1903Centuries: 19th century- 20th century- 21st centuryDecades: 1870s 1880s 1890s - 1900s- 1910s 1920s 1930sYears: 190019011902- 1903 - 190419051906
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- Events of 1903
- Nobel Prizes
- See also - Notes - External links
Events of 1903
January-FebruaryJan. 1: Emperor of India. February 15: first teddy bear.
- January 1 - Edward VII of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Emperor of India.
- January 19 - The first west-east transatlantic radio broadcast is made from the United States to England (the first east-west broadcast having been made in 1901).
- February 11 - The Oxnard Strike of 1903 becomes the first time in U.S. history that a labor union is formed from members of different races.
- February 15 - Morris and Rose Mitchom introduce the first teddy bear in America.
- February 23 - Cuba leases Guantanamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity".
- March 2 - In New York City, the Martha Washington Hotel, the first hotel exclusively for women, opens.
- March 3 – The British admiralty announces plans to build a naval base at Rosyth.
- March 5 – Turkey and Germany sign an agreement to build the Constantinople-Baghdad Railway.
- March 14 - The Hay-Herran Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate later rejects the treaty.
- April 29 - A 30-million-m3 landslide kills 70 in Frank, Alberta.
- May 18 - Opening of port of Burgas, Bulgaria.
- May 22 - Launch of the White Star Liner, SS Ionic.
- June 11 - Assassination of Serbian King Alexander Obrenović and Queen Draga.
- June 12 - Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity is founded at the University of Michigan School of Music.
- July 1-19 - Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France.
- July 7 - British take over the Fulani empire.
- July 23 - Dr. Ernst Pfenning of Chicago becomes the first owner of a Ford Model A.
- August 2 - The Ilinden Uprising of the Bulgarians in the Ottoman Empire breaks out.
- August 4 - Pope Pius X succeeds Pope Leo XIII as the 257th pope.
- August 10 - The Paris Metro train fire takes place.
- August 25 - The Judiciary Act 1903 is passed.
- September 11 - The first stock car event is held at the Milwaukee Mile.
- September 14 - Joseph Chamberlain resigns as British Colonial Secretary.
- September 24 - Edmund Barton steps down as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by Alfred Deakin.
- October - Frank Nelson Cole proves that 267-1 is composite by factoring it as 193,707,721 * 761,838,257,287 after trying every Sunday for three years.
- October 1 - The first modern World Series pits the National League's Pittsburgh against Boston of the American League.
- October 6 - The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
- October 10 - The Women's Social and Political Union is founded.
November-DecemberDecember 17: The second flight by Orville Wright.
- November 15 - With the encouragement of the United kingdom, Panama proclaims itself independent from Colombia.
- November 6 - The USA recognizes independence of Panama.
- November 17 - The Russian Social Democratic Labor Party splits into two groups; the Bolsheviks (Russian for "majority") and Mensheviks (Russian for "minority").
- November 18 - The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the U.S. exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
- November 23 - Colorado Governor James Hamilton Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
- December 17 - Orville Wright flies an aircraft with a petrol engine at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina in the first documented, successful, controlled, powered, heavier-than-air flight.
- December 30 - A fire at the Iroquois Theater in Chicago kills 600.
- Lincoln-Lee Legion is established to promote temperance movement and signing of alcohol abstinence pledges by children.
