1912Centuries: 19th century- 20th century- 21st centuryDecades: 1880s 1890s 1900s - 1910s- 1920s 1930s 1940sYears: 190919101911- 1912 - 191319141915
Rail transport- Radio- ScienceSports- TelevisionCountries: Australia- Canada- India - IrelandMalaysia - New Zealand- Norway- Singapore South Africa- Soviet Union - UK- Zimbabwe Leaders: Sovereign states- State leadersReligious leaders- LawCategories: Births- Deaths- Works- IntroductionsEstablishments- Disestablishments- Awardsv • d • e
- Events of 1912
- Nobel Prizes
- See also - Notes - External links
Events of 1912
JanuaryJanuary 6: Statehood for New Mexico.
February 14: Statehood for Arizona.
- January 1 - Establishment of Republic of China.
- January 4 - The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
- January 5 - Prague Party Conference.
- January 6 - New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state.
- January 8 - African National Congress is founded.
- January 17 - British polar explorer Robert Falcon Scott and a team of four begin the second expedition to reach the South Pole.
- January 23 - The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
MarchMarch 27: Cherry trees for D.C.
- March 1 - Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.
- March 5 - Italian forces are the first to use airships for a military purpose by using them for reconnaissance west of Tripoli behind Turkish lines.
- March 7
- March 12 - The Girl Scouts of the USA are founded.
- March 16 - Lawrence Oates, dying member of Scott's South Pole expedition, leaves the tent saying, "I am just going outside and may be some time."
- March 27 - Mayor Yukio Ozaki of Tokyo gives 3,000 cherry blossom trees to be planted in Washington, D.C. to symbolize the friendship between the two countries.
- March 30 - France establishes a protectorate over Morocco.
AprilThe RMS Titanic sinking on April 15, 1912
- April 14 - The British ocean liner RMS Titanic strikes the iceberg at 11:40 pm.
- April 15 - By 2:20a.m, the RMS Titanic sinks, taking with it 1500 victims.
- April 16 - Harriet Quimby becomes first woman to fly across the English Channel.
- April 16 - The Royal Ontario Museum is established in Toronto, Ontario.
- Solar eclipse in Europe.
- April 20
- April 22
MayApril 22: Fenway Park opens in Boston
- May 5 - The 1912 Summer Olympics open in Stockholm, Sweden.
- May 6 - Suffrage parade in New York City,
- May 13 - In the United Kingdom, the Royal Flying Corps (forerunner of the Royal Air Force) is established.
- May 30 - Joe Dawson wins the second Indianapolis 500-Mile Race after Ralph DePalma's Mercedes breaks down within sight of the finish.
- June 4 - Fire in Constantinople - 1120 buildings destroyed
- June 5 - U.S. Marines land on Cuba
- June 6-June 8 - Eruption of Novarupta in Alaska
- June 8 - Carl Laemmle incorporated Universal Pictures.
- June 18 - The Republican National Convention nominates incumbent President William Howard Taft in Chicago, defeating a challenge by former President Theodore Roosevelt, whose delegates bolt the convention.
- June 25 - The Democratic National Convention nominates New Jersey Gov. Thomas Woodrow Wilson in Baltimore.
- July 19 - A meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kg exploded over the town of Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona causing thousands of pieces of debris to rain down on the town.
- July 30 - Emperor Meiji of Japan, dies. He is succeeded by his son Yoshihito who becomes Emperor Taishō. In Japanese History, the event marks the end of the Meiji era and the beginning of the Taishō era.
- August 1 - Inauguration of the Jungfraubahn
- August 5 - Dissident Republicans form the Progressive or Bull Moose Party, and nominate former President Theodore Roosevelt as their presidential candidate.
- August 11 - Sodomy becomes legal in France.
- August 12 - Sultan Abd Al-Hafid of Morocco abdicates.
- August 25 - Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party is founded.
- October 8 - First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
- October 14 - While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper John Schrank. With a fresh flesh wound and the bullet still in him, Roosevelt delivers his scheduled speech.
- October 16
- Bulgarian pilots Radul Minkov and Prodan Toprakchiev perform the first bombing with an airplane in history at the railway station of Karaagac near Edirne against Turkey.
- The Boston Red Sox, assisted by a famous error, defeat the New York Giants in extra innings to win the 1912 World Series, in what is considered one of the greatest games of baseball ever played.
- November 5 - U.S. presidential election, 1912: Democratic challenger Woodrow Wilson wins a landslide victory over Republican incumbent William Howard Taft. Taft's base was undercut by Progressive Party candidate (and former Republican) Theodore Roosevelt, who finished second, ahead of Taft.
- November 7 - The Deute Ottoman Empire.
- November 29 - Albania declares independence from the Ottoman Empire.
- December - Piltdown Man presented in Britain.
- December 3 - First Balkan War ends temporarily - Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month long war.
- Sea Scouting begins under the aegis of the Boy Scouts of America.
- Casimir Funk identifies vitamins.
- "The Memphis Blues," is published.
- Alfred Wegener proposes the theory of continental drift.
- British treasure hunters try to drain Lake Guatavita to find gold – they find nothing.
