers proclaiming the establishment of the State of Jefferson.
- Attack on Pearl Harbor - All U.S. military forces in Asia and the Pacific are placed on war alert.
DecemberThe USS Arizona ablaze after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
- December 1 - World War II:
- December 2 - World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor - The code message "Climb Mount Niitaka" is transmitted to the Japanese task force, indicating that negotiations have broken down and that the attack is to be carried out according to plan.
- December 4 - State of Jefferson declared in Yreka, California, with judge John Childs as a governor
- December 6 - World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor - Franklin D. Roosevelt makes a personal peace appeal to Emperor Hirohito of Japan.
- December 7, December 8 (in Japan standard time) - Japanese Navy launches a surprise attack consisting of two full regiments on the United States fleet at Pearl Harbor, thus drawing the United States into World War II.
- December 8 - World
- The United States officially declares war on Japan.
- China officially declares war on Japan
- The Netherlands declares war on Japan
- Japan launches invasions in Hong Kong, Malaya, Manila, and Singapore.
- Japan launches invasions in the Philippines we started beginning of the Japanese occupation of the Philippines from the Filipino, American and Allied forces in the Philippines.
- December 10 - World War II: The British battleships HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse are sunk by Japanese aircraft in the South China Sea north of Singapore.
- December 11 - World War II:
- December 12 - Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States. India declares war on Japan. United States seizes French ship Normandie.
- December 13 - Sweden's low temperature record of -53°C was set in a village within Vilhelmina Municipality.
- December 19 - World War II: Hitler becomes Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the German Army
- December 23 - World War II: A second Japanese landing attempt on Wake Island is successful, and the American garrison surrenders after a full night and morning of fighting.
- December 25 - World War II: British and Canadians are defeated by the Japanese at Hong Kong.
- December 26 - World War II: Winston Churchill becomes the first British Prime Minister to address a Joint session of the U.S. Congress
- December 27 - World War II: British Commandos raid the Norwegian port of Vaagso, causing Hitler to reinforce the garrison and defenses, drawing vital troops away from other areas.
- December 28 - World War II: starts the Operation Anthropoid (the assassination of Heydrich in Prague).
- The Valley of Geysers is discovered in Russia.
- Results of the Ives–Stilwell experiment are published, showing that ions radiate at frequencies affected by their motion.
- In Sweden, Victor Hasselblad forms the Hasselblad camera company.
- Indochina Communist party, led by Ho Chi Minh, combines with Nationalist party to form the Vietminh.
Births1941 in other calendars Gregorian calendar1941
MCMXLI Ab urbe condita2694 Armenian calendar1390
ԹՎ ՌՅՂ Bahá'í calendar97 – 98 Berber calendar2891 Buddhist calendar2485 Burmese calendar1303 Chinese calendar4577/4637-12-4
(庚辰年十二月初四日) — to — 4578/4638-11-14
(辛巳年十一月十四日) Coptic calendar1657 – 1658 Ethiopian calendar1933 – 1934 Hebrew calendar5701– 5702Hindu calendars - Vikram Samvat1996 – 1997 - Shaka Samvat1863 – 1864 - Kali Yuga5042 – 5043 Holocene calendar11941 Iranian calendar1319 – 1320 Islamic calendar1359 – 1360 Japanese calendarShōwa16
(昭和16年) Korean calendar4274 Thai solar calendar2484 v • d • e
- January 3 - Van Dyke Parks, American composer, producer, and musician
- January 4
- January 5
- January 7
- January 8 - Graham Chapman, British comedian (d. 1989)
- January 9 - Joan Baez, American singer and activitist
- January 11 - Dave Edwards, American musician (d. 2000)
- January 12 - Long John Baldry, British singer (d. 2005)
- January 14
- January 15 - Captain Beefheart, American singer
- January 18 - David Ruffin, American singer (d. 1991)
- January 21
- January 24
- January 26
- January 27 - Beatrice Tinsley, English astronomer
- January 30
- January 31 - Dick Gephardt, American politician
- February 1 - Jerry Spinelli, American children's author
- February 5
- February 6 - Howard Phillips, American politician
- February 7 - Peter Foxhall, Australian evangelist
- February 8 - Nick Nolte, American actor
- February 10 - Michael Apted, English film director
- February 13 - Sigmar Polke, German painter