- Philippine-American War (1899-1913)
Births1903 in other calendars Gregorian calendar1903
MCMIII Ab urbe condita2656 Armenian calendar1352
ԹՎ ՌՅԾԲ Bahá'í calendar59 – 60 Berber calendar2853 Buddhist calendar2447 Burmese calendar1265 Chinese calendar4539/4599-12-3
(壬寅年十二月初三日) — to — 4540/4600-11-13
(癸卯年十一月十三日) Coptic calendar1619 – 1620 Ethiopian calendar1895 – 1896 Hebrew calendar5663– 5664Hindu calendars - Vikram Samvat1958 – 1959 - Shaka Samvat1825 – 1826 - Kali Yuga5004 – 5005 Holocene calendar11903 Iranian calendar1281 – 1282 Islamic calendar1320 – 1321 Japanese calendarMeiji36
(明治36年) Korean calendar4236 Thai solar calendar2446 v • d • e
- January 6 - Maurice Abravanel, Greek-born conductor (d. 1993)
- January 7 - Warren Hull, American actor (d. 1974)
- January 11 - Hans Redlich, Austrian composer (d. 1968)
- January 16 - William Grover-Williams, French race car driver and war hero (d. 1945)
- January 22 - Fritz Houtermans, Polish physicist (d. 1966)
- January 27 - John Carew Eccles, Australian neuropsychologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1997)
- February 2 - Bartel Leendert van der Waerden, Dutch mathematician (d. 1996)
- February 6 - Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (d. 1991)
- February 8 - Greta Keller, Vienna-born cabaret singer and actress (d. 1977)
- February 8 - Tunku Abdul Rahman, first Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1990)
- February 10 - Matthias Sindelar, Austrian footballer (d. 1939)
- February 11 - Rex Lease, American actor (d. 1966)
- February 11 - Alan Paton, South African writer (d. 1988)
- February 13 - Georges Simenon, French writer (d. 1989)
- February 16 - Edgar Bergen, American ventriloquist (d. 1978)
- February 21 - Anaïs Nin, French writer (d. 1977)
- February 21 - Raymond Queneau, French poet and novelist (d. 1976)
- February 22 - Morley Callaghan, Canadian writer and media personality (d. 1990)
- February 22 - Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (d. 1969)
- February 22 - Frank P. Ramsey, English mathematician (d. 1930)
- February 26 - Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
- February 27 - Grethe Weiser, German actress (d. 1970)
- February 28 - Vincente Minnelli, American director (d. 1986)
- March 4 - Luis Carrero Blanco, Spanish statesman (d. 1973)
- March 4 - William C. Boyd, American immunochemist (d. 1983)
- March 4 - Dorothy Mackaill, British-born American actress (d. 1990)
- March 4 - John Scarne, American magician and card expert (d. 1985)
- March 6 - Empress Kōjun, Empress consort of Japan (d. 2000)
- March 10 - Bix Beiderbecke, American jazz musician (d. 1931)
- March 11 - Ronald Syme, New Zealand-born classicist and historian (d. 1989)
- March 11 - Lawrence Welk, American television musician (d. 1992)
- March 14 - Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish politician (d. 1979)
- March 20 - Edgar Buchanan, American actor (d. 1979)
- March 24 - Adolf Butenandt, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
- March 25 - Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Jewish-American scholar (d. 1990)
- March 28 - Rudolf Serkin, Austrian pianist (d. 1991)
- March 31 - H. J. Blackham, British humanist and author
- April 6 - Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (d. 1962)
- April 6 - Doc Edgerton, American electrical engineering (d. 1990)
- April 10 - Clare Boothe Luce, American publisher and writer (d. 1987)
- April 12 - Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
- April 15 - John Williams, English-born actor (d. 1983)
- April 17 - Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian cellist (d. 1976)
- April 17 - Morgan Taylor, American athlete (d. 1975)
- April 19 - Eliot Ness, American treasury agent (d. 1957)
- April 24 - José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Spanish politician (d. 1936)
- April 25 - Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1987)
- April 28 - Johan Borgen, Norwegian author (d. 1979)
- May 2 - Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician (d. 1998)
- May 3 - Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (d. 1977)