Births1912 in other calendars Gregorian calendar1912
MCMXII Ab urbe condita2665 Armenian calendar1361
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԱ Bahá'í calendar68 – 69 Berber calendar2862 Buddhist calendar2456 Burmese calendar1274 Chinese calendar4548/4608-11-13
(辛亥年十一月十三日) — to — 4549/4609-11-23
(壬子年十一月廿三日) Coptic calendar1628 – 1629 Ethiopian calendar1904 – 1905 Hebrew calendar5672– 5673Hindu calendars - Vikram Samvat1967 – 1968 - Shaka Samvat1834 – 1835 - Kali Yuga5013 – 5014 Holocene calendar11912 Iranian calendar1290 – 1291 Islamic calendar1330 – 1331 Japanese calendarMeiji45Taishō1
(大正元年) Korean calendar4245 Thai solar calendar2455 v • d • e
- January 1 - Kim Philby, British spy (d. 1988)
- January 2 - Hans Leussink, German politician (d. 2008)
- January 3 - Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
- January 6 - Jacques Ellul, French philosopher (d. 1994)
- January 7 - Charles Addams, American cartoonist (d. 1988)
- January 8 - José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor (d. 1992)
- January 19 - Leonid Kantorovich, Russian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
- January 21 - Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2000)
- January 28 - Jackson Pollock, American painter (d. 1956)
- January 30
- February 2 - Millvina Dean, youngest survivor of RMS Titanic
- February 3 - Mary Carlisle, American actress and singer
- February 4
- February 6 - Eva Braun, Adolf Hitler's mistress (d. 1945)
- February 11 - Roy Fuller, English poet and novelist (d. 1991)
- February 20 - Pierre Boulle, French author (d. 1994)
- February 25 - Brenda Joyce, American actress
- February 27 - Lawrence Durrell, British writer (d. 1990)
- March 4
- March 5 - David Astor, British newspaper publisher (d. 2001)
- March 8 - Preston Smith, Governor of Texas (d. 2003)
- March 12 - Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
- March 14
- March 15 - Lightnin' Hopkins, American musician (d. 1982)
- March 16 - Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States (d. 1993)
- March 17 - Bayard Rustin, American civil rights activist (d. 1987)
- March 18
- March 22 - Karl Malden, American actor
- March 23
- March 24 - Dorothy Height, American activist
- March 27 - James Callaghan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
- April 2 - Herbert Mills, "Mills Brothers" tenor (d. 1989)
- April 7 - Jack Lawrence, American composer
- April 8
- April 11 - Gusti Wolf, Austrian actress (d. 2007)
- April 12 - Walt Gorney, American actor (d. 2004)
- April 15 - Kim Il Sung, President of North Korea (d. 1994)
- April 16 - Catherine Scorsese, Italian-American actress (d. 1997)
- April 17 - Marta Eggerth, Hungarian-born actress and singer, naturalized citizen of the United States
- April 19 - Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
- April 22 - Kathleen Ferrier, British contralto (d. 1953)
- April 26 - A. E. van Vogt, Canadian-born writer (d. 2000)
- April 28 - Odette Sansom, French World War II heroine (d. 1995)
- May 3 - Virgil Fox, American organist (d. 1980)
- May 9 - Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (d. 1963)
- May 11 - Foster Brooks, American actor and comedian (d. 2001)
- May 12 - Archibald Cox, American Watergate special prosecutor (d. 2004)
- May 14 - Ben Hogan, American golfer (d. 1997)
- May 16 - Studs Terkel, American writer and broadcaster
- May 18
- May 21 - Monty Stratton, baseball player (d. 1982)
- May 22 - Herbert C. Brown, English-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
- May 23
- May 25 - Princess Dukhye of Korea (d. 1989)
- May 27 - Sam Snead, American golfer (d. 2002)
- May 28
- May 29 - Pamela Hansford Johnson, English poet, novelist, playwright, literary and social critic (d. 1981)
- May 30 - Julius Axelrod, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
- May 31 - Alfred Deller, English countertenor (d. 1979)
- June 4 - Robert Jacobsen, Danish artist (d. 1993)
- June 5 - Dean Amadon, American ornithologist (d. 2003)
- June 6 - Maria Montez, Dominican actress (d. 1951)
- June 8
- June 21 - Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot, and intelligence and counter-intelligence officer (d. 2000)
- June 23 - Alan Turing, British mathematician (d. 1954)
- June 24 - Brian Johnston, British cricket commentator (d 1994)
- June 25 - William T. Cahill, American politician (d. 1996)
- June 26 - Jay Silverheels, American actor (d. 1980)
- June 27 - Chen Kenmin, Japanese chef (d. 1990)
- June 30 - Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer (d. 2003)
- July 1
- July 6 - Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer and explorer (d. 2006)
- July 14 - Woody Guthrie, American folk musician (d. 1969)
- July 17 - Art Linkletter, American television host
- July 31
- August 1 - Frank K. Edmondson, American astronomer
- August 3 - Fritz Hellwig, German politician (CDU) and former European Commissioner for Science & Research
- August 9 - Anne Brown, American soprano
- August 10 - Jorge Amado de Faria, Brazilian author (d. 2001)
- August 11 - Thanom Kittikachorn, Prime Minister of Thailand (d. 2004)