- February 19 - David Gross, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- February 20 - Buffy Sainte-Marie, American singer
- February 26 - Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (d. 1972)
- February 27 - Paddy Ashdown, British politician
- March 4
- March 5 - Nona Gaprindashvili, Georgian chess player
- March 6 - Willie Stargell, baseball player (d. 2001)
- March 14 - Wolfgang Petersen, German film director
- March 15 - Mike Love, American musician (The Beach Boys)
- March 16
- March 18 - Wilson Pickett, American singer (d. 2006)
- March 23 - Jim Trelease, American educator and author
- March 26 - Richard Dawkins, British scientist
- March 28 - Jim Turner, American football player
- March 29 - Joseph Hooton Taylor, Jr., American astrophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- March 30 - Wasim Sajjad, President of Pakistan
- April 3 - Philippe Wynne, American musician (d. 1984)
- April 8 - Peggy Lennon, American singer (The Lennon Sisters)
- April 9 - Kaye Adams, American country singer
- April 12 - Bobby Moore, English football player and World Cup winning captain (d. 1993)
- April 13 - Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- April 14 - Julie Christie, British actress
- April 14 - Pete Rose, baseball player
- April 23
- April 24 - John Williams, Australian guitarist
- April 27 - Lee Roy Jordan, American football player
- April 28
- May 5 - Alexander Ragulin, Russian hockey player (d. 2004)
- May 11 - Eric Burdon, English singer (The Animals)
- May 13
- May 15 - K.T. Oslin, American musician
- May 19
- May 20 - Goh Chok Tong, Prime Minister of Singapore
- May 22 - Paul Winfield, American actor (d. 2004)
- May 24 - Bob Dylan, American poet and musician
- May 26 - John Kaufman, Sculptor
- May 31 - Louis J. Ignarro, American pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- June 4 - Erkin Koray, Turkish musician
- June 5
- June 6 - Neal Adams, American comic book artist
- June 8
- June 9
- June 10 - Mickey Jones, American actor and musician
- June 12 - Marv Albert, American sports announcer
- June 21
- June 19 - Conchita Carpio-Morales, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
- June 22 - Michael Lerner, American actor
- June 24 - Bill Reardon, American politician and educator
- June 27 - Krzysztof Kieślowski, Polish film director (d. 1996)
- June 28 - Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (d. 2006)
- July 1
- July 6 - Harold Leighton Weller, American conductor
- July 7 - Bill Oddie, English comedian and ornithologist
- July 10 - Jackie Lane, British actress
- July 11 - Tommy Vance, English disc jockey (d. 2005)
- July 12 - Benny Parsons, American race car driver (d. 2007)
- July 19 - Vikki Carr, American singer
- July 27 - Bill Baxley, Alabama politician
- July 28 - Riccardo Muti, Italian conductor
- July 29
- July 30 - Paul Anka, Canadian-American singer and songwriter
- July 31 - Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician
- August 3 - Martha Stewart, American television and magazine personality
- August 6 - Lyle Berman, American poker player
- August 14 - Connie Smith, American singer
- August 20 - Slobodan Milošević, President of Serbia (d. 2006)
- August 22 - Bill Parcells, American football coach
- August 28 - Joseph Shabalala, South African musician (Ladysmith Black Mambazo)
- September 2
- September 4 - Sushilkumar Shinde, Indian politician
- September 9
- September 10
- September 14 - Alberto Naranjo, Venezuelan musician
- September 15
- September 17 - Bob Matsui, U.S. Congressman from California (d. 2005)
- September 19 - Cass Elliott, American singer (d. 1974)
- September 20 - Dale Chihuly, American Glass Sculptor
- September 24 - Guy Hovis, American singer
- September 27 - Gay Kayler Ashcroft, Australian country music singer
- October 2 - Zareh Baronian, Archimandrite, Dr., theologian, Armenian Church, Bucarest
- October 4
- October 5 - Eduardo Duhalde, President of Argentina
- October 8 - Jesse Jackson, American clergyman and civil rights activist
- October 9 - Trent Lott, former United States Senate Minority Leader and United States Senate Majority Leader
- October 10 - Peter Coyote, American actor
- October 13 - Paul Simon, American singer and composer
- October 16 - Tim McCarver, baseball commentator
- October 20 - Anneke Wills, British actress
- October 23 - Mel Winkler, American actor
- October 25
- October 28
- October 27 - Gerd Brantenberg, Norwegian feminist author and gay rights activist
- October 30 - Theodor W. Hänsch, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- November 1 - Nigel Dempster, British journalist, author, broadcaster and diarist (d.2007)
- November 5 - Art Garfunkel, American singer.
