1801Centuries: 18th century- 19th century- 20th centuryDecades: 1770s 1780s 1790s - 1800s- 1810s 1820s 1830sYears: 179817991800- 1801 - 180218031804
- 1 Events of 1801
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Notes
Events of 1801
January - March
- January 1 - Legislative union of Great Britain and Ireland completed under the Act of Union 1800, bringing about the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
- January 1 - Giuseppe Piazzi discovers the dwarf planet Ceres.
- January 21 - John Marshall is appointed Chief Justice of the United States.
- February 4 - William Pitt the Younger resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- February 16 - The Treaty of Lunéville ends the war (Second Coalition) between France and Austria.
- February 19 - An electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr is resolved when Jefferson is elected President of the United States and Burr Vice President by the United States House of Representatives.
- February 27 - Washington, DC is placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress.
- March 6 - Thomas Jefferson succeeds John Adams as the President of the United States of America.
- March 21 - Second Battle of Abukir: a British army under Ralph Abercromby defeats the French troops.
- March 23 - The Russian Tsar Paul I is murdered. He is succeeded by his son Alexander I of Russia.
April - June
- April 2 - First Battle of Copenhagen - The British fleet under Admiral Sir Hyde Parker, along with Admiral Horatio Nelson, attack Copenhagen. Armed Neutrality of the North dissolved.
- May 10 - The pascha of Tripoli declares war on United States by having the flagpole on the consulate chopped down.
- June 7 - Portugal and Spain sign the Treaty of Badajoz. Portugal loses the city of Olivenza
- June 27 - Cairo falls to British troops.
July - September
- July 6 - Battle of Algeciras: The French fleet beats the British fleet.
- July 18 - Napoleon signs the Concordat of 1801 with the Pope.
October - December
- October 17 - Coup d'état in the Netherlands (Batavian Republic).
- November 16 - First edition of New York Evening Post.
- The Indian March of Paul (January-March)
- Aachen is officially annexed by France.
- The first census is held in Great Britain. London is revealed to have 860,035 residents.
- First census in France.
- Joseph-Marie Jacquard developed a loom where the pattern being woven was controlled by punch cards.
- Ultraviolet radiation is discovered by Johann Wilhelm Ritter.
- French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1802)-Second Coalition/Egyptian Campaign
- Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815).
Births1801 in other calendars Gregorian calendar1801
MDCCCI Ab urbe condita2554 Armenian calendar1250
ԹՎ ՌՄԾ Bahá'í calendar-43 – -42 Berber calendar2751 Buddhist calendar2345 Burmese calendar1163 Chinese calendar4437/4497-11-17
(庚申年十一月十七日) — to — 4438/4498-11-26
(辛酉年十一月廿六日) Coptic calendar1517 – 1518 Ethiopian calendar1793 – 1794 Hebrew calendar5561 – 5562 Hindu calendars - Vikram Samvat1856 – 1857 - Shaka Samvat1723 – 1724 - Kali Yuga4902 – 4903 Holocene calendar11801 Iranian calendar1179 – 1180 Islamic calendar1215 – 1216 Japanese calendarKansei13
(寛政13年) Korean calendar4134 Thai solar calendar2344 v • d • e
January - June
- January 3 - Gijsbert Haan, Dutch-American religious leader (d. 1874)
- February 1 - Thomas Cole, American artist (d. 1848)
- towards February 13 - János Kardos Hungarian Slovenes evangelic priest, teacher and writer (d. 1875)
- February 21 - John Henry Newman, English Roman Catholic Cardinal (d. 1890)
- May 11 - Henri Labrouste, French architect (d. 1875)
- June 1 - Brigham Young, American religious leader and colonizer (d. 1877)
- June 4 - James Pennethorne, English architect (d. 1871)
- June 14 - Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (d. 1868)
- June 30 - Frederic Bastiat, French philosopher (d. 1850)
July - December
- July 5 - David Farragut, American naval commander (d.1870)
- July 29 - George Bradshaw, English publisher (d. 1853)
- October 12 - Friedrich Frey-Herosé, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1873)
- November 3 - Karl Baedeker, German author and publisher (d. 1859)
- November 3 - Vincenzo Bellini, Italian composer (d. 1835)
- November 10 - Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer (d. 1872)
- December 11 - Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German writer (d. 1836)
- date unknown
- See also Category: 1801 births.
January - June
- February 7 - Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (b. 1726)
- March 21 - Andrea Luchesi, Italian composer (b. 1741)
- March 23 - Tsar Paul of Russia (b. 1754)
- March 25 - Novalis, German poet (b. 1772)
- March 28 - Ralph Abercromby, British general (b. 1734)
- April 2 - Thomas Dadford Junior, British engineer
- April 7 - Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer (b. 1724)
- May 17 - William Heberden, English physician (b. 1710)
- June 4 - Frederick Muhlenberg, first Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (b. 1750)
July - December
- September 19 - Johann Gottfried Koehler, German astronomer (b. 1745)
- October 3 - Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, Marshal of France (b. 1724)
- November 4 - William Shippen, American physician and Continental Congressman (b. 1536)
- 5 November - Motoori Norinaga, Japanese philologist and scholar (b. 1730)
- November 24 - Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (b. 1725)
- June 14 - Benedict Arnold,American Revolution traitor (b. 1741)
- See also Category: 1801 deaths.
- ^ "Calendar in year 1801 (Russia)" (Julian calendar, starting Tuesday), webpage: Julian-1801 (Russia used the Julian calendar until 1919).