- May 4 - Luther Adler, American actor (d. 1984)
- May 6 - Toots Shor, New York restaurateur (d. 1977)
- May 8 - Fernandel, French actor (d. 1971)
- May 10 - Hans Jonas, German-born philosopher(d. 1993)
- May 11 - Charlie Gehringer, baseball player (d. 1993)
- May 20 - Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor (d. 1975)
- May 21 - Frank Sargeson, New Zealand writer (d. 1982)
- May 29 - Bob Hope, English-born comedian (d. 2003)
- June 1 - Vasyl Velychkovsky Ukrainian bishop (d. 1973)
- June 6 - Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (d. 1978)
- June 8 - Marguerite Yourcenar, Belgian-French author (d. 1987)
- June 12 - Emmett Hardy, American musician (d. 1925)
- June 16 - Helen Traubel, American soprano (d. 1972)
- June 16 - Huldreich Georg Früh, Swiss composer (d. 1945)
- June 18 - Jeanette MacDonald, American singer and actress (d. 1965)
- June 18 - Raymond Radiguet, French author (d. 1923)
- June 19 - Lou Gehrig, American baseball player (d. 1941)
- June 19 - Wally Hammond, English cricketer (d. 1965)
- June 21 - Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (d. 2003)
- June 22 - John Dillinger, American bank robber (d. 1934)
- June 25 - Pierre Brossolette, French journalist and resistance fighter (d. 1944)
- June 25 - George Orwell, English author (d. 1950)
- June 29 - Alan Blumlein, British electronics engineer (d. 1942)
- July 1 - Amy Johnson, English aviator (d. 1941)
- July 2 - Harwell Hamilton Harris, American architect (d. 1990)
- July 2 - Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1995)
- July 2 - King Olav V of Norway (d. 1991)
- July 3 - Ace Bailey, Canadian hockey player (d. 1992)
- July 4 - Corrado Cardinal Bafile, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 2005)
- July 6 - Hugo Theorell, Swedish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1982)
- July 10 - John Wyndham, British author (d. 1969)
- July 13 - Kenneth Clark, English art historian (d. 1983)
- July 21 - Roy Neuberger, American financier and art collector
- August 3 - Habib Bourguiba, President of Tunisia (d. 2000)
- August 6 - Virginia Foster Durr, American civil rights activist (d. 1999)
- August 7 - Louis Leakey, British archaeologist (d. 1972)
- August 18 - Lucienne Boyer, French singer (d. 1983)
- August 23 - William Primrose, Scottish violist (d. 1982)
- September 7 - Shimaki Kensaku, Japanese author (d. 1945)
- September 9 - Phyllis Whitney, American mystery writer (d. 2008)
- September 9 - Edward Upward, British author
- September 11 - Theodor Adorno, German philosopher (d. 1969)
- September 13 - Claudette Colbert, American actress (d. 1996)
- September 15 - Roy Acuff, American country musician (d. 1992)
- September 17 - Karel Miljon, Dutch boxer (d. 1984)
- September 21 - Preston Tucker, American automobile designer (d. 1956)
- September 25 - Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi, Pakistani journalist, theologian, and philosopher (d. 1979)
- September 25 - Mark Rothko, Latvian-born painter (d. 1970)
- October 1 - Vladimir Horowitz, Russian pianist (d. 1989)
- October 4 - John Vincent Atanasoff, American computer engineer (d. 1995)
- October 5 - M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist (d. 1989)
- October 6 - Ernest Walton, Irish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
- October 9 - Walter O'Malley, American baseball executive (d. 1979)
- October 16 - Cecile de Brunhoff, French storyteller (d. 2003)
- October 18 - Lina Radke, German athlete (d. 1983)
- October 22 - George Wells Beadle, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1989)
- October 22 - Zlatyu Boyadzhiev, Bulgarian painter (d. 1976)
- October 22 - Jerome "Curly Howard" Horwitz, American comedian and actor (d. 1952)
- October 25 - Katharine Byron, American politician (d. 1976)
- October 25 - Harry Shoulberg, American painter (d. 1995)
- October 28 - Evelyn Waugh, English writer (d. 1966)
- November 1 - Max Adrian, Northern Irish actor (d. 1973)
- November 2 - Edgard Potier, Belgian spy (d. 1944)
- November 3 - Walker Evans, American photographer (d. 1975)
- November 6 - Carl Rakosi, German-born poet (d. 2004)