- November 6 - Doug Sahm, American musician (d. 1999)
- November 18 - David Hemmings, English actor (d. 2003)
- November 23 - Derek Mahon, Irish poet
- November 25 - Gohar Shahi, Spiritual Leader of Pakistan (d. 2001)
- November 26 - G. Alan Marlatt, American psychologist
- November 27 - Eddie Rabbitt, American musician (d. 1998)
- November 29 - Bill Freehan, baseball player
- December 9 - Beau Bridges, American actor
- December 10
- December 13 - John Davidson, American singer and actor
- December 18 - Prince William of Gloucester
- December 19 - Lee Myung Bak, the 17th president of South Korea
- December 23 - Ron Bushy, musician, Iron Butterfly
- December 23 - Tim Hardin, American musician (d. 1980)
- December 24 - John Levene, British actor
- December 30 - Mel Renfro, American football player
- December 31 - Sir Alex Ferguson, Manager of Manchester United
- January 4 - Henri Bergson, French philiosopher, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (b. 1859)
- January 5 - Amy Johnson, English aviator (b. 1903)
- January 8 - Lord Robert Baden-Powell, English soldier and founder of the Boy Scouts (b. 1847)
- January 10
- January 13 - James Joyce, Irish writer (b. 1882)
- February 6 - Banjo Paterson, Australian poet & journalist (b. 1864)
- February 9 - Aaron S. Watkins, American temperance movement leader (b. 1863)
- February 11 - Rudolf Hilferding, German economist and Minister of Finance (b. 1877)
- February 21 - Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1891)
- February 24 - Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière, German submariner (b. 1886)
- February 27 - William D. Byron, U.S. Congressman (b. 1895)
- February 28 - King Alfonso XIII of Spain (b. 1886)
- March 6 - Gutzon Borglum, American sculptor (b. 1867)
- March 8 - Sherwood Anderson, American author (b. 1876)
- March 15 - Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (b. 1864)
- March 28 - Virginia Woolf, English writer (b. 1882)
- April 13 - Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer (b. 1863)
- April 16 - Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, Bt, GCB, GBE, FBA, a British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker (b.1880)
- April 24 - Karin Boye, Swedish poetess (suicide) (b. 1900)
- April 28 - Luisa Tetrazzini, Italian coloratura soprano (b. 1871)
- May 16 - Minnie Vautrin, American missionary and heroine of the Nanjing Massacre (b. 1887)
- May 30 - Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (b. 1893)
- June 2 - Lou Gehrig, baseball player (b. 1903)
- June 4 - Wilhelm II, Last Emperor of Germany (b. 1859)
- June 6 - Louis Chevrolet, Swiss-born automobile builder and race car driver (b. 1878)
- June 29 - Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist, composer, and third Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1860)
- July 4 - Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (b. 1881)
- July 10 - Jelly Roll Morton, American jazz musician and composer (b. 1890)
- July 11 - Arthur Evans, English archaeologist (b. 1851)
- July 25 - Allan Forrest, American actor (b. 1885)
- July 26 - Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (b. 1875)
- August 7 - Rabindranath Tagore, Indian author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1861)
- August 13 - James Stuart Blackton, American film producer (b. 1875)
- August 14 - Paul Sabatier, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1854)
- August 30 - Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer and physicist (b. 1874)
- August 31 - Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (suicide) (b. 1892)
- September 12 - Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1869)
- October 5 - Louis Brandeis, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1856)
- October 8 - Valentine O'Hara, author and authority on Russia and the Baltic States (b. 1875)
- October 26 - Arkady Gaidar, Russian writer (killed in combat) (b. 1904)
- November 18
- November 21 - Henrietta Vinton Davis, American elocutionist, dramatist, impersonator, public speaker (b. 1860)
- November 26 - Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and ceramist (b. 1861)
- December 3 - Christian Sinding, Norwegian composer (b. 1856)
- December 7 - Pearl Harbor Attack, Japanese Surprise Attack On Naval Base In Hawaii) (b. 1884)
- December 7 - Isaac Campbell Kidd, American admiral (died in the attack on Pearl Harbor) (b. 1884)
- December 12 - Cesar Basa, Filipino pilot (b. 1915)
- December 30 - El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (b. 1890)
- Physics - not awarded
- Chemistry - not awarded
- Medicine - not awarded
- Literature - not awarded
- Peace - not awarded
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