- August 11 - Norman Levinson, American mathematician (d. 1975)
- August 13 - Salvador Luria, Italian-born biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1991)
- August 15 - Julia Child, American chef (d. 2004)
- August 16
- August 23 - Gene Kelly, American actor (d. 1996)
- August 25 - Erich Honecker, East German leader (d. 1994)
- August 27 - Gloria Guinness, Fashionicon (d. 1980)
- August 30
- September 5
- September 10 - Mary Walter, Filipino actress (d. 1993)
- September 11 - David Packard, American electrical engineer (d. 1996)
- September 19 - Kurt Sanderling, German conductor
- September 21
- September 22
- September 24 - Don Porter, American actor (d. 1997)
- September 27 - Tauno Marttinen, Finnish composer
- September 29 - Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian film director (d. 2007)
- October 5
- October 17 - Pope John Paul I (d. 1978)
- October 21 - Georg Solti, Hungarian conductor (d. 1997)
- October 22 - Johan Hendrik Weidner, Belgian World War II resistance fighter (d. 1994)
- October 25 - Minnie Pearl, American humorist (d. 1996)
- October 27 - Conlon Nancarrow, American composer (d. 1997)
- October 31 - Ollie Johnston, American animator (d. 2008)
- November 3 - Alfredo Stroessner, President of Paraguay (d. 2006)
- November 4 - Vadim Salmanov, Russian composer (d. 1978)
- November 10 - Birdie Tebbetts, baseball player and manager (d. 1999)
- November 11 - Larry LaPrise, American songwriter (d. 1996)
- November 13 - Claude Pompidou, wife of President of France Georges Pompidou (d. 2007)
- November 14
- November 19 - George Emil Palade, Romanian microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- November 20 - Otto von Habsburg, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary
- November 21
- November 24 - Bernard Delfgaauw, Dutch philosopher (d. 1993)
- November 30 - Gordon Parks, American photographer and artist (d. 2006)
- December 10 - Philip Hart, a Democratic United States Senator from Michigan from 1959 until 1976 (d.1976)
- December 11 - Carlo Ponti, Italian film producer (d. 2007)
- December 12 - Henry Armstrong, American boxer (d. 1988)
- December 22 - Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady of the United States (d. 2007)
- December 25 - Natalino Otto, Italian singer (d. 1969)
- December 27 - Conroy Maddox, British painter (d. 2005)
January - June
- January 28 - Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)
- February 16 - Nikolai of Japan, Eastern Orthodox monk and saint (b. 1836)
- February 21 - Osborne Reynolds, Irish physicist (b. 1842)
- February 25 - Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (b. 1852)
- March 1 - George Grossmith, English actor and comic writer (b. 1847)
- March 29 - Members of the Scott Expedition to the South Pole:
- March 30 - Karl May, German author (b. 1842)
- April 12 - Clara Barton, American nurse (b. 1821)
15 - 11 out of 1500 victims of the RMS
- Thomas Andrews, Jr., Irish shipbuilder (b. 1873)
- John Jacob Astor IV, American businessman (b. 1864)
- Archibald Butt, American presidential aide (b. 1865)
- Thomas R.D. Byles, English-born Catholic priest (b. 1870)
- Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman (b. 1865)
- Edward J. Smith, English ship's captain (b. 1850)
- William Thomas Stead, English journalist (b. 1849)
- Isidor Straus, German-born owner of Macy's (b. 1845)
- Ida Straus, Wife of Isidor Straus (1 of only 4 Titanic First-class female fatalities) (b. 1849)
- Jack Phillips, Senior wireless officer of Titanic (b. 1887)
- Wallace Hartley, violinist and band leader of Titanic (b. 1878)
- April 20 - Bram Stoker, English writer (b. 1847)
- May 14
- May 25 - Austin Lane Crothers, American politician (b. 1860)
- May 30 - Wilbur Wright, American aviation pioneer (b. 1867)
- June 12
July - December
- July 1 - Harriet Quimby, American pilot (b. 1875)
- July 2 - Tom Richardson, English cricketer (b. 1870)
- July 17 - Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (b. 1854)
- July 30 - Meiji Emperor of Japan (b. 1852)
- August 7 - François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (b. 1841)
- August 8 - Ross Winn, American anarchist writer and publisher (b. 1871)
- August 20
- October 6 - Auguste Marie François Beernaert, Belgian statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1829)
- October 24 - Mykola Lysenko, Ukrainian composer (b. 1842)
- October 30 - James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States (b. 1855)
- November 10 - Louis Cyr, Canadian strongman (b. 1863)
- November 28 - Walter Benona Sharp, American oil pioneer (b. 1870)
- December 23 - Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (b. 1850)
- Physics - Nils Gustaf Dalén
- Chemistry - Victor Grignard, Paul Sabatier
- Medicine - Alexis Carrel
- Literature - Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann
- Peace - Elihu Root
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Table of contents
- 1 Events of 1912
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel prizes
- 5 Notes
- 6 External links
- 7 Table of contents
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