- November 7 - Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1989)
- November 19 - Nancy Carroll, American actress (d. 1965)
- November 27 - Lars Onsager, Norwegian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)
- November 29 - E. Harold Munn, American temperance movement leader and presidential candidate (d. 1992)
- December 5 - Johannes Heesters, Dutch singer and actor
- December 5 - Cecil Frank Powell, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1969)
- December 4 - Lazar Lagin, Soviet writer (d. 1979)
- December 12 - Dagmar Nordstrom, American composer and pianist (d. 1976)
- December 12 - Yasujiro Ozu, Japanese film director (d. 1963)
- December 12 - A. L. Rowse, English historian (d. 1997)
- December 19 - George Davis Snell, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1996)
- December 22 - Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1983)
- December 24 - Joseph Cornell, American sculptor (d. 1972)
- December 26 - Elisha Cook Jr., American actor (d. 1995)
- December 28 - Earl Hines, American jazz pianist (d. 1983)
- December 28 - John von Neumann, Hungarian-born mathematician (d. 1957)
- December 31 - Nathan Milstein, Ukrainian violinist (d. 1992)
- December 31 - Will Mastin, American vaudevillian (d. 1975)
January - June
- January 3 - Alois Hitler, Austrian civil servant (b. 1837)
- January 17 - Quintin Hogg, British philanthropist (b. 1845)
- January 28 - Augusta Holmès, French composer (b. 1847)
- January 28 - Robert Planquette, French composer (b. 1850)
- February 1 - Sir George Gabriel Stokes, Irish mathematician and physicist (b. 1819)
- February 7 - James Glaisher, English meteorologist and aeronaut (b. 1809)
- February 14 - Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (b. 1831)
- February 22 - Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (b. 1860)
- February 26 - Richard Jordan Gatling, American inventor (b. 1818)
- March 4 - Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English novelist (b. 1834)
- March 6 - Bruno Paulin Gaston Paris, French scholar (b. 1839)
- March 13 - George Granville Bradley, English vicar and scholar (b. 1821)
- March 16 - Roy Bean, American pioneer (b. 1825)
- March 28 - Emile Baudot, French telegraph engineer (b. 1845)
- April 19 - Oliver Mowat, Canadian politician (b. 1820)
- April 28 - Willard Gibbs, American physical chemist (b. 1839)
- May 4 - Gotse Delchev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1872)
- May 9 - Paul Gauguin, French painter (b. 1848)
- May 13 - Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician and Prime Minister (b. 1864)
- May 29 - Aleksandar Obrenović, Serbian king (b. 1876)
- June 11 - Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (b.1837)
- June 19 - Herbert Vaughan, English Catholic cardinal and archbishop (b. 1832)
July - December
- July 2 - Ed Delahanty, American baseball player (b. 1867)
- July 11 - William Ernest Henley, English poet, critic, and editor (b. 1849)
- July 13 - Béni Kállay, Austro-Hungarian statesman (b. 1839)
- July 17 - James McNeill Whistler, American painter (b. 1834)
- July 20 - Pope Leo XIII, Italian Roman Catholic Pope (b. 1810)
- August 1 - Calamity Jane, American frontierswoman (b. 1852)
- August 5 - Phil May, English artist (b. 1864)
- August 17 - Hans Gude, Norwegian painter (b. 1825)
- August 22 - Lord Salisbury, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1830)
- September 18 - Alexander Bain, Scottish philosopher (b. 1818)
- October 4 - Otto Weininger, Austrian-Jewish author (b. 1880)
- October 20 - Thomas Vincent Welch, American politician (b. 1850)
- November 1 - Theodor Mommsen, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1817)
- November 13 - Camille Pissarro, French painter (b. 1830)
- December 8 - Herbert Spencer, English philosopher (b. 1820)
- Physics - Antoine Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie
- Chemistry - Svante August Arrhenius
- Medicine - Niels Ryberg Finsen
- Literature - Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson
- Peace - William Randal Cremer
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